Filters








41 Hits in 6.1 sec

Semantic representation of abstract and concrete words: a mini-review of neural evidence

Maria Montefinese
2019 Journal of Neurophysiology  
The reviewed neuroimaging studies provide new evidence about the role of brain areas of the semantic network involved in the encoding of some types of information during processing of abstract and concrete  ...  concepts, better characterizing the neural underpinnings and the organizational principles of semantic representation of these types of word.  ...  To sum up, this study suggested a role of the left IFG as a neural crossroads between different types of information necessary to differentiate between abstract and concrete concepts.  ... 
doi:10.1152/jn.00065.2019 pmid:30785804 fatcat:kptgzbk7mfftzom3yr7zlhlbc4

An ALE meta-analytical review of the neural correlates of abstract and concrete words

Madalina Bucur, Costanza Papagno
2021 Scientific Reports  
AbstractSeveral clinical studies have reported a double dissociation between abstract and concrete concepts, suggesting that they are processed by at least partly different networks in the brain.  ...  When only nouns were selected three left activation clusters were found to be associated with concrete stimuli and only one with abstract nouns (left IFG).  ...  di Trento e Rovereto and the Municipality of Trento.  ... 
doi:10.1038/s41598-021-94506-9 pmid:34344915 pmcid:PMC8333331 fatcat:hts7macjkvanlpupzhpepbjjsq

The role of left prefrontal cortex in language and memory

J. D. E. Gabrieli, R. A. Poldrack, J. E. Desmond
1998 Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America  
This article reviews attempts to characterize the mental operations mediated by left inferior prefrontal cortex, especially the anterior and inferior portion of the gyrus, with the functional neuroimaging  ...  It is hypothesized that activations in left inferior prefrontal cortex ref lect a domain-specific semantic working memory capacity that is invoked more for semantic than nonsemantic analyses regardless  ...  HVIIA, B and C), the right inferior frontal gyrus (Brodmann area 47, not depicted in figure), along the midline in the superior frontal gyrus (Brodmann area 8, D), and bilaterally in the fusiform gyrus  ... 
doi:10.1073/pnas.95.3.906 pmid:9448258 pmcid:PMC33815 fatcat:tcqwtb64r5h53heygxfzlkae6u

The neural correlates of semantic richness: Evidence from an fMRI study of word learning

Roberto A. Ferreira, Silke M. Göbel, Mark Hymers, Andrew W. Ellis
2015 Brain and Language  
Brain and Language. pp. 69-80. Abstract We investigated the neural correlates of concrete nouns with either many or few semantic features.  ...  Our results showed that the most reliable effects of semantic richness were located in the left angular gyrus (AG) and middle temporal gyrus (MTG), where activation was higher for semantically rich than  ...  Acknowledgments This work was supported by the Chilean Government through the Comisi-n Nacional de Investigaci-n Cient'fica y Tecnol-gica (Becas CONICYT) and the Fondo Nacional de Desarrollo Cient'fico  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.bandl.2015.02.005 pmid:25797097 fatcat:at3cr5bt2reargsxs2ivarxg5e

Meta-analyzing left hemisphere language areas: Phonology, semantics, and sentence processing

M. Vigneau, V. Beaucousin, P.Y. Hervé, H. Duffau, F. Crivello, O. Houdé, B. Mazoyer, N. Tzourio-Mazoyer
2006 NeuroImage  
opercularis of the inferior frontal gyrus dedicated to syntactic processing and in the posterior part of the superior temporal gyrus a region selectively activated by sentence and text processing, and  ...  of frontal and temporal areas and revealing the functional organization of the left hemisphere for language.  ...  Acknowledgments The authors are deeply indebted to Franck Lamberton and Nicolas Delcroix for their help in data analysis and to an anonymous reviewer for the clarity and relevance of her (his) comments  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2005.11.002 pmid:16413796 fatcat:cvme3h2iazcgre37c7we2aqaoq

Renewal of the Neurophysiology of Language: Functional Neuroimaging

Jean-François Démonet, Guillaume Thierry, Dominique Cardebat
2005 Physiological Reviews  
We thank Annukka Lindell, Marilyn Vihman, and two anonymous reviewers for discussions and helpful comments. Addresses for reprint requests and other correspondence: J.-F. Dé monet and D.  ...  Cardebat, INSERM U455, Federation de Neurologie, CHU Purpan, 31059 Toulouse Cedex, France (E-mail: jean-francois.demonet@toulouse.inserm.fr and cardebat@toulouse. inserm.fr); G.  ...  and the inferior supramarginal gyrus en route to the left inferior frontal gyrus.  ... 
doi:10.1152/physrev.00049.2003 pmid:15618478 fatcat:wqxnhnbue5gahabs3pqejpjsfq

Is Reduced Visual Processing the Price of Language?

