Filters








228 Hits in 6.1 sec

The function of the hippocampus and middle temporal gyrus in forming new associations and concepts during the processing of novelty and usefulness features in creative designs

Jingyuan Ren, Furong Huang, Ying Zhou, Liping Zhuang, Jiahua Xu, Chuanji Gao, Shaozheng Qin, Jing Luo
2020 NeuroImage  
We found that both the MTL and the MTG were involved in the processing of novelty and usefulness.  ...  the FU and the unsuccessfully constructed concept (NS), and this pattern was found to correspond to the pattern of their neural representations in the MTG.  ...  Acknowledgments This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (31671124, 31271079), the Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Imaging Technology (BAICIT-2016018), and the  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2020.116751 pmid:32194284 fatcat:af4odvwverffljriqyce77r5w4

New advances in the neural correlates of insight: A decade in review of the insightful brain

WangBing Shen, Jing Luo, Chang Liu, Yuan Yuan
2012 Chinese Science Bulletin  
This putative framework represents the neural basis of the cognitive and affective processes that are involved in insight.  ...  The hippocampus, superior temporal gyrus and fusiform gyrus form an integrated functional network that specializes in the formation of novel and effective associations.  ...  This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (30770708), National Basic Research Program of China (2010CB833904) and the Fourth High-level Personnel Training Project in Jiangsu  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11434-012-5565-5 fatcat:tjm25ndtifgo5eo7zkwq3algom

Tracking the neurodynamics of insight: A meta-analysis of neuroimaging studies

Wangbing Shen, Yu Tong, Feng Li, Yuan Yuan, Bernhard Hommel, Chang Liu, Jing Luo
2018 Biological Psychology  
Acknowledgments This work was supported by the National Natural Science  ...  relates to models of creativity and the role of incubation in the creative process.  ...  The appropriateness of Wallas' approach in insight problem solving is due to the close similarity between creativity and insight in conceptualization, measures and processes.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.biopsycho.2018.08.018 pmid:30165082 fatcat:ocvax2kfubbcvp6fttwe223rve

Representation Internal-Manipulation (RIM): A Neuro-Inspired Computational Theory of Consciousness [article]

Gianluca Baldassarre, Giovanni Granato
2019 arXiv   pre-print
Many theories, based on neuroscientific and psychological empirical evidence and on computational concepts, have been elaborated to explain the emergence of consciousness in the central nervous system.  ...  Recently, some cognitive and neuroscientific models try to solve this gap by linking consciousness to various aspects of goal-directed behaviour, the pivotal cognitive process that allows mammals to flexibly  ...  Neurally, a chunk can be implemented by connections that link the neural representations of the different elements and/or connections that link them to another neural representation of the semantic link  ... 
arXiv:1912.13490v1 fatcat:se6at76qh5gejcturb5ybevci4

Processing capacity defined by relational complexity: implications for comparative, developmental, and cognitive psychology

G S Halford, W H Wilson, S Phillips
1998 Behavioral and Brain Sciences  
Working memory limits are best defined in terms of the complexity of the relations that can be processed in parallel.  ...  The complexity of relations processed by children increases with age. Implications for neural net models and theories of cognition and cognitive development are discussed.  ...  The novelty in their thesis is in laying such conceptions directly at the feet of capacity models of working memory and in offering a gradable construct by which the processing in the central executive  ... 
pmid:10191879 fatcat:qab6aeszo5hvpdp737mdi43gn4

Case-based design: A review and analysis of building design applications

Ian Watson, Srinath Perera
1997 Artificial intelligence for engineering design, analysis and manufacturing  
This paper presents a review of CBD and its application to building design in particular. Case-based design is the application of case-based reasoning to the design process.  ...  CASE-BASED REASONING The origins of the present state-of-the-art in CBR date back to the work of Schank and Abelson (1975, 1977) on dy-59  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS The authors acknowledge the Association of Commonwealth Universities, the University of Moratuwa, Sri Lanka and EPSRC whose grants (Nos.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0890060400001840 fatcat:b3i6mi26m5ag3enyoxzyd7q2am

Visual-Spatial and Verbal Remote Association: An fMRI Study

Ching-Lin Wu, Hsueh-Chih Chen
2021 Frontiers in Psychology  
associations in a remote associative process.  ...  Upon excluding the influence of age, verbal comprehension, and working memory, it was found that the caudate, posterior cingulate cortex, postcentral gyrus, and medial frontal gyrus were activated when  ...  ., and Luo, J. (2015). The neural basis of novelty and appropriateness in processing of creative chunk decomposition.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2021.672997 fatcat:cm2xe55avzfdfh6r53yxdl64da

