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Too many instincts: contrasting philosophical views on intelligence in humans and non-humans

Susan G. Sterrett
2002 Journal of experimental and theoretical artificial intelligence (Print)  
It is then shown that, despite their considerable differences regarding fundamental things such as what kinds of creatures are intelligent and the relationship between reason, instinct and behaviour, all  ...  The proposal was made in an earlier paper (Sterrett 2000) and arose from an analysis of a neglected test for intelligence hinted at in Turing's legendary 'Computing Machinery and Intelligence'; it was  ...  Hume was challenging a commonly-held view, too, but a different one: the view that there is a difference in kind between animal and human reason.  ... 
doi:10.1080/09528130210153505 fatcat:fnsc5vxh2bhpff3hbjaofdcjdm

Thinking as an instinct

E. F. Heidbreder
1926 Psychological review  
James, too, holds similar views.  ...  says on this point: “There is probably no association psychologist who does not in his own unprejudiced observations, distinguish, and, to a certain extent, contrast unintelligent’ behavior and intelligent  ... 
doi:10.1037/h0075873 fatcat:ybbp3bhrprebth6bjcwuvujaq4

Integration and authority: rescuing the 'one thought too many' problem

Nicholas Smyth
2018 Canadian Journal of Philosophy  
He was correspondingly critical of many attempts at moral theory, and he reserved special ire for philosophers whose theorizing became too detached from the exigencies of human social and psychological  ...  as something whose real existence must consist in personal experience and social institutions, not in sets of propositions.  ...  offer do require one thought too many.  ... 
doi:10.1080/00455091.2017.1415105 fatcat:xdikj6tcy5h4nfdkt7opxmp564

The Teaching Instinct

D. E. Phillips
1899 The Pedagogical Seminary  
1 For the data obtained the writer wishes to express his thanks to the large number of persons who contributed valuable individual reports, and also to the following, who collected masses of data: Dr.  ...  largely explicable, in terms of the fundamental contrast between nutrition and reproduction, between hunger and love.  ...  , and even the human child. 1 Geddes and Thompson say that among many animals we soon see the adopted young established in the affections of the adopted mother. 2 Few, if any, instincts are common to  ... 
doi:10.1080/08919402.1899.10532963 fatcat:e5rat6c43ze47jccw7pqavgyme

Hume and the Contemporary Theory of Instinct

B. M. Laing, Sherwood J. B. Sugden
1926 The Monist  
So, too, may seem the view that reason itself is to be regarded as “nothing but a wonderful and unintelligible instinct in our souls.”  ...  Ends, rather, are relative to the non-rational side of human nature. This view is paralleled by that of McDougall.  ... 
doi:10.5840/monist19263648 fatcat:ey25q5z3gfconcgfsbk5ge2u4i

The Identity of Instinct and Habit

Knight Dunlap
1922 Journal of Philosophy  
Psychologists have got into the habit of contrasting instinct and intelligence.  ...  This point of view and many of the considerations urged in behalf of it are interesting and stimulating.  ... 
doi:10.2307/2939673 fatcat:vdljtm2gx5bx7lx4bu3ehz7wja

Denis Dutton, 'The Art Instinct: Beauty, Pleasure, and Human Evolution'

Tomáš Hříbek
2011 Estetika: The Central European Journal of Aesthetics International  
A review of Denis Dutton's The Art Instinct: Beauty, Pleasure, and Human Evolution (New York: Bloomsbury Press, 2009, 280 pp. ISBN 978-1-59691-401-8).  ...  In the 1950s, many philosophers, under the influence of the later Wittgenstein, convinced themselves that the project of defining the concept of art is hopeless.  ...  Dutton is now as big on the market of popular books on the new evolutionary humanities as Pinker or E. O.  ... 
doi:10.33134/eeja.85 doaj:269ae9826d1b49fab138a26112d04aa5 fatcat:7b7k3ju2mnax7dhrfyanfvvvna

Genocide Instinctive Group Violence and Hominid Mass Killing: Toward a Biohumanistic Historical Perspective

