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7. Calculating Networks: From Sociometry to PageRank [chapter]

2020 Engines of Order  
This chapter ventures into the field of network algorithms, using the prehistory of Google's PageRank algorithm to discuss yet another way to think about information ordering.  ...  While many of the algorithmic techniques behind ordering gestures such as ranking, filtering, or recommending have indeed been pioneered in the context of information retrieval, there are other sites of  ...  If users select lower ranked links, we take this as negative feedback.  ... 
doi:10.1515/9789048537419-009 fatcat:zvhj3f4hs5dtdal7dqptukdmi4

5. From Frequencies to Vectors [chapter]

2020 Engines of Order  
This includes the emergence of the conceptual construct and intermediate data structure that is fundamental to most algorithmic information ordering: the feature vector.  ...  In the context of information retrieval, the 1950s were mainly dedicated to exploring the concrete possibilities of novel hardware for document search, while the conceptual side revolved in large parts  ...  This observation indeed undergirds the contemporary debates concerning algorithmic work in domains such as web search ranking or social media message filtering.  ... 
doi:10.1515/9789048537419-007 fatcat:phrm7efpavebdmwpis53lzsmpe

This Item Might Reinforce Your Opinion: Obfuscation and Labeling of Search Results to Mitigate Confirmation Bias

Alisa Rieger, Tim Draws, Mariët Theune, Nava Tintarev
2021 Proceedings of the 32st ACM Conference on Hypertext and Social Media  
In this paper, we study the effect of obfuscation (i.e., hiding the result unless the user clicks on it) with warning labels and the effect of task on interaction with attitude-confirming search results  ...  for four debated topics.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS This project has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under the Marie Skłodowska-Curie grant agreement No 860621.  ... 
doi:10.1145/3465336.3475101 fatcat:4r5ezdacqbgb5c5his3qewmou4

Do Search Algorithms Endanger Democracy? An Experimental Investigation of Algorithm Effects on Political Polarization

Jaeho Cho, Saifuddin Ahmed, Martin Hilbert, Billy Liu, Jonathan Luu
2020 Journal of Broadcasting & Electronic Media  
We acknowledge that this is not the way that individuals routinely do searches.  ...  With the seven topics (or keyword phrases) per participant, we created a list of 70 search terms which consisted of top seven topics in the order ranked by each participant (7) , all possible pair-wise  ...  terms to train the search/ recommender algorithm.  ... 
doi:10.1080/08838151.2020.1757365 fatcat:lloz7trbf5devio6lcup3vsnlm

GENDER ORDERING AS AN INDICATOR OF LINGUISTIC SEXISM IN STANDARD AVERAGE EUROPEAN LANGUAGES

Leonidas Pappas, Ioannis D. Karras
2021 European Journal of Literature, Language and Linguistics Studies  
Since then, there has been an ongoing debate on whether language endorses sexism, or sexism contributes to the formation of a language.  ...  This paper will focus on the way language functions in favour of dominant groups and on the means that it uses to convey those asymmetric social structures in terms of grammar, syntax, and semantics within  ...  for their users, and it is quite another to assume that dissemination of this fact will rapidly remove social barriers".  ... 
doi:10.46827/ejlll.v4i4.233 fatcat:ssv5b2esrncu7ost7vgvx3zrga

Comprehensive Viewpoint Representations for a Deeper Understanding of User Interactions With Debated Topics

Tim Draws, Oana Inel, Nava Tintarev, Christian Baden, Benjamin Timmermans
2022 ACM SIGIR Conference on Human Information Interaction and Retrieval  
We show in a case study of tweets on debated topics how our proposed viewpoint label can be obtained via crowdsourcing with acceptable reliability.  ...  Finally, we discuss what this novel viewpoint label implies for HII research and how obtaining it may be made cheaper in the future.  ...  We also wish to thank Francesco Barile, Amir Fard, Rishav Hada, Shabnam Najafian, Alisa Rieger, and Tjitze Rienstra for their feedback on an earlier draft of this paper.  ... 
doi:10.1145/3498366.3505812 fatcat:q2r7dxikpff63dynecwn2u2rvq

Discussion of "Attitude of Physi -cians Towards Automatic Alerting in Computerized Physician Order Entry Systems"

D. W. Bates, M. T. Baysari, M. Dugas, W. E. Haefeli, A. W. Kushniruk, C. U. Lehmann, J. Liu, J. Mantas, A. Margolis, K. Miyo, C. Nohr, M. Peleg (+5 others)
2013 Methods of Information in Medicine  
With these comments on the paper "Attitude of Physicians Towards Automatic Alerting in Computerized Physician Order Entry Systems", written by Martin Jung and co authors, with Dr.  ...  An international group of experts have been invited by the editor of Methods to comment on this paper. Each of the invited commentaries forms one section of this paper.  ...  Why are these systems not implemented on a global level?  ... 
doi:10.1055/s-0038-1627055 fatcat:gephoryl5fgulejpsqqlpt2u2u

To Collect and to Order: the Siku quanshu 四庫全書 and its Organization

Stefano Gandolfo
2020 Ming Qing Yanjiu  
I end this essay offering some remarks on the nature of the Complete Writings, high Qing scholarship, and contemporary attitudes towards classification.  ...  Specifically, I explore the poetic understanding of knowledge, the intellectual, non-political purposes behind the collection and its fundamental principle of order.  ...  This new attitude, the editors argued, was necessary to bring forth the public principle and expunge the biases of individual minds in order to illuminate the meaning of the classics.56 Adopting the order  ... 
doi:10.1163/24684791-12340041 fatcat:v6klrhdnz5bqvabwfiv3gfipyu

