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The reasonableness of necessity

Paul Snow
2003 International Journal of Approximate Reasoning  
Prospects for normative consensus between probabilists and advocates of the necessity calculus are nuanced.  ...  Moreover, in domains like the evaluation of scientific hypotheses, mathematical conjectures, and judicial findings, the negation of a hypothesis, needed to define necessity, may be ill-specified.  ...  to confirm the Cox-reasonableness of necessity, since in general any function of a Cox-reasonable belief representation is itself Cox-reasonable.  ... 
doi:10.1016/s0888-613x(03)00019-7 fatcat:3rsjdt4k2zfqpaxjzaj7qoukrq

The Necessity of Moral Reasoning

Leland F. Saunders
2017 Journal of Value Inquiry  
The empirical evidence typically brought to bear on the question of the necessity of moral reasoning to moral judgment can most clearly be used to undermine the first necessity claim-that moral reasoning  ...  The basic thrust of arguments against the necessity of moral reasoning is that reasoning turns out to be the sort of thing that only extraordinary people, willing and able to spend years of their lives  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10790-017-9601-1 fatcat:l3gzdvwxkfevphiipgsv7t5ytq

THE NECESSITY OF A UNIVERSAL IN REASONING

H. S. SHELTON
1917 Mind  
Nevertheless there must be some important •difference in pointof view between the emphatic assertion of the necessity of the universal in deductive reasoning and the somewhat, apologetic inquiry whether  ...  THE NECESSITY OF A UNIVERSAL IN SEASONING. 353 my objection was more fundamental.  ... 
doi:10.1093/mind/xxvi.1.351 fatcat:mjhu2rvjofbudkpfzfsgs6vmca

Reason and Necessity in the Specification of the Multiple Self

Vieda Skultans, Roland Littlewood
1998 Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute  
YELVINGTON University of South Florida LITTLEWOOD, ROLAND. Reason and necessity in the specification of the multiple self (R. anthrop. Inst. occ. Pap. 43). iv, 76 pp., bibliogr.  ...  Indeed, the merit of this scholarly work is to lay before us the complexity of the issues and to instil caution against a premature foreclosure of the debate.  ... 
doi:10.2307/3034544 fatcat:4zcpkheftvcxtluev6anwjq2ny

Decision making in the TBM: the necessity of the pignistic transformation

Philippe Smets
2005 International Journal of Approximate Reasoning  
In the transferable belief model (TBM), pignistic probabilities are used for decision making. The nature of the pignistic transformation is justified by a linearity requirement.  ...  We justify the origin of this requirement showing it is not ad hoc but unavoidable provides one accepts expected utility theory.  ...  Acknowledgment The author likes to thank Milan Daniel for his many very constructive remarks made during the preparation of this manuscript.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.ijar.2004.05.003 fatcat:xj4uvwiv25e3rpqlyp6wyqg4qu

THE REASONING OF THE NECESSITY OF EFFECTIVE STATE REGULATION OF AMATEUR FISHING IN UKRAINE

Volodymyr Mykhin
2019 Derzhavne upravlinnya udoskonalennya ta rozvytok  
Київ THE REASONING OF THE NECESSITY OF EFFECTIVE STATE REGULATION OF AMATEUR FISHING IN UKRAINE У статті розглянуті механізми розвитку любительського рибальства в Україні як потужного різновиду природокористування  ...  At the same time, only 8% of the fishers of Ukraine are organized (members of clubs and public organizations).  ...  in the regions of the country; development and implementation of departmental and lawmaking initiatives for the progress of society; definition of the system of rights distribution to use fish resources  ... 
doi:10.32702/2307-2156-2019.3.101 fatcat:4ztrx53bkncoznvbbv5mylrk6u

The Necessity for Clinical Reasoning in the Era of Evidence-Based Medicine

Allan D. Sniderman, Kevin J. LaChapelle, Nikodem A. Rachon, Curt D. Furberg
2013 Mayo Clinic proceedings  
Clinical reasoning is the pragmatic, tried-and-true process of expert clinical problem solving that does value mechanistic reasoning and clinical experience as well as RCTs and observational studies.  ...  Nevertheless, limitations in the extent, quality, generalizability, and transferability of evidence mean that we clinicians must still reason through the best choices for an individual because even in  ...  ; it is all these skills and reasoning wrapped together that distinguishes the clinical reasoning of the expert clinician.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.mayocp.2013.07.012 pmid:24079680 fatcat:5ovxvx3jybckjmfwaxfn7drlqa

The Necessity and Wisdom of Reasonable Preparedness against War by the United States

John P. Finley
1916 The Journal of Race Development  
Further quotations from statesmen and military leaders throughout the world in support of "the necessity and wisdom of reasonable preparedness."  ...  ence, to feel and appreciate the necessity of an army and a fleet, is doomed to failure and disintegration.  ... 
doi:10.2307/29738146 fatcat:qbvnxt7owzbrpolyteonc7hgge

Withholding and withdrawing life-sustaining treatment: the necessity of discrepancies in ethical reasoning

