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The Impact of Forcing Preference Rankings When Indifference Exists [chapter]

William V. Gehrlein
2010 Theory and Decision Library C: Game Theory, Mathematical Programming and Operations Research  
The Impact of Requiring Forced Rankings The existence of partial indifference in voters' preferences has been seen to have a significant impact on both the probability that a PMRW exists and on the Condorcet  ...  A second class of voters have weak ordered preferences that reflect a partial degree of indifference on the candidates, in which there is voter indifference on one pair of candidates.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-02865-6_2 fatcat:jfhd42l6pzba7ml2tfvm6xbxei

Asymmetric Partisan Voter Turnout Games [article]

Cameron Guage, Feng Fu
2020 arXiv   pre-print
Furthermore, relaxing some of our preliminary assumptions eliminates some of the discrepancies between our model and empirical voter behavior.  ...  Since Downs proposed that the act of voting is irrational in 1957, myriad models have been proposed to explain voting and account for observed turnout patterns.  ...  One of the more promising attempts to break the paradox of not voting was undertaken in [27] .  ... 
arXiv:2003.10313v1 fatcat:33nwwu32g5b3xpbkpoqfkkm33y

Asymmetric Partisan Voter Turnout Games

Cameron Guage, Feng Fu
2021 Dynamic Games and Applications  
Furthermore, relaxing some of our preliminary assumptions eliminates some of the discrepancies between the predictions of our model and empirical voter behavior.  ...  AbstractSince Downs proposed that the act of voting is irrational in 1957, myriad models have been proposed to explain voting and account for observed turnout patterns.  ...  Acknowledgements We thank the editor and two anonymous referees for constructive comments which helped improve the work.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s13235-021-00384-1 pmid:34760327 pmcid:PMC8542561 fatcat:seacgfyeufdwvg3wfyvqqyjhmi

On the probability of observing Borda's paradox

William V. Gehrlein, Dominique Lepelley
2009 Social Choice and Welfare  
The results we have obtained show that the impact of an increasing degree of mutual coherence among voters' preferences on the likelihood of Borda's Paradox is much more subtle and more difficult to analyze  ...  : it turns out that this impact depends both on the measure of mutual coherence that is considered and on the voting rule that is used.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s00355-009-0415-3 fatcat:3q6q3br3srfjzjtjxxkvz5flcq

Simulations in Models of Preference Aggregation

Mostapha Diss, Eric Kamwa
2020 Œconomia  
can show that some paradoxical events are very unlikely to be observed in reality. • Theoretical models can show the relative impact that paradoxical events can have on different types of voting situations  ...  Other simulation results on the likelihood of the Condorcet paradox with a given number of candidates and a given number of voters, are available in the literature not only under the IC and IAC models  ... 
doi:10.4000/oeconomia.8251 fatcat:fhieo2h2fffohdhbcbyuzeu7fy

Uncertainty and resistance to reform in laboratory participation games

Timothy N. Cason, Vai-Lam Mui
2005 European Journal of Political Economy  
This paper presents a participation game experiment to study the impact of uncertainty and costly political participation on the incidence of reform.  ...  Our experimental findings show that uncertainty reduces the incidence of reform even with costly political participation, and that an increase in the cost of participation reduces the participation of  ...  significant impact on the likelihood of reform in all four voting cost treatments.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.ejpoleco.2004.12.001 fatcat:wg3hzjwfd5a7lmua33i3sqrhye

The impact of voters' preference diversity on the probability of some electoral outcomes

William V. Gehrlein, Issofa Moyouwou, Dominique Lepelley
2013 Mathematical Social Sciences  
Our basic premise is that the fewer the number of coalitions of voters that exist with similar preference rankings is, the less is the propensity of voting rules to yield undesired results.  ...  Voting rules are known to exhibit various paradoxical or problematical behaviors, typically the failure to meet the Condorcet criterion or the vulnerability to strategic voting.  ...  Some additional observations are also made regarding the relative values of the Condorcet Efficiency of some voting rules and regarding the impact of strategic voting.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.mathsocsci.2013.07.007 fatcat:nkgveewsvncdxh27pmic3tww6y