Alison M Moore
2018 Global Journal of Archaeology & Anthropology  
These lines of inquiry are generally avoided by genocide scholars in view of their association with debunked universalist paradigms that infused many of the early attempts to theorize a social psychology  ...  about its relationship to violent instinct and to group cohesion through othering.  ...  Genocide is clearly not the norm either of human societies, or of other intelligent primates, but its sporadic recurrence in even the most distant past and non-human primates indicates a need to think  ... 
doi:10.19080/gjaa.2018.04.555634 fatcat:wbhfrula2nd4rlzq6vbs6kohmi

Peirce on Intuition, Instinct, & Common Sense

Kenneth Boyd, Diana Heney
2017 European Journal of Pragmatism and American Philosophy  
order to stop a potential infinite regress of cognitions). 9 Although we have seen that in contrasting his views with the common-sense Scotch philosophers Peirce says a lot of things about what is view  ...  Thus, the epistemic stance that Peirce commends us to is a mixture: a blend of what is new in our natures, the remarkable intelligence of human beings, and of what is old, the instincts that tell their  ... 
doi:10.4000/ejpap.1035 fatcat:3252ke7iqvar5assg6eo35qkhu

Intentions and Instinct

E. E. Stoll
1953 Modern Language Quarterly: A Journal of Literary History  
On page 129 of The Use, however, he is not indictable as, like Emerson quoted above, he says that “the poet does many things upon instinct.”  ...  (As Frank Harris rightly 23 Matthews’ views on the subject appear in his Shakespeare as a Playwright (1923), pp. 145-52, etc., and in Columbia Shakespeare Studies (1916), pp. 16-17.  ... 
doi:10.1215/00267929-14-4-375 fatcat:s2apgk6zbbgirhea7ijy7vlmoi

Natural Instinct, Perceptual Relativity, and Belief in the External World in Hume's Enquiry

Annemarie Butler
2009 Hume Studies  
If one were to suspend all human instincts (per impossibile), one would never arrive at the philosophical system.  ...  The philosopher becomes a scientist of human nature and discovers the fundamental role of instinct in any belief in external existence.  ... 
doi:10.1353/hms.0.0005 fatcat:oonyoag5bbg7jl4r62xgnmogbq

Loving by Instinct: Environmental Ethics in Iris Murdoch's The Sovereignty of Good and Nuns and Soldiers

Lucy Oulton
2020 Études Britanniques Contemporaines  
world often emerges as an ‘exemplar of how to suspend destructive, and all too human, emotion’ (Jordan 365–366).  ...  the feelings of natural objects’ and create the now centuries-old view of human dominion over nature, the same view that Smith is decrying half a century later (White 1205).  ... 
doi:10.4000/ebc.10237 fatcat:njuuj3vduzeapgpjebf5mnooxu

Instincts and institutions: the rise of the market [chapter]

Jean-Paul Carvalho, Mark Koyama
2010 Advances in Austrian Economics  
Thus there exists little threat of punishment for cheating, in terms of ostracism or non-cooperation in the future.  ...  Standard theories based on direct and indirect reciprocity between self-regarding agents cannot explain the high level of impersonal exchange observed in developed market economies.  ...  The exceptions to this prove the rule: in many early societies small and easily transportable luxury goods could also be exchanged between strangers and non-market rituals and customs arose to formalize  ... 
doi:10.1108/s1529-2134(2010)0000013014 fatcat:dn4c352pavbzhi465ca47c4x4a

Neural Dynamic Logic of Consciousness: the Knowledge Instinct

L.I. Perlovsky
2006 The 2006 IEEE International Joint Conference on Neural Network Proceedings  
intelligence far exceeding the human mind.  ...  In the long term, however, they are too optimistic, too simple, and not realistic.  ... 
doi:10.1109/ijcnn.2006.246706 dblp:conf/ijcnn/Perlovsky06 fatcat:2jqpxg457jfwthxg2bwffk2x5y

Three Abductive Solutions to the Meno Paradox – with Instinct, Inference, and Distributed Cognition

Sami Paavola, Kai Hakkarainen
2005 Studies in Philosophy and Education  
But it is not too weak if various sources of clues and restrictions on the abductive search are taken into account.  ...  of view is essential; and 3) as a part of distributed cognition and mediated activity, where the interaction with the material, social, and cultural environment is emphasized.  ...  From the point of view of modern cognitive science, an intelligent activity of human beings leans on a tremendous knowledge base which can include knowledge of a larger number of situations (50, 000 -80  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11217-005-3846-z fatcat:qn2tp2f445cwddnrsloidydbwq
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