1,022 Hits in 9.3 sec

The Playful Advantage: How Playfulness Enhances Coping with Stress

Cale D. Magnuson, Lynn A. Barnett
2013 Leisure Sciences  
The findings suggested that as in childhood, playfulness serves a strong adaptive function in young adulthood, providing individuals with more cognitive resources from which they can manifest effective  ...  coping mechanisms in the face of stressful situations.  ...  When looking at the facets and descriptors of Neuroticism it can be surmised that neurotic individuals may have little in common with playful individuals.  ... 
doi:10.1080/01490400.2013.761905 fatcat:nsw22l3babhifd5didekgguhn4

Computational Creativity

Rania A. Hodhod, Brian S. Magerko
2014 International Journal of Cognitive Informatics and Natural Intelligence  
As the field has continued to grow, the time has come for the creation of a more formal, even archival, forum for work in computational creativity and this year we took the leap.  ...  However, we will take a few more steps towards the development of systems that must eventually be acknowledged as creative themselves, and, in the process, we will, perhaps, ask additional interesting  ...  Acknowledgment We would like to thank the members of the EU Bison project for many fruitful discussions during the development of BisoNets.  ... 
doi:10.4018/ijcini.2014040101 fatcat:t75r5mrudzckfm3cjskssgadma

Intelligence and Cognitive Control [chapter]

Adam Chuderski, Edward Nęcka
2010 Handbook of Individual Differences in Cognition  
We interpret the current findings on such limitations in terms of the cognitive exhaustion model (see Sedek et al., this volume).  ...  Our research has shown WM capacity to be a moderator of the impact of subclinical depression on reasoning, yet questions arise about methodologically more important mediating variable(s) of this relationship  ...  In an analysis of the role of emotions in man and machine that emphasized the role of emotions in effective functioning, Ortony et al. (2005) argued that it is necessary to consider the interaction of  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-1-4419-1210-7_16 fatcat:itedvhvceratlgg74gnnweasbm

The psychodynamics of borderline personality disorder: A view from developmental psychopathology

2005 Development and Psychopathology  
We first briefly describe the evolution of the borderline construct in psychoanalysis and psychiatry.  ...  standpoint and examine the nature and phenomenology of BPD in terms of these domains of functioning.  ...  Because borderline pathology is less severe than psychotic but more severe than neurotic pathology, and Freud linked the latter to the "oedipal" years~age 4-5!  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0954579405050443 fatcat:agrf2hrkavcmrokut7vxzkq7ha

Mental diseases in modern times - a spiritual outlook

S Tattwamayananda
1994 Ancient Science of Life  
The ayurvedic view of the genesis of mental disorders is explained in this articles.  ...  Mechanization of day-to-day life has made it more comfortable, pleasant and easier, but little more than a drudgery. Emotions and genuine feelings, have lost their place in human relationship.  ...  Some of these are exclusively caused by a sense of social insecurity, emotional emptiness, artificial mode of living, worry, anxiety, hard competition, failure in job and unnatural food.  ... 
pmid:22556665 pmcid:PMC3336517 fatcat:4qfyd5jszbf2jaubczjj477btq

Depression, Constraint, and the Liver: (Dis)assembling the Treatment of Emotion-Related Disorders in Chinese Medicine

Volker Scheid
2013 Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry  
It shows how ideas about constraint as a disorder caused by the penetration of external pathogens into the body were gradually transformed from the eleventh century onward into constraint as an emotion-related  ...  All of these actors agree in defining constraint as a concept dating back two thousand years to the very origins of Chinese medicine.  ...  Open Access This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits any use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author(s)  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11013-012-9290-y pmid:23315392 pmcid:PMC3586067 fatcat:hrhp5wjcdfcgdcl4k77cg7tbcu

Such stuff as dreams are made on? Elaborative encoding, the ancient art of memory, and the hippocampus

Sue Llewellyn
2013 Behavioral and Brain Sciences  
The AAOM optimizes memory performance, suggesting that its principles may predict aspects of how episodic memory is configured in the brain.  ...  These principles render recent memories more distinctive through novel and meaningful association with emotionally salient, remote memories.  ...  Although her arguments lack an explicit link to the role of emotion in dreaming, Llewellyn does indirectly provide methods for understanding the process and purpose of emotion regulation in REM dreaming  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0140525x12003135 pmid:24304746 fatcat:zd3fuigkvvfizipnxyfqmnrmmu

Personality, Social Stress, and Drug Use Among College Students

Jennifer Coleman, Joseph Trunzo
2015 Psi Chi Journal of Psychological Research  
Therefore, these scales lack content validity of this construct. The purpose of the present study was to create a scale that more comprehensively measured TA among students.  ...  of encouraging, stim u lat ing, and maintaining ex cel lence in schol ar ship, and advancing the sci ence of psy chol ogy.  ...  as worry and emotionality.  ... 
doi:10.24839/2164-8204.jn20.1.52 fatcat:yav7t5uownfijockwmkvc4l3ne

