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Invasive epilepsy surgery evaluation

Stjepana Kovac, Vejay N. Vakharia, Catherine Scott, Beate Diehl
2017 Seizure  
Number of text pages: 28 Number of words (abstract): 250 Number of words (main text): 5680 words Number of tables: 2 tables  ...  This allows sampling of deep brain structures in addition to gaining a more three dimensional representation of the seizure onset and early propagation paths.  ...  Absence of language function in the resection area was verified using cortical stimulation intraoperatively.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.seizure.2016.10.016 pmid:27816354 fatcat:ub2lyjmb5fdilemdbmx56m66ae

Mobile intraoperative CT-assisted frameless stereotactic biopsies achieved single-millimeter trajectory accuracy for deep-seated brain lesions in a sample of 7 patients

Oliver Bichsel, Markus F. Oertel, Lennart H. Stieglitz
2021 BMC Neurology  
Results Intraoperative scanning, surgery, computerized merging of MRI and CT images as well as trajectory planning were feasible without difficulties and safe in all cases.  ...  The setting enabled single-millimeter accuracy for deep-seated brain lesions and direct detection of intraoperative complications, did not depend on a dedicated operating room and was seamlessly integrated  ...  three-dimensional confirmation of the electrode position, or to confirm the applicator position in laser interstitial thermal therapy [12] .  ... 
doi:10.1186/s12883-021-02322-5 pmid:34294075 pmcid:PMC8296727 fatcat:d3zhxzv6fngu7b2zyaedb5ad3u

Movement Disorders and Neuromodulation

Edward A. Shipton
2012 Neurology Research International  
Deep brain stimulation (DBS) is used to treat advanced Parkinson's disease, essential tremor, and dystonia.  ...  High-frequency DBS leads to a kind of functional deafferentation of the stimulated structure and to the modulation of cortical activity. This has a profound effect on the efficiency of movement.  ...  Stereotaxis is a minimally invasive surgical procedure that makes use of a three-dimensional coordinate system to accurately locate a target in a deep-seated area of the brain.  ... 
doi:10.1155/2012/309431 pmid:23050143 pmcid:PMC3459225 fatcat:kmsd22wfkffunlp6vcicwe2g7a

Hyperdirect connectivity of opercular speech network to the subthalamic nucleus [article]

Ahmed Jorge, Witold J Lipksi, Dengyu Wang, Donald J Crammond, Robert S. Turner, Robert Mark Richardson
2021 bioRxiv   pre-print
Using a novel paradigm to study cortical-subcortical interactions during speech in patients undergoing awake DBS surgery, we found evidence for a left opercular hyperdirect pathway in humans by stimulating  ...  In addition, we observed evoked potentials consistent with the presence of monosynaptic projections from areas of opercular speech cortex that are primarily sensory, including auditory cortex, to the STN  ...  Experiment Setup (A) Representative intraoperative fluoroscopy imaging performing during surgery to localize ECoG electrodes on the cortex. (B) Representative STN DBS localization.  ... 
doi:10.1101/2021.07.02.450909 fatcat:q6wmljmg7vbx5fxxwqls2f6ygm

17th Quadrennial Meeting of the World Society for Stereotactic and Functional Neurosurgery. Berlin, Germany, June 26-29, 2017: Abstracts

2017 Stereotactic and Functional Neurosurgery  
Abstract: Objective: Microelectrode recording (MER) is a widely-used tool to confirm and define deep brain targets during deep brain stimulation (DBS) surgery.  ...  Methods: Simultaneous intracranial local field potentials (LFPs) and scalp electroencephalographic (EEG) recordings were obtained in 6 patients (2 woman; mean age=48±12 years) who received deep brain stimulation  ...  This study highlights the role of unique structural changes in TN and structural brain imaging towards a more objective definition of neuropathic pain disorders.  ... 
doi:10.1159/000478281 pmid:28641280 fatcat:ivcbjloukfgiriry65t37fccm4

Posters Sessions

2013 Stereotactic and Functional Neurosurgery  
Methods: We report a case of 60-year-old non-diabetic female who underwent deep brain stimulation for the treatment of the Parkinson's disease.  ...  Conclusions: We believe this is the first reported case of deep brain stimulation related Mycobacterium goodii infection. Stereotact Funct Neurosurg 2013;91(suppl 1): 1-334 -  ...  Results: Intraoperative MSSEP identified the motor cortex in 23 patients (88%). Direct cortical stimulation was successful in localizing the motor cortex in all patients.  ... 
doi:10.1159/000351990 fatcat:5pu7exxycbhbbasf6d2kptndcu

Role of radiology in central nervous system stimulation

D P Minks, E A C Pereira, V E L Young, K M Hogarth, G Quaghebeur
2015 British Journal of Radiology  
The use of imaging in determining the underlying mechanisms of DBS is increasing, and the dependence on imaging is likely to expand as deep brain targeting becomes more refined.  ...  Deep brain stimulation (DBS) has been proven to be an invaluable treatment for movement disorders and is also useful in many other neurological conditions refractory to medical treatment, such as chronic  ...  DEEP BRAIN STIMULATION The British neurosurgeon Sir Victor Horsley was the first to apply cortical electrical stimulation to the human brain in the 1880s to demonstrate eloquent cortex in order to guide  ... 
doi:10.1259/bjr.20140507 pmid:25715044 pmcid:PMC4651263 fatcat:psqhpsxq6bgylcx2snr72mxcze

