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The five-minute rule twenty years later, and how flash memory changes the rules

Goetz Graefe
2007 Proceedings of the 3rd international workshop on Data management on new hardware - DaMoN '07  
In 1987, Gray and Putzolo presented the five-minute rule, which was reviewed and renewed ten years later in 1997.  ...  With the advent of flash memory in the gap between traditional RAM main memory and traditional disk systems, the five-minute rule now applies to large pages appropriate for today's disks and their fast  ...  -Barb Peters, Lily Jow, Harumi Kuno, José Blakeley, Mehul Shah, and the reviewers suggested multiple improvements after reading earlier versions of this paper.  ... 
doi:10.1145/1363189.1363198 dblp:conf/damon/Graefe07 fatcat:ras2jov3ojb4pnvyihcqaet6vy

The Five-minute Rule Thirty Years Later and its Impact on the Storage Hierarchy

Raja Appuswamy, Renata Borovica-Gajic, Goetz Graefe, Anastasia Ailamaki
2017 Very Large Data Bases Conference  
In 1987, Jim Gray and Gianfranco Putzolu put forth the five-minute rule for trading memory to reduce disk-based I/O on the then-current price-performance characteristics of DRAM and HDD.  ...  In this paper, we revisit the five-minute rule three decades since its introduction.  ...  This work is funded by the School of Computer and Communication Sciences at EPFL and an industrial-academic collaboration between the DIAS laboratory and Huawei Central Software Institute (CSI).  ... 
dblp:conf/vldb/AppuswamyBGA17 fatcat:pimhmxzg2neq3bjuyiqrpyb2vm

Mirador: An Active Control Plane for Datacenter Storage

Jake Wires, Andrew Warfield
2017 USENIX Conference on File and Storage Technologies  
Using approaches from dynamic constraint satisfaction, Mirador migrates both data and client network connections in order to continuously adapt and improve the configuration of the storage system.  ...  Mirador is able to encode multidimensional placement goals relating to the performance, failure response, and workload adaptation of the storage system.  ...  We would also like to thank John Wilkes for some very frank and direct comments on an early version of the paper, and Mihir Nanavati for all of his help and feedback along the way.  ... 
dblp:conf/fast/WiresW17 fatcat:agfnvys37zaytf2k3bxavhqn6e

Use of the Flash Technique in EMDR Therapy: Four Case Examples

Philip Manfield, Joan Lovett, Lewis Engel, David Manfield
2017 Journal of EMDR Practice and Research  
This article introduces the flash technique, a new technique used during the preparation phase of eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) therapy to facilitate processing of intense, traumatic  ...  This article hypothesizes various mechanisms of action and discusses the effects in terms of memory reconsolidation theory.  ...  Twenty Minutes of Flash Technique. No assessment phase was attempted before using FT. After some stabilization exercises, 20 minutes of the session remained and FT was begun.  ... 
doi:10.1891/1933-3196.11.4.195 fatcat:sq75nvaqjnhfpivyywb7fz7244

Serving the Blind and Physically Handicapped in the United States of America

Frank Kurt Cylke, Michael M Moodie, Robert E Fistick
2007 Library Trends  
technology that will in turn soon be replaced by digital flash-memory cartridges playable on efficient, reliable, lightweight, and portable machines.  ...  Technological changes in the program have mirrored and sometimes anticipated transformations and developments in the world of consumer electronics.  ...  The continuing drop in price of between 30 and 40 percent each year, driven by the popularity of digital cameras and portable digital audioplayers, promises to make the use of flash memory economical for  ... 
doi:10.1353/lib.2007.0031 fatcat:q7medwagyjg7tf2xklh52hyiqq

The Synergy of Complex Event Processing and Tiny Machine Learning in Industrial IoT [article]

Haoyu Ren, Darko Anicic, Thomas Runkler
2021 arXiv   pre-print
The synergy of complex event processing (CEP) and machine learning (ML) has been developed actively in the last years in IIoT to identify patterns in heterogeneous data streams and fuse raw data into tangible  ...  By leveraging tiny ML and micro CEP, we shift the computation from the cloud to the power-constrained IIoT devices and allow users to adapt the on-device ML model and the CEP reasoning logic flexibly on  ...  We ran a detailed investigation of the number of rules from one to five.  ... 
arXiv:2105.03371v1 fatcat:dakahnuauferjck4vludu43cwm

English Presentation Skills of Thai Graduate Students

Thitibhada Sukitkanaporn, Supakorn Phoocharoensil
2014 English Language Teaching  
While other courses are mainly aimed at improving four language skills for career development, effective presentations will help students understand how to deliver their knowledge to the public successfully  ...  This study addresses the English Presentation skills of graduate students and explores the ways to improve their skills.  ...  Later, a revised working memory model was proposed by Baddeley (2001) to clarify how people can combine information from the different modalities.  ... 
doi:10.5539/elt.v7n3p91 fatcat:4nekgb43hzabxdsltx5bbo3dhm

