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To Weight or Not to Weight, That Is the Question: The Design of a Composite Indicator of Landscape Fragmentation

Andrea De Montis, Vittorio Serra, Giovanna Calia, Daniele Trogu, Antonio Ledda
2021 Applied Sciences  
In this paper, we aim at presenting a weighted release of the CILF and at developing the Hamletian question of whether weighting is worthwhile or not.  ...  The exercise provides the reader with meaningful results. Higher sensitivity values signal that the effort of weighting leads to more informative composites.  ...  Sensitivity analysis is a powerful instrument and can be used to address properly the Hamletian question concerning the opportunity to introduce the weights or not.  ... 
doi:10.3390/app11073208 fatcat:myavojmwhbezvjmyodzkmg3iua

To Share or Not To Share: A Comprehensive Appraisal of Weight-Sharing [article]

Aloïs Pourchot, Alexis Ducarouge, Olivier Sigaud
2020 arXiv   pre-print
Although very appealing, this framework is not without drawbacks and several works have started to question its capabilities on small hand-crafted benchmarks.  ...  By comparing a SOTA WS approach to a plain random search we show that, despite decent correlations between evaluations using weight-sharing and standalone ones, WS is only rarely significantly helpful  ...  TOP-20 R rs −R reRrs −R ws A RES FULL 0.04 ± 0.03 (p=0.02, d= 0.14) -0.08 ± 0.08 (p=0.06, d=-0.31) To Share or Not To Share: An Extensive Appraisal of Weight-Sharing; Appendix Figure 1 .  ... 
arXiv:2002.04289v2 fatcat:6xbi5ruo4zc33ht6chb5d4dl4i

Assessing socioeconomic effects on different sized populations: To weight or not to weight?

N Frohlich
2001 Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health  
It is argued that the correct answer to that question turns on some deep epistemological issues that have been little considered in the public health literature.  ...  In particular, when the aggregated units make sense, theoretically, as units, it is more appropriate to carry out the analyses without weighting by the size of the units.  ...  The authors would like to thank Noralou Roos, David Friesen and Leonard MacWilliam for their help in the initial project whence this argument sprung.  ... 
doi:10.1136/jech.55.12.913 pmid:11707486 pmcid:PMC1731809 fatcat:choc5ujrcneencubkzzx2rrtda

Fat and carbohydrate interact to potentiate food reward in healthy weight but not in overweight or obesity [article]

Emily E Perszyk, Zach Hutelin, Jessica Trinh, Arsene Kanyamibwa, Sophie Fromm, Xue S Davis, Kathryn M Wall, Kyle D Flack, Alexandra DiFeliceantonio, Dana M Small
2021 bioRxiv   pre-print
Participants then completed an auction task where they bid for the opportunity to consume each food.  ...  Here we sought to replicate these findings in an American sample and to determine if the effects are influenced by body mass index (BMI).  ...  then completed an auction task where they bid for the opportunity to consume each food.  ... 
doi:10.1101/2021.01.29.428845 fatcat:af3bf2ej4vewlew5ifpwfc4hkm

Nicotine is not clastogenic at doses of 1 or 2 mg/kg body weight given orally to male mice

I.-D. Adler, S.M. Attia
2003 Mutation Research. Genetic Toxicology and Environmental Mutagenesis  
Therefore it is concluded that nocotine is not clastogenic at the doses and time intervals tested in the present experiments.  ...  Nicotine treatment did not increase the micronucleus frequencies in polychromatic erythrocytes while the positive control compound mitomycin C yielded the expected result.  ...  the dose levels and time intervals tested, nicotine is not clastogenic in vivo.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.mrgentox.2003.08.008 pmid:14644362 fatcat:cjwj3h7nkrfnpgmcd6l53pxiee

Food Liking but Not Wanting Decreases after Controlled Intermittent or Continuous Energy Restriction to ≥5% Weight Loss in Women with Overweight/Obesity

Pauline Oustric, Kristine Beaulieu, Nuno Casanova, Dominic O'Connor, Catherine Gibbons, Mark Hopkins, John Blundell, Graham Finlayson
2021 Nutrients  
Liking but not wanting decreased after WL. Food reward after 1-year did not differ from baseline, but the high loss to follow-up prevents generalization.  ...  ., liking and wanting) has been shown to decrease after different types of weight management interventions.  ...  One might also ask what is the clinical implication of a decrease in liking, and not wanting, in terms of weight management.  ... 
doi:10.3390/nu13010182 pmid:33435287 fatcat:vyvickcgdzhg5jk7ut5x25wpju

Men participating in a weight-loss intervention are able to implement key dietary messages, but not those relating to vegetables or alcohol: the Self-Help, Exercise and Diet using Internet Technology (SHED-IT) study

