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In search of performance effects of (in)direct industry science links

B. Cassiman, R. Veugelers, P. Zuniga
2008 Industrial and Corporate Change  
Using patent data from the European Patent Office combined with firm level data, we evaluate the contribution of science linkages to the innovation performance of a firm at the patent level.  ...  In particular, non-science related patents of firms with firm level scientific linkages are more frequently and more quickly cited than comparable patents of firms without these science linkages.  ...  Acknowledgements: We are grateful to Rene Belderbos, Dirk Czarnitzki, Alfonso Gambardella, Bart Van Looy, Yuichi Nagahara and Okazaki Teuro for remarks and suggestions, as well as participants to the EPFL  ... 
doi:10.1093/icc/dtn023 fatcat:rpaezejokzhhje5qm5lnetxhn4

Diversity of Science Linkages and Innovation Performance: Some Empirical Evidence from Flemish Firms

Bruno Cassiman, Reinhilde Veugelers, Maria Pluvia Zuniga
2009 Social Science Research Network  
At the invention level, our findings confirm that patents from firms engaged in science are more frequently cited and have a broader technological and geographical impact, but we show that it is crucial  ...  While at the industry level links to science are highly related to the R&D intensity of the sector, we show that there exists considerable heterogeneity in the type of links to science at the firm level  ...  v) A dummy variable (0/1) indicating whether the firm has patents that contain references to scientific papers. These references are termed scientific non-patent references (NPR) 11 .  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.1726731 fatcat:5m4ijrhvfvag5bfuurboxlmdp4

Diversity of Science Linkages and Innovation Performance: Some Empirical Evidence from Flemish Firms

Bruno Cassiman, Reinhilde Veugelers, Pluvia Zuniga
2009 Social Science Research Network  
At the invention level, our findings confirm that patents from firms engaged in science are more frequently cited and have a broader technological and geographical impact, but we show that it is crucial  ...  While at the industry level links to science are highly related to the R&D intensity of the sector, we show that there exists considerable heterogeneity in the type of links to science at the firm level  ...  v) A dummy variable (0/1) indicating whether the firm has patents that contain references to scientific papers. These references are termed scientific non-patent references (NPR) 11 .  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.1538143 fatcat:qopix5winbf5rlobve2jox2sfm

Science Linkages and Innovation Performance: An Analysis on CIS-3 Firms in Belgium

Bruno Cassiman, Reinhilde Veugelers, Maria Pluvia Zuniga
2007 Social Science Research Network  
At the invention level, our findings confirm that patents from firms engaged in science are more frequently cited and have a broader technological and geographical impact.  ...  While at the sectoral level, links to science are highly related to the sector's R&D intensity, we show that there exists considerable heterogeneity in the type of links to science at the firm level.  ...  Upon comparing patents with scientific references (NPRs) and patents without scientific references, we find that patents without NPRs are more likely to be cited (33% versus 24%) and have a higher mean  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.982321 fatcat:hpnya4ppxzglbj4crb24rm4zs4

Why Challenge the Ivory Tower? New Evidence on the Basicness of Academic Patents*

Dirk Czarnitzki, Katrin Hussinger, Cédric Schneider
2009 Kyklos (Basel)  
This study provides new evidence on the basicness of academic patents using German professor patents linked to patent opposition data from the European Patent Office (EPO).  ...  The effect is weaker for academic patents in collaboration with the business sector, which suggests that those patents are evaluated as more applied by owners of potentially rival technologies.  ...  Non-patent references (NPR) indicate that the examiner inserted at least one citation to the non-patent literature into the search report.  ... 
doi:10.1111/j.1467-6435.2009.00447.x fatcat:cfvehibm4rdpzk463pxgzutxtu

Diversity of Science Linkages: A Survey of Innovation Performance Effects and Some Evidence from Flemish Firms

Bruno Cassiman, Reinhilde Veugelers, Pluvia Zuniga
2010 Economics : the Open-Access, Open-Assessment e-Journal  
At the invention level, our findings confirm that patents from firms engaged in science are more frequently cited and have a broader technological and geographical impact.  ...  Using a sample of Flemish firms, we show that there exists considerable heterogeneity in the type of links to science at the firm level.  ...  Bruno Cassiman is a fellow of the SPSP Research Center at IESE Business School and acknowledges financial support from the Spanish Ministery of Education (SEJ2006-11833/ECON).  ... 
doi:10.5018/economics-ejournal.ja.2010-33 fatcat:arnq5a2df5hmfmrocqjekz2lva

Identifying NIST Impacts on Patenting: A Novel Data Set and Potential Uses

Gary W. Anderson, Anthony Breitzman
2017 Journal of Research of the National Institute of Standards and Technology  
This paper presents results from a novel effort to measure usage and impact of a more complete set of outputs, including patents, publications, research data, software, reference materials, and a variety  ...  This effort captures a significantly broader set of scientific outputs than traditional citation analysis which typically examines patent-to-patent citations or more recently patent-to-(peer-reviewed)  ...  Prior art references to items other than patents are typically referred to as Non-Patent References (NPRs).  ... 
doi:10.6028/jres.122.013 pmid:34877120 pmcid:PMC7339806 fatcat:owp5lkudkngx5gxezbmmhpyrqe

