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A new path forward: the Interagency Coordinating Committee on the Validation of Alternative Methods (ICCVAM) and National Toxicology Program's Interagency Center for the Evaluation of Alternative Toxicological Methods (NICEATM)

Warren Casey, Abigail Jacobs, Elizabeth Maull, Joanna Matheson, Carol Clarke, Anna Lowit
2015 Journal of the American Association for Laboratory Animal Science  
Cooperation on Alternative Test Methods.  ...  For over 15 y, ICCVAM and the National Toxicology Program's Interagency Center for the Evaluation of Alternative Toxicological Methods (NICEATM) have worked together to promote the development, validation  ...  Acknowledgement Comments included here are those of the CPSC staff and have not been reviewed or approved by, and may not necessarily reflect the views of, the Commission.  ... 
pmid:25836963 pmcid:PMC4382621 fatcat:ie3qcoy4qbhbrlavulu6myxpoi

Progressive Collapse Assessment: A review of the current energy-based Alternate Load Path (ALP) method

Nur Ezzaryn Asnawi Subki, Hazrina Mansor, Yazmin Sahol Hamid, Gerard Parke, A. Awaludin, T. Matsumoto, S. Pessiki, H. Jonkers, S. Siswosukarto, A. Fajar Setiawan, K. Nur Rahma Putri
2019 MATEC Web of Conferences  
The Alternate Load Path (ALP) is a useful method that has generated a considerable recent research interest for the assessment of progressive collapse.  ...  The comprehensive review will include insights on the development of the energy-based method, assumptions, limitations, acceptance criterion and its applicability with the European standards.  ...  Some of the design strategies are the Alternate Load Path (ALP) method and Enhanced Local Resistance (ELR) method.  ... 
doi:10.1051/matecconf/201925802012 fatcat:soww3ndakbemtpl3yc5i667vpi

Modeling of Large-Scale Functional Brain Networks Based on Structural Connectivity from DTI: Comparison with EEG Derived Phase Coupling Networks and Evaluation of Alternative Methods along the Modeling Path [article]

Holger Finger, Marlene Bönstrup, Bastian Cheng, Arnaud Messé, Claus Hilgetag, Götz Thomalla, Christian Gerloff, Peter König
2016 bioRxiv   pre-print
In a second step, we use our modeling framework to explore several technical alternatives along the modeling path.  ...  The combination of the best performing alternatives at each stage in the pipeline results in a model that explains 54.4% of the variance in the empirical EEG functional connectivity.  ...  Acknowledgments 809 This work was funded by the DFG through SFB 936 Multi-Site Communication in the 810 Brain. We would also like to thank Dr. Guido Nolte.  ... 
doi:10.1101/043109 fatcat:ubiczpr2vzc4zajwzzpzx3q6mm

Modeling of Large-Scale Functional Brain Networks Based on Structural Connectivity from DTI: Comparison with EEG Derived Phase Coupling Networks and Evaluation of Alternative Methods along the Modeling Path

Holger Finger, Marlene Bönstrup, Bastian Cheng, Arnaud Messé, Claus Hilgetag, Götz Thomalla, Christian Gerloff, Peter König, Jean Daunizeau
2016 PLoS Computational Biology  
In a second step, we use our modeling framework to explore several technical alternatives along the modeling path.  ...  The combination of the best performing alternatives at each stage in the pipeline results in a model that explains 54.4% of the variance in the PLOS Computational Biology | In this study we probed this  ...  Interpretation of results and revising the work: AM CH HF MB BC PK CG GT. Wrote the paper: HF MB PK.  ... 
doi:10.1371/journal.pcbi.1005025 pmid:27504629 pmcid:PMC4978387 fatcat:jpnwdabqfrb7digbnbap2fiyke

Comparison between Alternative Load Path Method and a Direct Applying Blast Loading Method in Assessment of the Progressive Collapse ARTICLE INFO ABSTRACT

M Bagheripourasil, Y Mohammadi
2015 Journal of Rehabilitation in Civil Engineering   unpublished
the behavior of structure was studied using the direct applying of blast load method and alternative load path method.  ...  Extensive research has been focused on the progressive collapse analysis of buildings and most of them are based on the alternative path method (APM) with sudden removal of one or several columns.  ...  Both employ the alternate path method (APM).  ... 
fatcat:k25e2jiuaravvdnx73tr3tnavi

Dissimilar Alternative Path Search Algorithm Using a Candidate Path Set [chapter]

Yeonjeong Jeong, Dong-Kyu Kim
2011 Search Algorithms and Applications  
We compared the results of the EVL method and the CPS method to evaluate the suitability of these methods for navigation services that finds multiple alternative paths.  ...  This test determines whether the method can provide as many alternative paths as users want; the larger the number of the paths, the better the method.  ...  Dissimilar Alternative Path Search Algorithm Using a Candidate Path Set, Search Algorithms and Applications, Prof.  ... 
doi:10.5772/14850 fatcat:qf4vshf6ofbndipvvqjxo5uouu

Defining and Computing Alternative Routes in Road Networks [article]

