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The neural mechanisms underlying internally and externally guided task selection

Joseph M. Orr, Marie T. Banich
2014 NeuroImage  
These findings suggest that the LFP supports task selection according to abstract, internal goals, and leaves open the possibility that MFC may guide action selection in situations lacking in such topdown  ...  While there was some evidence that the MFC was involved in voluntary task selection, we found that the LFP and anterior insula (AI) were crucial to task selection in the pursuit of an overall goal.  ...  Acknowledgments This work was supported by NIMH P50 079485 to M.T.B. and NIDA 1-F32-DA034412-01A1 to J.M.O.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2013.08.047 pmid:23994316 pmcid:PMC3849139 fatcat:r7mmufgfcfaj5blwsz5tuzvdeq

A Neural Pathway for Nonreinforced Preference Change

Tom Schonberg, Leor N. Katz
2020 Trends in Cognitive Sciences  
While research on this reinforced pathway is well established, far less research has explored the neural pathways promoting preference change in the absence of external reinforcements.  ...  primate brain to guide value-based decisions.  ...  Acknowledgments Tom Schonberg was supported by the European Research Council (ERC) under the European Union's Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation Programme (grant number 715016) and the Israeli Science  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.tics.2020.04.002 pmid:32430228 fatcat:uamztlc5wrbyll2ewl3qp77sxy

New perspectives on self-control development: Highlighting the role of intentional inhibition

Margot A. Schel, Anouk Scheres, Eveline A. Crone
2014 Neuropsychologia  
We conclude that understanding the developmental trajectory of intentional inhibition in cold and motivationally relevant contexts and its underlying mechanisms is an important direction for future research  ...  First, we will review the existing behavioral and neuroscientific literature on the development of self-control from the perspective of externally driven inhibition.  ...  Thus, the underlying neural mechanisms of intentional inhibition appear to be at least partly distinct from the neural mechanisms underlying externally guided inhibition.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2014.08.022 pmid:25173709 fatcat:hjdbpdwlrjb6jmwjwu5f6mqeiy

Relation between choice-induced preference change and depression

Madoka Miyagi, Makoto Miyatani, Takashi Nakao, Thomas Boraud
2017 PLoS ONE  
We discuss the mechanisms underlying the relation between depression and choiceinduced preference change. Measures Self-reported depressive symptom level.  ...  For internally guided decision-making, a phenomenon is known by which preference for the chosen item increases and preference for the rejected item is decreased after choosing between two equally preferred  ...  Acknowledgments This research was supported by the Center of Innovation Program of the Japan Science and Technology Agency (JST) and by JSPS KAKENHI Grants 26285168 and 25870467.  ... 
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0180041 pmid:28662126 pmcid:PMC5491117 fatcat:xrn4gnpvlncovdjzzyslmcleoy

Context-Dependent Neural Activation: Internally and Externally Guided Rhythmic Lower Limb Movement in Individuals With and Without Neurodegenerative Disease

Madeleine E. Hackney, Ho Lim Lee, Jessica Battisto, Bruce Crosson, Keith M. McGregor
2015 Frontiers in Neurology  
Both internally guided (IG) and externally guided (EG) movement strategies have evidence to support their use in rehabilitative programs.  ...  However, while these programs are increasing in number, still little is known about the neural mechanisms underlying motor improvements attained with such interventions.  ...  EXTERNALLY GUIDED NEURAL CIRCUITRY -CORTICAL, CEREBELLAR, AND PD Externally guided movements involve both overlapping and discrete brain regions for successful task completion.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fneur.2015.00251 pmid:26696952 pmcid:PMC4667008 fatcat:w4c2cn5ejffxtenzesjobu535u

Distinct mechanisms for the impact of distraction and interruption on working memory in aging

Wesley C. Clapp, Adam Gazzaley
2012 Neurobiology of Aging  
These results suggest that distinct underlying mechanisms mediate the impact of different types of external interference on WM in normal aging.  ...  EEG was recorded while participants engaged in three versions of a delayedrecognition task: no interference, a distracting stimulus, and an interrupting stimulus presented during WM maintenance.  ...  Given such distinct mechanisms, the impact of distraction and interruption on WM in older adults, as well as the underlying etiology of a negative influence by these two types of interference, may be different  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.neurobiolaging.2010.01.012 pmid:20144492 pmcid:PMC2891289 fatcat:6z2y5n7plna4fdqcpiqbgtboyy

Shifting the Spotlight of Attention: Evidence for Discrete Computations in Cognition

Timothy J. Buschman, Earl K. Miller
2010 Frontiers in Human Neuroscience  
Here, we review our recent investigations of the neural mechanisms underlying the control of visual attention in frontal and parietal cortex.  ...  To compensate, the brain developed attention, the ability to select information relevant to the current task, while filtering out the rest.  ...  The focus of this manuscript is to review the neural mechanisms underlying the control of attention (and then extend this toward cognition in general).  ... 
doi:10.3389/fnhum.2010.00194 pmid:21119775 pmcid:PMC2990535 fatcat:ttxrlmax6vhdrox6masdc2duuq

