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Sociality, trust, kinship and cultural evolution

Adam Gifford
2013 The Journal of Socio-Economics  
The expansion of human social networks increased the rate of cultural evolution, in part, by increasing the fixation rate of new components of culture.  ...  Pre-history human economic development, it will be argued, was the result of significant increases in sociality, that itself was a product of the evolution of a human temperament associated with much more  ...  In fact, Daniel Gilbert suggests that "[t]he greatest achievement of the human brain is its ability to imagine objects and episodes that do not exist in the realm of the real, and it is this ability that  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.socec.2013.07.004 fatcat:gu2uca2t4fdcbidytxkb3rktre

Oxytocin's Fingerprint in Personality Traits and Regional Brain Volume

Elissar Andari, Fabien C. Schneider, Raphaëlle Mottolese, Philippe Vindras, Angela Sirigu
2012 Cerebral Cortex  
A key question is whether differences in plasma oxytocin concentration in humans are related to people's differences in their social traits of personality and if such differences are reflected in the structural  ...  Oxytocin has a fundamental role in social behavior. In humans, supporting evidence shows that oxytocin enhances people's ability to trust or affiliate with others.  ...  This may in turn be reflected in the structure of brain areas targeted by oxytocin.  ... 
doi:10.1093/cercor/bhs328 pmid:23118193 fatcat:sfekq3hdinepdc5nfyrpswzbi4

Default distrust? An fMRI investigation of the neural development of trust and cooperation

Anne-Kathrin J. Fett, Paula M. Gromann, Vincent Giampietro, Sukhi S. Shergill, Lydia Krabbendam
2012 Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience  
The tendency to trust and to cooperate increases from adolescence to adulthood. This social development has been associated with improved mentalizing and age-related changes in brain function.  ...  We used two trust games with a trustworthy and an unfair partner to explore the brain mechanisms underlying trust and cooperation in subjects ranging from adolescence to mid-adulthood.  ...  The higher the initial trust, the stronger the decline in trust. This pattern may reflect stronger tendencies to punish unfair behaviour by the game partner.  ... 
doi:10.1093/scan/nss144 pmid:23202661 pmcid:PMC3989120 fatcat:e6lpvrdd3rfanbotno56tjiofe

Attitude as an Expressible Info-Operational Reaction to a Perceived/Purposed Object/Objective

2020 International Journal on Neuropsychology and Behavioural Sciences (IJNBS)  
, the social interactions, the life experience and the trust in the objective, if this is a proposed project.  ...  In agreement with some previous studies and with the neuro-connections of specific regions of the brain, it is shown that emotions contribute to attitude, but also the personal state, the inherited predispositions  ...  To my daughter Ana-Maria Gaiseanu, highly following the best prerogatives in family, life and profession, and to her family. To Traian and Monica and to their family.  ... 
doi:10.51626/ijnbs.2020.01.00002 fatcat:n7zql5t4kvb4ppcqucaaj6uo7m

Minocycline, a microglial inhibitor, reduces 'honey trap' risk in human economic exchange

Motoki Watabe, Takahiro A. Kato, Sho Tsuboi, Katsuhiko Ishikawa, Kazuhide Hashiya, Akira Monji, Hideo Utsumi, Shigenobu Kanba
2013 Scientific Reports  
However, this tendency toward resource allocation to attractive females creates 'noise' that complicates decisions in short-term economic exchanges, leading to the tendency to 'honey trap' males with this  ...  The results show that trusting behaviour in male participants significantly increased in relation to the perceived attractiveness of the female partner, but that attractiveness did not impact trusting  ...  Acknowledgments This work was financially supported by a Grant-in-Aid from the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS) to Dr. Kato, Dr. Watabe, and Dr. Kanba.  ... 
doi:10.1038/srep01685 pmid:23595250 pmcid:PMC3629414 fatcat:fy7fkldrw5a4bidsxqyqeqqqdq

Similar effects of intranasal oxytocin administration and acute alcohol consumption on socio-cognitions, emotions and behaviour: Implications for the mechanisms of action

Ian J. Mitchell, Steven M. Gillespie, Ahmad Abu-Akel
2015 Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews  
Empathy and sympathy Roth Neural activity shifted from medial prefrontal structures, which predominated in the brains of 7 year olds, to lateral prefrontal areas in adults.  ...  Tomasello (2008, 2009) argue that although altruism is rare in non-humans it is present in very young children.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.neubiorev.2015.04.018 pmid:25956250 fatcat:lvxa6xmfrrbknoooflbmmvo364

Prediction of trust propensity from intrinsic brain morphology and functional connectome

Chunliang Feng, Zhiyuan Zhu, Zaixu Cui, Vadim Ushakov, Jean‐Claude Dreher, Wenbo Luo, Ruolei Gu, Xia Wu, Frank Krueger
2020 Human Brain Mapping  
Here, we applied a prediction framework in two independent samples of healthy participants to examine the relationship between trust propensity and multimodal brain measures.  ...  The gray matter volume of identified regions further enabled the classification of individuals from an independent sample with the propensity to trust or distrust.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS The authors would like to thank Dr. Joseph Kable for his helpful comments on an earlier version of the manuscript.  ... 
doi:10.1002/hbm.25215 pmid:33001541 pmcid:PMC7721234 fatcat:uwkyotgi7zhknmordkuh45v6ny

