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Artificial Intelligence (AI) in Autism

Angeliki Sideraki, Athanasios Drigas
2021 Technium Social Sciences Journal  
These include robots with artificial intelligence, virtual reality (VR), chatbots, etc. and whether all of this is considered effective for the development and empowerment of children in areas with difficulties  ...  In addition, the various areas in which the use of artificial intelligence is identified are presented, while the concept of autism and its connection to technology are also analyzed.  ...  A deep neural network (DNN) is an artificial neural network (ANN) with multiple levels between the input and output levels.  ... 
doi:10.47577/tssj.v26i1.5208 fatcat:kfsylm5msza4fchu4o52gx6z7a

Human-Robot Interaction in Autism: FACE, an Android-based Social Therapy

G. Pioggia, M.L. Sica, M. Ferro, R. Igliozzi, F. Muratori, A. Ahluwalia, D. De Rossi
2007 RO-MAN 2007 - The 16th IEEE International Symposium on Robot and Human Interactive Communication  
FACE's goal is define and test a therapeutic protocol for autism in order to enhance social and emotive abilities in people with autism. Data regarding our latest clinical study are reported.  ...  During twenty minutes sessions, we observed both spontaneous behavior of the participants and their reactions to therapists presses in correlation with the time course of the physiological and behavioural  ...  THE NEURAL NETWORK FOR THE CLASSIFICATION OF THE BEHAVIOR OF THE INTERLOCUTOR A powerful neural network approach to codify the behavior of the interlocutor and to interactively adapt FACE to the patients  ... 
doi:10.1109/roman.2007.4415156 dblp:conf/ro-man/PioggiaSFIMAR07 fatcat:qfh4oh5k7fcstmfeo263wc37be

An Android for Enhancing Social Skills and Emotion Recognition in People With Autism

G. Pioggia, R. Igliozzi, M. Ferro, A. Ahluwalia, F. Muratori, D. DeRossi
2005 IEEE transactions on neural systems and rehabilitation engineering  
The main aim of this work is to describe an interactive life-like facial display (FACE) and a supporting therapeutic protocol that will enable us to verify if the system can help children with autism to  ...  The therapeutic setup consists of a specially equipped room in which the subject, under the supervision of a therapist, can interact with FACE.  ...  Tancredi for the careful diagnostic description of a child with autism and M. M. Del Viva for valuable contributions and supervision in the psychophysical test.  ... 
doi:10.1109/tnsre.2005.856076 pmid:16425833 fatcat:dapirgpuhbd4depprl4xfxrxr4

Robot-Assisted Autism Therapy (RAAT). Criteria and Types of Experiments Using Anthropomorphic and Zoomorphic Robots. Review of the Research

Barbara Szymona, Marcin Maciejewski, Robert Karpiński, Kamil Jonak, Elżbieta Radzikowska-Büchner, Konrad Niderla, Anna Prokopiak
2021 Sensors  
Supporting the development of a child with autism is a multi-profile therapeutic work on disturbed areas, especially understanding and linguistic expression used in social communication and development  ...  In the third aspect (teaching, entertainment), the robot could play with autistic children in games supporting the development of joint attention.  ...  Conflicts of Interest: The authors declare no conflict of interest.  ... 
doi:10.3390/s21113720 pmid:34071829 fatcat:ltg2bzkvz5d4fnikvzyr4xeacq

The Use of Deep Learning-Based Gesture Interactive Robot in the Treatment of Autistic Children Under Music Perception Education

Yiyao Zhang, Chao Zhang, Lei Cheng, Mingwei Qi
2022 Frontiers in Psychology  
Next, gesture interactive robots and music perception education classrooms are studied based on recurrent neural networks (RNNs).  ...  Music perception therapy for autistic children using gesture interactive robots based on the concept of educational psychology and deep learning technology is proposed.  ...  research results. treatment projects are used to treat autistic children.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2022.762701 pmid:35222179 pmcid:PMC8866172 fatcat:4d2hjsetkzeadop3f2uo4kv4fa

On-line behaviour classification and adaptation to human-robot interaction styles

Dorothée François, Daniel Polani, Kerstin Dautenhahn
2007 Proceeding of the ACM/IEEE international conference on Human-robot interaction - HRI '07  
The study is part of the AuRoRa project which investigates how robots may be used to help children with autism to overcome some of their impairments in social interactions.  ...  First experiments were carried out which discuss the performance of the model. Related work on adaptation in socially assistive and therapeutic work are surveyed.  ...  The work described in this paper was partially conducted within the EU Integrated Project RobotCub (Robotic Open-architecture Technology for Cognition, Understanding, and Behaviours) and was partially  ... 
doi:10.1145/1228716.1228756 dblp:conf/hri/FrancoisPD07 fatcat:o2vrkjwzejdlzeszbksar5qk2e

Interactive Technologies for Autistic Children: A Review

Sofiane Boucenna, Antonio Narzisi, Elodie Tilmont, Filippo Muratori, Giovanni Pioggia, David Cohen, Mohamed Chetouani
2014 Cognitive Computation  
Robotics systems, developed as interactive devices for children with autism, have been used to assess the child's response to robot behaviors; to elicit behaviors that are promoted in the child; to model  ...  of assistive robotics for autism and must be the focus of further research.  ...  The funding agencies and the University were not involved in the study design, collection, analysis and interpretation of data, writing of the paper or the decision to submit the paper for publication.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s12559-014-9276-x fatcat:zhicxsnhifdnlh2dcztvi3eu44