The missing link between action and cognition

Deborah J. Serrien, Richard B. Ivry, Stephan P. Swinnen
2007 Progress in Neurobiology  
Neurally, overlap between action and cognition is prominent in frontal lobe areas linked to response selection and monitoring.  ...  sequencing or coordination, and when taking into account external (environment-related) factors such as feedback availability and internal (performer-related) factors such as pathology.  ...  and the Research Fund of Katholieke Universiteit Leuven (SPS).  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.pneurobio.2007.02.003 pmid:17399884 fatcat:g3tqapxr2ndf3fowxetqs3rsfq

A Cognitive Framework for Understanding and Improving Interference Resolution in the Brain [chapter]

Jyoti Mishra, Joaquin A. Anguera, David A. Ziegler, Adam Gazzaley
2013 Progress in Brain Research  
Importantly, externally and internally generated interferences have distinct neural signatures, and further, distinct neural processing emerges depending on whether individuals must ignore and suppress  ...  This research showcases how an in-depth understanding of neural mechanisms can then inform the development of effective deficit-targeted interventions, which can in turn benefit both healthy and cognitively  ...  Research and Career Development Award (JAA); the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation; and the Posit Science Corporation.  ... 
doi:10.1016/b978-0-444-63327-9.00013-8 pmid:24309262 pmcid:PMC4067257 fatcat:u3mn5y7bx5bfflvewf5hzut43u

Neurorobotic Models of Neurological Disorders: A Mini Review

Savva Pronin, Liam Wellacott, Jhielson Pimentel, Renan C. Moioli, Patricia A. Vargas
2021 Frontiers in Neurorobotics  
in generalizability to humans and are restricted in the scope of possible experiments.  ...  We also highlight the existing limitations in a wider uptake of robot models for neurological disorders and suggest future directions for the field.  ...  and simulate pharmacological treatments to investigate the underlying neural correlates.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fnbot.2021.634045 pmid:33828474 pmcid:PMC8020031 fatcat:scs7gr4j7bhslfpguxcxfyd7wu

Effects of auditory distraction on voluntary movements: exploring the underlying mechanisms associated with parallel processing

Marcelo Bigliassi, Costas I. Karageorghis, Alexander V. Nowicky, Michael J. Wright, Guido Orgs
2017 Psychological Research  
The brain mechanisms that underlie the control of potential distractors during exercise were possibly associated with the activity of the frontoparietal network.  ...  of the cortex activated at 0.368 s in order to reduce the processing of task-irrelevant stimuli during the execution of movements.  ...  AD was compared with SO to identify the mechanisms underlying the attentional processing associated with attentional shifts from internal association (task-related) to external (task-unrelated) sensory  ... 
doi:10.1007/s00426-017-0859-5 pmid:28391368 pmcid:PMC6013515 fatcat:56da4zksebghnfuzsffuprodmu

The Representation of Action

Flavio T.P. Oliveira, Richard B. Ivry
2008 Current Directions in Psychological Science  
However, interest in representational issues was in limbo for much of the past 30 years, during which time the focus was on biomechanical and abstract accounts of the constraints underlying coordinated  ...  The motor-program concept, emphasizing how actions are represented in the brain, helped bring the study of motor control into the realm of cognitive psychology.  ...  Acknowledgments-Preparation of this manuscript was supported by the National Institutes of Health (U.S.A.), the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council (Canada), and the Canadian Institutes of  ... 
doi:10.1111/j.1467-8721.2008.00562.x pmid:19606276 pmcid:PMC2709871 fatcat:xy7kffs7wrhxvmgjerq5kn7kpm

Top-down modulation: bridging selective attention and working memory

Adam Gazzaley, Anna C. Nobre
2012 Trends in Cognitive Sciences  
Here, we review recent evidence from human neurophysiological studies demonstrating that top-down modulation serves as a common neural mechanism underlying these two cognitive operations.  ...  Working memory: maintenance and/or manipulation of task-relevant information in mind for brief periods of time to guide subsequent behavior.  ...  Thus, selecting a target from WM and from the environment may be largely analogous acts of internally and externally directed selective attention.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.tics.2011.11.014 pmid:22209601 pmcid:PMC3510782 fatcat:ktw3o3zi3va4dnrnjkyu3oevqy

Neurodynamical approach to the picture–word interference effect

Franziska Koepke, Marco Loh, Albert Costa, Gustavo Deco
2006 Neurocomputing  
We show that the mechanism for categorization must be functionally decoupled from the basic level mechanisms. r  ...  In particular, we focused on the (a) identity effect, (b) semantic interference effect, (c) semantic facilitation effect, and the semantic facilitation in categorization.  ...  Acknowledgments This research was supported by grants from Ministerio de Ciencia y Tecnologı´a (BSO2002-01545) and the James S. McDonnell Foundation (JSMF-20002079) .  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.neucom.2005.12.114 fatcat:vctc5qip4vexre5exne44wvd6y


2013 Advances in Complex Systems  
This result is complemented with a mechanism for the emergence of opponent selection biases.  ...  The first approach uses the correlations between external stimuli and anticipatory actions, and typically learns simple tasks quickly.  ... 
doi:10.1142/s021952591303001x fatcat:yat6l5nbpnh4dds7fmm2hw222i
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