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The thoughtful elephant: strategies for spoken dialog systems

B. Souvignier, A. Kellner, B. Rueber, H. Schramm, F. Seide
2000 IEEE Transactions on Speech and Audio Processing  
The overall goal in developing spoken dialog systems is to allow for a natural and flexible dialog flow similar to human-human interaction.  ...  In this paper we present technology used in spoken dialog systems for applications of a wide range.  ...  Thus, we may compare our system to a thoughtful elephant who considers the available information before doing his next step and who does not forget any of his alternative options.  ... 
doi:10.1109/89.817453 fatcat:ijhv4wua55a27nidrthwlhynny

The Role of Thought Experiments in Science and Science Learning [chapter]

A. Lynn Stephens, John J. Clement
2011 Second International Handbook of Science Education  
We discuss several definitions for the term thought experiment and examine methods that have the potential to illuminate issues such as the following: students can generate their own TEs as well as discuss  ...  This chapter will (1) briefly review selected studies examining the nature of thought experiments in science; (2) review previous studies on the role that thought experiments can play in science instruction  ...  Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this paper are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-1-4020-9041-7_13 fatcat:nlhucqs6erb5hnrlb62smqlbci

Thematic origins of scientific thought: Kepler to Einstein

Guy Faucher, Gerald Holton
1990 The Physics Teacher  
In the past, these letters appear to have received insufficient at tention in the study of Kepler's work and position. (The present English translations of all quotations from them are the writer's.)  ...  A more com plete collection in the original languages is to be found in Vols. 13-1'5 of the modem edition of Kepler's collected works, JO H A N N E S KEPLERS GESAM-MELTE W ERKE, ed. von Dyck and Caspar  ...  When Bohr was awarded the Danish Order of the Elephant in 1947, he had to supervise the design of a coat of arms for placement in the church of the Frederiksborg Castle at Hillerod.  ... 
doi:10.1119/1.2343059 fatcat:7agj7atz3reepfdcm5sxkfw4fa

Designing a Playful Robot Application for Second Language Learning [chapter]

Gijs Verhoeven, Alejandro Catala, Mariët Theune
2019 Handbook of Experimental Pharmacology  
This paper discusses how to combine them, based on principles found in the literature, and presents the design and implementation of a playful robot application for second language (L2) learning targeted  ...  Our first tests showed that the robot kept the children engaged throughout the learning activity.  ...  Concerning dislike, just a few comments were made such as 'that you thought you had to control the elephant via the tablet', 'teaching the elephant again each time', 'dragging the circle to the elephant  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-030-06134-0_42 fatcat:m25uiqyphfbbrpkfzfurgwwbv4

Building on Heteroglossia and Heterogeneity: The Experience of a Multilingual Classroom [chapter]

Brigitta Busch
2013 Educational Linguistics  
itself within the state school system.  ...  When in the beginnings Bakhtin's thoughts on the carnevalesque and especially his notion of dialogism received attention, more recently his notions of 'heteroglossia' and 'multivoicedness' are being foregrounded  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-94-007-7856-6_2 fatcat:ppa54ldr5ve6ncy2wmvdrfjyue

An Investigation into the Representation of Intertextuality in the ELT Series Four Corners

Fereydoon Vahdani, Seyede Mina Ghazi Mir Saeed
2015 Theory and Practice in Language Studies  
Furthermore, the results of the study showed that the reading passages relied heavily on direct reporting in some cases on indirect and narrative reporting strategies of intertextuality.  ...  Hence, the findings of the study showed that intertextuality were utilized for imposing some particular relationship between a specific text and a genre and also the relationship between a text and its  ...  Bakhtin (1986) points out that any text-written or spoken-is dialogical, in which any text is interpretable through other texts.  ... 
doi:10.17507/tpls.0504.26 fatcat:hlmdamkvp5ckxgnlyg7ityayku

Qur'ān as a Hidden Academy for Learning Dialogic Exchange

Mohamed Wehby
2020 Australian Journal of Islamic Studies  
As a result, the accustomed reader misses the profound moral lessons. To address this problem, I have analysed how the Qur'ān can be imagined as an open academy for learning dialogic exchange.  ...  Conventional readings of the Qur'ān rarely notice the subtle underlying linguistic features. Similarly, rote readings can narrow one's capacity for renewed learning.  ...  The dialogic implications of this Qur'ānic strategy are significant.  ... 
doi:10.55831/ajis.v5i3.285 fatcat:kj4hzylpcne7vno2lzcppd4wrm

Collaboration, creativity and the co-construction of oral and written texts

S.M. Rojas-Drummond, C.D. Albarrán, K.S. Littleton
2008 Thinking Skills and Creativity  
These include: co-construction; intertextuality and intercontextuality amongst oracy, literacy and uses of ICT; collaborative creativity; development of dialogical and text production strategies and appropriation  ...  We begin by reviewing some key socio-cultural concepts which serve as a theoretical framework for the research reported.  ...  and content of individual thought).  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.tsc.2008.09.008 fatcat:ggoupho7svdxtic5rgj6boo2jq

