Filters








3,288 Hits in 5.0 sec

The imprint of plants on ecosystem functioning: A data-driven approach

Talie Musavi, Miguel D. Mahecha, Mirco Migliavacca, Markus Reichstein, Martine Janet van de Weg, Peter M. van Bodegom, Michael Bahn, Christian Wirth, Peter B. Reich, Franziska Schrodt, Jens Kattge
2015 International Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation  
The imprint of plants on ecosystem functioning: a conceptual basis for a data driven approach Ecosystem functional properties (hereafter EFPs) should capture process attributes or responsiveness of ecosystems  ...  However, the question of how to describe the imprint of plants on ecosystem functioning based on observations has not yet been systematically investigated.  ...  Appendix A. Supplementary data Supplementary data associated with this article can be found, in the online version, at http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jag.2015.05.009  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.jag.2015.05.009 fatcat:h6vv5ahmbzgijfu6wi6v25um7q

Strong paleoclimatic legacies in current plant functional diversity patterns across Europe

Alejandro Ordonez, Jens-Christian Svenning
2016 Ecology and Evolution  
Given the importance of FD for ecosystem functioning, future climate change may elicit not just short-term shifts in ecosystem functioning, but also long-term functional disequilibria.  ...  Despite its importance for ecosystem functioning, the importance of historical environmental conditions as determinants of FD (functional diversity) remains largely unstudied.  ...  Acknowledgments We thank the Atlas Florae Europaeae project for access to the distribution data.  ... 
doi:10.1002/ece3.2131 pmid:27252836 pmcid:PMC4870221 fatcat:e52pqmf5enfxzmtfo74o2hguga

The three major axes of terrestrial ecosystem function

Mirco Migliavacca, Talie Musavi, Miguel D. Mahecha, Jacob A. Nelson, Jürgen Knauer, Dennis D. Baldocchi, Oscar Perez-Priego, Rune Christiansen, Jonas Peters, Karen Anderson, Michael Bahn, T. Andrew Black (+55 others)
2021 Nature  
Ecosystem functions depend on environmental conditions and the traits of species that comprise the ecological communities4.  ...  However, the axes of variation of ecosystem functions are largely unknown, which limits our understanding of how ecosystems respond as a whole to anthropogenic drivers, climate and environmental variability4,5  ...  Our approach allows the overall functioning of terrestrial ecosystems to be summarized and offers a way towards the development of metrics of ecosystem multifunctionality 5 -a measure of ecosystem functions  ... 
doi:10.1038/s41586-021-03939-9 pmid:34552242 pmcid:PMC8528706 fatcat:4i4qbwx6gnerhjdhruaa4i2pjq

Local Functioning, Landscape Structuring: Drivers of Soil Microbial Community Structure and Function in Peatlands

Sven Teurlincx, Amber Heijboer, Annelies J. Veraart, George A. Kowalchuk, Steven A. J. Declerck
2018 Frontiers in Microbiology  
Peres-Neto for advice on data analyses.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS The authors would like to thank Ciska Raaijmakers for technical assistance, Max Huitema, Daniela Sannino, Laura Vroom, and Petra Reemst for practical assistance and Joost Keuskamp and Pedro  ...  One dataset contained data on soil microbial community structure (PLFA data), and another dataset contained data on soil microbial community functional capabilities (CLPP data).  ... 
doi:10.3389/fmicb.2018.02060 pmid:30233537 pmcid:PMC6129579 fatcat:53zaxclifzabvec6qphxjsyquq

Late Quaternary climate legacies in contemporary plant functional composition

Benjamin Blonder, Brian J. Enquist, Bente J. Graae, Jens Kattge, Brian S. Maitner, Naia Morueta-Holme, Alejandro Ordonez, Irena Šímová, Joy Singarayer, Jens-Christian Svenning, Paul J. Valdes, Cyrille Violle
2018 Global Change Biology  
They find that climate closely after the Last Glacial Maximum has left a strong imprint on contemporary functional composition.  ...  This approach assumes a negligible impact of variation 284 in sea level on the vast majority of pixels and is appropriate given that only contemporary 285 functional composition data were available.  ... 
doi:10.1111/gcb.14375 pmid:30058198 fatcat:vdddhj3kobcrzla2jn2k7t2x5q

