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Computer Simulations of Carbon Nanostructures under Pressure [article]

Maria G. Fyta, Pantelis C. Kelires
2006 arXiv   pre-print
We performed Monte Carlo simulations with the Tersoff potential of various free-standing carbon nanostructures. These range from fullerenes, onions and carbon spheres to nanotubes and nanodiamonds.  ...  The goal is to achieve modification and control over their mechanical and electronic (conduction) properties.  ...  The simulation temperature is 300 K, while calculations for 1500K and 2000K in the case of nanodiamond coalescence were also carried out.  ... 
arXiv:cond-mat/0605342v1 fatcat:ykxlycwntvbl7ivdqac2bmjil4

Computer Simulations of Carbon Nanostructures under Pressure

M. G. Fyta, P. C. Kelires
2005 Fullerenes, nanotubes, and carbon nanostructures  
We performed Monte Carlo simulations with the Tersoff potential of various freestanding carbon nanostructures. These range from fullerenes, onions, and carbon spheres to nanotubes and nanodiamonds.  ...  The goal is to achieve modification and control over their mechanical and electronic (conduction) properties.  ...  The simulation temperatures are in the range of 300 -500 K, while calculations for 1,500 K and 2,000 K in the case of nanodiamond coalescence were also carried out.  ... 
doi:10.1081/fst-200039164 fatcat:lrrfux3vineyzgdnmdjuagd6au

Application of Carbon Nanoparticles in Oncology and Regenerative Medicine

Katarzyna Lisik, Anita Krokosz
2021 International Journal of Molecular Sciences  
In this work, the current state of knowledge on the possible use of nanotubes, nanodiamonds, and fullerenes in therapy is reviewed.  ...  The search for newer and more effective treatments may lead to future use of nanoparticles on a large scale.  ...  Conflicts of Interest: The authors declare no conflict of interest.  ... 
doi:10.3390/ijms22158341 fatcat:2lxohk3tc5akjpscsvirgo5t4m

The Puzzling Potential of Carbon Nanomaterials: General Properties, Application, and Toxicity

Danica Jović, Vesna Jaćević, Kamil Kuča, Ivana Borišev, Jasminka Mrdjanovic, Danijela Petrovic, Mariana Seke, Aleksandar Djordjevic
2020 Nanomaterials  
Toxicity was presented through genotoxicity and the activation of the cell signaling pathways, both including in vitro and in vivo models, mechanisms, and the consequential outcomes.  ...  They have proved to be very promising for application in the technical and biomedical field.  ...  Conflicts of Interest: The authors declare no conflict of interest.  ... 
doi:10.3390/nano10081508 pmid:32752020 fatcat:fldjvarrhjaore42tdxeaumgyq

Synthesis, Properties, and Applications of Low-Dimensional Carbon-Related Nanomaterials

Ali Mostofizadeh, Yanwei Li, Bo Song, Yudong Huang
2011 Journal of Nanomaterials  
, nanodiamond, and onion-like carbons), one-dimensional carbon nanomaterials (including carbon nanofibers and carbon nanotubes), and two-dimensional carbon nanomaterials (including graphene and carbon  ...  The goal of this paper is to provide a review of some of the most exciting and important developments in the synthesis, properties, and applications of low-dimensional carbon nanomaterials.  ...  The authors would like to express their appreciation to them. A. Mostofizadeh and Y. Li contributed equally to this work.  ... 
doi:10.1155/2011/685081 fatcat:vmfnlk6rzzextpvs4azfvgdtpm

Oxidative Burst-Dependent NETosis Is Implicated in the Resolution of Necrosis-Associated Sterile Inflammation

