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Native Chemical Computation. A Generic Application of Oscillating Chemistry Illustrated With the Belousov-Zhabotinsky Reaction. A Review

Marta Dueñas-Díez, Juan Pérez-Mercader
2021 Frontiers in Chemistry  
We offer a new interpretation of the recognition of a sequence of chemicals representing words in the machine's language as an illustration of the "Maximum Entropy Production Principle" and concluding  ...  We illustrate their implementation with the example of a programmable finite tape Turing machine which using the Belousov-Zhabotinsky oscillatory chemistry is capable of recognizing words in a Context  ...  for many useful conversations related to the work we have summarized here.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fchem.2021.611120 pmid:34046394 pmcid:PMC8144498 fatcat:2xtxhr2ny5g4zoljsqlf62tbde

Comparing Symmetries in Models and Simulations [chapter]

Giuseppe Longo, Maël Montévil
2017 Springer Handbook of Model-Based Science  
In the latter case, the peculiarities of Agent Based or Object Oriented Languages allow to discuss the role of phase spaces in mathematical analyses of physical vs. biological dynamics.  ...  Computer simulations brought remarkable novelties in knowledge construction.  ...  Acknowledgments We would like to thank Kim Bruce for reminding and updating us on the Foundations of Object Oriented Languages, an area which he contributed to trigger, in part by joint work with GL, and  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-30526-4_38 fatcat:yn7c5yanjndwhatt64utbonqzy

Using natural language processing techniques to inform research on nanotechnology

Nastassja A Lewinski, Bridget T McInnes
2015 Beilstein Journal of Nanotechnology  
With the deluge of published data, there is a need for natural language processing approaches to semi-automate the cataloguing of engineered nanomaterials and their associated physico-chemical properties  ...  Literature in the field of nanotechnology is exponentially increasing with more and more engineered nanomaterials being created, characterized, and tested for performance and safety.  ...  The amount of physico-chemical characterization data extracted by the systems analyzing literature for exposure and biological response data (i.e., Nanotoxicity Searcher, NanoSifter, and NEIMiner) varied  ... 
doi:10.3762/bjnano.6.149 pmid:26199848 pmcid:PMC4505089 fatcat:p325xjjyzzaejnwxvys55p6sye

Genetic information, physical interpreters and thermodynamics; the material-informatic basis of biosemiosis [article]

Peter R. Wills
2013 arXiv   pre-print
The sequence of nucleotide bases occurring in an organism's DNA is often regarded as a codescript for its construction.  ...  This problem is discussed within the theoretical frameworks of thermodynamics, informatics and self-reproducing automata, paying special attention to the physico-chemical origin of genetic coding and the  ...  Acknowledgments I am grateful to Kay Nieselt for her hospitality in Tübingen and to the Carl Zeiss Foundation for financial support.  ... 
arXiv:1308.2107v1 fatcat:vkcxczg2s5cinazdsdqdws5xke

On Activity modelling in process modeling

Dorel Aiordachioaie
2001 Analele Universităţii "Dunărea de Jos" Galaţi: Fascicula III, Electrotehnică, Electronică, Automatică, Informatică  
Some principles are considered and discussed as main dimensions of any modelling activity: the compatibility of the substances, the equipresence of phenomena and the solvability of the model.  ...  The paper is looking to the dynamic feature of the meta-models of the process modelling process, the time.  ...  The author would like to acknowledge the Professor Yuji Naka for generosity in accepting him as member in the Process Systems Engineering Laboratory.  ... 
doaj:6dc180de9ad2447aa34a1369ff598c1d fatcat:on4ohuilprbpfcozmwh2f3tdai

Introduction à la géométrie projective différentielle des surfaces

H. T. H. P.
1932 Nature  
One obvious merit of the book is that a number of exercises in volumetric analysis are set in the form of a physico-chemical problem instead of a mere exercise in analysis, since the student is required  ...  Explanations in simple language are given of the principles and construction of the various equipments, their action is explained, hints as to their proper use are given, and the likely faults are tabulated  ... 
doi:10.1038/129080b0 fatcat:zl2ld4py45d4tk2sum4u4wtlei

Villages et Kasbas berbères: tableaux de la vie sociale des Berbères sédentaires dans le sud du Maroc

1932 Nature  
One obvious merit of the book is that a number of exercises in volumetric analysis are set in the form of a physico-chemical problem instead of a mere exercise in analysis, since the student is required  ...  Explanations in simple language are given of the principles and construction of the various equipments, their action is explained, hints as to their proper use are given, and the likely faults are tabulated  ... 
doi:10.1038/129080d0 fatcat:xz2aeqjf3ngn5m4acvtbphdzma