A Model of Collective Interpretation

Giovanni Gavetti, Massimo Warglien
2015 Organization science (Providence, R.I.)  
In addition to these results, our model offers a flexible platform that future work can use to explore collective interpretation in a variety of organizational and supraorganizational contexts.  ...  The form of this nonmonotonic relationship is contingent on the nature of the task: ambiguous situations make collectives vulnerable to too much heed: ambiguity ignites conformism; novel situations make  ...  The authors also thank Davide Marchiori for computer programming efforts, John Lafkas and Simona Giorgi for excellent research assistance, the Division of Research of Harvard Business School for generous  ... 
doi:10.1287/orsc.2015.0987 fatcat:gsy5xblie5elbfweshbefgi22u

Modeling Creativity: Case Studies in Python [article]

Tom De Smedt
2014 arXiv   pre-print
and learning their novelty and usefulness.  ...  Modeling Creativity examines creativity in a number of different perspectives: from its origins in nature, which is essentially blind, to humans and machines, and from generating creative ideas to evaluating  ...  Acknowledgements The authors of DrawBot, Just van Rossum and Erik van Blokland, define the simplicity of a computational approach to art and design in terms of volume, complexity and variation:  ... 
arXiv:1410.0281v1 fatcat:an7qvt47fbeqjgx5jmhrrnijsm

The development of features in object concepts

Philippe G. Schyns, Robert L. Goldstone, Jean-Pierre Thibaut
1998 Behavioral and Brain Sciences  
Rather than viewing the repertoire of features as being fixed by low-level processes, we present a theory in which people create features to subserve the representation and categorization of objects.  ...  Finally, we discuss the implications of functional features for object categorization, conceptual development, chunking, constructive induction, and formal models of dimensionality reduction.  ...  Chunking Chunking and perceptual unitization were discussed in the target article (sect. 3.1) as processes that could synthesize new features from a set of more elementary components.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0140525x98000107 fatcat:faztj6io7vagdcueuykdrcmohy

The development of features in object concepts

P G Schyns, R L Goldstone, J P Thibaut
1998 Behavioral and Brain Sciences  
Rather than viewing the repertoire of features as being fixed by low-level processes, we present a theory in which people create features to subserve the representation and categorization of objects.  ...  Finally, we discuss the implications of functional features for object categorization, conceptual development, chunking, constructive induction, and formal models of dimensionality reduction.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS Preparation of this article was supported by the University of Bourgogne and the Centre National e la Recherche Scientifique (ESA CNRS 5022).  ... 
pmid:10097010 fatcat:p3i2lgxirrebpmuedlzgtcerqu

Intrinsic motivations and open-ended learning [article]

Gianluca Baldassarre
2019 arXiv   pre-print
There is a growing interest and literature on intrinsic motivations and open-ended learning in both cognitive robotics and machine learning on one side, and in psychology and neuroscience on the other.  ...  The contribution finally presents some of the open challenges of the field from both the psychological/neuroscientific and computational perspectives.  ...  For example, count-based novelty mechanisms (Bellemare et al. 2016 ) perform novelty detection on the basis of the frequency with which states are encountered rather than on the basis of how well they  ... 
arXiv:1912.13263v1 fatcat:upy5fkqfxzhkbjt3ef5ttwcewu

Unpredicted Pitch Modulates Beta Oscillatory Power during Rhythmic Entrainment to a Tone Sequence

Andrew Chang, Dan J. Bosnyak, Laurel J. Trainor
2016 Frontiers in Psychology  
These findings extend earlier work on neural oscillations by investigating the functional significance of beta oscillations for sensory prediction.  ...  The findings help elucidate the functional significance of beta oscillations in perception.  ...  Bruce for advice on signal processing, Dave Thompson for technical assistance and Alexandra Rice for assisting with data collection.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2016.00327 pmid:27014138 pmcid:PMC4782565 fatcat:mosjytzia5addicqcv3irhttxy

The Newell Test for a theory of cognition

John R Anderson, Christian Lebiere
2003 Behavioral and Brain Sciences  
In contrast, ACT-R includes both symbolic and sub-symbolic components. The strengths of the ACT-R theory derive from its tight integration of the symbolic component with the sub-symbolic component.  ...  The strengths of classical connectionism on this test derive from its intense effort in addressing empirical phenomena in such domains as language and cognitive development.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS ACKNOWLEDGMENT This work was supported in part by ARI contract DASW01-00 -K-0012.  ... 
pmid:15179936 fatcat:ee3ukbaef5dvneqydsyyxz4lre

Nonclassical connectionism should enter the decathlon

Francisco Calvo Garzón
2003 Behavioral and Brain Sciences  
In contrast, ACT-R includes both symbolic and subsymbolic components. The strengths of the ACT-R theory derive from its tight integration of the symbolic component with the subsymbolic component.  ...  The strengths of classical connectionism on this test derive from its intense effort in addressing empirical phenomena in such domains as language and cognitive development.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS ACKNOWLEDGMENT This work was supported in part by ARI contract DASW01-00 -K-0012.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0140525x03240139 fatcat:qzqkqm6ejvelzostaoc4lfp6ni
« Previous Showing results 1 — 15 out of 228 results