Let Sleeping Memories Lie? Words of Caution about Tolling the Statute of Limitations in Cases of Memory Repression

Gary M. Ernsdorff, Elizabeth F. Loftus
1993 Journal of criminal law & criminology  
Estimates of the frequency of child sex abuse vary depending upon how people are questioned about their past.  ...  That study found that 27% of the women and 16% of the men disclosed a history of sexual abuse. Nina Darnton, The Pain of the Last Taboo, NEWSWEEK, Oct. 7, 1991, at 70.  ...  What if a twenty-five year old person is sexually assaulted and claims a repressed memory for the attack until she reaches forty?  ... 
doi:10.2307/1143888 fatcat:s3kn2pscsvfjvgt2mcbl5nr5re

Page 503 of JAMA: The Journal of the American Medical Association Vol. 28, Issue 11 [page]

1897 JAMA: The Journal of the American Medical Association  
When it occurs over the left eye he has sometimes slight aphasia for five minutes, and in youth this was more severe and more lasting.  ...  The dimming of vision jasts some twenty minutes, and leaves him with slight vertigo and a feeling of fulness of the head, but pain always begins over the eye Which has distinct vision, and of this he is  ... 

Impact of Brain Research upon School Mathematics for the 21st Century

Allan Leslie White
2016 Southeast Asian Mathematics Education Journal  
This technology is giving the first glimpses of the vastness of our inner brain space and brain research is being used to treat autism spectrum disorders, Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease and other  ...  Importantly, the implications of brain research for education are beginning to emerge. This paper will discuss some of these implications with special focus upon mathematics teaching and learning.  ...  Later in year 10, the same student may develop a further insight where Pythagoras' theorem is seen as one example (one angle equal to 90 degrees) of the more general rule known as the cosine rule (for  ... 
doi:10.46517/seamej.v6i1.40 fatcat:dqrggsadn5glveuno5g4w5xsrm

The acquisition and retention of reading skills by college freshmen

C. O. Weber
1939 Journal of Educational Psychology  
In order to rule out this factor we selected twenty-five experimentals and twenty-five controls whose initial scores on intelli- gence, speed, and comprehension are much more alike.  ...  One year later, eighty-eight of the freshmen experi- part mentals were tested again with Form B of the Iowa test, with the result earl; that ninety-five per cent of the subjects were still superior to  ... 
doi:10.1037/h0059273 fatcat:uldic2fsbjbztipol5ffnsjy2a

The Excited Utterance Paradox

Steve Baicker-McKee
2017 Social Science Research Network  
This Article collects and examines much of the scientific evidence bearing on Wigmore's premise and identifies two paradoxical conclusions that undermine the exception.  ...  Based on this paradox, this Article concludes that the excited utterance exception is both broken and irreparable, and therefore recommends abandoning the excited utterance exception altogether.  ...  a year or two later.  ... 
doi:10.2139/ssrn.3091654 fatcat:qugplb2xujdg5p6ljspnkwpjny


Philip David Zelazo, Ulrich Muller, Douglas Frye, Stuart Marcovitch
2003 Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development  
at various levels of complexity, provides a more detailed account of how to determine the complexity of rules required in a task, takes account of both the activation and inhibition of rules as a function  ...  Study 3 examined what types of conflict pose problems for 3-to 4-yearolds by comparing performance on standard, Partial Change, and Total Change versions of the DCCS.  ...  Among the most important findings are the following: (a) Three-year-old children can use four rules to sort cards, showing that memory limitations per se do not constrain children's executive function  ... 
doi:10.1111/j.0037-976x.2003.00260.x pmid:14723273 fatcat:e3d5zrcb4nhoxlio4diic2aabi


F. P. Kinnicutt
1887 American Journal of the Medical Sciences  
When twenty-eight years old, and still subject to prolonged headache, the attacks changed their type.  ...  When it occurs over the left eye he has sometimes slight aphasia for five minutes, and in youth this was more Eevere and more lasting.  ... 
doi:10.1097/00000441-188710000-00008 fatcat:64ns2lau4fgcjipu54hha2xucy

Object-Based Anisotropies in the Flash-Lag Effect

Katsumi Watanabe, Kenji Yokoi
2006 Psychological Science  
For example, at the 2 offset for the hand, the dot would flash at where the hand would be 2 seconds later.  ...  All in all, our lab decided to focus its experiments on the flash-lag effect especially in how it deals with biological motion.  ...  the twenty minutes.  ... 
doi:10.1111/j.1467-9280.2006.01773.x pmid:16913957 fatcat:v5vmnxzecbdypjdpq57pezvmze
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