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Theories of Meaning in Schema Matching

Joerg Evermann
2008 Journal of Database Management  
This article reviews existing schema-matching methods from the perspective of theories of meanings drawn from philosophy and psychology.  ...  Schema matching is the identification of database elements with similar meaning as preparation for subsequent database integration.  ...  For example, a stop sign is meaningful because of its consequences, and the meaning of the sign is the effect it produces. Consequently, this theory is readily applicable to schema matching.  ... 
doi:10.4018/jdm.2008070104 fatcat:ibtcocim2neqrcgv4k4bwwukxi

Theories of meaning in schema matching: An exploratory study

Joerg Evermann
2009 Information Systems  
Schema-matching is an important step in database integration. It identifies elements in two or more databases that have the same meaning.  ...  A multitude of schema matching methods have been proposed, but little is known about how humans assign meaning to database elements or assess the similarity of meaning of database elements.  ...  Schema matching methods may exploit the knowledge-based theory of meaning by recognizing that every schema can be seen as a theory or a network of related terms.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.is.2008.04.001 fatcat:2fracxxyafdpldjx344ufayftm

Theories of Meaning in Schema Matching [chapter]

Joerg Evermann
Database Technologies  
This article reviews existing schema-matching methods from the perspective of theories of meanings drawn from philosophy and psychology.  ...  Schema matching is the identification of database elements with similar meaning as preparation for subsequent database integration.  ...  For example, a stop sign is meaningful because of its consequences, and the meaning of the sign is the effect it produces. Consequently, this theory is readily applicable to schema matching.  ... 
doi:10.4018/978-1-60566-058-5.ch020 fatcat:7mc3xzksu5dnxogx73nadvhzmu

The Health Problems of Data Integration [chapter]

Avigdor Gal
2008 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
Schema matching generates correspondences between concepts describing the meaning of data in various heterogeneous, distributed data sources.  ...  We discuss the use of matrix theory as a theoretical generic foundation to schema matching and propose to adopt the similarity matrix abstraction as a basic data model for schema matching.  ...  Schema matching generates correspondences between concepts describing the meaning of data in various heterogeneous, distributed data sources.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-540-88875-8_24 fatcat:h4e63otw4jb4jmnpaj3de63jrq

Tailoring persuasive technology: A systematic review of literature of self-schema theory and transformative learning theory in persuasive technology context

Piiastiina Tikka, Harri Oinas-Kukkonen
2019 Cyberpsychology: Journal of Psychosocial Research on Cyberpspace  
The said gap is explored in the present paper by means of a systematic literature review of how theories of self-schema and transformative learning have been used thus far in researching behaviour change  ...  in behaviour change is the role of attitude in the intention-behaviour gap.  ...  Self-schema matching (schema corresponding theory) as one persuasion strategy (social norms and behaviour match being the other two). Web-site simulation of three intervention approaches.  ... 
doi:10.5817/cp2019-3-6 fatcat:7apu2oi6hrfozaicyhfygf3ybi

Automatic generation of probabilistic relationships for improving schema matching

Laura Po, Serena Sorrentino
2011 Information Systems  
Schema matching is the problem of finding relationships among concepts across data sources that are heterogeneous in format and in structure.  ...  Sorrentino, Automatic generation of probabilistic relationships for improving schema matching, Informat. Systems (2010),  ...  In this work, we focus on schema matching in the context of dynamic data integration [7] .  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.is.2010.09.004 fatcat:rloexir2vvczbhauj4heebqn5m

Algebraic Model Management: A Survey [chapter]

Patrick Schultz, David I. Spivak, Ryan Wisnesky
2017 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
The goal of generic model management is to reduce the amount of programming needed to develop such applications by providing a database infrastructure in which a set of high-level algebraic operators,  ...  Model Management To quote from Melnik [16]: Many challenging problems facing information systems engineering involve the manipulation of complex metadata artifacts, or models, such as database schemas,  ...  In the paragraph above the word "model" is defined to mean a metadata artifact such as a schema, which conflicts with the definition of the word "model" as a structure satisfying a theory.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-72044-9_5 fatcat:mxocssjslndtlg3spdbwti6mn4

The Teaching of Reading Comprehension under the Psychology Schemata Theory

Chao Zhang
2010 Journal of Language Teaching and Research  
To help improve Chinese students' reading comprehension skill, the author discusses in the paper the psychology schemata theory and its implication in the teaching of reading comprehension and advances  ...  Index Terms-the teaching of reading comprehension, the psychology schemata theory, the implication  ...  Recent empirical research in the field of schema theory has demonstrated the truth of Kant's original observation.  ... 
doi:10.4304/jltr.1.4.457-459 fatcat:c7ufkkjpezb4zaqtd2kxonoyp4

