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We propose relevant hypotheses and test them in the analysis of data from the Italian Automobile Industry, 1896-1981. ... The direction in which organizational learning evolves is a combined function of organizational demographics and the structure of the competitive environment. ... These de alio producers comprise the motor vehicle-unrelated category. The historical densities of producers in these three de alio categories and of de ipso producers are presented in figure 2. ...doi:10.1093/icc/12.6.1279 fatcat:sm52apnkzffsxniiuhgftmgvsq
any format or medium without the formal permission of the copyright holders. ... The full-text may be used and/or reproduced, and given to third parties in any format or medium, without prior permission or charge, for personal research or study, educational, or not-for-profit purposes ... Building on previous empirical studies in organizational ecology, we study the evolution of concentration in the American automobile industry from 1885 to 1981 and estimate models of the hazard of exit ...doi:10.2307/3094805 fatcat:moczw2hhkjfehomk5kcjamkk7y
Our findings draw from analysis of the U.S. automobile industry between 1885 and 1981 and support the general prediction that "process" effects of change in the organizational core elevate the hazard of ... We develop hypotheses about the interactions of experiences with a specific type of organizational change on the one hand, and environmental stability, organizational size, and organizational niche width ... Data and Methods We report here analyses of data on all American automobile producers ever known to operate from 1885 to 1981. ...doi:10.1287/orsc.14.3.264.15163 fatcat:ykybvqheabgxdgsyjppctyivua
This population-level legitimacy vacuum effect not only adversely affects the fates of new entrants in an emerging industry but it becomes imprinted in their organizational structures and persists even ... We focus on the effect of market entry in the early years of an industry when clarity about the form and function of a new category of firms is lacking. ... The U.S. automobile data were constructed from reports of automobile historians and collectors, and include entries for all car producers ever known to operate in the U.S. between 1885 and 1981. ...doi:10.5465/amj.2010.54533229 fatcat:mgiiihfwljgv7i72q7f2onwfei
Do reverse engineering, industrial espionage, and, in particular, cyber espionage facilitate and accelerate this process? ... Scholarship in international relations theory generally assumes that rising states beneªt from the "advantage of backwardness," as described by ... Carroll et al., "The Fates of De Novo and De Alio Producers in the American Automobile Industry, 1885-1981," Strategic Management Journal, Vol. 17, No. ...doi:10.1162/isec_a_00337 fatcat:kwgtbm6y3jhinb5xd6wso7g42a
As such, this paper provides one of the first empirical investigations of the subject by examining whether the presence of a corporate parent positively influences the likelihood that small firms will ... Diversification is a common goal for many small firms, yet research examining whether small firm ownership structure influences their use of the tactic is limited. ... Boston, The fates of de novo and de alio producers in the MA: Harvard Business School Press. American automobile industry 1885-1981. ...fatcat:f4mt4jfskjh7vntujc6wqzr4fm