Learning a Second Language in Pre-School: Using Dramatized Stories as a Teaching Resource

Yvette Coyle, Pedro Antonio Férez Mora
2018 Didáctica (Lengua y Literatura)  
Pre-school children as second language learners: Strategies for teachers. 2.1.  ...  Helping children to use the second language for simple communication. 3. Teaching the L2 with Dramatized Stories. 4. Conclusions. 5. Bibliographical references. Cómo citar: Coyle, Y.; Férez Mora, P.  ...  learning which was linked to the increased plasticity of the brain before the onset of puberty, after which it was considered impossible for older language learners to fully master the L2 system (Lenneberg  ... 
doi:10.5209/dida.61955 fatcat:2nx2yvycwjfzrbqpewmulc73ty

Individual differences in adult foreign language learning: The mediating effect of metalinguistic awareness

Patricia J. Brooks, Vera Kempe
2012 Memory & Cognition  
The participants' ability to describe the Russian gender and case-marking patterns mediated the effects of nonverbal intelligence and auditory sequence learning on grammar learning and generalization.  ...  In this study, we sought to identify cognitive predictors of individual differences in adult foreignlanguage learning and to test whether metalinguistic awareness mediated the observed relationships.  ...  their strategy for answering the questions about the elephant moving toward and away from the objects, and how they decided which forms of the nouns to produce, or whether they had just guessed; (4) whether  ... 
doi:10.3758/s13421-012-0262-9 pmid:23055121 fatcat:eeefjs5xufh3hfokedd2umagi4

Reading: How Readers Beget Imagining

Sarah Bro Trasmundi, Stephen J. Cowley
2020 Frontiers in Psychology  
Imagining arises as readers use multiscalar happenings to bind the anticipated, the seen, and collective aspects of experience.  ...  We trace reading to an embodied synthetic process that drives the rapid scales of imagining.  ...  While in dialog with the researcher, cat, and elephant, the boys are also at least metaphorically in dialog with the "author, " too (cf. Popova, 2014) .  ... 
doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2020.531682 pmid:33117216 pmcid:PMC7575866 fatcat:hn5yt5reyfg2za3gytjjfsyqpm

From Gospel to Gates: Modal Blending in African-American Musical Discourse before the Signifyin(g) Monkey

Christopher Coady
2011 PORTAL: Journal of Multidisciplinary International Studies  
As a strategy for expanding the reach of African-American music, Floyd views Still's approach as a success, summarising its impact in the following terms: 'Fraught with dialogical, rhetorical troping,  ...  (Floyd 1995a: 95) In this explanation, Floyd identifies a musical strategy for the advancement of African-American music.  ... 
doi:10.5130/portal.v8i1.1938 fatcat:tnwflqxcq5ejpf7hwldpkig5c4

Enacting Metaphors in Systemic Collaborative Therapy

Zuzanna Rucińska, Thomas Fondelli
2022 Frontiers in Psychology  
We look at the recent embodied, enactive and ecological proposals to metaphors, and provide our own, dialogical-enactive account, whereby metaphors are tools for enacting change in therapeutic dialogs.  ...  Our answer is that metaphors serve as good tools for connecting to action words, through which the client's embodiment and agency can be explored.  ...  Systemic collaborative therapy emphasizes how social systems are linguistic systems (Anderson, 1997) : it is through language, both spoken and unspoken, that people give meaning to themselves, others,  ... 
doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2022.867235 pmid:35602712 pmcid:PMC9114737 fatcat:bkjn3wvs5jbw7easgl7sxsyuxi

Modeling the cultural evolution of language

Luc Steels
2011 Physics of Life Reviews  
The key challenges for evolutionary theories of language are outlined and some example results are discussed, highlighting models explaining how linguistic conventions get shared, how conceptual frameworks  ...  The main conclusion of the paper is that cultural evolution is a much more powerful process that usually assumed, implying that less innate structures or biases are required and consequently that human  ...  For example, the sentence "Mario saw a big elephant appearing left of his car" uses a system of lexicalized event types ("see", "appear") and object classes ("elephant", "car"), a system of argument structure  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.plrev.2011.10.014 pmid:22071322 fatcat:nqwhj3ongfct3bnvdjd5dwtewy

Amanuensis: The Programmer's Apprentice [article]

Thomas Dean, Maurice Chiang, Marcus Gomez, Nate Gruver, Yousef Hindy, Michelle Lam, Peter Lu, Sophia Sanchez, Rohun Saxena, Michael Smith, Lucy Wang, Catherine Wong
2018 arXiv   pre-print
Over time these savants learn cognitive strategies (domain-relevant problem solving skills) and develop intuitions (heuristics and the experience necessary for applying them) by learning from their expert  ...  The course draws upon insight from cognitive and systems neuroscience to implement hybrid connectionist and symbolic reasoning systems that leverage and extend the state of the art in machine learning  ...  large brains of great apes, elephants, and cetaceans.  ... 
arXiv:1807.00082v2 fatcat:piwexqa2xvgg5ec5xwkswstswy
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