Jonathan Dees, Robert Geisberger, Peter Sanders, Roland Bader
2010 arXiv   pre-print
There are beginnings to compute alternative routes, but this topic has not been studied thoroughly. Often, the aspect of meaningful alternative routes is neglected from a human point of view.  ...  [Sco97] proposes a combination of both methods: The computation of a shortest path, that has at most r edges in common with the shortest path.  ...  The crucial point of this method is how we adjust the edge weights after each shortest path computation.  ... 
arXiv:1002.4330v1 fatcat:kem7qyq5ezailjvqmopsobavae

An Efficient Routing Protocol for Discovering the Optimum Path in Mobile Ad Hoc Networks

Abbas Mirzaei Somarin, Younes Alaei, Mohammad Reza Tahernezhad, Amin Mohajer, Morteza Barari
2015 Indian Journal of Science and Technology  
Then we present a method for path backup in order to reduce control overhead and improve the performance of this protocol.  ...  Simulation results show that the proposed method has a high performance compared to similar ones.  ...  The packet carries some information about the node which had the alternate path. In the case of link failure or absence of an alternate path, packets are checked for alternate paths.  ... 
doi:10.17485/ijst/2015/v8is8/70530 fatcat:hy4n4z4embbkhejxlh3ufjopjy

Alternative Route Graphs in Road Networks [chapter]

Roland Bader, Jonathan Dees, Robert Geisberger, Peter Sanders
2011 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
the quality of the alternative graph.  ...  The combination of the refined penalty based iterative shortest path routine and the previously proposed Plateau heuristics yields best results. A user study confirms these results.  ...  A methods perform well if it finds the alternative paths given by the survey participants.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-19754-3_5 fatcat:gpoh2bhkffb67aojyi3d5f37ka

Dynamic symbolic database application testing

Chengkai Li, Christoph Csallner
2010 Proceedings of the Third International Workshop on Testing Database Systems - DBTest '10  
Alternative Methods Details of the Method Implementation Ongoing and Future Work  ...  A presentative database sample may not trigger a set of program execution paths that is representative of the paths encountered in production use.  ... 
doi:10.1145/1838126.1838133 dblp:conf/sigmod/LiC10 fatcat:5hcfepxytbcoplrtb5q7uhk5bm

Evolution and Evaluation of the Penalty Method for Alternative Graphs

Moritz Kobitzsch, Marcel Radermacher, Dennis Schieferdecker, Marc Herbstritt
2013 Algorithmic Approaches for Transportation Modeling, Optimization, and Systems  
A mayor cause for the lack of interest might be the unavailability of an efficient implementation. In this paper, we take a closer look at the penalty method and extend upon its ideas.  ...  Computing meaningful alternative routes in a road network is a complex problem -already giving a clear definition of a best alternative seems to be impossible.  ...  Acknowledgements We would like to thank Daniel Delling of Microsoft Reasearch, Sillicon Valley for providing a PUNCH partition of our European road network.  ... 
doi:10.4230/oasics.atmos.2013.94 dblp:conf/atmos/KobitzschRS13 fatcat:ljgumthhvrhsfdaj3dpi2pcrpu

Optimisation and Comprehensive Evaluation of Alternative Energising Paths for Power System Restoration

Shaoyan Li, Xueping Gu, Guangqi Zhou, Yang Li
2019 IET Generation, Transmission & Distribution  
In view of this, the energising path optimisation based on the minimum cost flow model is investigated, then an iterative searching method for alternative path schemes based on mixed integer linear programming  ...  The iterative method for alternative path schemes could determine more than one scheme with minimal charging reactive power efficiently.  ...  Acknowledgments The work here was supported by a project of National Natural Science Foundation of China (51677071), and a project of the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (2018MS085  ... 
doi:10.1049/iet-gtd.2018.6277 fatcat:pyws4lvmebcyzmfyk74utoferq

Selective Precomputation of Alternate Routes Using Link-State Information for IP Fast Restoration

Kazuya SUZUKI, Masahiro JIBIKI, Kenichi YOSHIDA
2010 IEICE transactions on communications  
In this paper, we propose a method for reducing the number of alternate routing tables for link failure. It analyzes three types of shortest path trees on the basis of link-state information.  ...  The resulting huge number of alternate routing tables has prevented these methods from being deployed.  ...  Acknowledgments This work was partly supported by the Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications, Japan.  ... 
doi:10.1587/transcom.e93.b.1085 fatcat:hsdd2ypdivb4jclk2czdqkrere

The Schulze Method of Voting [article]

Markus Schulze
2022 arXiv   pre-print
Furthermore, we propose a generalization of the Condorcet criterion to multi-winner elections. This paper contains a large number of examples to illustrate the proposed methods.  ...  We propose a new single-winner election method ("Schulze method") and prove that it satisfies many academic criteria (e.g. monotonicity, reversal symmetry, resolvability, independence of clones, Condorcet  ...  Basic idea of the Schulze method is that the strength of the indirect comparison "alternative a vs. alternative b" is the strength of the strongest path a ≡ c(1),...  ... 
arXiv:1804.02973v11 fatcat:ychf6pfp5nevxovjmqmrng2rmu

Page 300 of Geographical Analysis Vol. 29, Issue 4 [page]

1997 Geographical Analysis  
a choice of very distinct alternatives.  ...  Routing applications motivated by avoiding congestion have minimized the sharing of arcs by alternative routes.  ... 
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