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Time-Aware Evidence Ranking for Fact-Checking [article]

Liesbeth Allein, Isabelle Augenstein, Marie-Francine Moens
2021 arXiv   pre-print
Evidence ranking in three fact-checking models is ultimately optimized using a learning-to-rank loss function.  ...  Truth can vary over time. Fact-checking decisions on claim veracity should therefore take into account temporal information of both the claim and supporting or refuting evidence.  ...  Neither the European Commission nor any person acting on behalf of the Commission is responsible for the use which might be made of this publication.  ... 
arXiv:2009.06402v4 fatcat:pqig65lerjbqhn5if7365rhjsq

The Levys of New Orleans: An Old Myth and a New Problem

Raven I. Mcdavid, Samuel R. Levin
1964 Names  
the evidence, even if we had had the time.  ...  only those names expected to rank high were systematically checked, though names shown to rank high by inspection of the directory were normally caught, checked and ranked.  ...  Appendix: Ranking of New Orleans Surnames 1960 1871 18. Levy  ... 
doi:10.1179/nam.1964.12.2.82 fatcat:qj56e2zsrne6dnh6hd73dhv22i

Evaluating the Effectiveness of Health Awareness Events by Google Search Frequency [article]

Zheng Hao, Miao Liu, Xijin Ge
2018 arXiv   pre-print
Our study show that 10 health awareness events are effective with evidence of a significant increase in search frequencies in the event months, and 28 events are ineffective, with the rest being classified  ...  It would be informative and instructive for the organization to know the impact of these events, although such information could be difficult to measure.  ...  In fact, we checked the relative frequencies across effective, unclear, and ineffective events, and found that there is no relationship.  ... 
arXiv:1810.03781v1 fatcat:cayovco6dnga7bjiqsbu7f4jve

Graph Reasoning with Context-Aware Linearization for Interpretable Fact Extraction and Verification [article]

Neema Kotonya, Thomas Spooner, Daniele Magazzeni, Francesca Toni
2021 arXiv   pre-print
This paper presents an end-to-end system for fact extraction and verification using textual and tabular evidence, the performance of which we demonstrate on the FEVEROUS dataset.  ...  for solely learning veracity prediction and separate evidence extraction.  ...  A majority of automated fact checking studies only consider text as evidence for verifying claims.  ... 
arXiv:2109.12349v1 fatcat:5du7uzd5rjgb5nfes5rxcnzpem

Sequential Modelling with Applications to Music Recommendation, Fact-Checking, and Speed Reading [article]

Christian Hansen
2021 arXiv   pre-print
text semantics in order to automatically fact-check claims, or "speed read" text for efficient further classification.  ...  Similarly, for systems that automatically infer the semantics of text, capturing the sequential order of words in a sentence is essential, as even a slight re-ordering could significantly alter its original  ...  MultiFC: A Real-World Multi-Domain Dataset for Evidence-Based Fact Checking of Claims.  ... 
arXiv:2109.06736v1 fatcat:xawmkvzhgng3vhhrs5xvwokqna

The Role of Context in Detecting Previously Fact-Checked Claims [article]

Shaden Shaar, Firoj Alam, Giovanni Da San Martino, Preslav Nakov
2022 arXiv   pre-print
, thanks to the human fact-checking and explanations in the associated fact-checking article.  ...  Traditional approaches to mitigate these issues is to use manual or automatic fact-checking.  ...  This research is part of the Tanbih mega-project, developed at the Qatar Computing Research Institute, HBKU, which aims to limit the impact of "fake news," propaganda, and media bias by making users aware  ... 
arXiv:2104.07423v2 fatcat:75ej5qtby5hqvhm6aw7p72gjhq

Towards Debiasing Fact Verification Models [article]

Tal Schuster, Darsh J Shah, Yun Jie Serene Yeo, Daniel Filizzola, Enrico Santus, Regina Barzilay
2019 arXiv   pre-print
Claim-only classifiers perform competitively with top evidence-aware models.  ...  In this paper, we investigate the cause of this phenomenon, identifying strong cues for predicting labels solely based on the claim, without considering any evidence.  ...  Where is your evidence: Improving fact- checking by justification modeling. In Proceedings of the First Workshop on Fact Extraction and VERi- fication (FEVER), pages 85-90, Brussels, Belgium.  ... 
arXiv:1908.05267v2 fatcat:ls6ik6z6nffejp2vksacuwqe4e

Crowdsourcing for information retrieval

Matthew Lease, Emine Yilmaz
2012 SIGIR Forum  
What can IR bring to fact checking that NLP and ML do not, and what new questions does fact checking raise for IR?  ...  While assessing the authority of pages for ranking and filtering is not new, fact checking presents a different framing of authority, with ranking and filtering decisions potentially impacting user trust  ... 
doi:10.1145/2093346.2093356 fatcat:ntsm7uhpqbgizcs7wf5czbozpm

EvolutionTeam at CLEF2020 - CheckThat! lab : Integration of Linguistic and Sentimental Features in a Fake News Detection Approach

