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Multiple pulse laser ignition in GDI lean combustion

Hua Cheng, Zheng Kuang, Vincent Page, Elliott Lyon, Geoff Dearden, Tom Shenton
2016 International Journal of Powertrains  
This paper highlights a new approach, using Principle Component Analysis (PCA) of the Pressure Curve, to dynamically control Multiple Pulse Laser Ignition (MPLI); and reports on the effectiveness of Multiple  ...  This work is part of an EPSRC funded research project which is to investigate how optimized control strategies, including multiple stratified fuel injection (MSFI); MPLI and Multiple Positions Laser Ignition  ...  Lambda = 1.3 (a) Pressure curve with only a single ignition for comparing with dual pulse pressure results below (lambda = 1.3) Fig. 9 below demonstrates the pressure curve variations of dual pulse  ... 
doi:10.1504/ijpt.2016.075184 fatcat:bjufxylkdjeebbrsanleg3caca

Comparing Multicarrier Ambiguity Resolution Methods for Geometry-Based GPS and Galileo Relative Positioning and Their Application to Low Earth Orbiting Satellite Attitude Determination

Kyle O'Keefe, Mark Petovello, Wei Cao, Gérard Lachapelle, Eric Guyader
2009 International Journal of Navigation and Observation  
Secondly, more frequencies and multiple GNSS always offer improvement, but the single-frequency dual-system case is found to have similar performance to the dual-frequency single-system case.  ...  The LAMBDA algorithm is shown to outperform the cascading method, particularly in the single-frequency dual-GNSS system case.  ...  LAMBDA with Galileo.  ... 
doi:10.1155/2009/592073 fatcat:5k43jjhj35akfctkvyh7sqj4ry

Optimization and control of VDD and VTH for low-power, high-speed CMOS design

Tadahiro Kuroda
2002 Computer-Aided Design (ICCAD), IEEE International Conference on  
Some of the popular circuit techniques and design examples to control V DD and V TH are introduced. A simple theory to compute optimum multiple V DD 's and V TH 's is described.  ...  Scaling scenarios of variable and/or multiple V DD 's and V TH 's is discussed to show future technology directions.  ...  C M O S I DD.leak (A) In the past, single V DD , single V TH , and single W were employed in CMOS design. Recently dual V DD 's, dual V TH 's, and several W's are often used for low-power design.  ... 
doi:10.1145/774572.774577 dblp:conf/iccad/Kuroda02 fatcat:zlgrkf3exvdsbfg3a7p6zcpwxq

Dual start motif in two lambdoid S genes unrelated to lambda S

M T Bonovich, R Young
1991 Journal of Bacteriology  
The lysis gene region of phage 21 contains three overlapping reading frames, designated S21, R21, and Rz21 on the basis of the analogy with the SRRz gene cluster of phage lambda.  ...  The 71-codon S21 gene complements lambda Sam7 for lysis function but shows no detectable homology with S lambda in the amino acid or nucleotide sequence.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS We thank the other members of the Young laboratory for frequent technical assistance.  ... 
doi:10.1128/jb.173.9.2897-2905.1991 pmid:2019562 pmcid:PMC207871 fatcat:fqvzn6m7ovbulmh3lx5asp2pzu

VNM: An R Package for Finding Multiple-Objective Optimal Designs for the 4-Parameter Logistic Model

Seung Won Hyun, Weng Kee Wong, Yarong Yang
2018 Journal of Statistical Software  
A multiple-objective optimal design is useful for dose-response studies because it can incorporate several objectives at the design stage.  ...  Our VNM package uses a state-of-theart algorithm to generate multiple-objective optimal designs that meet the user-specified efficiency requirement for each objective, provides tools for calculating the  ...  The content is solely the responsibility of the authors and does not necessarily represent the official views of the National Institutes of Health. We appreciate Dr. Zhongfa  ... 
doi:10.18637/jss.v083.i05 fatcat:qq6hdwbmeza3jk46scbxsisaji