Clare E Collins, Philip J Morgan, Janet M Warren, David R Lubans, Robin Callister
2010 Public Health Nutrition  
Conclusions: Although men reported some positive dietary changes during weight loss, they did not increase vegetable intakes nor decrease alcohol consumption, while saturated fat, fibre and Na intakes  ...  05), with no change in dietary fibre or alcohol (P . 0?05).  ...  The authors declare that they do not have any conflicts of interest. P.J.M., D.R.L., R.C. and C.E.C. obtained funding for the research.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s1368980010001916 pmid:20602869 fatcat:ss747ahlvnfu5pqe4a3zdxduza

10 Years Later: Where in the World is Equal Weight Indexing Now?

Liyu Zeng, Frank Luo
2013 Social Science Research Network  
portfolio construction in which the constituent weightings are not correlated with their expected returns.  ...  According to the efficient market hypothesis, it is impossible to beat the market because prices already incorporate all relevant information.  ...  We adopt this process to ensure that each region's weight is driven by its market performance or economic output, and not the count of stocks in its benchmark index.  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.2257481 fatcat:cs6zge2yrbfwljgmemnna7aw4a

Where Is the Litre?

Stephen H. Emmens
1893 Science  
It is true these variations are all so small as not to affect the practical ac-between bodies weighed in air and weighed in vacuo, and difference in weights between water containing air and water freed  ...  It is true these variations are all so small as not to affect the practical ac-between bodies weighed in air and weighed in vacuo, and difference in weights between water containing air and water freed  ... 

Where is the Litre ?

S. H. Emmens
1893 Science  
Perhaps the most stiiking iliustration of the whole matter In a single instance iq to be found in the his tor^ of a great disturbance upon the sun in January,  ...  on the very dates when the dist~rrbed sections were in process of being brought into view by rotation.  ...  Where is the Litre? 1HAVE read Professor Mendenhall's contribution to Science of April 21 with surprise.  ... 
doi:10.1126/science.ns-21.534.234 pmid:17773917 fatcat:6qr5blceifebxg4h3cmx56lqly

High-Protein Weight Loss Diets and Purported Adverse Effects: Where is the Evidence?

Anssi H Manninen
2004 Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition  
The purpose of this review is to evaluate the scientific validity of AHA Nutrition Committee´s statement on dietary protein and weight reduction (St. Jeor ST et al.  ...  Relative to renal function, there are no data in the scientific literature demonstrating that healthy kidneys are damaged by the increased demands of protein consumed in quantities 2-3 times above the  ...  The reduction in calories needed to lose weight should be at the expense of saturated fats and carbohydrates, not protein.  ... 
doi:10.1186/1550-2783-1-1-45 pmcid:PMC2129142 fatcat:eanx5gxobbhs5klq2jw5ciizwa

Where Is the Alternative?

1979 Contemporary Psychology  
Throughout the essays and in Tuchman’s convenient in- troductory review of each section, the reader is peppered with questions that must be answered. Where Is the Alternative? Linda S.  ...  An alternative should be another way of solving the same problems: What is the alternative theory to solve the language and thought issue . . . to solv- ing the question of continuity or dis- continuity  ... 
doi:10.1037/019170 fatcat:niafdhdg4vghnizovlwmowaugi

Where is the Information in a Deep Neural Network? [article]

Alessandro Achille, Giovanni Paolini, Stefano Soatto
2020 arXiv   pre-print
How this information affects the response of the network to future data remains largely an open question.  ...  We establish a novel relation between the information in the weights and the effective information in the activations, and use this result to show that models with low (information) complexity not only  ...  We remind the reader that this is an arbitrary choice and does not imply or require that the actual distributions of the weights, if one exists, be Gaussian or isotropic.  ... 
arXiv:1905.12213v5 fatcat:6dxdabqavve6dbn7sf66tu63vm

Where is the system?

Sylvain Benoit
2014 International Economics  
The aim of this paper is to emphasize the importance of determining the system aggregate level (global, european or national) when dealing with systemic risk.  ...  This issue is central when focusing on Europe where each country should identify its D-SIBs whereas the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision (BCBS) tags G-SIBs, not only European banks.  ...  Accordingly, considering global or domestic systemically important banks (G-or D-SIBs) does not lead to the same conclusions and raises numerous of questions.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.inteco.2013.11.004 fatcat:udizvesitne3bbmkzwzouro33m

Where is the Equinox ?

W. Fricke
1979 Symposium - International astronomical union  
The results have not been satisfactory, and we have some important evidence that the catalogue equinox of the FK4 is not identical with the "dynamical equinox".  ...  The intersection of the equator and the ecliptic, the dynamical equinox, is therefore in motion.  ...  This work must be considered as an important manual in this field, in particular, since the criteria to be fulfilled by the observations either were not suffi ciently known from the beginning or were not  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0074180900012638 fatcat:eyo3coyyqjaaxoj6mbzmohbupe
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