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Tools for expressive text-to-speech markup

Erik Blankinship, Richard Beckwith
2001 Proceedings of the 14th annual ACM symposium on User interface software and technology - UIST '01  
Evolving standards exist for text-to-speech markup (Sable, Java Speech Markup Language, Spoken Text Markup Language), but few tools exist for non-experts to modify documents using these prosody options  ...  Thus we created an easy to learn text-to-speech markup tool that requires little training to use.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS Poet Shop adheres to the OGISable 1.3 text-to-speech markup standard.  ... 
doi:10.1145/502373.502375 fatcat:b5angnkpgng2pm7s7otg3ffyxq

Tools for expressive text-to-speech markup

Erik Blankinship, Richard Beckwith
2001 Proceedings of the 14th annual ACM symposium on User interface software and technology - UIST '01  
Evolving standards exist for text-to-speech markup (Sable, Java Speech Markup Language, Spoken Text Markup Language), but few tools exist for non-experts to modify documents using these prosody options  ...  Thus we created an easy to learn text-to-speech markup tool that requires little training to use.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS Poet Shop adheres to the OGISable 1.3 text-to-speech markup standard.  ... 
doi:10.1145/502348.502375 dblp:conf/uist/BlankinshipB01 fatcat:bfchyynbong6poue3vgxbiki24

Dealing with markup semantics

Silvio Peroni, Aldo Gangemi, Fabio Vitali
2011 Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Semantic Systems - I-Semantics '11  
The correct interpretation of markup semantics is necessary for the semantic interpretation of linguistic expressions that use markup in their structuring and for enabling sophisticated operation on markup  ...  languages, in order to provide a better understanding of the semantics of markup.  ...  and tools.  ... 
doi:10.1145/2063518.2063533 dblp:conf/i-semantics/PeroniGV11 fatcat:tjxo4vyzenfhhctrjzyufptfza

A workbench for finding structure in texts

Andrei Mikheev, Steven Finch
1997 Proceedings of the fifth conference on Applied natural language processing -  
At the representation phase the text is converted from a sequence of characters to features of interest by means of the annotation tools.  ...  In this paper we report on a set of computational tools with (n)SGML pipeline data flow for uncovering internal structure in natural language texts.  ...  Acknowledgements This work was carried out in the HCRC Language Technology Group, partly with support from the UK EPSRC project "Text Tokenisation Tool". The HCRC is a UK ESRC funded institution.  ... 
doi:10.3115/974557.974611 dblp:conf/anlp/MikheevF97 fatcat:dj2ngtr5tjhd3np6exdwlpu72a

Corpus Technologies in Translation Studies: Fiction as Document

Nataliia Hrytsiv, Tetiana Shestakevych, Julia Shyyka
2021 Modern Machine Learning Technologies  
Based on the raw material obtained from Jack London's texts, we come to the following findings: (a) indices of vocabulary richness, exclusivity for the text and the vocabulary, the concentration of the  ...  To define the significance/insignificance of the statistical difference between the values of the coefficients for the source and target texts, χ2 or criterion of homogeneity in linguostatistics has been  ...  At the initial stage the project underwent the consultancy of Ihor Kulchytskyy, to whom we express our gratitude.  ... 
dblp:conf/momlet/HrytsivSS21 fatcat:icyszh7s7rdadjuhqd77nbzfvm

Computerized transcripts of social interactions

William Gardner
1993 Behavoir research methods, instruments & computers  
A good test of this is to examine some of the markup already developed for complex turn taking, and to see whether it can be expressed in SGML.  ...  These tools include applications for creating documents with SGML markup that purportedly save much of the additional keyboarding required to represent "Round up all the usual suspects." as (speech) Round  ... 
doi:10.3758/bf03204524 fatcat:twx5c2wqlzhtjp7onjhfu4drzi

Mathematical Formulas in Text to Speech System

Peter Caky, Juraj Boron, Martin Klimo, Katarina Bachrata
2009 Communications - Scientific Letters of the University of Zilina  
For such reasons there were created tools for speech recognition and speech synthesis. Computers are able to create artificial sound which is similar to real speech.  ...  The text to speech synthesizer (TTS) is a system for conversion of text documents to audio files.  ... 
doi:10.26552/com.c.2009.3.49-53 fatcat:nwboxu6fyfdexgj7ny5eczm26u

Using SGML as a basis for data-intensive NLP

David McKelvie, Chris Brew, Henry Thompson
1997 Proceedings of the fifth conference on Applied natural language processing -  
This paper describes the LT NSL system , an architecture for writing corpus processing tools.  ...  We also wish to thank Hamish Cunningham and Oliver Christ for useful discussions.  ...  Using part of the MLCC corpus, part-of-speech tagged and sentence aligned using LT NSL tools, they explored various techniques for finding word alignments.  ... 
doi:10.3115/974557.974591 dblp:conf/anlp/McKelvieBT97 fatcat:7wthivkwx5aolcgmvjlflid5l4

Expressionist: An Authoring Tool for In-Game Text Generation [chapter]

