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Anthropomimetic Robots: Concept, Construction and Modelling

Alan Diamond, Rob Knight, David Devereux, Owen Holland
2012 International Journal of Advanced Robotic Systems  
The robots were modelled using physics-based techniques which enable the study of the generation of movements and also of interactions with arbitrary objects.  ...  An anthropomimetic robot is one that closely copies the mechanics of the human body by having a human-like jointed skeleton moved by compliant musclelike actuators.  ...  The robots were designed and built by Rob Knight, The Robot Studio, Divonne-les-Bains, France.  ... 
doi:10.5772/52421 fatcat:hdnmuhc2gfcjbledzvvd4pkpfq

Self-organized control for musculoskeletal robots [article]

Ralf Der, Georg Martius
2016 arXiv   pre-print
The idea is that the controller controls the world---the body plus its environment---as reliably as possible. However, in elastically actuated robots this approach faces severe difficulties.  ...  The paper presents a solution with a controller that is devoid of any functionalities of its own, given by a fixed, explicit and context-free function of the recent history of the sensor values.  ...  Special thanks goes also to Rafael Hostettler for helping us with the robot and control framework.  ... 
arXiv:1602.02990v2 fatcat:peafbej4j5fbpadldx6pxgl3ai

Passive Motion Paradigm: An Alternative to Optimal Control

Vishwanathan Mohan, Pietro Morasso
2011 Frontiers in Neurorobotics  
Therefore, the paper is at the same time a review of the PMP rationale, as a computational theory, and a perspective presentation of how to develop it for designing better cognitive architectures.  ...  In both cases, there are general problems that need to be addressed, such as the "degrees of freedom (DoFs) problem," the common core of production, observation, reasoning, and learning of "actions."  ...  , to make it sharp to the context, meaningful and reader friendly.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fnbot.2011.00004 pmid:22207846 pmcid:PMC3246361 fatcat:pbogeikyarbodlvzbwvnm4rlc4

Control Architecture for Human-Like Motion With Applications to Articulated Soft Robots

Franco Angelini, Cosimo Della Santina, Manolo Garabini, Matteo Bianchi, Antonio Bicchi
2020 Frontiers in Robotics and AI  
The high level manages the degree of freedom redundancy, and it allows to control the system through a reduced set of variables.  ...  Regarding point (i), the introduction of compliant elements in the robotic structure can be regarded as an attempt to bridge the gap between the animal body and the robot one.  ...  In both cases, we employ as testbed a two degrees of freedom robotic arm, actuated by VSAs (Figure 7) .  ... 
doi:10.3389/frobt.2020.00117 pmid:33501283 pmcid:PMC7805700 fatcat:bgf2uttuzbfhfl434xymycrxue

Robots, men and sex tourism

Ian Yeoman, Michelle Mars
2012 Futures : The journal of policy, planning and futures studies  
Both the studies above highlight change is necessary but as the city can't afford to lose its drugs and sex image, it is a process of balance. 6. Is making love to a robot a feasible future?  ...  It is a place where you cannot live, as it does not exist. If you arrive in utopia, you want more or a further utopia. Therefore, sex with robots has a foundation, it is not a Utopia.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.futures.2011.11.004 fatcat:i54b6f7izza3bg5zyhzhspsuhm

Towards Autonomous Robot Evolution [chapter]

Agoston E. Eiben, Emma Hart, Jon Timmis, Andy M. Tyrrell, Alan F. Winfield
2020 Software Engineering for Robotics  
AbstractWe outline a perspective on the future of evolutionary robotics and discuss a long-term vision regarding robots that evolve in the real world.  ...  Importantly, this also holds for the hardware; with a complete evolutionary robot system, both the software and the hardware are evolved.  ...  Eiben also receives funding from the ARE@VU project supported by the Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam. The authors are indebted to the research assistants M. Angus, E. Buchanan, M. De Carlo, L.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-030-66494-7_2 fatcat:ym33jpsq7vhenafxdb6wqiq42e

Hebbian learning for online prediction, neural recall and classical conditioning of anthropomimetic robot arm motions

Benedikt Feldotto, Florian Walter, Florian Röhrbein, Alois Knoll
2018 Bioinspiration & Biomimetics  
It is is based on unsupervised neural learning embodied in a physical body that is in continuous interaction with the environment.  ...  Hereby, novel applications for the HTM are opened: It can be used in musculoskeletal robot control scenarios and robots being able to interactively learn from human partners and the environment.  ...  In 2003 it has been " used as a controller for a real robot" [18] for the first time in combination with reinforcement learning for path planning of a mobile robot platform in a maze.  ... 
doi:10.1088/1748-3190/aae1c2 pmid:30221625 fatcat:bnlstrxrjfcv5hfygr2uhmpqgq

The morphofunctional approach to emotion modelling in robotics

Carlos Herrera Pérez, Guadalupe Sánchez Escribano, Ricardo Sanz
2012 Adaptive Behavior  
We investigate the control requirements for such systems, and present a possible bio-inspired architecture, based on the division of control between neural and endocrine systems in humans and animals.  ...  Typical emotional phenomena such as arousal and action readiness can be interpreted as morphofunctional processes, and their functionality may be replicated in robotic systems with morphologies that can  ...  The second case will be a non-standard robotic platform, such as an anthropomimetic robot.  ... 
doi:10.1177/1059712312451604 fatcat:g4j6q2kl2ncclpv7nwyw65jjxu

