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Automatic Detection of the Cyclic Alternating Pattern of Sleep and Diagnosis of Sleep-Related Pathologies Based on Cardiopulmonary Resonance Indices

Jiajia Cui, Zhipei Huang, Jiankang Wu
<span title="2022-03-14">2022</span> <i title="MDPI AG"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/taedaf6aozg7vitz5dpgkojane" style="color: black;">Sensors</a> </i> &nbsp;
In terms of the cyclic alternating pattern, the average recognition rate of A-phase reaches 84.7% on the CAP Sleep Database of 108 cases of people.  ...  It is a marker of sleep instability and is correlated with several sleep-related pathologies.  ...  Acknowledgments: The authors would like to thank the doctors of China-Japan Friendship Hospital for their carefully interpretation.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.3390/s22062225">doi:10.3390/s22062225</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/35336396">pmid:35336396</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/PMC8952285/">pmcid:PMC8952285</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/nxvdwtboejayndk3apcivcfyqa">fatcat:nxvdwtboejayndk3apcivcfyqa</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20220316062636/https://mdpi-res.com/d_attachment/sensors/sensors-22-02225/article_deploy/sensors-22-02225.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/b4/5f/b45faeb4aec9b93243ec2db73285d642d35eb23a.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.3390/s22062225"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> mdpi.com </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC8952285" title="pubmed link"> <button class="ui compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="file alternate outline icon"></i> pubmed.gov </button> </a>

An Electrocardiogram-Based Technique to Assess Cardiopulmonary Coupling During Sleep

Robert Joseph Thomas, Joseph E. Mietus, Chung-Kang Peng, Ary L. Goldberger
<span title="">2005</span> <i title="Oxford University Press (OUP)"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/alijmhzalvhqddxhuw5exx5uey" style="color: black;">Sleep</a> </i> &nbsp;
, respiratory, and heart-rate variability signatures in both health and disease.  ...  The pattern of coupling in 15 healthy individuals was also assessed. Setting: American Academy of Sleep Medicine Accredited Sleep Disorders Center. Interventions: None.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS This work is supported by the NIH/NCRR P41RR13622, the G. Harold and Leila Y. Mathers Foundation, the James S. Mc-Donnell Foundation, and NIH/NIA P60 AG08812.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1093/sleep/28.9.1151">doi:10.1093/sleep/28.9.1151</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16268385">pmid:16268385</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/t2nyfet3rbditgdcu3cmbk4yey">fatcat:t2nyfet3rbditgdcu3cmbk4yey</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20180728033741/https://watermark.silverchair.com/sleep-28-9-1151.pdf?token=AQECAHi208BE49Ooan9kkhW_Ercy7Dm3ZL_9Cf3qfKAc485ysgAAAbAwggGsBgkqhkiG9w0BBwagggGdMIIBmQIBADCCAZIGCSqGSIb3DQEHATAeBglghkgBZQMEAS4wEQQMyb1cZLs_VbvBb5NFAgEQgIIBY6o8BAncMMYoNU5RT4W3eXs5BhuoKyqFbO-BMT2lxQ7cX6fCsO-jVTSBgdNyZBeh61c3T71B7bKg7S6oliPe_D5eDoVjY0Vjz3JM21X_q3LvmsQXtShDeyiIuU6d1FijgIgKIIFJzj5nbSgYHZHYlBnfPmpvFx2Msh1hu7dt-9xUWcDTqIGBFUE2B-kD7Kbj6WXLOEPb7hNHYVqptWd1rC0yY6jizLYG1kSeTVpMcwJ9Z5zH6hMHefw8uzzTnTM34CqSt8oRHsJH3olZlV78GTfS7XMRb4xZdYlYnjCZ6c92GkYghc0ntQ022K2S-Vy_CWmfC_s7ahHAzpPu1dyiU4DSwmJ5tZSbmLCyobelASVvMnp0LG2vKLwB84udnP30jQobcWPFuV73-7zQtMoiYsprZE_6s-pR0SMTMoUahgHk-GPyZsSYpFCzp3klB5c4qJ46f66QFreGKFJfYK7L9bpHLmA" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/be/9e/be9e8d0f70382c41c7c2752eca56afaa434647ca.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1093/sleep/28.9.1151"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> oup.com </button> </a>

Heart rate variability in children with obstructive sleep apnea: a systematic review

