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Wearable Intelligent Systems for E-Health

Carmen C.Y. Poon, Qing Liu, Hui Gao, Wan-Hua Lin, Yuan-Ting Zhang
2011 Journal of Computing Science and Engineering  
of sudden cardiovascular events and deaths.  ...  A novel application of wearable technologies for transient cardiovascular monitoring during water drinking is also reported.  ...  Another potentially viable application of WISEs will be to predict near-term risk of cardiovascular diseases, which is another chronic disease commonly found in the elderly.  ... 
doi:10.5626/jcse.2011.5.3.246 fatcat:5pd42hhay5bstlu24knuwviwbm

Technical challenges of coronary CT angiography: Today and tomorrow

Ali Hassan, Sarfraz Ahmed Nazir, Hatem Alkadhi
2011 European Journal of Radiology  
and shorter gantry rotation time, as well as the advent of systems equipped with dual-source X-ray tubes.  ...  at a robust pace, which brings with it the benefits of superior spatial and temporal resolution as well as fast volume coverage, achieved through the development of systems with an increased number of detectors  ...  Using a 64-detector row CT scanner, 243 patients underwent cardiac CT; 82 patients using retrospective gating with ECG dose modulation, 40 patients using adaptive prospectively gated axial CT during a  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.ejrad.2010.02.011 pmid:20227210 fatcat:oayyicwdcjeevovsul2fsawgb4

PhysioZoo: A Novel Open Access Platform for Heart Rate Variability Analysis of Mammalian Electrocardiographic Data

Joachim A. Behar, Aviv A. Rosenberg, Ido Weiser-Bitoun, Ori Shemla, Alexandra Alexandrovich, Eugene Konyukhov, Yael Yaniv
2018 Frontiers in Physiology  
Loss of complexity in HRV has been documented in several cardiovascular diseases and has been associated with an increase in morbidity and mortality.  ...  The time variation between consecutive heartbeats is commonly referred to as heart rate variability (HRV).  ...  Importantly, loss of the so-called "complexity" in the HRV of a patient with cardiovascular disease has been correlated with an increase in both morbidity and mortality.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fphys.2018.01390 pmid:30337883 pmcid:PMC6180147 fatcat:pbnonjof5ve75otdl3raxk3oby

Improving Remote Health Monitoring: A Low-Complexity ECG Compression Approach

Mohamed Elgendi, Abdulla Al-Ali, Amr Mohamed, Rabab Ward
2018 Diagnostics  
The proposed algorithm presents an advantage for the real-time transmission of ECG signals using a faster and more efficient method, which meets the growing demand for more efficient remote health monitoring  ...  Recent advances in mobile technology have created a shift towards using battery-driven devices in remote monitoring settings and smart homes.  ...  Given the gravity of these diseases, many researchers have focused their research on cardiovascular disease and heart health.  ... 
doi:10.3390/diagnostics8010010 pmid:29337892 pmcid:PMC5871993 fatcat:xbeqnkeld5d5xctgkm7ox7ghza

SCCT guidelines on radiation dose and dose-optimization strategies in cardiovascular CT

Sandra S. Halliburton, Suhny Abbara, Marcus Y. Chen, Ralph Gentry, Mahadevappa Mahesh, Gilbert L. Raff, Leslee J. Shaw, Jörg Hausleiter
2011 Journal of cardiovascular computed tomography  
In an effort to aid the cardiovascular CT community in incorporating patient-centered radiation dose optimization and monitoring strategies into standard practice, the Society of Cardiovascular Computed  ...  Over the last few years, computed tomography (CT) has developed into a standard clinical test for a variety of cardiovascular conditions.  ...  Prospective ECG-triggered axial scan with wide detector arrays Wide detector arrays with %320 detector rows allow acquisition of a maximum of 16 cm along the z-axis per gantry rotation.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.jcct.2011.06.001 pmid:21723512 pmcid:PMC3391026 fatcat:kzr73catdfhwpo2yq52go23eyq

Efficient ECG Compression and QRS Detection for E-Health Applications

Mohamed Elgendi, Amr Mohamed, Rabab Ward
2017 Scientific Reports  
Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are cited as the number one cause of death worldwide by the World Health Organization (WHO) 1 .  ...  Analyzing these events over a short period of time (<30 mins) has been achieved with high accuracy.  ...  In general, battery-driven ECG devices follow one of three strategies: 1) collect ECG signals for offline analysis; 2) collect ECG signals for real-time analysis within the device itself; or 3) collect  ... 
doi:10.1038/s41598-017-00540-x pmid:28352071 pmcid:PMC5428727 fatcat:7x3pjbn2arggplpxz7hlufdm5a

Nuclear Cardiac Stress Testing in the Era of Molecular Medicine

M. R. Vesely, V. Dilsizian
2008 Journal of Nuclear Medicine  
In the current era, diagnosis and treatment of cardiovascular disease is increasingly defined by underlying molecular and genomic aberrations rather than by clinical signs and symptoms alone.  ...  Nuclear imaging is uniquely primed to exploit the targeting of expressed cell-surface molecules and intracellular processes of cardiovascular disease and to foster the development of innovative therapeutic  ...  (Adapted from (29) .) while significantly shortening the scan time and improving the patient comfort.  ... 
doi:10.2967/jnumed.107.033530 pmid:18322120 fatcat:vsk63fcbcjcj3mvm7smdpaaphi

Performance Analysis of Ten Common QRS Detectors on Different ECG Application Cases