Multi-Winner Scoring Election Methods: Condorcet Consistency and Paradoxes

Mostapha Diss, Ahmed Doghmi
2016 Social Science Research Network  
The second comparison is based on the likelihood of two paradoxes of committee elections: The Prior Successor Paradox and the Leaving Member Paradox which occur when a member of an elected committee leaves  ...  The second comparison is based on the likelihood of two paradoxes of committee elections: The Prior Successor Paradox and the Leaving Member Paradox which occur when a member of an elected committee leaves  ...  Then, the challenge would be to study the impact of multi-stage voting on the probability of the paradoxes.  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.2745225 fatcat:tps6adqx4ncyraopeaoxds6wmy

The Disunity of Unanimity

Francesco Parisi, Jonathan Klick
2003 Social Science Research Network  
Unanimity is the optimal voting rule in a world of zero transactions costs, when side payments are impossible.  ...  When side payments are available and transactions costs are zero, the voting rule is irrelevant to the ultimate outcome.  ...  À cx i : ð11Þ Here 0 < u < 1/2 denotes the positive impact of the investment of the remaining voters on the utility of voter i.  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.289099 fatcat:vker4osfw5ar3lhtnmrrsjvo6m

'Rational' Theories of Voter Turnout: A Review

Benny Geys
2006 Political Studies Review  
various theoretical contributions to resolve this paradox of (not) voting.  ...  We assess these approaches based on their ability to explain a number of 'stylised facts' with respect to voter turnout.  ...  This constitutes the paradox of (not) voting.  ... 
doi:10.1111/j.1478-9299.2006.00034.x fatcat:vji37hxznvbftmwr65b3zayy2e

Consistent Collective Decisions Under Majorities Based on Difference of Votes

Mostapha Diss, Patrizia PPrez-Asurmendi
2015 Social Science Research Network  
Under majorities based on difference of votes, the requirement asks to the winner alternative to obtain a difference in votes with respect to the loser alternative taking into account that individuals  ...  The likelihood of consistent outcomes under a class of majority rules constitutes the aim of this paper.  ...  This work is partially supported by the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness (Projects ECO2012-32178 and ECO2012-34202).  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.2702309 fatcat:nqbo3ra5qnf5rpgmiwrqv4trti

Information Acquisition, Ideology and Turnout: Theory and Evidence From Britain

Valentino Larcinese
2009 Journal of Theoretical Politics  
Moreover, the impact of increased political knowledge on turnout is asymmetric: new information increases the probability of voting of indifferent voters but decreases that of very ideological voters.  ...  Voters that are ex ante indifferent about the candidates attach little value to information because they perceive that voting itself will have little value.  ...  This is not the case for information, which has a positive impact on the voting probability of non-partisan voters but a negative effect on that of the partisans.  ... 
doi:10.1177/0951629808100765 fatcat:jm5xazzwjbdolo7532qp5l2y3a

Participation in the Wake of Adversity: Blame Attribution and Policy-Oriented Evaluations

Ines Levin, J. Andrew Sinclair, R. Michael Alvarez
2015 Political Behavior  
We also find, however, that the impact of economic evaluations, positions on the health care reform, and blame attributions was contingent on citizens' latent participation propensities and depended on  ...  We find that individuals who blamed one of the parties for the problems with the budget process, and who held a position on the 2010 Affordable Care Act, were often considerably more likely to participate  ...  Acknowledgments Alvarez and Sinclair thank The John Randolph Haynes and Dora Haynes Foundation for their support of the collection of the 2010 California survey data used in this paper, and for their support  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11109-015-9316-6 fatcat:bshpj6vkqbcwlbg6uediwd2hia

Democracy and Social Choice: A Response to Saari

Mathias Risse
2003 Social Science Research Network  
voting become cases of indifference under the proposal.  ...  is the underspecification of outcomes, and in voting scenarios it is the underspecification of voters' views or of options they vote on.  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.413161 fatcat:e4c5bxwbujeiroooks7syei2cu

Consistent collective decisions under majorities based on difference of votes

Mostapha Diss, Patrizia Pérez-Asurmendi
2015 Theory and Decision  
Under majorities based on difference of votes, the requirement asks to the winner alternative to obtain a difference in votes with respect to the loser alternative taking into account that individuals  ...  The likelihood of consistent outcomes under a class of majority rules constitutes the aim of this paper.  ...  This work is partially supported by the Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness (Projects ECO2012-32178 and ECO2012-34202).  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11238-015-9501-4 fatcat:kt6aswe4mzbkvcwkj2dagxvlni
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