Lambda Red Recombineering in Escherichia coli Occurs Through a Fully Single-Stranded Intermediate

J. A. Mosberg, M. J. Lajoie, G. M. Church
2010 Genetics  
These observations are more consistent with our model than with previously proposed models.  ...  Furthermore, a double-stranded DNA cassette containing multiple internal mismatches shows strand-specific mutations cosegregating roughly 80% of the time.  ...  Notably, this mechanism accounts for the gap repair of large (.80 kb) genomic sequences , since the two homology regions could anneal with multiple Okazaki fragments between them.  ... 
doi:10.1534/genetics.110.120782 pmid:20813883 pmcid:PMC2975298 fatcat:cjeqcmoeh5eanesxplcvvsfvtq

CNG-Diesel Dual Fuel Controlling Concept for Common Rail Diesel

Muammar Mukhsin Ismail, Mas Fawzi, Fathul Hakim Zulkifli, Shahrul Azmir Osman
2018 International Journal of Integrated Engineering  
In order to ensure an equivalence performance, the lambda value during the dual fuel mode needs to be benchmarked with the original diesel mode, which has lambda values between 1.5 and 3.0, depending on  ...  Most of the kits were designed for any standard common rail diesel engine.  ... 
doi:10.30880/ijie.2018.10.03.015 fatcat:paegw66tzjg2rmzrum3htgpmo4

Correlation and capacity evaluation for dual polarized MIMO system based on an extended 3-D geometry-based stochastic channel model

Mengshi Li, Yisha Lou, Pu Zhao, Hui Yu, Xiaohua Tian
2013 2013 8th International Conference on Communications and Networking in China (CHINACOM)  
Dual polarized antennas with a directional field pattern are considered, which are more general than the single polarization and omnidirectional pattern.  ...  Lastly, we evaluate the validation of Kronecker model in capacity performance aspect and find it a promising candidate to enable explicit system analysis/design and to reduce the time consumption of system  ...  INTRODUCTION Multiple input multiple output (MIMO) technology can significantly improve the system performance for the fact that it fuels the channel capacity to grow linearly as the antenna number increases  ... 
doi:10.1109/chinacom.2013.6694597 fatcat:ujtpmvfaeffitdv7ypiecqle6y

Kappa and lambda light chain mRNA in situ hybridization compared to flow cytometry and immunohistochemistry in B cell lymphomas

Lisa M Rimsza, William A Day, Sarah McGinn, Anne Pedata, Yasodha Natkunam, Roger Warnke, James R Cook, Teresa Marafioti, Thomas M Grogan
2014 Diagnostic Pathology  
The dual colors consisted of silver deposition (black) for KAPPA light chain and a novel (pink) chromogen for LAMBDA light chain.  ...  Of the 70 cases with KAPPA or LAMBDA light chain restricted CISH, 69/70 (98.6%) were concordant with the reference method, while 1/70 (1.4%) was discordant.  ...  Dual color CISH for kappa/lambda mRNA is a new technology with results not before visualized.  ... 
doi:10.1186/1746-1596-9-144 pmid:25047073 pmcid:PMC4223387 fatcat:eccdsywbcfartmxhidrfwc5twq

Minimizing total power by simultaneous Vdd/Vth assignment

Ashish Srivastava, Dennis Sylvester
2003 Proceedings of the 2003 conference on Asia South Pacific design automation - ASPDAC  
We investigate the effectiveness of simultaneous multiple supply and threshold voltage assignment in minimizing the total power (static + dynamic) for the first time.  ...  Rules of thumb are developed for optimal Vdd's and Vth's to be used in future designs.  ...  Trends were consistent with expected results -the lambda shaped p(t) gives the largest power savings while the sloped p(t) enables about 2/3 the savings from the lambda case. 2 III.  ... 
doi:10.1145/1119772.1119851 dblp:conf/aspdac/SrivastavaS03 fatcat:brsceu6nszexrdtxzjtrzt2kga

