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The influence of directed covert attention on emotional face processing

Stefanie Brassen, Matthias Gamer, Michael Rose, Christian Büchel
2010 NeuroImage  
Activation of the amygdala and the fusiform face area (FFA) are consistent findings in imaging studies on emotional face processing.  ...  Attentional resources might thereby not only depend on task demands but also on varying degrees of covert attention processes induced by the task.  ...  Acknowledgments The study was supported by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG). We thank K. Müller, G. Müller and K. Wendt for help with MR scanning.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2009.12.073 pmid:20035882 fatcat:snuoz4dqwzdnzdxnmjcg7hhg4y

Visual attention to emotion in depression: Facilitation and withdrawal processes

Blair E. Wisco, Teresa A. Treat, Andrew Hollingworth
2012 Cognition & Emotion  
We also examined initial allocation of attention towards emotion on the visual search task, allowing comparison of withdrawal and facilitation processes.  ...  We compared two types of withdrawal processes in clinically depressed and non-depressed individuals: (1) withdrawal requiring overt eye movements during visual search; and (2) covert disengagement of attention  ...  On the VS task, both facilitation of attention towards the target emotion (i.e., the discrepant face) and withdrawal of attention from the faces in the ''crowd'' were assessed.  ... 
doi:10.1080/02699931.2011.595392 pmid:21851151 pmcid:PMC3394537 fatcat:gzspfwt4obbnli2x556yhs6toy

Emotion potentiates response activation and inhibition in masked priming

Bruno R. Bocanegra, René Zeelenberg
2012 Frontiers in Integrative Neuroscience  
At the visual feature-level, recent findings indicate that emotion may inhibit the processing of small visual details and facilitate the processing of coarse visual features.  ...  At the object-level, emotional stimuli benefit from a stimulus-specific boost in visual attention at the relative expense of competing stimuli.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS This research was supported by a grant from the Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO) to René Zeelenberg.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fnint.2012.00109 pmid:23162447 pmcid:PMC3499781 fatcat:sq67c2qp4rfetly2jjnooq7ld4

Emotions and personality traits as high-level factors in visual attention: a review

Kai Kaspar, Peter König
2012 Frontiers in Human Neuroscience  
We also provide evidence showing that emotional stimuli influence perceptual processing outside of the focus of attention, whereby results in this field are mixed.  ...  In the following, we present several studies showing the influence of emotion on overt attention, whereby the distinction between internally and externally located emotional impacts are emphasized.  ...  Phelps et al. (2006) investigated the influence emotions have on the interaction of covert attention and perception.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fnhum.2012.00321 pmid:23226124 pmcid:PMC3509352 fatcat:5schrgemfza3vcv7nmvc5fonm4

Spatiotemporal Dynamics of Covert Versus Overt Processing of Happy, Fearful and Sad Facial Expressions

Antonio Maffei, Jennifer Goertzen, Fern Jaspers-Fayer, Killian Kleffner, Paola Sessa, Mario Liotti
2021 Brain Sciences  
Behavioral and electrophysiological correlates of the influence of task demands on the processing of happy, sad, and fearful expressions were investigated in a within-subjects study that compared a perceptual  ...  This study reveals that affective content does not necessarily require attention in the early stages of face processing, supporting recent evidence that the core and extended parts of the face processing  ...  Conflicts of Interest: The authors declare no conflict of interest.  ... 
doi:10.3390/brainsci11070942 fatcat:pi3ckqqj75bobizuil3dasslwu

The influence of emotional stimuli on the oculomotor system: A review of the literature

Manon Mulckhuyse
2018 Cognitive, Affective, & Behavioral Neuroscience  
Whereas previous research on covert emotional attention demonstrates contradictory results, research on overt attention clearly shows the influence of emotional stimuli on attentional selection.  ...  The present review confirms the relevance of eye-movement measurements in relation to researching emotion in order to elucidate processes involved in emotional modulation of visual and attentional selection  ...  Attentional capture and oculomotor control In the next section, I will discuss studies that investigated the influence of covert attentional capture by emotional stimuli on oculomotor control.  ... 
doi:10.3758/s13415-018-0590-8 pmid:29633198 fatcat:wnxxx262p5cbdkw4cbwg76crfq

Overt and covert attention shifts to emotional faces: Combining EEG, eye tracking, and a go/no‐go paradigm

Louisa Kulke, Lena Brümmer, Arezoo Pooresmaeili, Annekathrin Schacht
2021 Psychophysiology  
To study the neural mechanisms of such emotion-driven attention by means of event-related brain potentials (ERPs), tasks that employ covert shifts of attention are commonly used, in which participants  ...  However, the modulation of ERPs by facial expressions did not differ between the go and no-go conditions, suggesting that emotional content enhances both covert and overt shifts of attention.  ...  However, the neural mechanisms of overt and covert attention shifts to emotional faces, where attentional shifts are accompanied by an overt shift of gaze or not, have never been directly compared in a  ... 
doi:10.1111/psyp.13838 pmid:33983655 fatcat:el7nivkcnrhzridgagc6apwjei

Increased gaze following for fearful faces. It depends on what you're looking for!