Vanessa Cristina Cunha Sequeira
<span title="2020-02-17">2020</span> <i title="MedCrave Group, LLC"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/ljwiuesvfnf5xctv5t2x3apqhm" style="color: black;">Sleep medicine and disorders : international journal</a> </i> &nbsp;
Conflicts of interest There was no conflict of interest for any of the authors in this study. Funding None.  ...  Time domain variables Three studies showed time domain of heart rate variability measurement.  ...  Heart rate variability in children with obstructive sleep apnea: a systematic review.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.15406/smdij.2020.04.00067">doi:10.15406/smdij.2020.04.00067</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/mxu4a3jd4be27jkyvswuzsdgfm">fatcat:mxu4a3jd4be27jkyvswuzsdgfm</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20200506112012/https://medcraveonline.com/SMDIJ/SMDIJ-04-00067.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/b1/da/b1da2d279383d310c0c23826f0dd6efa4b1ed53d.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.15406/smdij.2020.04.00067"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a>

Nonlinear analysis of continuous ECG during sleep II. Dynamical measures

J. Fell, K. Mann, J. Röschke, M. S. Gopinathan
<span title="2000-05-08">2000</span> <i title="Springer Nature"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/yygdrbxuwbhipmoa6ihwvrwwue" style="color: black;">Biological cybernetics</a> </i> &nbsp;
Our ®ndings suggest that the increase in dominant chaoticity during REM sleep with regard to time-continuous nonlinear analysis is comparable to an increased heart rate variability.  ...  The most signi®cant ®nding with respect to the sleep-related dierentiation of ECG signals is an increase in dominant chaoticity assessed by L1 and a reduction in the degrees of freedom estimated by D2  ...  heart rate variability during REM sleep.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1007/s004220050601">doi:10.1007/s004220050601</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10879432">pmid:10879432</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/ffsvyaemnbcdjpxnkx2f4rzmby">fatcat:ffsvyaemnbcdjpxnkx2f4rzmby</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20170808230229/http://epileptologie-bonn.de/cms/upload/homepage/fell/Ecg2.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/8a/9e/8a9e4645ed2f60c5c401fba4c1f130133b70629b.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1007/s004220050601"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> springer.com </button> </a>

2021 Annual Meeting of the Swiss Society for Sleep Research, Sleep Medicine, and Chronobiology (SSSSC)

Martin Hatzinger
<span title="2022-06-07">2022</span> <i title="MDPI AG"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/6u547kgombbkzkujq5h5s6weim" style="color: black;">Clocks &amp; Sleep</a> </i> &nbsp;
The 2021 meeting in Solothurn provided evidence-based education to advance the science and clinical practice of sleep medicine and sleep physiology, disseminates cutting-edge sleep and circadian research  ...  , promotes the translation of basic science into clinical practice, and fosters the future of the field by allowing young clinicians and researchers to present their findings in talks and on posters [.  ...  Furthermore, mean heart rate was significantly decreased for the up-phase, down-phase, and ISI1 in the OFF window compared to no sham stimulation (all p < 0.05).  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.3390/clockssleep4020026">doi:10.3390/clockssleep4020026</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/77uu7fsuevapjpluchy2tvpmcy">fatcat:77uu7fsuevapjpluchy2tvpmcy</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20220610103928/https://mdpi-res.com/d_attachment/clockssleep/clockssleep-04-00026/article_deploy/clockssleep-04-00026.pdf?version=1654597814" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/47/a1/47a1458846c9e1e87f03f9a9b1a7c10984e4d6e9.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.3390/clockssleep4020026"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> mdpi.com </button> </a>

Association between Heart Rate Variability, Blood Pressure and Autonomic Activity in Cyclic Alternating Pattern during Sleep

Hideaki Kondo, Motohiro Ozone, Noboru Ohki, Yohei Sagawa, Keiichirou Yamamichi, Mitsuki Fukuju, Takeshi Yoshida, Chikako Nishi, Akiko Kawasaki, Kaori Mori, Takashi Kanbayashi, Motomori Izumi (+3 others)
<span title="">2014</span> <i title="Oxford University Press (OUP)"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/alijmhzalvhqddxhuw5exx5uey" style="color: black;">Sleep</a> </i> &nbsp;
The study aimed to reveal the precise changes in heart rate variability (HRV) during phase A of the CAP cycle.  ...  Conclusions: All phase A subtypes were accompanied with increased heart rate variability, and the largest heart rate variability was seen in subtype A3, while a tendency for less heart rate variability  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS The authors thank Dr. Sachiko Uemura for her statistical review, Ms. Mari Matsumoto for her English editing, and Ms. Namiko Matsubuchi, Dr. Takaubu Takemura, and Dr. Fumi  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.5665/sleep.3334">doi:10.5665/sleep.3334</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24470707">pmid:24470707</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/PMC3902872/">pmcid:PMC3902872</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/qse7zhmtnjcgvexq6i5qhvumpu">fatcat:qse7zhmtnjcgvexq6i5qhvumpu</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20200429224122/http://europepmc.org/backend/ptpmcrender.fcgi?accid=PMC3902872&amp;blobtype=pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/b2/11/b21142b152e831a9adb18f251915de526c2b7521.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.5665/sleep.3334"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3902872" title="pubmed link"> <button class="ui compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="file alternate outline icon"></i> pubmed.gov </button> </a>