The therapeutic relationship: transference, countertransference, and the making of meaning

2010 ChoiceReviews  
and their significant role in the service of individuation.  ...  Jung was interested more in individuation and the role of the self to promote self-experience and self-realization than he was in the social and more adaptive process of ego integration. 6 I contend that  ...  , 79; limitations of in analysis, 94-95; and need for analyst to be analyzed, 59; and tailoring of (  ) Index personality of analyst (cont.) approach to patient, 103; transference role of, [45] [46  ... 
doi:10.5860/choice.47-4727 fatcat:r66jqt3rvzg6bi3zfbgmgd5vam

Proactive and reactive aggressive behavior in bullying: The role of values

Natalia Jara, Jose A. Casas, Rosario Ortega-Ruiz
2017 International Journal of Educational Psychology  
The results reveal that basic personality traits, such as neuroticism, have a direct impact on proactive and reactive bullying, as do the social and individual dimensions of self-esteem and social and  ...  The study of violence and bullying in schools is a line of scientific research that has contributed significantly to knowledge on human aggressiveness, especially in children and adolescents.  ...  In this regard, some studies have highlighted that harassment among schoolchildren takes the form of role play in which a student assuming a dominant role, alone or in the company of others, intentionally  ... 
doi:10.17583/ijep.2017.2515 fatcat:ydmu2q7ze5d6jdu74vsptjucxm

How functionalist and process approaches to behavior can explain trait covariation

Dustin Wood, Molly Hensler Gardner, P. D. Harms
2015 Psychological review  
traits should be measured, mechanisms for personality stability and change, and the nature of personality traits more generally.  ...  Factors identified in investigations of trait structure (e.g., the Big Five) are sometimes understood as explanations or sources of the covariation of distinct behavioral traits, as when extraversion is  ...  We continue by elaborating on the nature of these trait classes, how they are linked to units in other prominent models of behavior, and their role in influencing behavioral trait levels.  ... 
doi:10.1037/a0038423 pmid:25559291 fatcat:e23ktqugjfc75cbtur24oydtm4

Case-ette 2: Self-esteem – Peter and the Wolf [chapter]

2012 Melodies of the Mind  
and both simultaneously contribute to the regulation of contrasting emotions.  ...  The concepts that link music with psychoanalysis and tone with talk have practical implications for crosspollination in formulating how we tune into and are moved by what we hear.  ... 
doi:10.4324/9780203078631-14 fatcat:2ur64vnryjaxxfld3vpvgl2ylm

Anxiety and Performance in Sex, Sport, and Stage: Identifying Common Ground

David L. Rowland, Jacques J. D. M. van Lankveld
2019 Frontiers in Psychology  
Here, we pose three questions: (1) how do these disparate fields approach and understand anxiety and performance; (2) how does the understanding of the issue within one field offer insight to another field  ...  This discussion is followed by a synthesis that identifies elements specific to and common across the various domains, with the latter captured in a model of essential characteristics.  ...  indicating that negative emotionality predicted over 50% of the variance in individual performance (Goodman and Kaufman, 2014 ).  ... 
doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2019.01615 pmid:31379665 pmcid:PMC6646850 fatcat:azgqhmms5rfs7n5yfrtki74oym

A conceptual framework for the neurobiological study of resilience

Raffael Kalisch, Marianne B. Müller, Oliver Tüscher
2014 Behavioral and Brain Sciences  
The theory emphasizes the causal role of stimulus appraisal (evaluation) processes in the generation of emotional responses, including responses to potential stressors.  ...  More recently, research into resilience also arrived in the neurobiological community, posing nontrivial questions about ecological validity and translatability.  ...  As Kalisch et al. correctly point out, the predictors of resilience are many, spanning individual differences (e.g., intelligence, emotion regulation, neuroticism), social dimensions (e.g., perceived and  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0140525x1400082x pmid:25158686 fatcat:5jooovtaarbqzg25eml7jl7zji

The value of "negative" appraisals for resilience. Is positive (re)appraisal always good and negative always bad?

Alexandra M. Freund, Ursula M. Staudinger
2015 Behavioral and Brain Sciences  
This perspective posits that emotional reactions to events provide important guidelines as to which events, environments, or social relations should be sought out and which ones should be avoided in the  ...  AbstractIn contrast to the PASTOR model by Kalisch et al. we point to the potential negative long-term effects of positive (re)appraisals of events for resilience.  ...  As Kalisch et al. correctly point out, the predictors of resilience are many, spanning individual differences (e.g., intelligence, emotion regulation, neuroticism), social dimensions (e.g., perceived and  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0140525x14001526 pmid:26785853 fatcat:puf4hsseovgjpnnhnbmcu2tkci
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