Ibtissam Touahri, Azzeddine Mazroui
2020 Conference and Labs of the Evaluation Forum  
The first step for fact-checking is the selection of check worthy tweets for a certain topic, then ranking sentences from related web pages according to the carried evidence.  ...  lab, three tasks run in Arabic, namely check-worthiness on tweets, evidence retrieval, and claim verification that corresponds respectively to task1, task3, and task4.  ...  Task3 We aim to rank a list of text snippets based on their evidence namely their usefulness for fact checking. We extract a text snippet and compare it with a tweet text.  ... 
dblp:conf/clef/TouahriM20 fatcat:zvia2fognzgebpwbjwcluoxfzu

Overview of the CLEF-2019 CheckThat! Lab: Automatic Identification and Verification of Claims. Task 2: Evidence and Factuality

Maram Hasanain, Reem Suwaileh, Tamer Elsayed, Alberto Barrón-Cedeño, Preslav Nakov
2019 Conference and Labs of the Evaluation Forum  
Task 2 asked (A) to rank a given set of Web pages with respect to a check-worthy claim based on their usefulness for fact-checking that claim, (B) to classify these same Web pages according to their degree  ...  of usefulness for fact-checking the target claim, (C) to identify useful passages from these pages, and (D) to use the useful pages to predict the claim's factuality.  ...  This research is also part of the Tanbih project, 3 which aims to limit the effect of "fake news", propaganda and media bias by making users aware of what they are reading.  ... 
dblp:conf/clef/HasanainSEBN19 fatcat:qrelzdyatnferkfv72rxeld3s4

Understanding Variance in Pilot Performance Ratings

Timothy J. Mavin, Wolff-Michael Roth, Sidney Dekker
2013 Aviation Psychology and Applied Human Factors  
The results show that there are good reasons for the observed variances. The results are discussed in relation to inter-rater reliability.  ...  Two studies were designed to investigate how pilots of different rank evaluate flightdeck performance.  ...  -Did ask for check power. -Botched go-around. -Situational awareness issues barely acceptable for a simulator check situation.  ... 
doi:10.1027/2192-0923/a000041 fatcat:2uzilnis2vd2pphzq3otoxmooq

Response to the letter by Norman Constantine and Carmen Nevarez asking retraction of Mike Males' article, "Youth Health Services, Development Programs, and Teenage Birth Rates in 55 California Cities"

Mike Males
2006 Californian Journal of Health Promotion  
Far from treating the Reality Check as merely for description and goal setting, Get Real and the CAHC (2004) released its rankings to the press and publicly credited Berkeley's top ranking in services  ...  Constantine and Nevarez grossly misrepresent my study as having based its conclusions on raw Reality Check rankings unadjusted for city population size.  ... 
doi:10.32398/cjhp.v4i4.1978 fatcat:ztq64azddng4xpzyjeypqgx5de

Overview of CheckThat! 2020: Automatic Identification and Verification of Claims in Social Media [article]

Alberto Barron-Cedeno, Tamer Elsayed, Preslav Nakov, Giovanni Da San Martino, Maram Hasanain, Reem Suwaileh, Fatima Haouari, Nikolay Babulkov, Bayan Hamdan, Alex Nikolov, Shaden Shaar, Zien Sheikh Ali
2020 arXiv   pre-print
The first four tasks compose the full pipeline of claim verification in social media: Task 1 on check-worthiness estimation, Task 2 on retrieving previously fact-checked claims, Task 3 on evidence retrieval  ...  The lab is completed with Task 5 on check-worthiness estimation in political debates and speeches.  ...  A good system for ranking the verified claims might greatly reduce the time that a fact-checkers or a journalist would need to check whether a given input claim has already been fact-checked.  ... 
arXiv:2007.07997v1 fatcat:gwrbaqolgbb7tm7vjulx7kji5a

Page 555 of MH: Mental Hygiene Vol. 42, Issue 4 [page]

1958 MH: Mental Hygiene  
The awareness of this fact evidently accounts for the milder view of this offense taken by the criminology students (and by many prosecutors and judges in actual practice).  ...  bad checks.  ... 

Overview of the CLEF-2019 CheckThat!: Automatic Identification and Verification of Claims [article]

Tamer Elsayed, Preslav Nakov, Alberto Barrón-Cedeño, Maram Hasanain, Reem Suwaileh, Giovanni Da San Martino, Pepa Atanasova
2021 arXiv   pre-print
Task 2 (Arabic) asked to (A) rank a given set of Web pages with respect to a check-worthy claim based on their usefulness for fact-checking that claim, (B) classify these same Web pages according to their  ...  (MAP) and normalized discounted cumulative gain (nDCG) for ranking, and F1 for classification.  ...  This research is also part of the Tanbih project, 5 which aims to limit the effect of "fake news", propaganda and media bias by making users aware of what they are reading.  ... 
arXiv:2109.15118v1 fatcat:sp3amxqwdbhi5e7woheygefsia
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