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The rising landscape: A visual exploration of superstring revolutions in physics

Chaomei Chen, Jasna Kuljis
2003 Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology  
We study the growth patterns of specialties derived from citation and cocitation data on string theory in physics. Special attention is given to the two superstring revolutions since the 1980s.  ...  Knowledge domain visualization is a visual exploratory approach to the study of the development of a knowledge domain.  ...  The Rising Landscape Before we examine visual patterns in the intellectual landscape of string theory, it is useful to identify the primary specialties. PCA has extracted 18 components.  ... 
doi:10.1002/asi.10229 fatcat:5u767pvs3janzlptovacmdbqny

TASI Lectures on Remnants from the String Landscape [article]

James Halverson, Paul Langacker
2018 arXiv   pre-print
Conversely, some common aspects of the infinite "landscape" of field theories, such as large representations, are expected to be very rare in the string landscape, and observation of features definitively  ...  Superstring theories are very promising theoretically, but the enormous landscape of string vacua and the (likely) very large underlying string scale imply that they may never be tested directly.  ...  He also thanks the students  ... 
arXiv:1801.03503v2 fatcat:ipgs265oj5gktldbyufvvlccfu

Visualizing scientific paradigms: An introduction

Chaomei Chen
2003 Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology  
In the fifth article "The Rising Landscape: A Visual Exploration of Superstring Revolutions in Physics," Chen and Kuljis introduce a general framework for visualizing the growth of scientific paradigms  ...  They illustrate the use of this framework in a case study of superstring revolutions in physics.  ... 
doi:10.1002/asi.10224 fatcat:fah5bu6ysbfohbkpnlk2ielyz4

Machine learning in the string landscape

Jonathan Carifio, James Halverson, Dmitri Krioukov, Brent D. Nelson
2017 Journal of High Energy Physics  
Deep data dives and conjecture generation are proposed as useful frameworks for utilizing machine learning in the landscape, and examples of each are presented.  ...  a previously proven conjecture for the gauge group rank in an ensemble of $\frac43 \times 2.96 \times 10^{755}$ F-theory compactifications.  ...  This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC-BY 4.0), which permits any use, distribution and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author(s)  ... 
doi:10.1007/jhep09(2017)157 fatcat:sk47s2pcrvahfpjs36lrcahrey

The landscape of QCD axion models [article]

Luca Di Luzio, Maurizio Giannotti, Enrico Nardi, Luca Visinelli
2020 arXiv   pre-print
We review the landscape of QCD axion models. Theoretical constructions that extend the window for the axion mass and couplings beyond conventional regions are highlighted and classified.  ...  picture in the left panel of  ...  Marsh, Pablo Quílez and Sunny Vagnozzi, for reviewing parts of the manuscript. We acknowledge Stefano Bertolini, Dmitry Budker, Marco Gorghetto, Igor G.  ... 
arXiv:2003.01100v3 fatcat:5z5zsswwwvernkwakcugghdxiq

TASI Lectures on Remnants from the String Landscape

James Halverson, Paul Langacker
2018 Proceedings of Theoretical Advanced Study Institute Summer School 2017 "Physics at the Fundamental Frontier" — PoS(TASI2017)   unpublished
In the second superstring revolution of the mid-1990's dualities between weakly coupled and strongly coupled theories were also demonstrated, known as S-dualities.  ...  This general result may be applied to superstring theory: if some of its ten dimensions are along a compact d-manifold, the low energy effective physics would be (10 − d)-dimensional, in which case the  ...  He also thanks the students at  ... 
doi:10.22323/1.305.0019 fatcat:yp2gp4fqrrcfpn7hgv3r5x7i5q

The Multiverse Conjecture

Leemon McHenry
2011 Process Studies  
Recent developments in cosmology and particle physics have led to speculation that our universe is merely one of a multitude of universes.  ...  This paper demonstrates how the basic framework of a multiverse theory is already present in Whitehead's cosmology and defends the necessity of speculation in the quest for an explanatory description.  ...  of a narrow band of electromagnetic radiation within which our visual perception is sensitive.  ... 
doi:10.5840/process20114011 fatcat:uuvvj6ef4new3ovgrxtmwutwqm

Processes of Science and Art Modeled as a Holoflux of Information Using Toroidal Geometry

Dirk K. F. Meijer
2018 Open Journal of Philosophy  
This implies that any new cycle starts from a different perspective or, optimistically seen, is initiated from a higher level, in a spiral mode, that takes into account the ongoing rise of scientific perspectives  ...  physical concept of toroidal geometry.  ...  The Status of Toroidal Modeling in Physics The single torus can be considered basically as a surface of revolution, generated by revolving a circle in a three-dimensional space about an axis coplanar with  ... 
doi:10.4236/ojpp.2018.84026 fatcat:g7geqxn7srgttkitys7lct2eri