Mapping and analysing reviews of research on teaching, 1980–2018, in Web of Science: An overview of a second‐order research topography

Henrik Román, Daniel Sundberg, Åsa Hirsh, Eva Forsberg, Claes Nilholm
2021 Review of Education  
Whereas most third-level research syntheses focus on rather restricted topical areas, this study introduces a comparative and integrative overview of prominent second-order research on teaching, including  ...  The purpose of the study is to illuminate patterns in a second-order research topography in the widespread and multifaceted field of research on teaching from 1980 to the present, in order to discuss its  ...  Acknowledgements We are very grateful for the substantial comments of the reviewers that really helped to improve the article.  ... 
doi:10.1002/rev3.3258 fatcat:qvtoar5qgvdtvbbjo4t64q6hj4

Wearable Reasoner

Valdemar Danry, Pat Pataranutaporn, Yaoli Mao, Pattie Maes
2020 Proceedings of the Augmented Humans International Conference  
We explore the impact of argumentation mining and explainability of the AI feedback on the user through an experimental study of verbal statement evaluation tasks.  ...  We present "Wearable Reasoner", a proof-of-concept wearable system capable of analyzing if an argument is stated with supporting evidence or not.  ...  , "What is the evidence?", and "If this is true, then how does this follow?" [20] .  ... 
doi:10.1145/3384657.3384799 dblp:conf/aughuman/DanryPMM20 fatcat:fyncrdv35jagbcnv46n5u77mpm

You Ain't Seen Nothing Yet

Michael Karlsson, Christer Clerwall, Lars Nord
2014 Journalism Studies  
This study utilizes an experimental setting (N=1320) to measure what impact transparency have on source and message credibility from the user perspective.  ...  Although further research is desperately needed in this area the study suggest that transparency does not affect the credibility of journalism in the eyes of the contemporary audience and thus have limited  ...  In order to make the comments as realistic as possible we searched comments sections on several traditional online news sites that had articles published on waterparks.  ... 
doi:10.1080/1461670x.2014.886837 fatcat:xqgi4na6ffdjfbc2vuwkhvus44

Incivility in online news and Twitter: effects on attitudes toward scientific topics when reading in a second language

Agnese Sampietro, Ladislao Salmerón
2021 Language Sciences  
This paper analyzes the effects of uncivil comments written in an L2 on attitudes around emerging technologies.  ...  Study 2 analyzes the effect of incivility on four fictitious Twitter debates around different scientific issues.  ...  Acknowledgments We thank Christian Tarchi for his comments on an earlier version of the manuscript, and Kate Ziegelstein for her assistance to the project.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.langsci.2021.101385 fatcat:7te3a7jdxjcohembjs6yc7byia

The relevance internet users assign to algorithmic-selection applications in everyday life

Michael Reiss, Noemi Festic, Michael Latzer, Tanja Rüedy
2021 Studies in Communication Sciences (SComS)  
The rapidly growing academic and public attention to algorithmic-selection applications such as search engines and social media is indicative of their alleged great social relevance and impact on daily  ...  To substantiate these claims, this paper investigates the hitherto little explored subjective relevance that Internet users assign to algorithmic-selection applications in everyday life.  ...  Supplementary material Supplementary material for this article is available online in the format provid ed by the authors (unedited). https:// www.hope.uzh.ch/scoms/article/view/j. scoms.2021.01.005  ... 
doi:10.24434/j.scoms.2021.01.005 fatcat:f73xongblffzfkcqpstxlk3m5m

Predicting Online Islamophobic Behavior after #ParisAttacks

Kareem Darwish, Walid Magdy, Afshin Rahimi, Timothy Baldwin, Norah Abokhodair
2018 Journal of Web Science  
In this paper, we use this incident as a case study to examine using online social network interactions prior to an event to predict what attitudes will be expressed in response to the event.  ...  One of the trending debates related to the attacks concerned possible association between Muslims and terrorism, which resulted in a worldwide debate between those attacking and those defending Islam.  ...  Additionally, our results reveal that it is not necessary for the user to have mentioned the topic of interest in order to predict their stance.  ... 
doi:10.1561/106.00000013 dblp:journals/jws/DarwishMRBA18 fatcat:j6dtiw4snvfq3dpp33drfjrioe

Conversational Search – A Report from Dagstuhl Seminar 19461 [article]

Avishek Anand, Lawrence Cavedon, Matthias Hagen, Hideo Joho, Mark Sanderson, Benno Stein
2020 arXiv   pre-print
The ideas and findings presented in this report should serve as one of the main sources for diverse research programs on Conversational Search.  ...  Dagstuhl Seminar 19461 "Conversational Search" was held on 10-15 November 2019. 44~researchers in Information Retrieval and Web Search, Natural Language Processing, Human Computer Interaction, and Dialogue  ...  We also thank the ANR project SESAMS (Projet-ANR-18-CE23-0001) which supports Laure Soulier's work on this topic.  ... 
arXiv:2005.08658v1 fatcat:ekkylrysezfkfcwkuk5ynrcwki
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