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Voter Privacy in the Age of Big Data

Ira Rubinstein
2014 Social Science Research Network  
include Solon Barocas, The Price of Precision: Voter Microtargeting and Its Potential Harms to the Democratic Process, in PROCEEDINGS OF THE 2012 ACM WORKSHOP ON POLITICS, ELECTIONS AND DATA 31, 34 (2012  ...  the democratic process by making it more open and transparent.  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.2447956 fatcat:4zhelkmvwbemze75e3sxc42lgu

Double harm to voters: data-driven micro-targeting and democratic public discourse

Judit Bayer
2020 Internet Policy Review  
This article argues that political micro-targeting impacts the fundamental right of the non-targeted citizens to receive information, and consequently, the democratic public discourse.  ...  Freedom of political expression is also an instrument to create a diverse and free public debate; therefore, expressions that counteract this goal cannot avail of the protection.  ...  Thereby it harms the democratic process of deliberation.  ... 
doi:10.14763/2020.1.1460 fatcat:obtsiq4dgrfdhdpe7v7fkuuri4

Big Data, Surveillance, and the Digital Citizen

Jennifer Cobbe
2018 Social Science Research Network  
This thesis provides an analysis of the impact of pervasive online surveillance on the relationship between the digital citizen and corporations, the state, and politics in order to argue that the United  ...  Original contributions to knowledge are as follows: 1) locating the business model of corporations such as Google and Facebook, identified as  ...  And the potential for predictive privacy harms, as well as the potential for harm caused by re-identification or unauthorised disclosure of data, may be taken to extremes by the internet of things.  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.3234984 fatcat:vpxden2levf4zhmlrfs4a245py

Ad Delivery Algorithms: The Hidden Arbiters of Political Messaging [article]

Muhammad Ali, Piotr Sapiezynski, Aleksandra Korolova, Alan Mislove, Aaron Rieke
2019 arXiv   pre-print
Our findings point to advertising platforms' potential role in political polarization and creating informational filter bubbles.  ...  We run a series of political ads on Facebook and measure how Facebook delivers those ads to different groups, depending on an ad's content (e.g., the political viewpoint featured) and targeting criteria  ...  We are also extremely grateful to the participants and organizers of the REAL ML workshop for their encouragement and constructive feedback. This work was done, in part, while Aleksandra Korolova  ... 
arXiv:1912.04255v3 fatcat:voyp47d3ljettpp22i2czrlkcu

Improving the World or Capitalizing on It? [chapter]

Frederik Stjernfelt, Anne Mette Lauritzen
2019 Your Post has been Removed  
After the discovery that Facebook had been used as a key tool to spread false news and manipulate democratic elections, Zuckerberg is now in a process of changing this philosophy.  ...  ." 14 The idea was that Facebook would help the potentially suicidal person find appropriate treatment online in order to avoid self-harm.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-030-25968-6_8 fatcat:l6clnw6ek5efzj5eldlntaaiym

The Information Laboratory [chapter]

Julie E. Cohen
2019 Between Truth and Power  
For several hundred years, political philosophers and legal theorists have argued that access to information and to the means of communication promotes reason, self-determination, and democratic self-government  ...  Powerful information-economy actors have mobilized new logics of innovative and expressive immunity to stave off protective regulation and deflect accountability for both old and new kinds of harm.  ...  Innovation Jumps the Shark Our story begins with a concerted effort by information businesses to recast discourses about information processing and its potential benefits and harms as discourses about  ... 
doi:10.1093/oso/9780190246693.003.0004 fatcat:uok53wraezgevg5jwv5ckgseqe

Two crates of beer and 40 pizzas: the adoption of innovative political behavioural targeting techniques

Tom Dobber, Damian Trilling, Natali Helberger, Claes H. De Vreese
2017 Internet Policy Review  
Political campaigns increasingly use data to (micro)target voters with tailored messages. In doing so, campaigns raise concerns about privacy and the quality of the public discourse.  ...  Extending existing research to a European context, we propose and test a model for understanding how different contextual factors hinder or facilitate data-driven capabilities of campaigns.  ...  The price of precision: voter microtargeting and its potential harms to the democratic process.  ... 
doi:10.14763/2017.4.777 fatcat:ifjilecb3na3hgmxiqaznmovgu