Epigenetic modification ofOXTand human sociability

Brian W. Haas, Megan M. Filkowski, R. Nick Cochran, Lydia Denison, Alexandra Ishak, Shota Nishitani, Alicia K. Smith
2016 Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America  
, and brain function and structure in humans.  ...  Oxytocin is a neurohypophysial peptide synthesized in the hypothalamus in the brain, linked to a wide range of social behaviors in humans and other mammals.  ...  , and brain function and structure in humans. tissues.  ... 
doi:10.1073/pnas.1602809113 pmid:27325757 pmcid:PMC4941462 fatcat:a4chgw74drf3llcltf43jh5gn4

Oxytocin and the Neurobiology of Prosocial Behavior

Nina Marsh, Abigail A. Marsh, Mary R. Lee, René Hurlemann
2020 The Neuroscientist  
Current perspectives on the neurobiology of human prosociality suggest that it is deeply rooted in the neuroendocrine architecture of the social brain and emphasize the modulatory role of the neuropeptide  ...  the behavioral effects of oxytocin in humans.  ...  Funding The author(s) disclosed receipt of the following financial support for the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article: R.H. was supported by grants from the German Research  ... 
doi:10.1177/1073858420960111 pmid:32981445 pmcid:PMC8640275 fatcat:5gwwdtlowjc6nibsahjx37odee

Religion and Entrepreneurship: a match made in heaven?

Paul Seabright
2016 Archives de Sciences Sociales des Religions  
But this doesn't mean that the brain structure we are seeking is like the structure involved in language, let alone that human brains have evolved an "enchantment module" just as they evolved a language  ...  This evidence of "deep structure" suggests that religious beliefs take the shape they do in part because human brains have a certain structure.  ... 
doi:10.4000/assr.27991 fatcat:wwh5673gnvb5lncv5oualmz4nu

Social Cognition through the Lens of Cognitive and Clinical Neuroscience

Maria Arioli, Chiara Crespi, Nicola Canessa
2018 BioMed Research International  
We review these domains from the lens of cognitive neuroscience, i.e., in terms of the brain areas mediating the role of such processes in the ability to make sense of others' behavior and plan socially  ...  Its centrality in everyday life reflects the neural complexity of social processing and the ubiquity of social cognitive deficits in different pathological conditions.  ...  Conflicts of Interest The authors declare that there are no conflicts of interest regarding the publication of this paper.  ... 
doi:10.1155/2018/4283427 fatcat:lvqlwtj235g6ligojw5dbcuquy

The Teenage Brain

Jiska S. Peper, Ronald E. Dahl
2013 Current Directions in Psychological Science  
These influences also appear to play an important role in functional and structural brain development during adolescence.  ...  In girls, the average age of menarche (the onset of menstrual periods) in girls in the U.S. is 12.5 years of age.  ...  This lack of consistency is reflected in the large variability in the age ranges selected as 'adolescents' (which can range from 10 to 25 years of age), and in the huge range and variability in developmental  ... 
doi:10.1177/0963721412473755 pmid:26290625 pmcid:PMC4539143 fatcat:mskr2l3w3vaotc4rqj5crkvvwe

Neural mechanisms of social learning and decision-making

Yinmei Ni, Jian Li
2020 Science China Life Sciences  
One of the hallmarks of human society is the ubiquitous interactions among individuals. Indeed, a significant portion of human daily routine decision making is socially related.  ...  roles of "social" brain structures such as temporal-parietal junction (TPJ) and dorsomedial prefrontal cortex (dmPFC).  ...  intention to trust" in the trustee's brain.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11427-020-1833-8 pmid:33247803 fatcat:yyedke45vfe5lkhmxydk6dcm6e

Opinion on Trust and Transparency in Artificial Intelligence - Ethics&Society, The Human Brain Project [article]

Christine Aicardi, Lise Bitsch, Saheli Datta Burton, Kathinka Evers, Michele Farisco, Tara Mahfoud, Nikolas Rose, Achim Rosemann, Arleen Salles, Bernd Stahl, Inga Ulnicane
2021 Zenodo  
The Ethics and Society Subproject has developed this Opinion in order to clarify lessons the Human Brain Project (HBP) can draw from the current discussion of artificial intelligence, in particular the  ...  The HBP as a leading project bringing together neuroscience and ICT is in an excellent position to contribute to and to benefit from these discussions.  ...  The concern in the EPSRC's Principles, seems to relate especially to the human tendency to anthropomorphise animals and machines, which in the case of AIs may have a number of practical consequences that  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.4588648 fatcat:wofa43wyh5ejrkp7lcdg2z2f2a

Functional neuroimaging of mentalizing during the trust game in social anxiety disorder

Chandra Sehkar Sripada, Mike Angstadt, Sarah Banks, Pradeep J. Nathan, Israel Liberzon, K. Luan Phan
2009 NeuroReport  
Here, we coupled functional magnetic resonance imaging and a multiround economic exchange game ('trust game') to probe mentalizing, the social-cognitive ability to attribute mental states to others.  ...  Relative to interactions with a computer, those with human partners ('mentalizing') elicited less activation of medial prefrontal cortex in generalized social anxiety patients compared with matched healthy  ...  This study was supported, in part, by the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) Grant MH076198 (to K.L.P.) and by the Brain Research Foundation (to K.L.P.).  ... 
doi:10.1097/wnr.0b013e32832d0a67 pmid:19521264 pmcid:PMC2746411 fatcat:zd6pqsm6jnfvpcsa7nnifg4xju
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