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Information-seeking strategies of novices using a full-text electronic encyclopedia

Gary Marchionini
1989 Journal of the American Society for Information Science  
Keystrokes captured by the computer and observer notes were used to examine user information-seeking strategies from a mental model perspective.  ...  Searchers used sentence and phrase queries, indicating unique mental models for this search system. Most searchers accepted system defaults and used the AND connective in formulating queries.  ...  Gerald Teague and Ms. Diane Patrick in conducting the data collection. The ancient Olympics began in Greece with only a few events of strength and speed for men alone.  ... 
doi:10.1002/(sici)1097-4571(198901)40:1<54::aid-asi6>;2-r fatcat:kiohaowpwnbd3moubd6op2vhhq

Designing an information retrieval interface based on user characteristics

Christine L. Borgman, Donald Case, Charles T. Meadow
1985 Proceedings of the 8th annual international ACM SIGIR conference on Research and development in information retrieval - SIGIR '85  
Permission to copy without fee all or part of this material is granted provided that the copies are not made or distributed for direct commercial advantage, the ACM copyright notice and the title of the  ...  publication and its date appear, and notice is given that copying is by permission of the Association for Computing Machinery.  ...  Can user information seeking behavior and mental models of a system be articulated sufficiently well to incorporate them into the interface design? 7.  ... 
doi:10.1145/253495.253519 dblp:conf/sigir/BorgmanCM85 fatcat:l4l7tmrpfneubdf7wuzlh455qi

Learning to Troubleshoot: A New Theory-Based Design Architecture

David H. Jonassen, Woei Hung
2006 Educational Psychology Review  
the learner to generate hypotheses, reconcile the hypotheses to the system mode, test the hypotheses, and interpret the results from the test; and a case library that uses a case-based reasoning engine  ...  The architecture includes three essential components: a multi-layered conceptual model of the system that includes topographic, function, strategic, and procedural representations; a simulator that requires  ...  Most of the existing case-based reasoning systems retrieve cases based on a string-match, a full-text search, a rule-based or a nearest neighbor search algorithm.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10648-006-9001-8 fatcat:ufpninb77vgg7fdmzy3as3i6bu

Search Engine Optimization (SEO) as a dynamic online promotion technique: The implications of activity theory for promotion managers

George S. Spais
2010 Innovative Marketing  
Because of the zero research function of activity theory in the e-marketing literature and as the only refereed journal that focused on the search engine marketing themes was the Search Engine Marketing  ...  This conceptualization was approached as a framework for Search Engine Optimization (SEO) contextual issues, which can be used to aid the design and analysis of the SEO promotion technique investigations  ...  and especially a valuable tool for e-marketing activities, such as the analysis of online information system requirements, based on the focus on interactive information retrieval behavior.  ... 
doaj:7b346865134d44a89046e09ec69234b6 fatcat:pzk62vznvvgudk47ikgwmcq5om

The use of grounded theory in identifying the user experience during search

Evgenia Vassilakaki, Frances Johnson
2015 Library & Information Science Research  
Grounded theory offers a useful method for gaining an understanding of the context of the user experience when searching on an experimental multilingual image retrieval system.  ...  Observational, cognitive and affective data were collected while users searched for images in a multilingual environment.  ...  and in the case of multilingual retrieval systems, the language and its translation.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.lisr.2014.06.006 fatcat:k5lrqwm3zze7ncnwoe6ypk2im4

Pioneering models for information interaction in the context of information seeking and retrieval

Reijo Savolainen
2018 Journal of Documentation  
Article information: To cite this document: Reijo Savolainen, (2018) "Pioneering models for information interaction in the context of information seeking and retrieval", Journal of Documentation, Vol.  ...  Findings -A main characteristic of models for information interaction is the tripartite setting identifying information resources accessible through information systems, intermediary/interface and user  ...  For instance, an information seeker may ask advice from a colleague in a face-to-face discussion; in this case, information interaction is based on dialogue.  ... 
doi:10.1108/jd-11-2017-0154 fatcat:6jbg3pxcobdzbck63akcssx2s4

Attorneys interacting with legal information systems: Tools for mental model building and task integration

Anita Komlodi, Dagobert Soergel
2005 Proceedings of the American Society for Information Science and Technology  
This paper reports (1) on the results of a user study and (2) search-history-based user interface tools developed based on the results of the study.  ...  The results show that many information-seeking tasks can take advantage of automatically and manually recorded history information, including mental model building of a topical area, the integration of  ...  , The Eugene Garfield Dissertation Fellowship, the Human-Computer Interaction Lab at the University of Maryland, and T.  ... 
doi:10.1002/meet.1450390117 fatcat:6ghxcr5ihbbbfon6rb66kzsvfq

Evaluating exploratory visualization systems: A user study on how clustering-based visualization systems support information seeking from large document collections