Feifei Liu, Chengyu Liu, Xinge Jiang, Zhimin Zhang, Yatao Zhang, Jianqing Li, Shoushui Wei
2018 Journal of Healthcare Engineering  
Furthermore, the time costs from analyzing a 10 s ECG segment were given as the quantitative index of the computational complexity.  ...  on normal ECG database and 94.44% on arrhythmia database).  ...  Introduction Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are the most common cause of death globally.  ... 
doi:10.1155/2018/9050812 pmid:29854370 pmcid:PMC5964584 fatcat:fppk6rrmrrbudngseooyivwxaa

Computational Diagnostic Techniques for Electrocardiogram Signal Analysis

Liping Xie, Zilong Li, Yihan Zhou, Yiliu He, Jiaxin Zhu
2020 Sensors  
Portable devices enable users to monitor their cardiovascular status at any time, bringing new scenarios as well as challenges to the application of ECG algorithms.  ...  Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs), including asymptomatic myocardial ischemia, angina, myocardial infarction, and ischemic heart failure, are the leading cause of death globally.  ...  The EMD is an adaptive data-driven technique that does not require pre-determination of parameters.  ... 
doi:10.3390/s20216318 pmid:33167558 pmcid:PMC7664289 fatcat:echda3mznbekrclhwj3e774gc4

2018 Index IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Circuits and Systems Vol. 12

2018 IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Circuits and Systems  
., +, TBCAS June 2018 614-622 A Nanowatt Real-Time Cardiac Autonomic Neuropathy Detector.  ...  Meng, Y., +, TBCAS Feb. 2018 182-191 F Feature extraction A Nanowatt Real-Time Cardiac Autonomic Neuropathy Detector.  ... 
doi:10.1109/tbcas.2019.2892906 fatcat:qzdgm2vplvfjpc4j5shhyfxxqq

Fast T Wave Detection Calibrated by Clinical Knowledge with Annotation of P and T Waves

Mohamed Elgendi, Bjoern Eskofier, Derek Abbott
2015 Sensors  
There is a growing need to develop numerically-efficient algorithms that can accommodate the new trend of battery-driven ECG devices.  ...  The detector obtained a sensitivity of 97.14% and a positive predictivity of 99.29% over the first lead of the validation databases (total of 221,186 beats).  ...  proposed detector, over a certain time length of ECG signal, would provide a comparative result.  ... 
doi:10.3390/s150717693 pmid:26197321 pmcid:PMC4541954 fatcat:vlxotkx6ufbadowm3vgajaq4vy

The Role of Electrocardiography in Occupational Medicine, from Einthoven's Invention to the Digital Era of Wearable Devices

Antonio Baldassarre, Nicola Mucci, Martina Padovan, Alessia Pellitteri, Silvia Viscera, Luigi Isaia Lecca, Raymond P. Galea, Giulio Arcangeli
2020 International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health  
With the ongoing research and development of new features capable of assessing and transmitting real-time biometric data, the impact of wearables on cardiovascular management has become inevitable.  ...  This has been driven mainly by consumers' demand to monitor their own health.  ...  The first electrocardiograph for clinical purposes was developed by the Dutch physician Willem Einthoven, who was born in 1860 on the island of Java, at the time belonging to the Dutch East Indies.  ... 
doi:10.3390/ijerph17144975 pmid:32664277 pmcid:PMC7400524 fatcat:64n65cjd7nbwzgguayrptfyqhi

Advances in Photopletysmography Signal Analysis for Biomedical Applications

Jermana Moraes, Matheus Rocha, Glauber Vasconcelos, José Vasconcelos Filho, Victor de Albuquerque, Auzuir Alexandria
2018 Sensors  
Moreover, the progress, and the clinical and practical applicability of the PPG technique in the diagnosis of cardiovascular diseases are evaluated.  ...  Photoplethysmography (PPG) is an optical technique applied in the monitoring of the HRV and its adoption has been growing significantly, compared to the most commonly used method in medicine, Electrocardiography (ECG  ...  [110] 2012 Respiratory sleeping disorders in patients with severe cardiovascular disease PPG, EEG, ECG and EMG Sensitivity of 98%, and specificity of 96%.  ... 
doi:10.3390/s18061894 pmid:29890749 pmcid:PMC6022166 fatcat:4vwkofidfngu3isqg7z5oncnwa

Reduction of Skin Stretch Induced Motion Artifacts in Electrocardiogram Monitoring Using Adaptive Filtering

Yan Liu, Michael G. Pecht
2006 2006 International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society  
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death in many regions worldwide, accounting for nearly one third of global deaths in 2001.  ...  Wearable electrocardiographic cardiovascular monitoring devices have contributed to reduce CVD mortality and cost by enabling the diagnosis of conditions with infrequent symptoms, the timely detection  ...  Hypertension is a common risk factor for cardiovascular disease.  ... 
doi:10.1109/iembs.2006.260006 pmid:17945928 fatcat:5eeaiubtjjac7gtfwlieofeviy

OUP accepted manuscript

2017 European Heart Journal  
Introduction The radiation burden due to cardiovascular imaging in Europe Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) are the leading cause of death in Europe (5 million deaths per year) at a cost of e196 billion in  ...  Adapted from reference. 15 Figure 3 A 60-year-old gentleman with typical angina.  ... 
doi:10.1093/eurheartj/ehx582 pmid:29059384 fatcat:w3yfd5hvpjfejfhfsoib4bfuoq
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