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The many faces of counts-as: A formal analysis of constitutive rules

Davide Grossi, John-Jules Ch. Meyer, Frank Dignum
2008 Journal of Applied Logic  
to the stronger notion of constitutive rule.  ...  These many ways in which counts-as can be said are formally addressed by making use of modal logic techniques.  ...  Acknowledgements We would like to thank the anonymous reviewers of DEON'06 and of the Journal of Applied Logic, Prof.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.jal.2007.06.008 fatcat:5gwyx3w57jc6toxicxnukx7qze

What counts as new?

Michael Biggs
2017 Text: Journal of the Australian Association of Writing Programs  
What counts as new? Abstract: The paper uses the form of an interview with editorial comments to take a multivocal approach to discussing creativity in research.  ...  Two visualisations of the relationship between creativity and comprehension are proposed, leading to a claim for a 'scale of creativity'.  ...  Acknowledgements This research was supported under the Australian Research Council's Discovery Projects funding scheme (project number DP130100402 'Understanding creative excellence: a case study in poetry  ... 
doi:10.52086/001c.25990 fatcat:5t2bpxxmnrcfjltzpxlyvus4oe

The Many Faced Masculinities in A Game of Thrones

Cenk TAN
2018 Mediterranean Journal of Humanities  
A Game of Thrones is a stunning medieval fantasy which tells the story of the immense struggle for power in an ancient world named 'The Seven Kingdoms'.  ...  Since its first broadcast in 2011, A Game of Thrones has attracted millions of viewers on a global scale and has received a total of 38 Emmy Awards.  ...  After a long quest, Arya ends up in the free city of Braavos at the Faceless men, an assassin cult worshipping a deity they call "The Many Faced God".  ... 
doi:10.13114/mjh.2018.436 fatcat:6ymeinypifdtbb4eshsz6ckio4

Exercising or Evading International Public Authority? The Many Faces of Environmental Post-Treaty Instruments

Tim Staal
2016 Göttingen Journal of International Law  
While a number of PTIs are rightly characterized as exercises of authority, this article seeks to demonstrate how certain environmental PTIs with rule-setting character ('PTRs') amount to evasions of authority  ...  Post-treaty instruments (PTIs) are informal instruments adopted by consensus of the treaty parties as follow-up decision to a particular provision in a treaty.  ...  The Many Faces of Environmental Post-Treaty Rules Tim Staal* Abstract Post-treaty instruments (PTIs) are informal instruments adopted by consensus of the treaty parties as follow-up decision to a particular  ... 
doi:10.3249/1868-1581-7-1-staal fatcat:wbfkrtb4kveypbpw7hwsefpjre

Dogmas of Effective Field Theory : Scheme Dependence, Fundamental Parameters, and the Many Faces of the Higgs Naturalness Principle

Joshua Samuel Rosaler
2022 Foundations of physics 52(1)  
; the assumption of a physically preferred parametrization, whether in the form of bare "fundamental parameters" or renormalized "physical parameters," constitutes a theoretical idle wheel in generating  ...  theory (EFT) in the form of that EFT's physical cutoff, together with an associated set of bare parameters that constitute the unique physically preferred "fundamental parameters" of the EFT.  ...  By contrast, the values of the parameters Λ and g(Λ) do not meet this requirement, and so should not be counted as physical matters of fact.  ... 
doi:10.18154/rwth-2021-11885 fatcat:vaclxpum2fe7dm5ecrfkkszshu

What counts as a Newtonian system? The view from Norton's dome

Samuel Craig Fletcher
2011 European Journal for Philosophy of Science  
If the force on a particle fails to satisfy a Lipschitz condition at a point, it relaxes one of the conditions necessary for a locally unique solution to the particle's equation of motion.  ...  I examine the most discussed example of this failure of determinism in classical mechanics-that of Norton's dome-and the range of current objections against it.  ...  theory, which in turn leads to their divergence over what counts as a proper Newtonian system.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s13194-011-0040-8 fatcat:yhc6gfpxizetbhimt7xl266hy4

Whose Language Counts as High Quality? Measuring Language Ideologies in Text Data Selection [article]

Suchin Gururangan, Dallas Card, Sarah K. Dreier, Emily K. Gade, Leroy Z. Wang, Zeyu Wang, Luke Zettlemoyer, Noah A. Smith
2022 arXiv   pre-print
the inclusion or exclusion of various texts.  ...  Using a new dataset of U.S. high school newspaper articles -- written by students from across the country -- we investigate whose language is preferred by the quality filter used for GPT-3.  ...  Acknowledgments This paper benefited from thoughtful feedback from a number of people: Emily M.  ... 
arXiv:2201.10474v2 fatcat:3v3dqozhljemxahn7ut6u7xhru

Rural democratization and decentralization at the state/society interface: What counts as 'local' government in the mexican countryside?