Yujie Liu, Scott Barlowe, Yaqin Feng, Jing Yang, Min Jiang
2012 Information Visualization  
Through this study, we analyze how and why clustering-based EVSs benefit (or not) users in a variety of information seeking tasks.  ...  Exploratory visualization systems (EVSs) maximize users' information gain through learning and have been widely used in scientific discovery and decision making contexts.  ...  Conceptual description and system practice [7] , which have been proved effective in mental model building, can be employed.  ... 
doi:10.1177/1473871612459995 fatcat:mkxs5grpuveirf325ilehx3mzy

An analysis of two approaches in information retrieval: From frameworks to study designs

Kalervo Järvelin
2007 Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology  
There is a well-known gap between Systems-oriented IR and User-oriented IR, which Cognitive IR seeks to bridge.  ...  This becomes apparent in the use of independent, controlled and dependent variables in the study designs of each approach.  ...  Regarding information retrieval, the search process is not represented nor the other information access processes of which retrieval forms a part and contributes to in practice.  ... 
doi:10.1002/asi.20589 fatcat:g2cbl5um6fhxfaqnynecn6rxbm

Situating Search

Chirag Shah, Emily M. Bender
2022 ACM SIGIR Conference on Human Information Interaction and Retrieval  
In this perspective paper we revisit the problem of search in the larger context of information seeking and argue that removing or reducing interactions in an effort to retrieve presumably more relevant  ...  CCS CONCEPTS • Information systemsUsers and interactive retrieval; Language models.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS We are grateful to the following distinguished scholars for reviewing early drafts of this paper and providing insightful comments: Nicholas J.  ... 
doi:10.1145/3498366.3505816 fatcat:v7xrehl2djd3nbuyfxkrlzssg4

Information seeking behaviour : a conceptual framework

Robert Koja-Odongo, Robert Mostert
2013 South African Journal of Libraries and Information Science  
A number of information seeking and retrieval studies seem to focus on these concepts, albeit in different ways.  ...  It is widely understood that concepts form the basis for describing and explaining phenomena and processes in a field of study.  ...  This model used Ellis's work as a basis for the description of the information search process on the web.  ... 
doi:10.7553/72-3-1112 fatcat:7hgxafuee5a5zindq5qngqa24y

A user-centered approach to evaluating human interaction with Web search engines: an exploratory study

Amanda Spink
2002 Information Processing & Management  
The goal of the study reported in this paper was to develop a user-centered approach to the evaluation including: (1) effectiveness: based on the impact of users' interactions on their information problem  ...  Some users experienced major changes/shifts in various userbased variables, such as information problem or information seeking stage with a search of low precision and vice versa.  ...  This evaluation approach is based on a theoretical framework and model that conceptualizes Web searching within a user's information seeking and retrieving context outlined in the next section of this  ... 
doi:10.1016/s0306-4573(01)00036-x fatcat:zeruzc6n2rhyfj3qmbwllabdja

Report on ACM SIGIR 2006 workshop on evaluating exploratory search systems

Ryen W. White, Gheorghe Muresan, Gary Marchionini
2006 SIGIR Forum  
Exploratory search systems (ESS) are designed to help users move beyond simply finding information toward using that information to support learning, analysis, and decision-making.  ...  The evaluation of the interactive systems designed specifically to help exploratory searchers is a challenging area, worthy of further discussion in the research community.  ...  Perhaps the most complete model integrated the information seeker, search task, information base, search system, and effects.  ... 
doi:10.1145/1189702.1189711 fatcat:ux4t2eszdbhwlh52xgi4dm7c3i

Enhancing user search experience in digital libraries with rotated latent semantic indexing

Serhiy Polyakov
2015 Proceedings of the Association for Information Science and Technology  
The present study proposes a theoretical model and an evaluation framework which are based on the LSA theory of meaning and investigates rLSI in a DL environment.  ...  The results showed a not significant, indirect effect of topical label type on both guidance and satisfaction.  ...  Models in Information Retrieval and Information Seeking Research The task of IR system is to retrieve documents with information content that is relevant to a user's information need.  ... 
doi:10.1002/pra2.2015.1450520100145 dblp:conf/asist/Polyakov15 fatcat:4aehzkid4zggdjsssqm3nt6cvu

Thinking PubMed: an Innovative System for Mental Health Domain

Maja Hadzic, Russel D'Souza, Fedja Hadzic, Tharam Dillon
2008 2008 21st IEEE International Symposium on Computer-Based Medical Systems  
This is a new generation of information-seeking tool where the ontology and datamining work in concert to increase the value of the available information.  ...  In this paper we present Thinking PubMed as a system that results from synergy of ontology and data mining technologies and performs intelligent information searches using the domain ontology.  ...  Our aim is not to improve the current way of retrieving information; we are focused on the transforming the way information is retrieved, transforming the keyword-based searches into ontology-based searches  ... 
doi:10.1109/cbms.2008.20 dblp:conf/cbms/HadzicDHD08 fatcat:aanc6fx3ebaa3k42ras7nb4cee
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