Commercializing academic research: the quality of faculty patenting

D. Czarnitzki, K. Hussinger, C. Schneider
2011 Industrial and Corporate Change  
Moreover, a preliminary evaluation of the effects of the abolishment of the "professor privilege" (the German counterpart of the U.S.  ...  We show that academic entrants have patents of lower "quality" than academic incumbents but they did not cause the decline, since the relative importance of patents involving academics with an existing  ...  References to the non-patent literature: We include a binary variable that takes the value 1 if the patent application cites at least one non-patent reference (NPR).  ... 
doi:10.1093/icc/dtr034 fatcat:obg4oewwbvdzdn3lcnkmy2tzue

Academic Inventors and Firm Inventiveness: A Quasi-Experimental Analysis of Firms' Patents

Daniel Ljungberg
2011 Social Science Research Network  
The findings point to a negative effect of academic inventors on the technological impact of firms' patents.  ...  The persistence of firms' academic patents, measuring the extent to which patents' knowledge is spread and retained in subsequent inventions, also show a positive effect of academic involvement.  ...  Application status Dummy to indicate whether the application has been granted or not. Non-patent references (NPR) Dummy variable for the existence of references to non-patent literature.  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.2351769 fatcat:fhetybyojva4pory3cnhxb5l4q

Does science push technology? Patents citing scientific literature

Martin Meyer
2000 Research Policy  
Counting patents apparently related to basic research activities through citations would be one way of measuring the w relevance of basic research to industry.  ...  A study of front pages of patents in the field of nanoscale technologies suggests that citation linkages hardly represent a direct link between cited paper and citing patent. q  ...  He cites an intellectual evaluation study of patent references that has shown for the field of space technology that a large number of references are linked to the citing Ž . patents in a very broad sense  ... 
doi:10.1016/s0048-7333(99)00040-2 fatcat:fq656tuerfcvlkluhau56hruzm

Patent Citations Analysis and Its Value in Research Evaluation: A Review and a New Approach to Map Technology-relevant Research

Anthony F.J. van Raan
2017 Journal of Data and Information Science  
Purpose First, to review the state-of-the-art in patent citation analysis, particularly characteristics of patent citations to scientific literature (scientific non-patent references, SNPRs).  ...  The mapping approach to identify a broad range of technology-relevant papers is novel and offers new opportunities in research evaluation practices.  ...  Jos Winnink also provided the example of a recent patent document. Figure 13 .  ... 
doi:10.1515/jdis-2017-0002 fatcat:kmnis5uwzbbfzdojoxiloiuvl4

Discarding the 'basic science/applied science' dichotomy: A knowledge utilization triangle classification system of research journals

Robert J.W. Tijssen
2010 Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology  
I would also like to thank the reviewers for their insightful comments and suggestions.  ...  Acknowledgments Thanks are due to Arnold Verbeek (IdeaConsult, Brussels), Erik van Wijk, Renald Buter, Nees Jan van Eck, and Ludo Waltman (CWTS, Leiden University) for their valuable data inputs and research  ...  Hence, these so-called 'non patent references' (NPR) in patents can be used to coefficients (R) between "industrial relevance" and "NPR intensity". -------------------------------------------------  ... 
doi:10.1002/asi.21366 fatcat:fa7wsch6nnbfpnn3zyijl2ajk4

The nexus between science and industry: evidence from faculty inventions

Dirk Czarnitzki, Katrin Hussinger, Cédric Schneider
2011 Journal of Technology Transfer  
Against the background of the so-called "European paradox", i.e. the conjecture that EU countries lack the capability to transfer science into commercial innovations, knowledge transfer from academia to  ...  Faculty patents assigned to academic inventors or to public research institutions, in contrast, are more complex, more basic and have stronger links to science.  ...  Non-patent references (NPR) indicate that the examiner (or in rare cases the inventor) inserted at least one citation to the non-patent literature into the search report.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10961-011-9214-y fatcat:ozciov2x6nhcxa7ghpno2uuyjq

The Nexus between Science and Industry: Evidence From Faculty Inventions

Dirk Czarnitzki, Katrin Hussinger, Cédric Schneider
2009 Social Science Research Network  
Against the background of the so-called "European paradox", i.e. the conjecture that EU countries lack the capability to transfer science into commercial innovations, knowledge transfer from academia to  ...  Faculty patents assigned to academic inventors or to public research institutions, in contrast, are more complex, more basic and have stronger links to science.  ...  Non-patent references (NPR) indicate that the examiner (or in rare cases the inventor) inserted at least one citation to the non-patent literature into the search report.  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.1431895 fatcat:aplsgr66mna3xijgsb2pmynrtu

STEM Librarian South 2017 Program and Abstracts [article]

Christina Chan-Park
2021 figshare.com  
We used these publications to study the extent our researchers are publishing in these fully open access journals and to identify the relative impact of their open access (OA) versus non-OA publications  ...  that were published in fully open access (OA) and non-Open Access (non-OA) journals and indexed in the Web of Science core collections for the period January 2005 to October 2015 will be presented in  ... 
doi:10.6084/m9.figshare.15127749.v1 fatcat:cdr2fzlaincllhlhwv6odiwa7e
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