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The representation of medical reasoning models in resolution-based theorem provers

Peter Lucas
1993 Artificial Intelligence in Medicine  
In particular, we investigate the logical representation of three typical reasoning models in medicine: diagnostic, anatomical and causal reasoning.  ...  Furthermore, the pragmatics of using theorem-proving techniques in consulting such logic-based medical expert systems is discussed.  ...  Implementation of the resolution-based theorem prover in COMMON LISP was carried out together with Bob van den Berg, who developed most of the program.  ... 
doi:10.1016/0933-3657(93)90033-y pmid:8004141 fatcat:gnixsv5xejhuhefobp5ndpudfm

Reasoning in Attempto Controlled English [chapter]

Norbert E. Fuchs, Uta Schwertel
2003 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
The implementation of RACE is based on the theorem prover Otter and on the model generator Satchmo, both available off-the-shelf.  ...  To support automatic reasoning in ACE we have developed the Attempto Reasoner RACE (Reasoning in ACE).  ...  Our research was partially funded by grant 2000-061932.00 of the Swiss National Science Foundation.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-540-24572-8_12 fatcat:iqfzsxqgb5flhcvwzi3myadmqa

An order-sorted resolution in theory and practice

Trudy Weibel
1997 Theoretical Computer Science  
This system gives the desired powerful sort reasoner, boosting the resolution prover which underlies the verification tool.  ...  Our techniques use Frisch's hybrid model, which localises the sort information in the sort reasoner, and Walther's sorted unification algorithm.  ...  Acknowledgements I would like to thank the anonymous referees and the editor for many helpful suggestions.  ... 
doi:10.1016/s0304-3975(97)00051-0 fatcat:tzaakwa7h5e25is7qcohmpjc4y

A Survey on Theorem Provers in Formal Methods [article]

M. Saqib Nawaz, Moin Malik, Yi Li, Meng Sun, M. Ikram Ullah Lali
2019 arXiv   pre-print
Technically, mathematical formalisms and automated reasoning based-approaches are employed to perform inferences and to generate proofs in theorem provers.  ...  However, these tools evolved with time and now play vital role in the modeling and reasoning about complex and large-scale systems, especially safety-critical systems.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS The work has been supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China under grant no. 61772038, 61532019 and 61272160, and the Guandong Science and Technology Department (Grant  ... 
arXiv:1912.03028v1 fatcat:fabxqg75xjhxlh7u3uyypgyzdy

Formal methods for verification of clinical practice guidelines

Arjen Hommersom, Perry Groot, Michael Balser, Peter Lucas
2008 Studies in Health Technology and Informatics  
In recent years, there has been a growing interest to apply these methods in the area of medical guidelines and protocols.  ...  Formal methods play an important role in the development of software and hardware systems.  ...  Resolution-based Theorem Proving It was shown that for reasoning about models of medical knowledge, for example in the context of medical expert systems [33] , classical automated reasoning techniques  ... 
pmid:18806321 fatcat:w3u4dmj7w5fitjeqmosymg4rum

Influences of Frege's Predicate Logic on Some Computational Models

Mohamad Awwad
2018 Future Human Image  
There are certain universal reasoning patterns, based on the way that our minds actually work, and these are captured in FOL".  ...  In addition, the resolution principle turned out to be a very effective tool of Automated Theorem Proving, a sort of effective logic programs used to verify and prove important, usually hard, constraints  ...  Vampire is used to solve a large variety of problems, but it is well effective in software verification, hardware design and verification, knowledge representation and reasoning, and Mathematical theorem  ... 
doi:10.29202/fhi/9/1 fatcat:zfn5mgjsinfljdc2sucqf6rori

Checking the Quality of Clinical Guidelines using Automated Reasoning Tools [article]

Arjen Hommersom, Peter J.F. Lucas, Patrick van Bommel
2008 arXiv   pre-print
In this paper, we investigate how this approach can be mapped to the facilities of a resolution-based theorem prover, Otter, and a complementary program that searches for finite models of first-order statements  ...  The medical quality of an actual guideline concerning diabetes mellitus 2 is investigated in this way.  ...  Acknowledgement This work was partially supported by the European Commission's IST program, under contract number IST-FP6-508794 (Protocure II project).  ... 
arXiv:0806.0250v1 fatcat:mebyjhppwjh53jpmzzp3ngmcna

A Survey of Computational Semantics: Representation, Inference and Knowledge in Wide-Coverage Text Understanding

Johan Bos
2011 Language and Linguistics Compass  
The aim of computational semantics is to capture the meaning of natural language expressions in representations suitable for performing inferences, in the service of understanding human language in written  ...  Promising future research directions of computational semantics are investigating alternative representation and inference methods (using weaker variants of first-order logic, reasoning with defaults),  ...  of theorem provers and model builders (Blackburn and Bos 2005) .  ... 
doi:10.1111/j.1749-818x.2011.00284.x fatcat:23b6p3m2w5bi7llo6vi6hie24y