Frustrated Ambitions: The George W. Bush Presidency and the 2006 Elections

Steven E Schier
2006 The Forum  
It also provides preliminary evidence that Dean's fifty-state strategy paid off in terms of increasing the Democratic vote share beyond the bounce of a national tide favoring Democrats.  ...  Political analysts seem to have overstated Republican advantages in several areas: voter turnout, campaign finance, congressional apportionment, party unity, and social issues.  ...  They targeted voter appeals with high precision, sending one kind of message to snowmobile owners, another to Krugerrand investors, and so on.  ... 
doi:10.2202/1540-8884.1142 fatcat:fpc62jsdgzbgrmsnrxo4jsw2xy

Digital Manipulation and the Future of Electoral Democracy in the U.S

G. Pascal Zachary
2020 IEEE Transactions on Technology and Society  
This article examines the problem of unreliable information on the Web and its implications for the integrity of elections, and representative democracy, in the U.S.  ...  Effects of digital disinformation campaigns on voters are hard to quantify because understanding voter behavior is notoriously difficult for scholars and politicians alike.  ...  the integrity of the voting process [28] .  ... 
doi:10.1109/tts.2020.2992666 fatcat:rufgg5k4p5el7lo3wqvgnadbfi

Between the editors [chapter]

Kieron O'Hara, Mireille Hildebrandt
2020 Life and the Law in the Era of Data-Driven Agency  
This refers to the subliminal operations of microtargeting in advertising, price discrimination, recommender systems, search and political influencing, but also to those of the cloud-driven architectures  ...  This is precisely why microtargeting is so disruptive; it works -but not as professed by those who stand to gain from others' belief in its magic.  ... 
doi:10.4337/9781788972000.00007 fatcat:xldwr3plovcfxju3qpzf6c2ovy

Technology, autonomy, and manipulation

Daniel Susser, Beate Roessler, Helen Nissenbaum
2019 Internet Policy Review  
practices; and second, by drawing attention to the specific harms online manipulation threatens.  ...  Engaging in such practices can harm individuals by diminishing their economic interests, but its deeper, more insidious harm is its challenge to individual autonomy.  ...  However, it is equally important to see that this harm to welfare is derivative of the deeper harm to autonomy.  ... 
doi:10.14763/2019.2.1410 fatcat:5cyz7f7dtzfizle65v6qcyjdcm

Automated Trouble: The Role of Algorithmic Selection in Harms on Social Media Platforms

Florian Saurwein, Charlotte Spencer-Smith
2021 Media and Communication  
Although the analysis emphasizes the role of algorithms as a cause of online harms, it also demonstrates that harms do not arise from the application of algorithms alone.  ...  This article contributes to closing this research gap with an investigation of the link between algorithms and harms on social media platforms.  ...  of Sciences.  ... 
doi:10.17645/mac.v9i4.4062 fatcat:eof6vqtdbvh5na22tpemaxahwa

The Big Data Jury

Andrew Guthrie Ferguson
2015 Social Science Research Network  
This Article addresses the disruptive impact of big data on jury selection and the dilemma it presents to courts, lawyers, and citizens.  ...  Big data technologies also exist to provide litigants a wealth of personal information about potential jurors. The question remains whether these technological innovations benefit the jury system.  ...  It is difficult to know precisely how many jurisdictions in the United States use drivers' lists or registered voters' lists exclusively because of the discretion left to local jurisdictions in many states  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.2545383 fatcat:lwu43arl3fbfhluyigdkv6kgye

Refining the Concept of the Right to Data Protection in Article 8 ECFR – Part II

M. von Grafenstein
2021 European Data Protection Law Review  
The variety of all fundamental rights of the data subject thus determine in which way and how precisely a controller must specify its processing purpose: The greater the risk caused by its processing to  ...  ), the focus shifts equally to the severity of the potential damage (because the specific object of protection is now identified) and to the question of how harm can be prevented at the moment when the  ... 
doi:10.21552/edpl/2021/2/8 fatcat:cjk3jn6civez5lbzszucklcyhy

Dealing with Disinformation: Evaluating the Case for CDA 230 Amendment

Tim Hwang
2017 Social Science Research Network  
Simultaneously, CDA 230 has also been argued to inhibit platform responsiveness to the harms posed by harassment, defamation, sex trafficking, and a host of other activities online.  ...  researchers, policymakers, technologists, and others on how to combat the spread and influence of disinformation online.  ...  If they are indeed effective, the potential risk to democratic institutions and processes seem clear.  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.3089442 fatcat:z54bxg4revea5k6v55hrpy6fiy
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