Peripersonal Space and Margin of Safety around the Body: Learning Visuo-Tactile Associations in a Humanoid Robot with Artificial Skin

Alessandro Roncone, Matej Hoffmann, Ugo Pattacini, Luciano Fadiga, Giorgio Metta, Mikhail A. Lebedev
2016 PLoS ONE  
robot can select arbitrary body parts as the controlled endpoint of an avoidance or reaching movement.  ...  This paper investigates a biologically motivated model of peripersonal space through its implementation on a humanoid robot.  ...  The robot can and will therefore establish a margin of safety by interacting with its own body and the environment, extending its cutaneous tactile surface into the 3D space surrounding it.  ... 
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0163713 pmid:27711136 pmcid:PMC5053419 fatcat:v5nawhbju5dxxmz35y7qx7trnu

Body Schema in Robotics: A Review

Matej Hoffmann, Hugo Marques, Alejandro Arieta, Hidenobu Sumioka, Max Lungarella, Rolf Pfeifer
2010 IEEE Transactions on Autonomous Mental Development  
First, we examine application-oriented research: how a robot can improve its capabilities by being able to automatically synthesize, extend, or adapt a model of its body.  ...  Second, we summarize the research area in which robots are used as tools to verify hypotheses on the mechanisms underlying biological body representations.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENT The authors would like to thank the two anonymous reviewers for their helpful comments, and N. Kuppuswamy, J. P. Carbajal, Wang Liyu, M. Hersch, M. Vavrecka, I. Farkas, and F.  ... 
doi:10.1109/tamd.2010.2086454 fatcat:47x4dl5btbaeppzgu3ioazbaz4

"Old Media Don't Go Away, They Mutate": An Interview with Jeffrey Schnapp

C. Birkle, B. Däwes
2019 American Studies  
serves as the basis for the word robot, an anthropomimetic premise has shaped the societal conversation regarding robots and robotics.  ...  The dream of a transcendental AI that is going to take over the world with its superhuman intelligence is just that: a dream, or, depending on your tastes, a nightmare.  ... 
doi:10.33675/amst/2019/1/10 fatcat:aelordsadbc6nnsibycedag7uu

Progress in machine consciousness

David Gamez
2008 Consciousness and Cognition  
As has already been indicated, this approach has some overlap with MC1-3, since in some cases it may be hypothesized that the reproduction of human behaviour, cognitive states, or internal architecture  ...  As Metzinger (2003) points out, the scientific study of consciousness is still in a pre-paradigmatic state, and it is too soon to attempt to rule in or out any of the research directions that are being  ...  This work was funded by the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (GR/S47946/01).  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.concog.2007.04.005 pmid:17572107 fatcat:y5dbqzisevcvpa3czymqfvh6yu

The GummiArm Project: A Replicable and Variable-Stiffness Robot Arm for Experiments on Embodied AI

Martin F. Stoelen, Ricardo de Azambuja, Beatriz López Rodríguez, Fabio Bonsignorio, Angelo Cangelosi
2022 Frontiers in Neurorobotics  
Robots used in research on Embodied AI often need to physically explore the world, to fail in the process, and to develop from such experiences.  ...  The GummiArm Project was intended to be an open-source "soft" robot arm with human-inspired tendon actuation, sufficient dexterity for simple manipulation tasks, and with an eye on enabling easy replication  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS We acknowledge the contributions of our colleagues at institutions across the world, in aiding the open source GummiArm project, among them: Frederico Belmonte Klein, Virginia Fernandez  ... 
doi:10.3389/fnbot.2022.836772 pmid:35360828 pmcid:PMC8963345 fatcat:xor667zxsbfrndb7huhjh4cn4u

The role of the predicted present in artificial and natural cognitive systems

Alan Diamond, Owen Holland, Hugo Marques
In previous work, we have argued that a sophisticated cognitive system with a complex body must possess configurable models of itself (or at least its body) and the world, along with the necessary infrastructure  ...  In previous work, we have argued that a sophisticated cognitive system with a complex body must possess configurable models of itself (or at least its body) and the world, along with the necessary infrastructure  ...  Acknowledgments The research leading to these results has received funding from the European  ... 
doi:10.5167/uzh-55861 fatcat:2xp54oteizcitijx27oufqim3e

Volume 64.1 (2019)

2019 American Studies  
A m e r i c a n S t u d i e s A Q u a r t e r l y eISSN 2625-2155  ...  serves as the basis for the word robot, an anthropomimetic premise has shaped the societal conversation regarding robots and robotics.  ...  defense. 2 The insurance industry sponsors a view of the world as radically uncertain, but it does so mainly to sustain its own profitable administration of loss.  ... 
doi:10.33675/amst/2019/1/1 fatcat:addjjjnrunc35gytlclm7nhvqy
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