Robota: Clever toy and educational tool

Aude Billard
2003 Robotics and Autonomous Systems  
Therapeutic and educational applications of robots have created a demand for robots showing a number of social skills.  ...  Robota is used in an introductory robotics class at the undergraduate level. The class offers an introduction to different tools necessary for building human-robot social interactions.  ...  The electronic parts of the Robota robots were created by DIDEL SA ( Some Robota robots also use the Kameleon board (K-Team SA).  ... 
doi:10.1016/s0921-8890(02)00380-9 fatcat:sfag5gfwjvduxom44rcswubhsu

Proceedings of the Workshop on Social Robots in Therapy: Focusing on Autonomy and Ethical Challenges [article]

Pablo G. Esteban, Daniel Hernández García, Hee Rin Lee, Pauline Chevalier, Paul Baxter, Cindy L. Bethel, Jainendra Shukla, Joan Oliver, Domènec Puig, Jason R. Wilson, Linda Tickle-Degnen, Madeleine Bartlett, Tony Belpaeme, Serge Thill (+20 others)
2018 arXiv   pre-print
Therefore, there is a need for exploring several degrees of autonomy in social robots used in therapy. Increasing the autonomy of robots might also bring about a new set of challenges.  ...  Robot-Assisted Therapy (RAT) has successfully been used in HRI research by including social robots in health-care interventions by virtue of their ability to engage human users both social and emotional  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS This research is supported by the NSF Expeditions in Computing for "Socially Assistive Robotics" (IIS-1139148).  ... 
arXiv:1812.07613v1 fatcat:oyhvdod7pbfndioyckehl5qiuq

Gesture, Posture, Facial Interfaces [chapter]

Dongheui Lee
2020 Encyclopedia of Robotics  
Tools for gesture recognition range from hidden Markov models (HMM) and support vector machine (SVM) to artificial neural networks (ANN) and recurrent neural networks (RNN), which have received a great  ...  neural network.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-41610-1_25-1 fatcat:pxzf75cgrrcvhkz4ji3xljzjei

The Ethical Landscape of Robotics

Pawel Lichocki, Peter H Kahn, Aude Billard
2011 IEEE robotics & automation magazine  
Then, we provide a short overview of machine ethics, a new research trend that aims at designing and implementing artificial systems with "morally" acceptable behavior.  ...  We then highlight resulting gaps in legislation, and discuss the need for guidelines to regulate the creation and deployment of such autonomous systems.  ...  In the another example, Honarvar [40] used a CBR-like mechanism to train an artificial neural network (ANN) to classify what is morally acceptable in a beliefe-desire-intention (BDI) framework [77]  ... 
doi:10.1109/mra.2011.940275 fatcat:relbb4xehnd6pi4tvtielcn4zi

A survey of socially interactive robots

Terrence Fong, Illah Nourbakhsh, Kerstin Dautenhahn
2003 Robotics and Autonomous Systems  
"collective" or "swarm" robot behavior.  ...  We then present a taxonomy of design methods and system components used to build socially interactive robots.  ...  Acknowledgments We would like to thank the participants of the Robot as Partner: An Exploration of Social Robots workshop (2002 IEEE International Conference on Intelligent Robots and Systems) for inspiring  ... 
doi:10.1016/s0921-8890(02)00372-x fatcat:iwjtltmh65cb3icwsy2svbls54

Embodiment and Interaction in Socially Intelligent Life-Like Agents [chapter]

Kerstin Dautenhahn
1999 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
Different degrees of embodiment in biological, virtual and robotic agents are discussed, given the example of a bottomup, behavior-oriented, dynamic control of virtual robots.  ...  The project AURORA for children with autism which addresses issues of both human and robotic social agents is introduced.  ...  Acknowledgements My special thanks to Aude Billard, Chrystopher Nehaniv and Simone Strippgen for discussions and collaborative work on issues which are discussed in this paper.  ... 
doi:10.1007/3-540-48834-0_7 fatcat:t3aaxrdlljd3hpgfzkwsdwtdeq

Proceedings of the 4th Neurological Disorders Summit (NDS-2018)

2018 Journal of Neurology and Experimental Neuroscience  
Two groups of respondents, caregivers of autistic children and autistic adults, were separately surveyed about their experiences as a consumer of widely-used interventions.  ...  The key findings of this study are the clear evidence for a causal relationship between musical training and reorganization of neural networks promoting enhanced cognitive performance.  ...  minute child-robot interaction.  ... 
doi:10.17756/jnen.2018-suppl1 fatcat:vvcn6tusjnd2tjslgz3trty3ly

Brain–Computer Interface and Neurofeedback Technologies: Current State, Problems and Clinical Prospects (Review)

A.I. Fedotchev, S.B. Parin, S.A. Polevaya, S.D. Velikova
2017 Sovremennye tehnologii v medicine  
Effective consolidation of several fields of science will enable to develop novel therapeutic regimens to restore and improve neural, cognitive and behavioral functions.  ...  The emphasis was made on the analysis of capabilities and prospects of the technologies in clinical medicine to mobilize the plasticity mechanisms of brain neural network.  ...  activity disturbance) and a longterm recovery of healthy functional networks through the use of brain plasticity neural mechanisms [45] .  ... 
doi:10.17691/stm2017.9.1.22 fatcat:ojgcwfvki5bndexeqzbuygyyke
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