Cardiorespiratory response to spontaneous cortical arousals during stage 2 and rapid eye movement sleep in healthy children

MATHIAS BAUMERT, MARK KOHLER, MUAMMAR KABIR, DECLAN KENNEDY, YVONNE PAMULA
<span title="2009-12-28">2009</span> <i title="Wiley"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/5blftpjukvhz5nbi2rwwwv5zfq" style="color: black;">Journal of Sleep Research</a> </i> &nbsp;
Heart rate and ventilatory responses to arousal from stage 2 and rapid eye movement (REM) sleep were investigated in 40 normal, healthy Caucasian children (age: 7.7 ± 2.6 years; body mass index z-score  ...  d s arousal, breathing rate, children, heart rate, sleep  ...  ACKNOWLEDGEMENT This study was supported by a grant from the Australian Research Council (grant #DP0663345) and a project grant from the National Health and Medical Research Council (grant #250369).  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2869.2009.00798.x">doi:10.1111/j.1365-2869.2009.00798.x</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20050997">pmid:20050997</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/l6by3w3cr5colg57irp4ybrhl4">fatcat:l6by3w3cr5colg57irp4ybrhl4</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20170808232423/http://www.eleceng.adelaide.edu.au/personal/mbaumert/publications/2010%20-%20JSR%20-%20Baumert%20-%20RR%20changes%20during%20arousal%20in%20normal%20children.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/cb/08/cb08df0079db4edc9324de02e5357fddc92dbc87.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2869.2009.00798.x"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a>

2019 Annual Meeting of the Swiss Society for Sleep Research, Sleep Medicine, and Chronobiology (SSSSC)

Martin Hatzinger
<span title="2019-09-20">2019</span> <i title="MDPI AG"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/6u547kgombbkzkujq5h5s6weim" style="color: black;">Clocks &amp; Sleep</a> </i> &nbsp;
We are pleased to present you with this Special Issue of Clocks & Sleep, the abstracts of the 2019 annual meeting of the Swiss Society for Sleep Research, Sleep Medicine, and Chronobiology (SSSSC), which  ...  took place in Fribourg, 27 and 28 June [...]  ...  An ECG signal was recorded in every patient using both the belt and PSG. Heart rate variability (HRV) analysis was carried out, and a prediction model using support vector machine was applied.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.3390/clockssleep1040033">doi:10.3390/clockssleep1040033</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/33089178">pmid:33089178</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/PMC7445843/">pmcid:PMC7445843</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/br3djzq47vbtrejrdneciggle4">fatcat:br3djzq47vbtrejrdneciggle4</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20200212102421/https://res.mdpi.com/d_attachment/clockssleep/clockssleep-01-00033/article_deploy/clockssleep-01-00033-v2.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/26/91/2691f7379f272672002dfd80e1c034c9a30bb359.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.3390/clockssleep1040033"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> mdpi.com </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7445843" title="pubmed link"> <button class="ui compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="file alternate outline icon"></i> pubmed.gov </button> </a>

Cardiovascular physiology and sleep

Virend K Somers
<span title="">2003</span> <i title="Frontiers in Bioscience"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/mfwufqll45bepinkdxuteuecia" style="color: black;">Frontiers in Bioscience</a> </i> &nbsp;
., and Kubicki, S., Vegetative background of sleep: spectral analysis of the heart rate variability, Physiol Behav, 62, 1037 (1997) 46.  ...  ., and Akselrod, S., Fluctuations in autonomic nervous activity during sleep displayed by power spectrum analysis of heart rate variability, Neurology, 45, 1183 (1995) 52. Mark, A.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.2741/1105">doi:10.2741/1105</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12700080">pmid:12700080</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/q5f7xzwzrjf6xnsmxziwpdyh2q">fatcat:q5f7xzwzrjf6xnsmxziwpdyh2q</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20190222222442/http://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/3b4e/c53740a2c7f856840be005fe297329f81ca5.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/3b/4e/3b4ec53740a2c7f856840be005fe297329f81ca5.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.2741/1105"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a>