Determining CDOM absorption spectra in diverse coastal environments using a multiple pathlength, liquid core waveguide system

Richard L. Miller, Mathias Belz, Carlos Del Castillo, Rick Trzaska
2002 Continental Shelf Research  
CDOM absorption coefficients, a CDOM ; and the slope of the log-linearized absorption spectra, S; were compared with values obtained using a dual-beam spectrophotometer.  ...  We evaluated the accuracy, sensitivity and precision of a multiple pathlength, liquid core waveguide (MPLCW) system for measuring colored dissolved organic matter (CDOM) absorption in the UV-visible spectral  ...  We thank Heidi Habhegger for help in the design and testing of the system, Fernando Gilbes and Marcos Rosado from the Department of Marine Science, University of Puerto Rico, Brent McKee of the Institute  ... 
doi:10.1016/s0278-4343(02)00009-2 fatcat:neaxcigutvcjpckzdwb2ni427m

Design and Analysis of Dual Polarized Broadband Microstrip Patch Antenna for 5G mmWave Antenna Module on FR4 Substrate

Gyoungdeuk Kim, Sangkil Kim
2021 IEEE Access  
For the polarization diversity of the massive multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) capability, the antenna radiator was designed with a symmetrical structure, and the relative position of the L-probes  ...  excites the orthogonal resonant modes to enable dual linear polarization.  ...  The proposed antenna design covers most international commercial 5G mmWave frequency bands and features polarization diversity (dual polarization) for massive multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) capability  ... 
doi:10.1109/access.2021.3075495 doaj:bc1683e5184749e5b4497a63ce605579 fatcat:dt3jbjocxzauxnoogdsbf7dzre

A Julia package for bilevel optimization problems

Mathieu Besançon
2019 Journal of Open Source Software  
Mathematical optimization is the discipline dealing with the determination of the best (or almost best) decision with respect to a specific cost function and to a set of constraints on the decision.  ...  Even with all the constraints and the objectives at the two levels being linear, the resulting problem is non-convex and NP-hard, with a possibly disjoint feasible set.  ...  This package is initially designed for a problem of the form: The single-level reduction of the optimistic version of this problem is: min_{x,y,lambda} cx^T x + cy^T y s.t.  ... 
doi:10.21105/joss.01278 fatcat:livdarjesjeo3eoxyemskx5w7y

Optical WDM Network Planning Using Heterogeneous Multi-granularity OXCs

H.-H. Yen, F. Y. S. Lin, S. S. W. Lee, H.-T. Chang, B. Mukherjee
2007 2007 IEEE International Conference on Communications  
In this paper, we aim at the design of an algorithm to solve the network planning problem in optical network with heterogeneous multigranularity OXCs.  ...  Multigranular optical WDM network aims to reduce network cost by grouping multiple wavelengths and then switching those wavelengths together at waveband or fiber levels.  ...  In particular, examples of multi-granularity switching include switching on a single lambda (LSC), a waveband (WBSC), i.e., multiple lambdas, or an entire fiber (FSC) basis.  ... 
doi:10.1109/icc.2007.386 dblp:conf/icc/YenLLCM07 fatcat:kt6xil4fjfak5aivyyffxnarxe

About Linda Again: How Narratives and Group Reasoning Can Influence Conjunction Fallacy

Camillo Donati, Andrea Guazzini, Giorgio Gronchi, Andrea Smorti
2019 Future Internet  
Conjunction fallacy (together with other systematic reasoning errors) is usually explained in terms of the dual process theory of reasoning: Biases should be ascribed to fast and automatic processes, whereas  ...  The dual process theory is related to Bruner's distinction between narrative and paradigmatic thought: Both modes of thought can be characterized by the two different processes of reasoning.  ...  Given the importance of dual-process theory of thought for prosocial behavior [28] , integrating Bruner's perspective with the dual-process framework may give clues for the design of crowdsourcing technologies  ... 
doi:10.3390/fi11100210 fatcat:66y6jhwsw5ajlfldnux2e3oq3u
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