Changes in Foliar Functional Traits of S. pyrenaicus subsp. carpetanus under the Ongoing Climate Change: A Retrospective Survey

Rosina Magaña Ugarte, Adrián Escudero, Daniel Sánchez Mata, Rosario G. Gavilán
2020 Plants  
Thus, assessing long-term modifications in stomatal traits in conserved specimens arises as a valuable eco-physiological approach to predict how the rising trend of warmer, drier summers could affect plant  ...  This evidenced a positive selection favoring traits that allow safeguarding plant performance under drier, hotter weather conditions.  ...  Acknowledgments: The authors want to acknowledge the curators and staff of the collections of vascular plants from the MAF Herbarium, SALA Herbarium, the Herbarium of the Universitat de Valencia, the RJB  ... 
doi:10.3390/plants9030395 pmid:32210120 pmcid:PMC7154879 fatcat:faf2ea2gcfcb7jgwnzjiepflxq

Consistent role of Quaternary climate change in shaping current plant functional diversity patterns across European plant orders

Alejandro Ordonez, Jens-Christian Svenning
2017 Scientific Reports  
Therefore, high long-term paleoclimate variability has imposed consistent supplementary constraints on functional diversity of multiple plant groups, a legacy that may permeate to ecosystem functioning  ...  The geographic patterns of plant functional space size (richness) and packing (dispersion) for six widely distributed orders of European angiosperms were estimated using atlas distribution data and trait  ...  Acknowledgements This article is a contribution to the HISTFUNC project (ERC Starting Grant 310886 to J.-C.S).  ... 
doi:10.1038/srep42988 pmid:28230069 pmcid:PMC5322331 fatcat:r6qnsas7k5dcnd7fwfhswnwkju

Functioning of Ecosystems at the Land–Ocean Interface [chapter]

C.H.R. Heip, J.J. Middelburg, C.J.M. Philippart
2011 Treatise on Estuarine and Coastal Science  
In 1992 he created the department of Ecosystem Studies at the NIOO in Yerseke that focuses on processes at the interface between biogeochemistry and benthic biology.  ...  and coastal oceanography, a Doctorate Honoris Causa from the Catholic University of Louvain, and a Queensland Information Technology and Marine Biology Section, centered on the ecology of (meio)benthos  ...  have borne the burden of e-mailing authors and editors and sending out reminders when needed, and of preparing  ... 
doi:10.1016/b978-0-12-374711-2.00701-4 fatcat:572yqerikjh57heg5plaltdmoq

Legacy effects of pre-crop plant functional group on fungal root symbionts of barley

Julien Roy, Richard van Duijnen, Eva F Leifheit, Susan Mbedi, Vicky M Temperton, Matthias C Rillig
2021 Ecological Applications  
Based on the previous observation of decreased crop yield after AM pre-crops, our findings suggest negative PSF at the level of the plant symbiotic group driven by a legacy effect of crop rotation history  ...  The effect of a pre-crop was driven by its single symbiotic group, not its mixed symbiotic group and/or by a crop species-specific effect.  ...  CONCLUSION Our findings suggest negative PSF at the level of the plant symbiotic group driven by a legacy effect of crop rotation history on AM fungal communities, suggesting that a focus on crop symbiotic  ... 
doi:10.1002/eap.2378 pmid:33988274 fatcat:obncig2oi5d3tg4fgl3kf7mbzi

Organic Matter Decomposition and Ecosystem Metabolism as Tools to Assess the Functional Integrity of Streams and Rivers—A Systematic Review