Sleep Deprivation and its Effect on an Index of Cardiac Parasympathetic Activity in Early NonREM Sleep in Normal and Epileptic Subjects

R. Shane Delamont, Peter O.O. Julu, Goran A. Jamal
<span title="">1998</span> <i title="Oxford University Press (OUP)"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/alijmhzalvhqddxhuw5exx5uey" style="color: black;">Sleep</a> </i> &nbsp;
The effect of 24-hour sleep deprivation on cardiac vagal tone during the first 90 minutes of sleep was studied in 16 subjects using a new real-time index of cardiac parasympathetic activity.  ...  The level of cardiac vagal tone in subjects who were sleep deprived was more than doubled that in nonsleep-deprived subjects during sleep stage 0 immediately prior to the onset of sleep stage 1.  ...  and sympathetic control of the heart during sleep. 4 Heart rate variability is a well known surrogate of autonomic activity, and has been studied in sleeping term infants 9 and adults with pathological  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1093/sleep/21.5.493">doi:10.1093/sleep/21.5.493</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9703589">pmid:9703589</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/nxbdasjg5bfaxba4kg3q6hyonm">fatcat:nxbdasjg5bfaxba4kg3q6hyonm</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20180727211730/https://watermark.silverchair.com/sleep-21-5-493.pdf?token=AQECAHi208BE49Ooan9kkhW_Ercy7Dm3ZL_9Cf3qfKAc485ysgAAAa0wggGpBgkqhkiG9w0BBwagggGaMIIBlgIBADCCAY8GCSqGSIb3DQEHATAeBglghkgBZQMEAS4wEQQMbjdl3GdtEUQK_Sf5AgEQgIIBYHzkQF6y9u72O7bO6WHcWau03_SwLS9gSf0qSnHrA8E5SHSY6Lo3TATKjrBN8Z5p68mt3OdbkmyE7WJdsOnQIqtYrutMJP_4CaLGoNpc7yZ55pCgBFn0nxhVbhEE5DiPsdgWW3XcrGrZZxbvVETwy1P9uLuWO25ohvd79ux5kx_tpQOcu6E8qNXDOdgUUjHc7WKJ-AZV7H6Mgw8ceS_1TcaFIfV_fS1JB8mdvBIsoT2Zqgg7HfguKUV7fRB-k8ebEyPW5ZUVjOAJUg5UoZqQPxBOPUoDHPU2SHkWPyaT6IxaCcU2gHmJEaazG9-ahCxcE3AWbyWBpu2OGhtBNr6YrLHWjRt1oUZgJtntUVA0iT1o807QxJCp33H-7iq29k8LNMMZ0ZCUxcyInRebszJPmcbyLFWCriRVrljk1_WcThGQa86jA-4OBvyJBaYzMincVRDD9xyotwr7by9tv2dqpQw" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/73/19/73192ac138d0959980642b3924706f42ecc80484.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1093/sleep/21.5.493"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> oup.com </button> </a>

Hypoxaemia during sleep

D C Flenley
<span title="1980-02-01">1980</span> <i title="BMJ"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/dky225fdr5cuvo5ohu2cze6r5y" style="color: black;">Thorax</a> </i> &nbsp;
latter occupying 20-25% of the sleep time and accumulated in periods of variable length, usually occurring four to five times per night at intervals of 90-100 minutes.  ...  The pattern of breathing, in terms of tidal volume and duration of each breath, must vary widely during speech and the other activities of the waking day.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1136/thx.35.2.81">doi:10.1136/thx.35.2.81</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/6990543">pmid:6990543</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/PMC471227/">pmcid:PMC471227</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/ceryhnsivfeplpzl5uertt7hf4">fatcat:ceryhnsivfeplpzl5uertt7hf4</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20190501055304/https://thorax.bmj.com/content/thoraxjnl/35/2/81.full.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/0f/93/0f93153edecd817239deb17015b6a5a0211842c0.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1136/thx.35.2.81"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> bmj.org </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC471227" title="pubmed link"> <button class="ui compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="file alternate outline icon"></i> pubmed.gov </button> </a>