Memories of a Theoretical Physicist [article]

Joseph Polchinski
2017 arXiv   pre-print
Having only two bodies of knowledge, myself and physics, I decided to write an autobiography about my development as a theoretical physicist.  ...  While I was dealing with a brain injury and finding it difficult to work, two friends (Derek Westen, a friend of the KITP, and Steve Shenker, with whom I was recently collaborating), suggested that a new  ...  The excitement from the first superstring revolution had passed, and many directions had been explored without clear result. But beneath the surface, something was brewing.  ... 
arXiv:1708.09093v2 fatcat:vhum6qsyxnah3fq7ym5yyjz3ri

Rozwój badań nad wizualizacją informacji

Veslava Osińska, Piotr Malak, Bożena Bednarek-Michalska
2017 Annales Universitatis Paedagogicae Cracoviensis | Studia ad Bibliothecarum Scientiam Pertinentia  
Kuljis, The rising landscape: a visual exploration of superstring revolutions in physics, "Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology" 2003, 54(5), s. 435-446; V.  ...  This article aims at presenting the possibilities of using Infovis as a new field of research in information sciences through a series of examples of visualization for the collection of metadata, that  ...  Na mapach nauki uczeni mogą zidentyfikować strukturę społeczności zajmującą się określonym obszarem badań, skupioną wokół konkretnego zagadnienia naukowego, a rozproszoną po całym globie.  ... 
doi:10.24917/20811861.14.4 fatcat:ts5rjzzg4bftzborgvonexi3we

The Temporal Resistance of Kelly Reichardt's Cinema

Claire Henry
2018 Open Cultural Studies  
in Night Moves (2013), and ending with an exploration of disconnection-and denial of coevalness-in Certain Women (2016).  ...  While film theorists and critics often locate Reichardt's films within "slow cinema," this article expands the range of temporal concepts applied to her films to explore the sociopolitical critique at  ...  Kurt tells Mark that he has been taking physics classes at night school, and "all this core and superstring stuff, I know all about that."  ... 
doi:10.1515/culture-2018-0044 fatcat:3tgarood5vfzdcgm6tlgiwn45u

The Elegant Universe: Superstrings, Hidden Dimensions, and the Quest for the Ultimate Theory

Brian Greene, John H. Schwarz
2000 American Journal of Physics  
In this chapter and a number that follow, we shall describe the understanding of string theory that emerged from the first superstring revolution and subsequent work prior to the second superstring revolution  ...  a plan for taking the next step, thereby igniting the "second superstring revolution."  ...  Theory emerging from the second superstring revolution that unites the previous five superstring theories within a single overarching framework.  ... 
doi:10.1119/1.19379 fatcat:elezwwcdurdwjg3j2ycrpssgcq

STRING THEORY, THE CRISIS IN PARTICLE PHYSICS AND THE ASCENT OF METAPHORIC ARGUMENTS

BERT SCHROER
2008 International Journal of Modern Physics D  
Rather the superstring represents a solution of a problem which enjoyed some popularity in the 60s: the construction of infinite component wave function with a (realistic) mass/spin spectrum.  ...  This essay presents a critical evaluation of the concepts of string theory and its impact on particle physics.  ...  The third section was strongly influenced by his ongoing project of finding sociological links between the post cold-war "end of history" ideology and developments in particle physics.  ... 
doi:10.1142/s0218271808014217 fatcat:kvburnjnujdgrjxhlrsmblevse

Placing hidden properties of quantum field theory into the forefront: wedge localization and a new constructive on-shell setting [article]

Bert Schroer
2012 arXiv   pre-print
The suspicion that the duality of the meromorphic functions, which appear in the dual model, are not related with particle physics, but are rather the result of Mellin-transforms of global operator-product  ...  Recent progress about "modular localization" reveals that, as a result of the S-Matrix in its role of a "relative modular invariant of wedge-localization, one obtains a new non-perturbative constructive  ...  The value of historical cohesion in particle physics cannot be overestimated in times of self-proclaimed revolutions.  ... 
arXiv:1201.6328v5 fatcat:wmy4hrvezffipb372xgxfprb74

So Much More to Know

2005 Science  
Yet happily, apocalyptic collapses have mostly been prevented by the advent of cheap energy, the rise of science and technology, and the green revolution.  ...  Superstring theory has a large following because it provides a way to unify everything into one large theory with a single symmetry-SO(32) for one branch of superstring theory, for example-but it requires  ... 
doi:10.1126/science.309.5731.78b pmid:15994524 fatcat:xxcofrsyybdplktqf5mrzbok2u
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