Christer Johansson, Per Olav Folgerø
2022 Brain Sciences  
We systematically review the recent research literature investigating the relationship between language and perception. We see homologues of language-relevant brain functions predating language.  ...  We find support in converging evidence for a change in neural organization away from raw perception, thus pushing the emergence of language closer in time.  ...  A few initial ideas were presented and discussed by the first author at PROTOLANG 7, 7 September 2021.  ... 
doi:10.3390/brainsci12060771 pmid:35741656 pmcid:PMC9221435 fatcat:qaqr2bmnbbffdo2lkb4ovobe54

Pantomime of tool use: looking beyond apraxia

François Osiurak, Emanuelle Reynaud, Josselin Baumard, Yves Rossetti, Angela Bartolo, Mathieu Lesourd
2021 Brain Communications  
The present article offers a comprehensive framework, with the aim of specifying the neural and cognitive bases of pantomime.  ...  gyrus), semantic knowledge (notably the polar temporal lobes) and potentially theory of mind (notably the middle prefrontal cortex) work in concert to produce pantomime.  ...  As shown in Fig. 5 , two brain areas were activated in both modalities: The left intraparietal sulcus (IPS; IP0, IP2, LIPd, MIP) and the left inferior frontal gyrus (IFG; IFJp).  ... 
doi:10.1093/braincomms/fcab263 pmid:35350708 pmcid:PMC8936430 fatcat:vrfnqe6eczd35jwzwxss2svnb4

The Parieto-Frontal Integration Theory (P-FIT) of intelligence: Converging neuroimaging evidence

Rex E. Jung, Richard J. Haier
2007 Behavioral and Brain Sciences  
The P-FIT model includes, by Brodmann areas (BAs): the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (BAs 6, 9, 10, 45, 46, 47), the inferior (BAs 39, 40) and superior (BA 7) parietal lobule, the anterior cingulate (  ...  We describe this network as the Parieto-Frontal Integration Theory (P-FIT).  ...  Moreover, the strongest functional connectivity differentiating high-and low-RAPM subjects was found between BAs 19 and 37 and the left anterior cingulate/medial frontal gyrus.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0140525x07001185 pmid:17655784 fatcat:24xus3ep2bbejfxkzgrnm26nxa

Synaesthesia: The existing state of affairs

Matej Hochel, Emilio G. Milán
2008 Cognitive Neuropsychology  
The present paper summarizes and reflects on our current knowledge concerning synaesthesia in all its aspects (cognition, behaviour, neurology, genetics, and demographics).  ...  The labour of many researchers, inside as well as outside of cognitive neuroscience, has transformed synaesthesia into a scientific reality whose existence can be demonstrated and studied empirically.  ...  in the brain (inferior temporal cortex, parietal and frontal cortex).  ... 
doi:10.1080/02643290701822815 pmid:18340605 fatcat:2orbzudidfed7mj6xgfihgoyji

Abstracts Presented at the International Neuropsychological Society, the Swiss Neuropshchological Society (SVNP), and the German Neuropsychological Society (GNP) Meeting, July 26–30, 2006, Zurich, Switzerland

2006 Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society  
Substantial improvements in neglect were associated with increased neural activity right-sided in the middle frontal gyrus, inferior parietal cortex and inferior temporal gyrus, and left-sided in the superior  ...  inferior frontal gyrus (BA 44).  ...  a task recruiting left frontal functions.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s1355617706069955 fatcat:weo5fxgnqja2tlehcvrqmenrqe

Brain connections of words, perceptions and actions: A neurobiological model of spatio-temporal semantic activation in the human cortex

Rosario Tomasello, Max Garagnani, Thomas Wennekers, Friedemann Pulvermüller
2017 Neuropsychologia  
The model implements frontal and temporal cortical areas for language, perception, and action along with their connectivity.  ...  In this present work, we extend a neurocomputational model of human cortical function to simulate the time-course of cortical processes of understanding meaningful concrete words.  ...  The authors would also like to thank Valerie Keller for suggestions and comments on an earlier version of the manuscript and the HPC Service of ZEDAT, Freie Universität Berlin, for computing time.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2016.07.004 pmid:27394150 fatcat:gxpyo6ek6zfklap3gpopthhrra

Proceedings from the Turner Resource Network symposium: The crossroads of health care research and health care delivery

Philippe F. Backeljauw, Carolyn Bondy, Steven D. Chernausek, Joseph T. Cernich, David A. Cole, Laura P. Fasciano, Joan Foodim, Scott Hawley, David S. Hong, Rebecca C. Knickmeyer, Paul Kruszka, Angela E. Lin (+13 others)
2015 American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A  
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS We thank all the organizers, families, and professionals who attended the symposium, for contributing their time and opinions that made the meeting a success.  ...  Heart Association, The March of Dimes, The Leaping Butterfly Ministry, and the Turner Syndrome Society of the United States.  ...  At age 2, functional connectivity maps revealed a lack of typical connectivity between caudate and frontal lobe in infants with Turner syndrome.  ... 
doi:10.1002/ajmg.a.37121 pmid:25920614 pmcid:PMC4714605 fatcat:xfgdc7g7rbeajmdor3ffo4xp7i

Such stuff as dreams are made on? Elaborative encoding, the ancient art of memory, and the hippocampus

Sue Llewellyn
2013 Behavioral and Brain Sciences  
A dream scene may be instantiated as omnidirectional neocortical junction and retained by the hippocampus as an index.  ...  Hippocampal association involves relating, binding, and integrating episodic memories into a mnemonic compositional whole.  ...  inferior temporal gyrus) in episodic memory encoding.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0140525x12003135 pmid:24304746 fatcat:zd3fuigkvvfizipnxyfqmnrmmu

Intelligence and Cognitive Control [chapter]

Adam Chuderski, Edward Nęcka
2010 Handbook of Individual Differences in Cognition  
These approaches distinguish between EF in WM such as "shifting," "inhibition," "updating," and "coordination."  ...  We suggest that a functional framework of this kind may benefit from the consideration of an additional "integration" function .  ...  For example, the view that the left inferior frontal gyrus plays a role in resisting cognitive interference during goal-directed processing is based largely on observations that activation in left IFG  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-1-4419-1210-7_16 fatcat:itedvhvceratlgg74gnnweasbm
« Previous Showing results 1 — 15 out of 41 results