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Theory In, Theory Out: The uses of social theory in machine learning for social science [article]

Jason Radford, Kenneth Joseph
2020 arXiv   pre-print
Research at the intersection of machine learning and the social sciences has provided critical new insights into social behavior.  ...  In the first half of this paper, we walk through how social theory can be used to answer the basic methodological and interpretive questions that arise at each stage of the machine learning pipeline.  ...  That said, these individuals of course bear no responsibility for the current content; all issues, errors, and omissions are the fault of the authors alone.  ... 
arXiv:2001.03203v3 fatcat:wl63ycnha5ajhgdgpb54f54shm

Theory In, Theory Out: The Uses of Social Theory in Machine Learning for Social Science

Jason Radford, Kenneth Joseph
2020 Frontiers in Big Data  
Research at the intersection of machine learning and the social sciences has provided critical new insights into social behavior.  ...  We believe this paper can act as a guide for computer and social scientists alike to navigate the substantive questions involved in applying the tools of machine learning to social data.  ...  of the social FIGURE 1 | An overview of the Theory In and Theory Out sections of the paper.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fdata.2020.00018 pmid:33693392 pmcid:PMC7931881 fatcat:vjl4sp43jfchhpch32qkduz4by

Out of Africa

Ute Rademacher, Terri Grant
2019 TATuP - Journal for Technology Assessment in Theory and Practice  
Given the impact of the digital revolution, critical questions emerge around the presumed need for this "into Africa" implementation.  ...  In the second place, we assume that digitalisation will be driven through "out of Africa" developments rather than an "implementation in Africa".  ...  Regarding maths and science education, essential for many jobs in the digital economy, South Africa ranked 139 out of 151 countries, receiving the highest African score.  ... 
doi:10.14512/tatup.28.2.s41 fatcat:ixd7blqzpbcm7mpxhebltussl4

Where is the 'Theory' in Theory of Mind?

Alan Costall, Ivan Leudar
2004 Theory & psychology  
In the attempt to eliminate context in order to test children's real understanding of other people, the experiments themselves have come to constitute the largely implicit 'theory' behind Theory of Mind  ...  Theory of Mind was conveniently to hand to provide another 'grand' theory to subject to experimental test, and in many ways business continued as usual.  ...  The mechanism for development, on this view, would be socialization or enculturationchildren would learn how to psychologize appropriately in the way that they learn how to dress properly or eat politely  ... 
doi:10.1177/0959354304046176 fatcat:7xej7kdvh5anbap4xi7agbzan4

Recent Advances in Learning Theory

Weihui Dai, Wlodzislaw Duch, Abdul Hanan Abdullah, Dongrong Xu, Ye-Sho Chen
2015 Computational Intelligence and Neuroscience  
Acknowledgments We are grateful to the editors for hosting this special issue and many thanks are due to the staff for their precious advice during the editorial process of the special issue.  ...  This makes it more possible for us than ever before to study engineering problems, human activities, and social behaviors through machine learning analysis of the big data produced in the ubiquitous environment  ...  The interesting findings in this paper indicated that there would be some underlying rules for machine learning in the behavior analysis of a social interactive process.  ... 
doi:10.1155/2015/395948 pmid:26649035 pmcid:PMC4663317 fatcat:3vsdzsb6nvd2nhecbtbqbpsqce

Toward a New Theory of Waste: From 'Matter out of Place' to Signs of Life

Joshua Ozias Reno
2014 Theory, Culture and Society. Explorations in Critical Social Science  
This paper offers a counterpoint to the prevailing account of waste in the human sciences.  ...  This account identifies waste, firstly, as the anomalous product of arbitrary social categorisations, or "matter out of place," and, secondly, as a distinctly human way of leaving behind and interpreting  ...  tendencies in the life sciences.  ... 
doi:10.1177/0263276413500999 fatcat:6krwjkwhvbgs7cb2olrlezct6i

Investigating Memorization of Conspiracy Theories in Text Generation [article]

Sharon Levy, Michael Saxon, William Yang Wang
2021 arXiv   pre-print
Utilizing a new dataset consisting of conspiracy theory topics and machine-generated conspiracy theories helps us discover that many conspiracy theories are deeply rooted in the pretrained language models  ...  While previous studies examine conspiracy theories in the context of social media, they have not evaluated their presence in the new space of generative language models.  ...  Acknowledgements We would like to thank Amazon AWS Machine Learning Research Award and Amazon Alexa Knowledge for their generous support.  ... 
arXiv:2101.00379v3 fatcat:iio5qilndbdtlbqatmfxevfc4y

