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The use of deep learning in interventional radiotherapy (brachytherapy): a review with a focus on open source and open data [article]

Tobias Fechter, Ilias Sachpazidis, Dimos Baltas
2022 arXiv   pre-print
Therefore, a second focus of this work was on the analysis of the availability of open source, open data and open models.  ...  In this review, first, we investigated and scrutinised the role of deep learning in all processes of interventional radiotherapy and directly related fields.  ...  However, we think that the review shows clearly the big potential of deep learning in IRT and the role of open source, models or data in the field.  ... 
arXiv:2205.07516v1 fatcat:mwin3gnexrg35bquqdeap25nea

Novel treatment options for nonmelanoma skin cancer: focus on electronic brachytherapy

Michael Kasper, Ahmed Chaudhary
2015 Medical Devices : Evidence and Research  
The purpose of this review is to introduce electronic brachytherapy in the context of the history, data, and utilization of traditional radiotherapy and brachytherapy.  ...  Radiotherapy has a long history in the treatment of NMSC. Shortly after the discovery of X-rays and (226)Radium, physicians cured patients with NMSC using these new treatments.  ...  The purpose of this review is to introduce eBT in the context of the history, data, and utilization of traditional radiotherapy and brachytherapy.  ... 
doi:10.2147/mder.s61585 pmid:26648763 pmcid:PMC4664532 fatcat:zduq3do3ibgefno2fhrazqaxpe

SP-0616: How will the new International Basic Safety Standards affect the medical physics practice?

A. Meghzifene, J. Le Heron
2013 Radiotherapy and Oncology  
This teaching lecture will focus on esophageal and gastric cancer. It remains a challenge to treat these patients outside a context of clinical trials.  ...  Organs at risk and dose constraints will be considered. The challenge of organ motion and tumor shrinkage during a course of (preoperative) chemoradiation will be discussed. Learning objectives: 1.  ...  The strength of brachytherapy (BT) is that the radiation sources are inside or in the vicinity of the target volume and that they generally move with the target.  ... 
doi:10.1016/s0167-8140(15)32922-4 fatcat:p3xgyssmdfh2xjm5yw2uzedhry

Clinical outcome in patients with prostate cancer treated with external beam radiotherapy and high dose-rate iridium 192 brachytherapy boost: A 6-year follow-up

Karl Mikael Kälkner, Thomas Wahlgren, Marianne Ryberg, Gabriella Cohn-Cedermark, Enrique Castellanos, Rolf Zimmerman, Josef Nilsson, Marie Lundell, Jack Fowler, Seymour Levitt, Magnus Hellström, Sten Nilsson
2007 Acta Oncologica  
Acknowledgements This work was supported by grants from the Swedish Association for Cancer and Traffic victims, the Swedish Cancer Society and the Cancer Society in Stockholm.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS This report was supported by grants from the Cancer society in Stockholm and the King Gustav V Jubilee Fund.  ...  Permanent brachytherapy (seeds) The use of seed implantation with radioactive sources into the prostate was introduced already in the 1950s.  ... 
doi:10.1080/02841860601156140 pmid:17917823 fatcat:ofw6vahh4fdt5ejelkfv3wsebe

Applications and limitations of machine learning in radiation oncology

Daniel Jarrett, Eleanor Stride, Katherine Vallis, Mark John Gooding
2019 British Journal of Radiology  
With the burgeoning interest in machine learning comes the significant risk of misaligned expectations as to what it can and cannot accomplish.  ...  remain in the realm of human intelligence and insight.  ...  Deep Mr to CT synthesis using upaired data. In Internation Workhop on Simulation and Synthesis in Medical Imaging 2017;: 14-23p.. 27.  ... 
doi:10.1259/bjr.20190001 pmid:31112393 pmcid:PMC6724618 fatcat:uxc3czcpifa4tero4azqntrzrq

X-change symposium: status and future of modern radiation oncology—from technology to biology

Stefanie Corradini, Maximilian Niyazi, Dirk Verellen, Vincenzo Valentini, Seán Walsh, Anca-L. Grosu, Kirsten Lauber, Amato Giaccia, Kristian Unger, Jürgen Debus, Bradley R. Pieters, Matthias Guckenberger (+5 others)
2021 Radiation Oncology  
In more detail, the application of hybrid MRI devices in modern image-guided radiotherapy; the emerging field of radiomics; the role of molecular imaging using positron emission tomography and its integration  ...  This article reviews the current status and the potential developments in the field of radiation oncology as discussed by a panel of European and international experts sharing their vision during the "  ...  When reviewing the literature in the field of radiotherapy, one can observe a constant evolution of improvements in treatment delivery, with waves and hypes that come and go, some of which stay and become  ... 
doi:10.1186/s13014-021-01758-w pmid:33541387 fatcat:ggjg2n6qorgsbjrdw3xwqjyezy

Anniversary Paper: A sampling of novel technologies and the role of medical physicists in radiation oncology

Stephen Balter, James M. Balter
2008 Medical Physics (Lancaster)  
Physicists have and continue to play a major role in the creation and introduction of novel technology into medical care.  ...  While not comprehensive, the broad scope of developments and their impact hints at the importance of the medical physicist in advancing the field in the past, present, and future.  ...  This article reviews a very limited selection of such technologies, with a specific focus on the field of radiation oncology. Reviews are never complete.  ... 
doi:10.1118/1.3021006 pmid:19175121 fatcat:6ol45fetzfa57fwaamwqb4rcsu