Optimizing microdialysis for deep brain stimulation

Raquel Chacon Ruiz Martinez
2016 Frontiers in Bioscience (Elite Edition)  
The 3D reconstructions that illustrate this paper are derived from the São Paulo-Würzburg Atlas of the Human Brain. This project is a collaboration between numerous scientists.  ...  R.C.R.M. is the recipient of grant FAPESP #11/08575-7 from the State of Sao Paulo, Brazil.  ...  Real-time local monitoring of neurotransmitters during DBS surgery may provide a new tool for helping elucidate additional mechanisms as well as the kinetics of deep brain stimulation (22) .  ... 
doi:10.2741/e768 pmid:26709663 fatcat:u4zj6sgr6fhrhg35qaty24ltja

2014 Biennial Meeting of the American Society for Stereotactic and Functional Neurosurgery. Washington, D.C., USA, May 31-June 3, 2014: Abstracts

2014 Stereotactic and Functional Neurosurgery  
Suboptimal targeting in STN DBS surgery may arise from poor initial target localization, frame-based targeting error, or intraoperative brain shift.  ...  Occurrence of brain shift during deep brain stimulation (DBS) may lead to deviation in electrode placement, which may reduce clinical benefit.  ... 
doi:10.1159/000363530 pmid:24902536 fatcat:f3ptvsfgnfat7osvq5gugpk4gq

Efficacy and safety of a new robot-assisted stereotactic system for radiofrequency thermocoagulation in patients with temporal lobe epilepsy

2014 Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine  
Deep-electrode implantation was performed in the bilateral mesial temporal lobes of seven patients.  ...  Following the implantation of the deep electrodes through the monitored designed path, the epileptogenic zones were determined with the assistance of a robot system.  ...  Deep brain resistance measurements and 0-6 V electrical stimulation (2 Hz) were performed prior to RF.  ... 
doi:10.3892/etm.2014.1620 pmid:24926375 pmcid:PMC4043615 fatcat:qpgq2x7uwfbwxgrhcoropp3c2e

Front Matter: Volume 10135

2017 Medical Imaging 2017: Image-Guided Procedures, Robotic Interventions, and Modeling  
Publication of record for individual papers is online in the SPIE Digital Library. Paper Numbering: Proceedings of SPIE follow an e-First publication model.  ...  Utilization of CIDs allows articles to be fully citable as soon as they are published online, and connects the same identifier to all online and print versions of the publication.  ...  measurements with preoperative MRI using 3D surface estimation in deep brain stimulation surgery [10135-16] SESSION 4 SPINE INTERVENTIONS 10135 0I Localization of the transverse processes in ultrasound  ... 
doi:10.1117/12.2277134 dblp:conf/miigp/X17 fatcat:inrmsopsvfd47nfo35fhucwcmq

The dentato-rubro-thalamic tract as the potential common deep brain stimulation target for tremor of various origin: an observational case series

Volker Arnd Coenen, Bastian Sajonz, Thomas Prokop, Marco Reisert, Tobias Piroth, Horst Urbach, Carolin Jenkner, Peter Christoph Reinacher
2020 Acta Neurochirurgica  
We here report the results of an uncontrolled case series of patients with refractory tremor who underwent deep brain stimulation under tractographic assistance.  ...  Deep brain stimulation alleviates tremor of various origins. The dentato-rubro-thalamic tract (DRT) has been suspected as a common tremor-reducing structure.  ...  T2-weighted MRI, electrodes superimposed from helical CT. d Quasi three-dimensional view from anterior superior and left.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s00701-020-04248-2 pmid:31997069 fatcat:c2dua4wwzngc3iqd3okvzyjsbi

Front Matter: Volume 10576

Robert J. Webster, Baowei Fei
2018 Medical Imaging 2018: Image-Guided Procedures, Robotic Interventions, and Modeling  
estimate cortical shift for image updating in deep brain stimulation [10576-65] vii Proc. of SPIE Vol. 10576 1057601-7 A learning curve analysis of ultrasound-guided in-plane and out-of-plane vascular  ...  -2D registration for ultrasound-guided spinal interventions iii NEUROLOGICAL PROCEDURES AND TECHNOLOGIES 0P Model-based correction for brain shift in deep brain stimulation burr hole procedures:  ... 
doi:10.1117/12.2323924 fatcat:hva4ny4ftbe2voqifpbt5wewky


2019 Stereotactic and Functional Neurosurgery  
Objectives: This was an open-label, phase I clinical trial to evaluate efficacy and safety of bilateral caudate nucleus neuromodulation by deep brain stimulation (DBS) for adults with chronic tinnitus  ...  One participant was removed from the study for suicidality unrelated to stimulation.  ...  Choi 1 Intraoperative imaging allows near-real-time assessment of stereotactic accuracy during implantation of deep brain stimulation (DBS) electrodes.  ... 
doi:10.1159/000501568 fatcat:pv2k5hzuindpdmffhvqlkl25ji

Disrupting Disordered Neurocircuitry: Treating Refractory Psychiatric Illness With Neuromodulation

Susannah J. Tye, Mark A. Frye, Kendall H. Lee
2009 Mayo Clinic proceedings  
of deep brain stimulation (DBS) in treatment-resistant depression, obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), and Tourette syndrome.  ...  Mayo Clin Proc. 2009;84(6):522-532 CBF = cerebral blood flow; Cg25 = Brodmann Area 25 in the subgenual cingulate cortex; CM/Pf = centre médian/parafascicular; DBS = deep brain stimulation; MRI = magnetic  ...  Left, Intraoperative photograph during deep brain stimulation (DBS) surgery.  ... 
doi:10.4065/84.6.522 pmid:19483169 pmcid:PMC2688626 fatcat:ovof77wa4zbkle4hdqj6maxkjq
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