A Study on the Application of Schema Theory to English Newspaper Reading

Yunning Che
2014 Theory and Practice in Language Studies  
This case study with the guiding of the Schema theory applied in newspaper reading in the paper proves that without a proper schema, a reader cannot understand a text; even with the proper schemas, a reader  ...  Schema is the mental structures which store our knowledge, while the theory of comprehension based on schema is called schema theory.  ...  Based on the researches of the application of the Schema theory to reading, the psychologists and linguists (Carrel& Eisterhold, 1983) found that the schema theory plays a guiding role in English reading  ... 
doi:10.4304/tpls.4.2.441-445 fatcat:ihldolmvvzcf3n2hekzn232nji

An Initial Computational Model for Musical Schemata Theory

Andreas Katsiavalos, Tom Collins, Bret Battey
2019 Zenodo  
Musical schemata theory entails the classification of subphrase-length progressions in melodic, harmonic and metric feature-sets as named entities (e.g., 'Romanesca', 'Meyer', 'Cadence', etc.), where a  ...  First, we tested methods for exact and approximate matching of user-defined schemata prototypes, to establish the notions of identity and similarity between composite music patterns.  ...  Musical schemata theory is studied and developed by musicologists as a means of classifying short passages in musical works, mainly from the Classical period [2, 10] .  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.3527768 fatcat:jddu3dflbjbj3a2nh6waufgf4i

METAPHOR RECOGNITION: CHMETA, A PATTERN-BASED SYSTEM

Yun Yang, Changle Zhou, Xiaojun Ding, Jiawei Chen, Xiaodong Shi
2009 Computational intelligence  
To accomplish this, we have developed a formalized system of metaphorical expression in metaphor role dependency schema, which specifically defines, classifies, and quantifies metaphorical anomalies, building  ...  Thus, this is the first integrated work in computable classification, recognition, and tagging of large-scale metaphors in Chinese.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS This work was supported by the National Nature Science Foundation (NNSF) of China under grant No. 60373080.  ... 
doi:10.1111/j.1467-8640.2009.00349.x fatcat:fzp4roepszdifcmnqs4e3kuz3a

Language, perception, and the schematic representation of spatial relations

Prin Amorapanth, Alexander Kranjec, Bianca Bromberger, Matthew Lehet, Page Widick, Adam J. Woods, Daniel Y. Kimberg, Anjan Chatterjee
2012 Brain and Language  
In patients with either left hemisphere damage or right hemisphere damage, a battery of matching tasks depicting categorical spatial relations was used to probe for the comprehension of basic spatial concepts  ...  Schemas are abstract nonverbal representations that parsimoniously depict spatial relations. Despite their ubiquitous use in maps and diagrams, little is known about their neural instantiation.  ...  Although image schema theories are well developed in other literatures, providing a theoretically plausible mechanism for representing meaning without language, there is little empirical evidence to support  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.bandl.2011.09.007 pmid:22070948 pmcid:PMC3299879 fatcat:crbxhkujc5gn3neeuunpql6rna

A Survey of Appliactions and Researches on Schema Matching between GIS Spatial Data

Y.-H. Wang, H.-B. Zhang, J. Xu
2015 The International Archives of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences  
The related theories, models, approaches, limitations and new trends of current researches on schema matching are respectively analyzed.  ...  Then, aiming to the manual performance limitations of schema matching task in most systems, the previous works on schema matching are discussed mainly from four aspects of matching implementation approaches  ...  ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS The work described in this paper is supported by the united fund project of Natural Science Foundation of China and the People's Government of Henan Province (U1304401) and the sub-project  ... 
doi:10.5194/isprsarchives-xl-7-w4-175-2015 fatcat:s7joxuo7yvavljhpqapvuvpzxa

A review of theoretical and experimental results on schemata in genetic programming [chapter]

Riccardo Poli, W. B. Langdon
1998 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
In this paper we review the main results available to date in the theory of schemata for GP and some recent experimental work on schemata.  ...  A considerable research e ort has been produced recently to extend the GA schema theory to Genetic Programming GP.  ...  Acknowledgements The authors wish to thank the members of the EEBIC Evolutionary and Emergent Behaviour Intelligence and Computation group for useful discussions and comments, and the reviewers of this  ... 
doi:10.1007/bfb0055924 fatcat:zr6o2i4vrnfedkas632uxjmdye

APPLYING GRAPH TRANSFORMATIONS TO DATABASE RE-ENGINEERING [chapter]

J. H. JAHNKE, A. ZÜNDORF
1999 Handbook of Graph Grammars and Computing by Graph Transformation  
At this, we bene t from GT-theory to prove major properties of SRT rules (e.g., losslessness).  ...  This chapter reports on our approach to apply graph transformations (GTs) in the domain of database re-engineering (DRE).  ...  Acknowledgements Many t h a n k s t o G a b i T aentzer, Annika W agner, and especially to Reiko H e c kel for their private lessons in double-pushout theory, proof readings, discussions and recommendations  ... 
doi:10.1142/9789812815149_0006 fatcat:vubjrw6r4jfffnsliqhlvjgwcu
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