Filters








4,119 Hits in 6.9 sec

Taking climate model evaluation to the next level

Veronika Eyring, Peter M. Cox, Gregory M. Flato, Peter J. Gleckler, Gab Abramowitz, Peter Caldwell, William D. Collins, Bettina K. Gier, Alex D. Hall, Forrest M. Hoffman, George C. Hurtt, Alexandra Jahn (+17 others)
2019 Nature Climate Change  
Earth system models are complex and represent a large number of processes, resulting in a persistent spread across climate projections for a given future scenario.  ...  This Perspective discusses newly developed tools that facilitate a more rapid and comprehensive evaluation of model simulations with observations, process-based emergent constraints that are a promising  ...  Another relevant issue is model interdependence.  ... 
doi:10.1038/s41558-018-0355-y fatcat:jhj2o3gkejcgxj5idlgm4kwrcu

Culture Embrained: Going Beyond the Nature-Nurture Dichotomy

Shinobu Kitayama, Cristina E. Salvador
2017 Perspectives on Psychological Science  
We also point out that, unlike more traditional self-report or performance-based measures, neural indicators of culture are reliably linked to theoretically relevant individual difference variables such  ...  Over the past three decades, the cultural psychology literature has established that there is systematic cultural variation in the nature of agency in the domains of cognition, emotion, and motivation.  ...  Thus, theoretically relevant constructs often correlate with spontaneous neural process (Kitayama & Uskul, 2011) , while infrequently with self-report and performance (or behavioral) measures (Kitayama  ... 
doi:10.1177/1745691617707317 pmid:28972851 fatcat:mkvleg32k5dvzg7hdgchoi4vl4

Reconstructing Nonparametric Productivity Networks

Moriah B. Bostian, Cinzia Daraio, Rolf Färe, Shawna Grosskopf, Maria Grazia Izzo, Luca Leuzzi, Giancarlo Ruocco, William L. Weber
2020 Entropy  
This ability to connect systems has led to a proliferation of network models for economic productivity analysis, primarily estimated non-parametrically using Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA).  ...  We find significant interactions between related disciplinary research output, both in terms of quantity and quality.  ...  The funders had no role in the design of the study; in the collection, analyses, or interpretation of data; in the writing of the manuscript, or in the decision to publish the results.  ... 
doi:10.3390/e22121401 pmid:33322452 fatcat:e7b6agezcvdx7gx56u5knrwb5q

The Testing Method of the Co-Movement of A+H Stock Prices

Jing Xiang, Susheng Wang, Jiaji Hao
2009 Modern Applied Science  
In short, these test theories for development are only used in practice. With expanding research, in the future, there will be more powerful theoretical tools for empirical analysis.  ...  Currently, empirical research on A+H stock markets are mainly based on two perspectives: empirical analysis of international asset price equalization theory and empirical analysis of measurement technology  ...  (1982) supposed a direct measure of information feedback and interdependence among the securities markets.  ... 
doi:10.5539/mas.v3n5p46 fatcat:tfxkezfjnzaazgdnzansspcg7u

Pseudo-haptics

Andreas Pusch, Anatole Lécuyer
2011 Proceedings of the 13th international conference on multimodal interfaces - ICMI '11  
We provide the theoretical background needed to understand the key mechanisms involved in the perception of / interaction with pseudo-haptic phenomena.  ...  Finally, we derive system design recommendations meant to facilitate the advancement in the field of pseudo-haptics for user interface researchers and practitioners.  ...  Pusch stated that, in a pseudo-haptics setup like HEMP (i.e., Hand-displacEMent-based Pseudo-haptics) [4] , "the visually presented phenomenon should theoretically be capable of returning some kind of  ... 
doi:10.1145/2070481.2070494 dblp:conf/icmi/PuschL11 fatcat:q54idoihbvdidibqseqhyjaf3m

The Mirroring Hypothesis: Theory, Evidence and Exceptions

Lyra Colfer, Carliss Y. Baldwin
2010 Social Science Research Network  
Based on a detailed analysis of the cases in which the mirroring hypothesis was not supported, we introduce the concept of actionable transparency as a means of achieving coordination without mirroring  ...  The hypothesis was supported in 69% of the cases.  ...  Acknowledgements An earlier version of this paper appeared as a chapter in the first author's doctoral dissertation, "Three essays on the structure of technical collaboration."  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.1539592 fatcat:d57sj7mdwrh2xg65b7s65si6gy

The mirroring hypothesis: theory, evidence, and exceptions

Lyra J. Colfer, Carliss Y. Baldwin
2016 Industrial and Corporate Change  
Based on a detailed analysis of the cases in which the mirroring hypothesis was not supported, we introduce the concept of actionable transparency as a means of achieving coordination without mirroring  ...  The hypothesis was supported in 69% of the cases.  ...  Acknowledgements An earlier version of this paper appeared as a chapter in the first author's doctoral dissertation, "Three essays on the structure of technical collaboration."  ... 
doi:10.1093/icc/dtw027 fatcat:uvi5mwsmnrcq7p653mz27idnbu

