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Innateness, Learning, and Rationality

Elizabeth S. Spelke, Katherine D. Kinzler
2009 Child Development Perspectives  
Indeed, the dialogue is entering a new and exciting phase, in which new methods of controlled rearing and of cognitive neuroscience, and new conceptual tools for understanding learning, allow exploration  ...  Spencer et al. (2009) ask readers to reject the nativist-empiricist dialogue and adopt a new theoretical perspective on cognition, focusing on "developmental process."  ...  Historians of science appraise theoretical perspectives in multiple ways, but there are two key criteria.  ... 
doi:10.1111/j.1750-8606.2009.00085.x pmid:19768132 pmcid:PMC2746564 fatcat:6c6au6xfyvfk3ih5tpblsnsgk4

Language learning

2007 Language Teaching  
of Yuanpei Institute of Science and Technology in Taiwan.  ...  Transcript data suggest a role for output in acquisition involving attention to, and metalinguistic analyses of, L2 structure.  ...  of syntactic structures and lexical items commonly found in the Method sections of management research articles.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s026144480622411x fatcat:rvbg5e2gojfwjbj3wzlbf6qvq4

Infant Statistical Learning

Jenny R. Saffran, Natasha Z. Kirkham
2018 Annual Review of Psychology  
problems, such as multilingualism, the role of ever-changing learning environments, and differential developmental trajectories.  ...  ) and input specific (shifting computations depending on the type of input and goal of learning).  ...  Acknowledgments Preparation of this manuscript was supported by a grant from the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (R37HD037466) to J.R.S. and by a Nuffield Foundation Grant (PSA68  ... 
doi:10.1146/annurev-psych-122216-011805 pmid:28793812 pmcid:PMC5754249 fatcat:n4y7cojav5ht7gub57zeksfhdq

LEARNING EMBRYOLOGY: FUN OR FEAR? STUDENTS' PERSPECTIVE

Gyata Mehta, Associate professor, Department of Anatomy, Vydehi institute of Medical Sciences & Research Centre, #82 EPIP area, Whitefield Bangalore, Karnataka, India, Varsha Mokhasi, Swapnali Shamkuwar, Professor & HOD, Department of Anatomy, Vydehi institute of Medical Sciences & Research Centre, #82 EPIP area, Whitefield Bangalore, Karnataka, India, Associate professor, Department of Anatomy, Akash Institute of Medical Sciences& Research Centre, Near Kempegowda International Airport, Devanhalli Bangalore, Karnataka, India.
2019 International Journal of Anatomy and Research  
A comparison of different methods of teaching was done in the form a written feedback questionnaire.  ...  , drawing of diagrams, clinical application, overall effectiveness and fun in the process of learning.  ...  The role of a teacher in the modern concept of medical education is to facilitate the learning process. Technology has proved to be a boon.  ... 
doi:10.16965/ijar.2019.319 fatcat:nd5tenkc3zanpjh5mmf66xrgru

Guest Editorial Special Issue on Multidisciplinary Perspectives on Mechanisms of Language Learning

Malte Schilling, Katharina J. Rohlfing, Paul Vogt, Chen Yu, Michael Spranger
2020 IEEE Transactions on Cognitive and Developmental Systems  
In "The subject-object asymmetry revisited: Experimental and computational approaches to the role of information structure in children's argument omissions," Graf et al. challenge the subject-object hypothesis  ...  Overall, the special issue brings together quite diverse disciplines, as are developmental psychology, robotics, artificial language evolution, complex systems science, computational linguistics, and machine  ...  His work focuses on artificial language evolution, machine learning for NLP (and applications), developmental language learning, computational cognitive semantics, and construction grammar. Chen Yu  ... 
doi:10.1109/tcds.2020.2991470 fatcat:wxdugpevvjh45nwstfglwypiya

Learning Analytics for a New Epistemological Perspective of Learning

Jun Oshima, David Williamson Shaffer
2021 Information and Technology in Education and Learning  
This paper provides a brief introduction to the new perspective of learning and discusses the need for new methodological approaches for the new perspective of learning.  ...  The knowledge-creation metaphor of learning, a new epistemological perspective of learning, has been discussed in many studies; however, the methodological approach to evaluating learning as a knowledge-creation  ...  Acknowledgements This work was funded in part by JSPS KAKENHI Grant Number 16H0187 and 20KK0046 for the first author, the National Science Foundation (DRL-1661036, DRL-1713110), the Wisconsin Alumni Research  ... 
doi:10.12937/itel.1.1.inv.p003 fatcat:ppxxq5thwzfbfpjzzge2swypii

Development of Learning Systems for Children to Promote Self-Directed Choosing of Learning Tasks