Sleep Instability in Adults with NonRefractory Temporal Lobe Epilepsy

Marine Meliksetyan Trentin, Jaderson Costa Da Costa, Maria-Cecilia Lopes
<span title="">2017</span> <i title="JSMCentral LLC"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/3j7dd4dupnbq3pepzmi66mi4iu" style="color: black;">SM Journal of Sleep Disorders</a> </i> &nbsp;
Patients with non-refractory TLE showed an increase in the CAP rate and longer CAP time compared to the control group (p < 0.001).  ...  However, the arousal index during REM sleep was similar in both groups (p=0.075). A subgroup analysis performed on both genders showed no significant differences.  ...  The CAP was defined as a pattern of EEG during NREM sleep phase, consistent with phases A and B; their sum was termed the CAP cycle.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.36876/smjsd.1006">doi:10.36876/smjsd.1006</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/yitwqdwu5jho5p33ek2nhnlrqa">fatcat:yitwqdwu5jho5p33ek2nhnlrqa</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20220304075928/https://www.jsmcentral.org/sm-sleep-disorders/fulltext_smjsd-v3-1006.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.36876/smjsd.1006"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a>

Stratification Pattern of Static and Scale-Invariant Dynamic Measures of Heartbeat Fluctuations Across Sleep Stages in Young and Elderly

D.T. Schmitt, P.K. Stein, P.Ch. Ivanov
<span title="">2009</span> <i title="Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE)"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/nrcoa2vuhjcvfctty6zgus57um" style="color: black;">IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering</a> </i> &nbsp;
and pathologic conditions.  ...  Despite changes in sleep architecture and reduced heart rate variability in elderly subjects, this stratification surprisingly does not break down with advanced age.  ...  Acknowledgments This paper represents the work of the authors and not the SHHS. This study was supported by National Institutes of Health (NIH) Grant 2 RO1 HL071972 and the Volkswagen Foundation.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/tbme.2009.2014819">doi:10.1109/tbme.2009.2014819</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19203874">pmid:19203874</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/PMC2821156/">pmcid:PMC2821156</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/54oqxfnnznghtl6rtr7cduuqba">fatcat:54oqxfnnznghtl6rtr7cduuqba</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20200209130923/http://europepmc.org/backend/ptpmcrender.fcgi?accid=PMC2821156&amp;blobtype=pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/0c/92/0c9204413e7297f3a1c4c4a887955d2b24886e1d.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/tbme.2009.2014819"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> ieee.com </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2821156" title="pubmed link"> <button class="ui compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="file alternate outline icon"></i> pubmed.gov </button> </a>

The nature of arousal in sleep

Peter Halasz, Mario Terzano, Liborio Parrino, Robert Bodizs
<span title="">2004</span> <i title="Wiley"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/5blftpjukvhz5nbi2rwwwv5zfq" style="color: black;">Journal of Sleep Research</a> </i> &nbsp;
during the last third of sleep.  ...  Understanding the role of arousals and CAP and the relationship between physiologic and pathologic MA can shed light on the adaptive properties of the sleeping brain and provide insight into the pathomechanisms  ...  All the three types of EEG patterns were associated with variable degrees of heart rate acceleration with a shortening of R-R interval.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2869.2004.00388.x">doi:10.1111/j.1365-2869.2004.00388.x</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/14996030">pmid:14996030</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/2gtqdwqlrjhwzkgjj6afivopc4">fatcat:2gtqdwqlrjhwzkgjj6afivopc4</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20170829003646/http://www.xinbo58.com/UserFiles/files/07_006_The%20nature%20of%20arousal%20in%20sleep.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/c2/64/c2649dd417d895d27a2f2214a88dcb43704d1cbb.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2869.2004.00388.x"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a>

Natural Approaches for Optimal Sleep

Chris D. Meletis, Nieske Zabriskie
<span title="">2008</span> <i title="Mary Ann Liebert Inc"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/72gcw6wcc5fh5n2cbbhycmjsly" style="color: black;">Alternative &amp; Complementary Therapies</a> </i> &nbsp;
REM sleep is characterized by an increase in brain activity with active dreaming, decreased muscle tone, variable heart and respiratory rates, and REMs.  ...  Adequate sleep is essential for healthy functioning of the 75 trillion cells that comprise the human body. Sleep disorders are a common complaint and can make a great impact on quality of life.  ...  REM sleep is characterized by an increase in brain activity with active dreaming, decreased muscle tone, variable heart and respiratory rates, and REMs.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1089/act.2008.14402">doi:10.1089/act.2008.14402</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18315514">pmid:18315514</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/xqqvra4oc5fynhse3i6mtwgutq">fatcat:xqqvra4oc5fynhse3i6mtwgutq</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20170809091537/http://www.drmeletis.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/04/Natural-Approaches-for-Optimal-Sleep.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/7c/ab/7cabc0fcb2f5104787297ef2ff28d6bbee79ba41.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1089/act.2008.14402"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a>
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