Sunday 26 March 2017

2017 Journal of Medical Radiation Sciences  
than face-to-face delivery. 1,2 Methods and Materials: Post-delivery data will be collected with regards to student engagement using an anonymous questionnaire and focus group session in order to collect  ...  Post-delivery of the e modules data will be collected with regards to student engagement, interdisciplinary/cross-disciplinary learning and reflective practice by means of student surveys, focus group  ...  In keeping with 'opening' Myanmar to the world, the Ministry of Health has increased funding for radiotherapy staffing and equipment.  ... 
doi:10.1002/jmrs.2_214 fatcat:lvulmi34czc33otjvwqj52bgmq

The Evolution of Accelerated, Partial Breast Irradiation as a Potential Treatment Option for Women with Newly Diagnosed Breast Cancer Considering Breast Conservation

Frederick M. Dirbas, Stefanie S. Jeffrey, Don R. Goffinet
2004 Cancer Biotherapy and Radiopharmaceuticals  
Additional options are now available that shorten the radiotherapy treatment time to 1-5 days (accelerated) and focus an increased dose of radiation on just the breast tissue around the excision cavity  ...  This approach involves local excision of the malignancy with tumor-free margins, followed by 5-7 weeks of external beam whole breast (WB) radiotherapy (XRT) to minimize the risk of an in-breast tumor recurrence  ...  Goodson, III, and Kathleen C. Horst for their thoughtful comments on this manuscript, to Triona Dolphin for her contributions to Dr. Dirbas' and Dr.  ... 
doi:10.1089/cbr.2004.19.673 pmid:15665616 fatcat:7wdopakddzfbficsg4djm75mpu

Friday 16 March 2018

2018 Journal of Medical Radiation Sciences  
Management and outcome: A diagnostic CT angiogram of the head and neck was performed using the IO cannula. Contrast was injected at a rate of 5 mL with a monitoring delay of 10 sec.  ...  It is utilised in the diagnosis, surgical/interventional planning and follow up management of stroke patients.  ...  The EB system replaces a traditional live brachytherapy source with an electronic Xray source and enables one biologically equivalent fraction of radiation therapy to be delivered at the time of BCS as  ... 
doi:10.1002/jmrs.259 pmid:29504281 pmcid:PMC5835539 fatcat:vqnhbw2yonfitm67t3kz23w7cq

Recent Applications of Artificial Intelligence in Radiotherapy: Where We Are and Beyond

Miriam Santoro, Silvia Strolin, Giulia Paolani, Della Gala Giuseppe, Alessandro Bartoloni, Cinzia Giacometti, Ilario Ammendolia, Alessio Giuseppe Morganti, Lidia Strigari
2022 Applied Sciences  
AI permits the processing of large quantities of information, data, and images stored in RT oncology information systems, a process that is not manageable for individuals or groups.  ...  In recent decades, artificial intelligence (AI) tools have been applied in many medical fields, opening the possibility of finding novel solutions for managing very complex and multifactorial problems,  ...  Institutional Review Board Statement: Not applicable. Informed Consent Statement: Not applicable.  ... 
doi:10.3390/app12073223 fatcat:j43xsqp5jne3fgjhrjqkx6kmje

Machine Learning in Prostate MRI for Prostate Cancer: Current Status and Future Opportunities

Huanye Li, Chau Hung Lee, David Chia, Zhiping Lin, Weimin Huang, Cher Heng Tan
2022 Diagnostics  
In this article, we provide a comprehensive and contemporary review of advancements, and share insights into new opportunities in this field.  ...  Image fusion technology allows one to combine the superior soft tissue contrast resolution of MRI, with real-time anatomical depiction using ultrasound or computed tomography.  ...  Machine Learning Applications to Enhance Utility of Prostate MRI: Current Status Related Reviews A review in 2019 [16] has demonstrated the capability of machine learning (ML) and deep learning (DL  ... 
doi:10.3390/diagnostics12020289 pmid:35204380 pmcid:PMC8870978 fatcat:rpaecwqodveqplmvuyvu5ne52m

Operational research techniques applied throughout cancer care services: a review

Christina E. Saville, Honora K. Smith, Katarzyna Bijak
2018 Health Systems  
Cancer is a disease affecting increasing numbers of people. In the UK, the proportion of people affected by cancer is projected to increase from 1 in 3 in 1992, to nearly 1 in 2 by 2020.  ...  In conclusion, we find many examples of OR research on screening strategies, as well as on treatment planning and scheduling.  ...  Sourcing appropriate data may be challenging when assessing population-level interventions to reduce cancer risks, and optimising diagnostic procedures and staging are more typically considered in clinical  ... 
doi:10.1080/20476965.2017.1414741 pmid:31214354 pmcid:PMC6507866 fatcat:535br2iyyzeqdgmc4pdvqgwiju

Thursday 4 September 2014

2014 Journal of Medical Radiation Sciences  
Thus, the newer technological developments in radiotherapy by IMRT and particle beam irradiation are strongly based on an argumentation of securing reduced morbidity.  ...  Not that the evidence for that exist to a large extend, but due to simple intuition (and then later hopefully some clinical data in support).  ...  During this period there has been a major expansion in the number of guidelines produced in each edition with a developing sophistication of the review methodology and the focus is far more on the ensuring  ... 
doi:10.1002/jmrs.70 pmid:27759940 pmcid:PMC4263482 fatcat:o23ixn3zgvcenowujmhcq2sx6m

Oral Abstracts

2021 Journal of Medical Radiation Sciences  
Methods: A literature search was conducted using Monash University library database with keywords intimate partner violence, allied health students, and students' perspectives on IPV.  ...  The conundrum for low-risk procedures is how we do this in a busy X-ray department without compromising the quality of the information and the safety of our patients.  ...  Open-ended questions were used as prompts for discussion. Anonymity was kept using pseudonyms. Focus groups were recorded and transcribed. Thematic analysis was carried out on the data.  ... 
doi:10.1002/jmrs.481 pmid:34080802 fatcat:av65qpigu5gfvc64ng3uyjvvma
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