James Ryan, Ethan Seither, Michael Mateas, Noah Wardrip-Fruin
2016 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
We present Expressionist, an authoring tool for in-game text generation that combines the raw generative power of context-free grammars (CFGs) with the expressive power of free-text markup.  ...  Any content generated by the CFG comes packaged with explicit metadata in the form of the markup attributed to all the symbols that were expanded to produce the content.  ...  These examples all work to demonstrate how Expressionist's markup affordance allows authors to move beyond the expressive power that is typical of CFGs, supporting application-specific semantics and diverse  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-48279-8_20 fatcat:6atyru7mhrh2zb4azenmd4rowq

Mathspeak: An Audio Method for Presenting Mathematical Formulae to Blind Students

Azadeh Nazemi, Iain Murray, Nazanin Mohammadi
2012 2012 5th International Conference on Human System Interactions  
Access to mathematics is an obstacle for blind students.  ...  The lack of easy access to mathematical resources is a barrier to higher education for many blind students and puts them at an unfair disadvantage in school, academia, and industry [1].  ...  The raised images are easy to produce and ideal for publishers/ printers. 2) Audio methods: Audio aids read equations to blind students, using tools which synthesize speech as output. II.  ... 
doi:10.1109/hsi.2012.17 dblp:conf/hsi/Nazemi0M12 fatcat:rurro33sufcglbfichics3n3te

A Survey on Mathematical Software Tools for Visually Impaired Persons: A Practical Perspective

Paul Mejia, Luiz Cesar Martini, Felipe Grijalva, Julio Cesar Larco, Juan Carlos Rodriguez
2021 IEEE Access  
The form of implementation is Text-to-Speech (TTS), the process of automatically converting the text in written form into human-like speech.  ...  Furthermore, this criterion incorporates techniques and methodologies like the ones used on auditory interfaces (e.g., auditory icons, text to speech, browsing, prosodic cues) for reading math expressions  ... 
doi:10.1109/access.2021.3076306 fatcat:ggzue6vqxzdtfaycbf3sp5g5lq

Avatar Markup Language [article]

Sumedha Kshirsagar, Nadia Magnenat-Thalmann, Anthony Guye-Vuillème, Daniel Thalmann, Kaveh Kamyab, Ebrahim Mamdani
2002 ICAT-EGVE 2014 - International Conference on Artificial Reality and Telexistence and Eurographics Symposium on Virtual Environments  
The Avatar Markup Language (AML), based on XML, encapsulates the Text to Speech, Facial Animation and Body Animation in a unified manner with appropriate synchronization.  ...  Synchronization of speech, facial expressions and body gestures is one of the most critical problems in realistic avatar animation in virtual environments.  ...  We are grateful to all the partners of the SoNG project for their direct and indirect involvement and help. Many thanks to Yasmin Arafa for providing inspiration for this work.  ... 
doi:10.2312/egve/egve02/169-177 fatcat:qojg7xtxnjebzi2r6hgf5qddba

MPML: a markup language for controlling the behavior of life-like characters

Helmut Prendinger, Sylvain Descamps, Mitsuru Ishizuka
2004 Journal of Visual Languages and Computing  
In this paper, we will introduce the multi-modal presentation markup language (MPML), which is a powerful and easy-to-use XML-style language enabling content authors to script rich web-based interaction  ...  Animated agents have the potential to convey information in a more natural way than other media traditionally used on the world-wide web, such as text, audio, or video clips.  ...  Typically, this file contains speech related parameters for emotion expression.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.jvlc.2004.01.001 fatcat:uoojsuqm7fgobhngvozxmys5ri

Speech and Braille Tools to Improve Access to University Scientific Courses

Cristian Bernareggi
2007 Conference and Workshop on Assistive Technology for People with Vision and Hearing Impairments  
The main barriers concern reading scientific resources, which are usually available in formats not accessible through Braille devices and speech synthesizers, processing mathematical expressions through  ...  This paper illustrates the aims of the @Science thematic network which was founded to share best solutions about science accessibility and some of the emerging tools to process mathematical formulae experimented  ...  The LAMBDA system is designed to process text and mathematical expressions mainly through Braille and speech output, without necessarily embossing on paper.  ... 
dblp:conf/cvhi/Bernareggi07 fatcat:kfghoyywxjdv3dl5mhaqdxi37u

A simple architecture for the fine-grained documentation of endangered languages: The LACITO multimedia archive

Boyd Michailovsky, Alexis Michaud, Severine Guillaume
2011 2011 International Conference on Speech Database and Assessments (Oriental COCOSDA)  
(For instance, tools from this archive were successfully adapted in the creation of the Formosan Languages archive [2].)  ...  Its simple architecture is based on current standards: Unicode character coding and XML markup; and Dublin Core/Open Language Archives Community recommendations for metadata.  ...  to adapt tools to process it.  ... 
doi:10.1109/icsda.2011.6085973 fatcat:6vndtc5v6faetjmsxje3i6pql4
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