Yoshihiro Kawano, Yuka Kawano
2021 International Journal on Mobile Computing and Multimedia Communications  
In this study, a learning-data collection system to acquire the data regarding developmental stages and learning activities has been developed for the purpose of self-directed choosing of learning tasks  ...  The skills necessary for the children to choose their own learning tasks are categorized into three segments—"computational thinking," "ICT literacy," and "social perspective"—that correspond to learning  ...  ACKNowLeDGMeNT This work was supported by the JSPS KAKENHI [grant number JP19K02982]. We would like to thank Editage (www.editage.com) for English language editing.  ... 
doi:10.4018/ijmcmc.20210701.oa1 fatcat:ecifohbhc5eodh65dt4xszgacu

Language learning

2007 Language Teaching  
and a greater ability to analyze the role of language in learning science and (2) the significance of the theory-practice contrast for student learning.  ...  @hayo.nl), Supporting independent learning environments: An analysis of structures and roles of language learning advisers.  ...  by considering the learnability problem from a sequence learning perspective.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0261444807004387 fatcat:ejlvl4sb2rdqloqdteygkrkluu

Intrinsically Motivated Learning Systems: An Overview [chapter]

Gianluca Baldassarre, Marco Mirolli
2012 Intrinsically Motivated Learning in Natural and Artificial Systems  
This chapter introduces the field of intrinsically motivated learning systems and illustrates the content, objectives, and organization of the book.  ...  The contributions are organized in six parts.  ...  Acknowledgments This paper and a large part of the research reported in this book have been supported by the Project "IM-CLeVeR -Intrinsically Motivated Cumulative Learning Versatile Robots" funded by  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-32375-1_1 fatcat:lg4whr2hpngmljg6xbxhipl6h4

Language learning

2000 Language Teaching  
They address the question of which linguistic knowledge is available at the second language (L2)-initial state, and which of these knowledge sources are used in the course of the developmental process.  ...  The authors of this article argue for the 'Conservation Hypothesis'-an extension of Schwartz and Sprouse's Full Transfer/Full Access hypothesis, in which the initial state fully conserves first language  ...  [The role of metalinguistic capacities and of oral language skills in learning to read in French as a first and second language.]  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0261444800015706 fatcat:likxdoar6zdnvdn3b6q4ytvqdi

Incremental and developmental perspectives for general-purpose learning systems

Fernando Martínez-Plumed
2017 AI Matters  
It also analyses the use of the use of more ability-oriented evaluation techniques for AI evaluation and provides further insight for the understanding of the concepts of development and incremental learning  ...  It presents a declarative general-purpose learning system and a developmental and lifelong approach for knowledge acquisition, consolidation and forgetting.  ...  Therefore, not only is this a novel approach, but also allows us to better understand the role of operators and heuristics in machine learning.  ... 
doi:10.1145/3098888.3098898 fatcat:yua6dombafclplu5j4p624t3ti

Incremental and developmental perspectives for general-purpose learning systems

Fernando Martínez-Plumed
2017 Inteligencia Artificial  
It also analyses the use of the use of more ability-oriented evaluation techniques for AI evaluation and provides further insight for the understanding of the concepts of development and incremental learning  ...  It presents a declarative general-purpose learning system and a developmental and lifelong approach for knowledge acquisition, consolidation and forgetting.  ...  Therefore, not only is this a novel approach, but also allows us to better understand the role of operators and heuristics in machine learning.  ... 
doi:10.4114/intartif.vol20iss60pp24-27 fatcat:f4p7ghd23zac5h5ax75i7rh5qy

The Evolution of Research on Computer-Supported Collaborative Learning [chapter]

Pierre Dillenbourg, Sanna Järvelä, Frank Fischer
2009 Technology-Enhanced Learning  
In terms of empirical research, the initial goal was to establish whether and under what circumstances collaborative learning was more effective than learning alone.  ...  For many years, theories of collaborative learning tended to focus on how individuals function in a group.  ...  Both in psychology and in computer science, individual learning and verbal interactions have been studied separately.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-1-4020-9827-7_1 fatcat:xda5xdxcmrashgldsvnzgudo3m

Cultural learning

Michael Tomasello, Ann Cale Kruger, Hilary Horn Ratner
1993 Behavioral and Brain Sciences  
Cultural learning is identified with those instances of social learning in which intersubjectivity or perspective-taking plays a vital role, both in the original learning process and in the resulting cognitive  ...  Evidence is provided that this progression arises from the developmental ordering of the underlying social-cognitive concepts and processes involved.  ...  sciences, developmental psychology, and behavioral biology.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0140525x0003123x fatcat:e56gfzsozrhobfgo5fbhla6gmm

World model learning and inference

Karl Friston, Rosalyn J. Moran, Yukie Nagai, Tadahiro Taniguchi, Hiroaki Gomi, Josh Tenenbaum
2021 Neural Networks  
of the world-model learning and inference.  ...  The challenge of building human-like intelligent machines, as well as progress in brain science and behavioural analyses, robotics, and their associated theoretical formalisations, speaks to the importance  ...  Acknowledgements This article was composed based on the talks and discussions at the International Symposium on Artificial Intelligence and Brain Science 2020 held online, supported by KAKENHI Project  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.neunet.2021.09.011 pmid:34634605 fatcat:ovruawnvivgybmd6keltwmdisy
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