Frédéric Pochard, Nancy Kentish-Barnes, Elie Azoulay
2008 Critical Care  
A study of the general population's wishes requires the use of random sampling; but before asking the population how they would react in theoretical situations, it seems important to first evaluate their  ...  In a survey including 8,000 residents in France [3] , only 28% chose the correct definition of the intensive care unit.  ...  Competing interests The authors declare that they have no competing interests.  ... 
doi:10.1186/cc6873 pmid:18466640 pmcid:PMC2447608 fatcat:ztqjxxccmbadxld4r6hsr74mse

REASONING THE NECESSITY OF LEAN SYSTEMS'S APPLICATION FOR IMPROVING THE EFFICIENCY OF ENTERPRISES
ОБҐРУНТУВАННЯ НЕОБХІДНОСТІ ЗАСТОСУВАННЯ СИСТЕМ ОЩАДЛИВОГО ВИРОБНИЦТВА ДЛЯ ПІДВИЩЕННЯ ЕФЕКТИВНОСТІ ПРОМИСЛОВИХ ПІДПРИЄМСТВ

Kh.M. Dziubynska, M.V. Shashyna
2018 Ekonomìka ta suspìlʹstvo  
REASONING THE NECESSITY OF LEAN SYSTEMS'S APPLICATION FOR IMPROVING THE EFFICIENCY OF ENTERPRISES This article is devoted to justifying the need to use lean systems for enterprises producing children's  ...  The work considers the feasibility of introducing such systems within the industry, gives them a comparative characteristic, and provides recommendations for their use.  ...  Reasoning the necessity of lean systems's application for improving the efficiency of enterprises In the article, on the example of manufacturers of goods for children's creativity, justifies the feasibility  ... 
doi:10.32782/2524-0072/2018-18-54 fatcat:45tqm37iz5cdfo65h6seaxp3jq

The Reasoning for Methodical Instruments of Evaluation of Organization Readiness, Possibility and Necessity to Implement the Organizational Changes

Svetlana Igorevna Ashmarina, Anna Sergeevna Zotova
2015 Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences  
level, level of changes implementation necessity.  ...  methodological instruments of integral assessment of organization readiness, possibility and necessity to implement the changes.  ...  The authors thank all participants of the study for their kind cooperation.  ... 
doi:10.5901/mjss.2015.v6n3p44 fatcat:grgtmc6vjjci5lv4tzormw4ihy

The Reasoning for Methodical Instruments of Evaluation of Organization Readiness, Possibility and Necessity to Implement the Organizational Changes

Svetlana Igorevna Ashmarina, Anna S. Zotova
2015 Social Science Research Network  
level, level of changes implementation necessity.  ...  methodological instruments of integral assessment of organization readiness, possibility and necessity to implement the changes.  ...  The authors thank all participants of the study for their kind cooperation.  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.2623428 fatcat:szfxyyurwfa2lpyjy3w4ojsjvi

Karel Kosík's critique of Herbert Marcuse's reason and revolution and the necessity and freedom dialectic in Hegel and Marx

Russell Rockwell
2019 Kontradikce  
realm of necessity and the realm of freedom -the transition from a capitalist to a post-capitalist society.  ...  conclusions with respect to the development of the necessity and freedom dialectic from Hegel to Marx.  ...  , "the realm of freedom.") 38 Yet, in Reason and Revolution, Marcuse does not treat at all the final section of the Objective Logic ("Reciprocity"), 39 on the necessity and freedom dialectic, which  ... 
doi:10.46957/con.2019.2.2 fatcat:3eufahyarffhvh27o5qsj6unye

Reasoning about necessity and possibility: A test of the mental model theory of deduction

Jonathan St. B. T. Evans, Simon J. Handley, Catherine N. J. Harper, Phillip N. Johnson-Laird
1999 Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory and Cognition  
This finding was accounted for by the computational implementation of the model theory: Fallacies are made when the first mental model of the premises considered supports the conclusion presented. .  ...  Participants more frequently endorsed conclusions as possible than as necessary, and differences in response to the 2 forms of instruction conformed to several predictions derived from the mental model  ...  In the case of necessity, the conclusion holds in all the models of the premises, and so no matter which model of the premises reasoners construct, it will support the conclusion.  ... 
doi:10.1037/0278-7393.25.6.1495 fatcat:usrw2twpnfex7clw45qhjyuq3u

Reasoning about necessity and possibility: A test of the mental model theory of deduction

Jonathan St. B. T. Evans, Simon J. Handley, Catherine N. J. Harper, Phillip N. Johnson-Laird
1999 Journal of Experimental Psychology. Learning, Memory and Cognition  
This finding was accounted for by the computational implementation of the model theory: Fallacies are made when the first mental model of the premises considered supports the conclusion presented. .  ...  Participants more frequently endorsed conclusions as possible than as necessary, and differences in response to the 2 forms of instruction conformed to several predictions derived from the mental model  ...  In the case of necessity, the conclusion holds in all the models of the premises, and so no matter which model of the premises reasoners construct, it will support the conclusion.  ... 
doi:10.1037//0278-7393.25.6.1495 fatcat:4gnod74h7bd4bgn2qmkvukvdba
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