Mona H. C. Biermann, Malgorzata J. Podolska, Jasmin Knopf, Christiane Reinwald, Daniela Weidner, Christian Maueröder, Jonas Hahn, Deborah Kienhöfer, Alexandre Barras, Rabah Boukherroub, Sabine Szunerits, Rostyslav Bilyy (+5 others)
2016 Frontiers in Immunology  
Mechanistically, NOX2-dependent reactive oxygen species (ROS) production and formation of neutrophil extracellular traps were essential for the resolution of necrosis-induced inflammation: hence, by evaluating  ...  We observed that injection of metabolically inert nanodiamonds resulted in paw edema in WT and Ncf1** mice.  ...  Thus, we aimed to create an in vivo model of permanent sterile inflammation to reveal the role of oxidative burst-dependent NETosis in the context of tissue damage in the absence of pathogens.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fimmu.2016.00557 pmid:27990145 pmcid:PMC5131011 fatcat:p3tx5tbzd5eipai3p3wh77ss64

Cytotoxicity and Genotoxicity of Carbon Nanomaterials [chapter]

Amanda M. Schrand, Jay Johnson, Liming Dai, Saber M. Hussain, John J. Schlager, Lin Zhu, Yiling Hong, Eiji Ōsawa
2008 Safety of Nanoparticles  
These results point out the great need for careful scrutiny of the toxicity of nanomaterials at the molecular level, or genotoxicity, even for those materials like multiwalled carbon nanotubes and nanodiamonds  ...  With the recent development in nanoscience and nanotechnology, there is a pressing demand for assessment of the potential hazards of carbon nanomaterials to humans and other biological systems.  ...  Other notable studies have also showed that surface functionalization of carbon nanotubes with carbonyl C=O, carboxyl (COOH), and/or hydroxyl (OH) played a role in the cytotoxic response (Magrez et al  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-0-387-78608-7_8 fatcat:4hgrm2ugnzfejhmfq5ncjvl3xi

Peapods: Exploring the inner space of carbon nanotubes

Hisanori Shinohara
2017 Japanese Journal of Applied Physics  
, carbon nanotubes (CNTs), and graphene, the so-called nanocarbons.  ...  During the past quarter century, the development of nanoscience and nanotechnology has been very much influenced and substantiated by the emergence of real nanometer-scale materials headed by fullerenes  ...  I would like to thank the daily efforts of many graduate students and postdocs in my laboratory for their valuable help in advancing this research.  ... 
doi:10.7567/jjap.57.020101 fatcat:yea2c3owdffn3jdc25nmt6dudm

Biological interactions of carbon-based nanomaterials: From coronation to degradation

Kunal Bhattacharya, Sourav P. Mukherjee, Audrey Gallud, Seth C. Burkert, Silvia Bistarelli, Stefano Bellucci, Massimo Bottini, Alexander Star, Bengt Fadeel
2016 Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology and Medicine  
Carbon-based nanomaterials including carbon nanotubes, graphene oxide, fullerenes and nanodiamonds are potential candidates for various applications in medicine such as drug delivery and imaging.  ...  role of surface modification of nanomaterials for these biological interactions.  ...  Kjell Hultenby, Karolinska Institutet, for assistance with SEM.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.nano.2015.11.011 pmid:26707820 pmcid:PMC4789123 fatcat:iqiw6nujbfclzgqpsdgzcvoutm

Viscosity of nanofluids-A Review

A.K. Patra, M.K. Nayak, A. Misra
2020 International Journal of Thermofluid Science and Technology  
For the most nanofluids, Newtonian behavior is observed for low volume fractions, shear rates, concentrations and viscosity while non-Newtonian behavior is visualized for high volume fractions, shear rates  ...  In the present study a comprehensive review on rheological characteristics of nanofluids for their advanced heat transfer applications has been conducted and presented.  ...  major role in enhancing the heat transfer of nanofluids).  ... 
doi:10.36963/ijtst.2020070202 fatcat:zyuftqpwbraydbthsvwptmnmsa

Protein corona determines the cytotoxicity of nanodiamonds: implications of corona formation and its remodelling on nanodiamond applications in biomedical imaging and drug delivery