Jonathan Fox
2007 Journal of Peasant Studies  
This study analyzes this unresolved process of political contestation in the largely rural, low-income states of Guerrero, Hidalgo, Oaxaca and Chiapas.  ...  Grassroots civic movements throughout rural Mexico have mobilized for community self-governance, leading to a widespread, largely invisible and ongoing 'regimetransition' at the sub-municipal level.  ...  of 'what counts' as local government.  ... 
doi:10.1080/03066150701802934 fatcat:2fg5vaolv5buzojbj7rdbz5ujq

What Counts as a Proverb? The Case of NTC's Dictionary of Proverbs and Clichés

Is'haaq Akbarian
2012 Lexikos  
It was found that (a) the above dictionary failed to distinguish between proverbs and other prefabricated expressions and (b) nearly 67 percent out of the total number of the entries in the dictionary  ...  Based on the distinctions between the fixed expressions offered in Gramley and Pätzold (1992) and Simpson (1985) , NTC's Dictionary of Proverbs and Clichés (Bertram 1996) was investigated as a sample proverb  ...  Regarded as "the wit of one and the wisdom of many", the proverb is a terse and witty philosophical saying that conveys a lesson.  ... 
doi:10.5788/22-1-994 fatcat:2twjqpym5bgdzpjdubexike7k4

What "Counts" as Educational Policy? Notes toward a New Paradigm

2005 Harvard Educational Review  
What has counted as state education policy regarding poor students can be said to have begun with mid-to late-nineteenth century insertions into state constitutions of the right of all students to a free  ...  What "Counts" as Educational Policy?  ... 
doi:10.17763/haer.75.1.g1q5k721220ku176 fatcat:nrtt62fyknbk3dwekrwiigdhbm

What Counts as "a" Sound and How "to Count" a Sound

Jorge Luis Méndez-Martinez
2019 Synthesis philosophica  
Is the term sound a mass or a count-sortal? It is shown that, for reasons pertaining SO, the decision regarding the case of sound as a mass or count-sortal term remains open.  ...  As a way of showing the difficulties inherited by sound's inner ontology, the problem of its linguistic representation is also addressed.  ...  Méndez-Martinez, What Counts as "a" Sound and How "to Count" a Sound  ... 
doi:10.21464/sp34112 fatcat:zdo2riolyvbhnf7v5qzycwe4fi

What counts as success? Constructions of achievement in prestigious higher education programmes

Anne-Sofie Nyström, Carolyn Jackson, Minna Salminen Karlsson
2018 Research Papers in Education  
a centre for Gender Research, uppsala university, uppsala, sweden; b department of educational Research, Lancaster university, Lancaster, uK ABSTRACT Academic achievement is regarded an indicator of the  ...  We discuss the implications of the dominant constructions of success, concluding that (upper) middle-class men are most likely to be read as 'successful students' , especially in engineering physics.  ...  However, rather than undertaking an indepth analysis of perceptions of what constitutes success as we do here, they focussed predominantly on explanations for success, and explored discourses about merit  ... 
doi:10.1080/02671522.2018.1452964 fatcat:immd3qtduvejnmewbenkgndx4e

Postface: fragmentation, failing trust and enduring tensions over what counts as climate finance

J. Timmons Roberts, Romain Weikmans
2017 International Environmental Agreements: Politics, Law and Economics  
Our goal is to provoke discussion about the depth of the problems this lack of a functional definition and accounting system have created and perpetuated.  ...  More than a trust issue between developed and developing countries, we argue that the lack of modalities to account for climate finance also considerably impedes the effective functioning of the bottom-up  ...  This research was partially supported by the Belgian American Educational Foundation (Romain Weikmans).  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10784-016-9347-4 fatcat:nnvgmybh5bhjhkyrluam4zbbhq

Trapped between a Rock and a Hard Place: What Counts as Information Literacy in the Workplace and How Is It Conceptualized?

Annemaree Lloyd
2011 Library Trends  
The hard place is the translation of information literacy practice with an understanding of how this practice happens, that is, from the education sector into workplace performance.  ...  literacy, which is unsatisfactory, because it is confined by the discursive practices of the education sector and does not account for the complex social processes that inform learning to work.  ...  Information literacy is a way of knowing the many environments that constitute an individual being in the world.  ... 
doi:10.1353/lib.2011.0046 fatcat:4ee5iqa32zfspj5d3fn4yaz25i

What Counts as Software Process? Negotiating the Boundary of Software Work Through Artifacts and Conversation

Marisa Leavitt Cohn, Susan Elliott Sim, Charlotte P. Lee
2009 Computer Supported Cooperative Work (CSCW)  
Empirical findings are presented which suggest a new understanding of the relationship between artifacts and Software Process.  ...  In this paper, we examine the role of work artifacts and conversations in negotiating between prescriptions from a model and the contingencies that arise in an enactment.  ...  code" a reversal of saving the damsel in distress from the dragon.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10606-009-9100-4 fatcat:c6pqw5bjhffbxgswrjueih6bwu
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