Gustav Kuhn, Jason Tipples
2010 Psychonomic Bulletin & Review  
When searching for a threatening target, participants were more likely to look in the direction of eye gaze on a fearful compared to a happy face.  ...  Our results demonstrated that the degree to which the emotional expression influenced this gaze following varied as a function of the search target.  ...  It is therefore possible that the way in which top down attentional control and the emotional expression influences eye movements is restricted to the where component of the saccade generation process.  ... 
doi:10.3758/s13423-010-0033-1 pmid:21327349 fatcat:cx2m5g6lfvbezid7gimj3hvxjy

Effect of Cognitive Control on Attentional Processing of Emotional Information Among Older Adults: Evidence From an Eye-Tracking Study

Haining Liu, Haihong Liu, Feng Li, Buxin Han, Cuili Wang
2021 Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience  
have reported the characteristics of different attention stages in the emotional processing of older individuals.  ...  The spatial-cueing task with varied cognitive loads appeared to be an effective way to explore the role of cognitive control during the attention engagement and disengagement stages of emotion processing.Results  ...  The aim of our research was to explore the influence of cognitive control on the different selective attentional processing stages of emotional information based on eye movement measurement to compare  ... 
doi:10.3389/fnagi.2021.644379 pmid:33994995 pmcid:PMC8116557 fatcat:flijtxosffecxae3db2r3j62zq

Theories and measurement of visual attentional processing in anxiety

Mariann R. Weierich, Teresa A. Treat, Andrew Hollingworth
2008 Cognition & Emotion  
those hypotheses to describe comprehensively the overt and covert mechanisms of attentional processing within discrete perceptual episodes.  ...  in the translation of models from vision science to the examination of the mechanisms of attentional processing in anxiety.  ...  Anxiety does not appear to influence the speed of initial covert shifts of attention (although this conclusion rests on limited evidence), but anxiety does influence the dwell time of attention on an object  ... 
doi:10.1080/02699930701597601 fatcat:v5zfvfgaszaabd6x3dxta6s3gq

What Happens during the Stimulus Onset Asynchrony in the Dot-Probe Task? Exploring the Role of Eye Movements in the Assessment of Attentional Biases

Kalina Petrova, Dirk Wentura, Christina Bermeitinger, Philip Allen
2013 PLoS ONE  
The dot-probe paradigm is one of the most often used paradigms to investigate attentional biases towards emotional information.  ...  at the location of the emotional compared to the neutral stimulus) separately for trials with eye movements and trials without eye movements.  ...  Alternatively, given the strong relationship between covert and overt attention, one might argue that in trials in which an eye movement was directed towards the emotional stimulus a positive RT bias score  ... 
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0076335 pmid:24130768 pmcid:PMC3794955 fatcat:grrzjuzd4zge5ijh5z5ziid7o4

Microsaccadic modulation evoked by emotional events

Koji Kashihara
2020 Journal of Physiological Anthropology  
For example, emotional pictures attenuate the microsaccadic rate, and microsaccadic responses to covert attention occur in the direction opposite to a negative emotional target.  ...  However, the effects of various emotional events on microsaccadic activity remain debatable.  ...  The microsaccadic direction corresponds to the direction of the attentional shift triggered by spatial cues, and such direction shows an indicator of covert attention [4, 20] .  ... 
doi:10.1186/s40101-020-00238-6 pmid:32887665 fatcat:4hlh5h6aezhnvaayq5munjnt6a

Intranasal oxytocin increases covert attention to positive social cues

G. Domes, M. Sibold, L. Schulze, A. Lischke, S. C. Herpertz, M. Heinrichs
2012 Psychological Medicine  
The neuropeptide oxytocin (OT) has positive effects on the processing of emotional stimuli such as facial expressions. To date, research has focused primarily on conditions of overt visual attention.  ...  The results suggest that OT increased covert attention to happy faces, thereby supporting the hypothesis that OT modulates early attentional processes that might promote prosocial behavior.  ...  Greif for assistance with the data collection. This work was supported by the German Research Foundation (DFG Do1312/2-1; He5310/1-1).  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0033291712002565 pmid:23146328 fatcat:d6s3bchmtrgytivppzut2hujpe

In the Eye of the Beholder: Reduced Threat-Bias and Increased Gaze-Imitation towards Reward in Relation to Trait Anger

David Terburg, Henk Aarts, Peter Putman, Jack van Honk, Manos Tsakiris
2012 PLoS ONE  
The gaze of a fearful face silently signals a potential threat's location, while the happy-gaze communicates the location of impending reward.  ...  Evidence from gaze-cueing studies suggests that covert allocation of attention to another individual's gazedirection is facilitated when threat is communicated and further enhanced by trait anxiety.  ...  Moreover, the amygdala is automatically activated by threat, and fearful faces in particular [35] , and has both direct and indirect influence on the allocation of attention towards threat [36] .  ... 
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0031373 pmid:22363632 pmcid:PMC3281963 fatcat:snzwlun6zfcwrlu7rynk5geuzm

Neural systems for orienting attention to the location of threat signals: An event-related fMRI study

Gilles Pourtois, Sophie Schwartz, Mohamed L. Seghier, François Lazeyras, Patrik Vuilleumier
2006 NeuroImage  
We used event-related fMRI to determine how brain responses to a neutral visual target are influenced by the emotional expression of faces appearing at the same location during a covert orienting task.  ...  one of the faces.  ...  Acknowledgments This work is supported by grants from the Swiss National Science Fund to PV (grant # 632.065935) and to SS (grant # 3100-AO-102133) and by donations from the Reuter Foundation.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2005.12.034 pmid:16487729 fatcat:lh2h63cmvjgovb3xcayfytxleq
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