Wojciech Chrzanowski, Dipesh Khanal, Gabriela Pinget, Iqbal Ramzan, Archana Gautam, Ridhwan Yusoff, Seiji Yamaguchi, Jun-Hyeog Jang, Aleksey Kondyurin, Jonathan Campbell Knowles, George Georgiou, Laurence Macia (+4 others)
2020 Nanoscale Advances  
The use of nanodiamonds for biomedical and consumer applications is growing rapidly. As its use becomes more widespread, so too are concerns around their cytotoxicity.  ...  Cytotoxicity of nanodiamonds correlates with...  ...  C. acknowledges the Sydney Nano and SOAR Fellowship for nancial support. Authors acknowledge Mr Herman Hau for his support in initial editing of the manuscript. A. G. and K. W. N.  ... 
doi:10.1039/d0na00231c fatcat:2xawgurcm5bqvkrbuwvun5eqbu

Nanoparticles as a Solution for Eliminating the Risk of Mycotoxins

Pavel Horky, Sylvie Skalickova, Daria Baholet, Jiri Skladanka
2018 Nanomaterials  
The occurrence of mycotoxins in food and feed causes negative health impacts on both humans and animals.  ...  There are three main strategies: mold inhibition, mycotoxin adsorption, and reducing the toxic effect via nanoparticles. One of the most promising methods is the use of carbon-based nanomaterials.  ...  The adsorption capacity was estimated for AFL B1 as approximately 10 µg per mg of nanodiamonds and for OTA around 15 µg per mg of nanodiamonds.  ... 
doi:10.3390/nano8090727 pmid:30223519 pmcid:PMC6164963 fatcat:looo4wo7bjgfbgn2y2a74kqy6m

Gadolinium‐containing carbon nanomaterials for magnetic resonance imaging: Trends and challenges

Andrés Rodríguez‐Galván, Margarita Rivera, Patricia García‐López, Luis A. Medina, Vladimir A. Basiuk
2020 Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine  
Their potential of multifunctionality encompasses multimodal imaging and the combination of imaging and therapy.  ...  The aim of the present work is to provide a review of the advances in research on gadolinium-containing carbon nanomaterials and their advantages over conventional gadolinium contrast agents.  ...  , allowing for visualization of the cells by MR imaging in vitro and in vivo.  ... 
doi:10.1111/jcmm.15065 pmid:32154648 fatcat:c2ismxm7j5diddexhvrbdrflla

Carbon-Based Nanomaterials for Delivery of Biologicals and Therapeutics: A Cutting-Edge Technology

Alok Mahor, Prem Prakash Singh, Peeyush Bharadwaj, Neeraj Sharma, Surabhi Yadav, Jessica M. Rosenholm, Kuldeep K. Bansal
2021 C — Journal of Carbon Research  
Thus, the emergence of CNMs has opened up a gateway for the detection, delivery, and treatment of a multitude of diseases.  ...  They are being actively researched for applications within tissue engineering, as vaccine vectors, and for the delivery of therapeutics to the immune system.  ...  Conflicts of Interest: The authors declare no conflict of interest.  ... 
doi:10.3390/c7010019 fatcat:fsltqisqnrev7ckk2aibftef6m

Biological Responses of Onion-Shaped Carbon Nanoparticles

Jaehee Jang, Youngjun Kim, Jangsun Hwang, Yonghyun Choi, Masayoshi Tanaka, Eunah Kang, Jonghoon Choi
2019 Nanomaterials  
Following a series of physicochemical characterizations of the CNOs, various evaluations for biological responses were conducted for potential biotechnological applications of the CNOs.  ...  Nanodiamonds are emerging as new nanoscale materials because of their chemical stability, excellent crystallinity, and unique optical properties.  ...  Conflicts of Interest: The authors declare no conflict of interest.  ... 
doi:10.3390/nano9071016 pmid:31311181 pmcid:PMC6669643 fatcat:ebtlbvbh2ff5tnhzx5k7npzldu
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