The Mirroring Hypothesis: Theory, Evidence and Exceptions

Lyra J. Colfer
2016 Social Science Research Network  
Based on a detailed analysis of the cases in which the mirroring hypothesis was not supported, we introduce the concept of actionable transparency as a means of achieving coordination without mirroring  ...  The hypothesis was supported in 69% of the cases.  ...  Acknowledgements An earlier version of this paper appeared as a chapter in the first author's doctoral dissertation, "Three essays on the structure of technical collaboration."  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.2770675 fatcat:zca5iupbljdi5ebptmrtvoyqta

Cooperation theory of cooperative breeding

Eva Skubic
2007 Behavioural Processes  
In this context, evolutionary theory uses mainly game theoretical arguments, where the strategy of one individual depends on the strategies of others in the population.  ...  In the second half of the 20th century, development of research on cooperative breeding systems has been influenced by game theory from human economy (by mathematical models of fitness advantages of group  ...  I am grateful to Michael Taborsky and Daniel Rankin for helpful comments on the manuscript and to the Faculty of Natural Sciences of the University of Berne for supporting my research on cooperative breeders  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.beproc.2006.12.012 pmid:17706372 fatcat:n5es6vosmzcarnziq6makl7n5u

Is the Study of Business-Cycle Fluctuations "Scientific?"

Édouard Challe
2018 Revue de l'OFCE (En ligne)  
This is because interdependencies between markets can substantially amplify, or on the contrary dampen, shocks that at any time disturb the equilibrium.  ...  The study of macroeconomic fluctuations assumes that the behavior of the whole (aggregates) cannot be reduced to the sum of the parts (agents, markets).  ...  that such feedbacks can only be measured in the data by means of a theoretical model that incorporates them in the first place.  ... 
doi:10.3917/reof.157.0151 fatcat:d45a3y56nfcxtewyp7n57jabyi

Balancing the perceptions of NK modelling with critical insights

Richard J. Arend
2022 Journal of Innovation and Entrepreneurship  
AbstractNK models are agent-based simulations of market evolution generated through new entry and firm innovation, and are often focused on better understanding complex interdependencies in organizational  ...  We discuss the implications of these analyses and update past suggestions for future uses of NK simulations in organizational research.  ...  Arend Journal of Innovation Entrepreneurship (2022) 11:23  ... 
doi:10.1186/s13731-022-00212-9 fatcat:obi2mcm2vrh6jdqfr5hvyhx254

Simulating policy diffusion through learning: Reducing the risk of false positive conclusions

Christian Adam
2015 Journal of Theoretical Politics  
It compares these dynamics across state systems in which policy-makers possess different capabilities to learn about policy effectiveness: independent decision-makers focusing on own experiences vs. interdependent  ...  First, it supports the existing critique that relying on the identification of policy clusters can lead researchers to draw false positive conclusions about the relevance of policy diffusion.  ...  In contrast, when states are constructed as interdependent social learners, policy volatility becomes a relevant feature of policy dynamics.  ... 
doi:10.1177/0951629815581461 fatcat:34gkhnl52vetpour2bs67kih4e

FUNCTIONAL MODELING AND CONSTRAINT MANAGEMENT IN COMMAND AND CONTROL: TWO MICROWORLD STUDIES

Rogier Woltjer, Kip Smith, Erik Hollnagel
2007 IFAC Proceedings Volumes  
In addition to the theoretical underpinnings, six studies are presented.  ...  The analysis of functional resonance is applied to an incident in study four and an accident in study five, based on investigation reports.  ...  This theoretical frame of reference is described in this Chapter.  ... 
doi:10.3182/20070904-3-kr-2922.00081 fatcat:ikfabk2w4nb3viriarik6vyl6u

Coordination and Collective Performance: Cooperative Goals Boost Interpersonal Synchrony and Task Outcomes

Jamie S. Allsop, Tomas Vaitkus, Dannette Marie, Lynden K. Miles
2016 Frontiers in Psychology  
Forty-six pairs of participants were instructed to either compete or cooperate in order to empty a container of approximately 100 small plastic balls as quickly and accurately as possible.  ...  Where researchers have focused on this problem, inefficiencies in the way team members coordinate their efforts has been identified as one potent source of productivity decrements.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS The authors gratefully acknowledge the assistance of Cathy Macpherson and Hope Fawcett-Lipscombe with data collection and coding as well as Mike Richardson for generously sharing Matlab  ... 
doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2016.01462 pmid:27729886 pmcid:PMC5037181 fatcat:ceheuafbm5da5hk3b42kit4vbm

Towards a new strategic goal: The OSCE and the dialogue of civilizations

Vahram Abadjian
2006 Helsinki monitor  
As part of the analysis, the constraints posed by the unique context are also taken into account. During the synthetic phase, the researcher synthesizes a provisional design.  ...  During this phase of application, feedback meetings within and between goal interdependent constituencies should become events of hypothesis testing based on the reported result feedback (i.e. feedback  ...  The results of the CATPCA analyses of the pretest data in terms of vector coordinates (representing the subjects in the analysis) and point coordinates (representing the options in the analysis) are presented  ... 
doi:10.1163/157181406778917233 fatcat:qgogox663rahhanykvnr34xt3q
« Previous Showing results 1 — 15 out of 4,119 results