Digital Paradoxes In Learning Theories

Marcello Bettoni
2009 Zenodo  
Actually this could serve the purpose to explain some current misunderstandings about the real usefulness of Ict within the youth-s learning process and growth.  ...  As a learning theory tries to borrow from science a framework to found its method, it shows paradoxes and paralysing contraddictions.  ...  We refer to the use of chat, of social networks and to the socalled phenomenon of multitasking, for which ICT are largely responsible.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.1061062 fatcat:c4nwtcjhtfczth4h4e67c2zthi

The role of aesthetic theory in (mass) communication theory

Donald F. Theall
1975 The Quarterly journal of speech  
This study in human communications ranges widely over scholarly work by Barthes,  ...  social psychology and Deutsch was trying the same in the area of the social sciences, especially political science.  ...  The contemporary interest in dramatistic theories of social structure rising out of George Herbert Mead and Kenneth Burke again have deep roots in the discussion of the arts.  ... 
doi:10.1080/00335637509383292 fatcat:qjspwh2yrfg5dbj4ibhpp2cpd4

Neosynthesis in economic theory

V. Kellik
1998 South African Journal of Economic and Management Sciences  
The large-scale transition from the system of (real) socialism to that of (mixed) capitalism was launched in central and eastern Europe in 1989, followed by the erstwhile republics of the USSR two years  ...  Much has been written on the subject by economists on both sides of the one-time iron curtain. But what are the impressions of an insider looking out'?  ...  theory of money, vent for surplus, entrepreneurship and innovation, utopian socialism, and interindustry analysis -the flow of trade that links all sectors of the economy.  ... 
doi:10.4102/sajems.v1i1.1823 fatcat:xrct2amounc57m7znn5n2kto44

Quantitative Graph Theory: A new branch of graph theory and in network science [article]

Matthias Dehmer, Frank Emmert-Streib, Yongtang Shi
2017 arXiv   pre-print
We provide examples of how quantitative graph theory can be used for novel applications in the context of the overarching concept network science.  ...  As such this complements the field of classical graph theory, which is descriptive and deterministic in nature.  ...  Acknowledgments Matthias Dehmer thanks the Austrian Science Funds for supporting this work (project P26142).  ... 
arXiv:1710.05660v1 fatcat:sdalpy7jmnddbcxwek4gsy346e

Questions in decision theory

Itzhak Gilboa
2011 Proceedings of hte 13th Conference on Theoretical Aspects of Rationality and Knowledge - TARK XIII  
This note surveys a few major questions in the field of decision theory.  ...  It is argued that a re-examination of some of the fundamental concepts of the field may have important implications to theoretical and even empirical research in economics and related fields. * This note  ...  For example, in the context of prediction, problem (1) is the subject of a vast literature in philosophy, statistics, and machine learning.  ... 
doi:10.1145/2000378.2000381 dblp:conf/tark/Gilboa11 fatcat:3yq6yvrjvfg4zoybtzk4egkjly

Questions in Decision Theory

Itzhak Gilboa
2010 Annual Review of Economics  
This note surveys a few major questions in the field of decision theory.  ...  It is argued that a re-examination of some of the fundamental concepts of the field may have important implications to theoretical and even empirical research in economics and related fields. * This note  ...  For example, in the context of prediction, problem (1) is the subject of a vast literature in philosophy, statistics, and machine learning.  ... 
doi:10.1146/annurev.economics.102308.124332 fatcat:iefktt5dcfg6xd6kmvh4sammg4

Sociological Elements in Veblen's Economic Theory

Arthur K. Davis
1945 Journal of Political Economy  
of social science has been too fragmentary to be of immediate use in everyday af- fairs.  ...  and scienceFor Veblen’s writings on “idle curiosity” see his Place of Science in Modern Civilisation, pp. 1-31; The Higher Learning in America (New York, 1918), pp. 1-15; Instinct of Workmanship, pp.  ... 
doi:10.1086/256247 fatcat:3n7g6sxz4bgybltardrkhhkccy

Some models from catastrophe theory in the social sciences [chapter]

2013 The Use of Models in the Social Sciences  
British Library Cataloguing in Publication Data A CIP catalogue record for this book is available from the British Library The Use of Models in the Social Sciences I SBN 0 422 74620 7 (hardback)  ...  The publishers have made every effort to contact authors/copyright holders of the works reprinted in the International Behavioural and Social Sciences Library.  ...  On the assumption that there is a 'social world' to act as environment of the learning machine in the way the 'natural world' does for the natural sciences, there are at least three ways in which the learning  ... 
doi:10.4324/9781315014227-9 fatcat:ur26d57spvdm3gpo4nvlpdnu5q
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