Constructive induction and protein tertiary structure prediction

T R Ioerger, L Rendell, S Subramaniam
1993 Proceedings. International Conference on Intelligent Systems for Molecular Biology  
In contrast, we present a novel constructive induction approach that learns better representations of amino acid sequences in terms of physical and chemical properties.  ...  We consider two ways of applying machine learning to facilitate protein structure prediction.  ...  The shift of representation to fit a fixed learning bias makes this approach a kind of constructive induction, and promises to exploit and augment molecular biologists' knowledge of the physico-chemical  ... 
pmid:7584336 fatcat:hasgo2smijapfceqec3wbb3ls4

Molecular Information Theory: Solving the Mysteries of DNA [chapter]

Sungchul Ji
2004 Natural Computing Series  
all teleonomic functions of molecular machines, and (iii) implements cell language in the form of fuzzy if-then rules at the levels of both molecular machines and the living cell.  ...  It is posited that the necessary and sufficient conditions for unraveling the workings of DNA is the successful construction of a computer model of the living cell that (i) takes into account not only  ...  Acknowledgements I am grateful for the generous financial support provided by the Mathematical Institute of the National University of Singapore, which allowed me to travel to Singapore to present two  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-18734-6_7 fatcat:r4vxmrcz5ncpdklsp74tl7e2fu

THE REASONABLE EFFECTIVENESS OF MATHEMATICS AND ITS COGNITIVE ROOTS [chapter]

GIUSEPPE LONGO
2005 Geometries of Nature, Living Systems and Human Cognition  
The underlying physico-chemical invariants are part of the phenomenon, but are not sufficient to describe it.  ...  Why this geometric assumption should be "the most convenient" for understanding the space of every-day life, as many claim, Poincare' in particular, but not fully general for a physico-mathematical analysis  ... 
doi:10.1142/9789812700889_0007 fatcat:ds7inqrscfgljdweoutqoqt2uu

Page 138 of Technical Book Review Index Vol. 13, Issue 7 [page]

1947 Technical Book Review Index  
The bulk of the volume is made up of practical soap kettle recipes, without however, attempting to touch on the physico- chemical problems involved . ..  ...  There is not a single photograph of any machine or plant used in the soap industry. Nor, for instance, does a soap plodder or cooling press appear in the index or anywhere else.  ... 

CRITIQUE OF COMPUTATIONAL REASON IN THE NATURAL SCIENCES [chapter]

GIUSEPPE LONGO
2009 Fundamental Concepts in Computer Science  
In this text, we will attempt to shortly highlight certain constitutive principles of the particular form of knowledge provided by the digital machine, the modern computer, in its relationship to Mathematics  ...  Specifically, we will see that the digital machine proposes causal structures and the breakings of symmetry which generate them as being the central structures of the intelligibility of nature.  ...  So lets enunciate the problem of considering what is the impact of such a machine on the construction of knowledge.  ... 
doi:10.1142/9781848162914_0003 fatcat:rwrol76tazaupe6xhhqc63eq64

Organisms, Machines, and Thunderstorms: A History of Self-Organization, Part One

Evelyn Fox Keller
2008 Historical Studies in the Natural Sciences  
in a deterministic manner." 22 For all his emphasis on the importance of physical and chemical analysis, Bernard, like Kant, was convinced of the ultimate inadequacy of physical and chemical analysis  ...  "[W]hat distinguishes a living machine is not the nature of its physico-chemical properties, complex as they may be, but rather the creation of the machine which develops under our eyes in conditions proper  ...  Little if any of this work bore on the nature of biological organization; but it prepared the ground for the emergence in the late 1970s of a new vision of "self-organization" in the biological realm,  ... 
doi:10.1525/hsns.2008.38.1.45 fatcat:7t7da3oupzb2npl5coxywfiora

Hylomorphism and the Metabolic Closure Conception of Life

James DiFrisco
2014 Acta Biotheoretica  
In a system of metabolic closure, an initial source of energy is transformed along a series of chemical reactions that are organized in a circular pattern, the products of one reaction being the reactants  ...  Throughout, the relationship between hylomorphism and the understanding of living things as machines is explored.  ...  Acknowledgements: This work was made possible by a grant from the Scientific Research Fund of Flanders (Fonds Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek -FWO).  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10441-014-9233-9 pmid:25037160 fatcat:v4i3fci7knhqlhozdzrmw6nfhy

Engineering Polymer Informatics: Towards the Computer-Aided Design of Polymers

Nico Adams, Peter Murray-Rust
2008 Macromolecular rapid communications  
The computer-aided design of polymers is one of the holy grails of modern chemical informatics and of significant interest for a number of communities in polymer science.  ...  The paper outlines a vision for the in silico design of polymers and presents an information model for polymers based on modern semantic web technologies, thus laying the foundations for achieving the  ...  It is, in principle, relatively easy for a machine to perform this kind of error checking, provided the data is accessible and machine comprehensible.  ... 
doi:10.1002/marc.200700832 fatcat:zbkcc4fdhfavzlcsr6b2u2uide
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