Verónica Ferreira, Arturo Elosegi, Scott D. Tiegs, Daniel von Schiller, Roger Young
2020 Water  
Ecosystem metabolism was most often based on the open-channel method and used a single-station approach.  ...  Organic matter decomposition and ecosystem metabolism are prime candidate indicators of stream functional integrity, and here we review each of these functions, the methods used for their determination  ...  Here, we review this literature using a systematic approach to describe the evidence base and produce a systematic map (i.e., a visual synthesis of the data focusing on methodological aspects of the studies  ... 
doi:10.3390/w12123523 fatcat:zigtgf2fcngmbmrp5iaucuh2nm

Evidence of Island Effects in South African Enterprise Ecosystems [chapter]

Daan Toerien, Maitland Seam
2012 The Functioning of Ecosystems  
Acknowledgements We thank Ettienne Nel, Trevor Hill and Doreen Atkinson for permission to use their population, enterprise and area data of the case study towns.  ...  Frank Sokolic was responsible for the map of the study area and helped with table outlays and Figure 2 .  ...  Functioning of Ecosystems 236 5.  ... 
doi:10.5772/36641 fatcat:wnyhucsuavdv3ebz34jjgxb2kq

Flower‐visitor communities of an arcto‐alpine plant—Global patterns in species richness, phylogenetic diversity and ecological functioning

Mikko Tiusanen, Tea Huotari, Paul D. N. Hebert, Tommi Andersson, Ashley Asmus, Joël Bêty, Emma Davis, Jennifer Gale, Bess Hardwick, David Hik, Christian Körner, Richard B. Lanctot (+13 others)
2018 Molecular Ecology  
As a measure of ecosystem functioning, we quantified variation in the seed set of Dryas.  ...  Abstract Pollination is an ecosystem function of global importance.  ...  Our approach was based on the findings of Boyle and Adamowicz (2015) , who investigated the utility of COI data for estimating phylogenetic community structure.  ... 
doi:10.1111/mec.14932 pmid:30418699 fatcat:l2wbynsbkjh6josbxaimlq3ltu

Microbial and Functional Diversity within the Phyllosphere of Espeletia Species in an Andean High-Mountain Ecosystem

Carlos A. Ruiz-Pérez, Silvia Restrepo, María Mercedes Zambrano, V. Müller
2016 Applied and Environmental Microbiology  
Functional profiles predicted on the basis of taxonomic affiliations differed from those obtained by GeoChip microarray analysis, which separated community functional capacities based on plant microenvironment  ...  the adverse conditions of high-mountain neotropical ecosystems.  ...  Sterilization was checked by taking an imprint of the leaf on malt extract medium (12) and incubating at 25°C.  ... 
doi:10.1128/aem.02781-15 pmid:26746719 pmcid:PMC4784022 fatcat:zhi42ai5vjcblabwx7dogssdum

Plant Functional Diversity, Climate and Grazer Type Regulate Soil Activity in Natural Grasslands

Haifa Debouk, Leticia San Emeterio, Teresa Marí, Rosa M. Canals, Maria-Teresa Sebastià
2020 Agronomy  
We investigated the relative importance of environmental (climatic, management and soil) variables and plant functional diversity (PFT composition and interactions) on soil activity and fertility along  ...  Global change modifies vegetation composition in grasslands with shifts in plant functional types (PFT).  ...  the meteorological data.  ... 
doi:10.3390/agronomy10091291 fatcat:ur7zr223tvaahh7avmvf47al7y

Effects of species' similarity and dominance on the functional and phylogenetic structure of a plant meta-community

L. Chalmandrier, T. Münkemüller, S. Lavergne, W. Thuiller
2015 Ecology  
By utilizing the full extent of information provided by the flexible frameworks of Hill numbers and Pagel's tree transformation, we propose a new approach to disentangle the patterns resulting from different  ...  One reason for this may be that these studies often rely on a single measure of diversity and thus implicitly make a choice on how they account for species relative abundances and how species similarities  ...  However, for a stronger dominance effect, the imprint of environmental filtering was less pervasive on the functional b-diversity.  ... 
doi:10.1890/13-2153.1 pmid:26236899 pmcid:PMC4539579 fatcat:7mogcfw7ejgrzot5slbcgj5zsm
« Previous Showing results 1 — 15 out of 3,288 results