Checking the quality of clinical guidelines using automated reasoning tools

ARJEN HOMMERSOM, PETER J. F. LUCAS, PATRICK VAN BOMMEL
2008 Theory and Practice of Logic Programming  
In this paper, we investigate how this approach can be mapped to the facilities of a resolution-based theorem prover,otterand a complementary program that searches for finite models of first-order statements  ...  The medical quality of an actual guideline concerning diabetes mellitus 2 is investigated in this way.  ...  Acknowledgement This work was partially supported by the European Commission's IST program, under contract number IST-FP6-508794 (Protocure II project).  ... 
doi:10.1017/s1471068408003451 fatcat:buczvjy5l5fy3j33weftqgsezm

A theory of diagnosis from first principles

Raymond Reiter
1987 Artificial Intelligence  
As a result, the theory accommodates diagnostic reasoning in a wide variety of practical settings, including digital and analogue circuits, medicine, and database updates.  ...  Finally, the theory reveals close connections between diagnostic reasoning and nonmonotonic reasoning.  ...  This research was done with the financial support of the National Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada, under operating grant A7642.  ... 
doi:10.1016/0004-3702(87)90062-2 fatcat:pldwigp7fvbhrkz5b2x4lmny24

A theory of diagnosis from first principles [chapter]

R. Reiter
1986 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
As a result, the theory accommodates diagnostic reasoning in a wide variety of practical settings, including digital and analogue circuits, medicine, and database updates.  ...  Finally, the theory reveals close connections between diagnostic reasoning and nonmonotonic reasoning.  ...  This research was done with the financial support of the National Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada, under operating grant A7642.  ... 
doi:10.1007/3-540-16780-3_87 fatcat:6u7b22be3zgxtnpwpgphd6uq6e

SAT and Interactions (Dagstuhl Seminar 20061)

Olaf Beyersdorff, Uwe Egly, Meena Mahajan, Cláudia Nalon
2020 Dagstuhl Reports  
The seminar brought together theoreticians and practitioners from the areas of proof complexity and proof theory, SAT and QBF solving, MaxSAT, and modal logics, who discussed recent developments in their  ...  This report documents the program and the outcomes of Dagstuhl Seminar 20061 "SAT and Interactions".  ...  We show this calculus is the result of a Curry-Howard style interpretation of a deep-inference proof system, and prove that it has natural properties with respect to the lambda-calculus: confluence and  ... 
doi:10.4230/dagrep.10.2.1 dblp:journals/dagstuhl-reports/BeyersdorffEMN20 fatcat:q6vjxmce4bd2nkm3vym2qkvqam

CoqTL: An Internal DSL for Model Transformation in Coq [chapter]

Massimo Tisi, Zheng Cheng
2018 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
Existing tools that aim at simplifying the interactive verification of MTs typically translate the MT specification (e.g. in ATL) and properties to prove (e.g. in OCL) into an interactive theorem prover  ...  We propose an alternative solution by designing and implementing an internal domain specific language, namely CoqTL, for the specification of declarative MTs directly in the Coq interactive theorem prover  ...  We thank Rémi Douence for his valuable help during the development of CoqTL.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-93317-7_7 fatcat:4ixisbichfbqhhuxx2yxvqseby

Implementing Query Answering for Hybrid MKNF Knowledge Bases [chapter]

Ana Sofia Gomes, José Júlio Alferes, Terrance Swift
2010 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
In fact, ontologies use open-world reasoning while the leading semantics for rules use non-monotonic, closed-world reasoning.  ...  Ontologies and rules are usually loosely coupled in knowledge representation formalisms.  ...  So the computation calls the CDF theorem prover which starts to derive a model for all the properties of the individual callback.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-11503-5_4 fatcat:eobsm4gnkfg73pr6s7yglojk7u

A Framework for Automated Conflict Detection and Resolution in Medical Guidelines

J. Bowles, M.B. Caminati, S. Cha, J. Mendoza
2019 Science of Computer Programming  
The back-end takes the formal models associated with multiple guidelines and checks their correctness with a theorem prover, and inherent inconsistencies with a constraint solver.  ...  The presented extended framework has a front-end which takes guidelines captured in a standard modelling language and returns the visualisation of the detected conflicts as well as suggested alternative  ...  For these reasons, modern theorem provers, including Isabelle, provide SMT code generators.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.scico.2019.07.002 pmid:32029957 pmcid:PMC6993806 fatcat:klqnd5waefdjlfn2qeznmf4lgu
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