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Prosody dependent Mandarin speech recognition

Chong-Jia Ni, Wen-Ju Liu, Bo Xu
2011 The 2011 International Joint Conference on Neural Networks  
When compared with the baseline system, the performance of our proposed mixed speech recognition system improves the correct rate of tonal syllable significantly.  ...  In this paper, we discuss how to model and train Mandarin prosody dependent acoustic model based on automatic prosody annotation corpus.  ...  PROSODY DEPENDENT SPEECH RECOGNITION SYSTEM In this section, we first introduce the importance of fundamental frequency in Mandarin speech recognition from Prosody Dependent Mandarin Speech Recognition  ... 
doi:10.1109/ijcnn.2011.6033221 dblp:conf/ijcnn/NiLX11 fatcat:dk4ep7yr4zc2tlacddlt3xuvtu

Understanding low-pass-filtered Mandarin sentences: Effects of fundamental frequency contour and single-channel noise suppression

Lei Wang, Dingchang Zheng, Fei Chen
2018 Journal of the Acoustical Society of America  
The present work assessed the effects of flattening the fundamental frequency (F0) 29 contour and processing by single-channel noise suppression on the intelligibility of low-pass 30 (LP)-filtered (LPF  ...  The original F0 contour was replaced by an average flat F0 contour 31 or treated by single-channel noise suppression, followed by application of LP filtering to Mandarin 32 sentences.  ...  Chen et al. (2014) recently examined the effects of fundamental 51 frequency (F0) contour on Mandarin sentence intelligibility.  ... 
doi:10.1121/1.5025168 pmid:29604692 fatcat:3zmpzpncyffddemmpyt7w7xumm

Effects of Semantic Context and Fundamental Frequency Contours on Mandarin Speech Recognition by Second Language Learners

Linjun Zhang, Yu Li, Han Wu, Xin Li, Hua Shu, Yang Zhang, Ping Li
2016 Frontiers in Psychology  
As one of the most important prosodic cues, fundamental frequency (F0) has many functions in speech.  ...  As in our previous study of the Mandarin speech intelligibility test on adult native speakers of Mandarin Chinese , consonant-misplaced sentences were used as masker stimuli in order to minimize the effects  ...  SUPPLEMENTARY MATERIAL The Supplementary Material for this article can be found online at: http://journal.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fpsyg. 2016.00908  ... 
doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2016.00908 pmid:27378997 pmcid:PMC4905971 fatcat:tottc34fvvc43aout3niq6gi5e

Multiple levels of linguistic and paralinguistic features contribute to voice recognition

Jean Mary Zarate, Xing Tian, Kevin J. P. Woods, David Poeppel
2015 Scientific Reports  
frequency (F0), F0 contour, etc.] that can exist outside of the speech domain 5 .  ...  Voice timbre -the Gestalt of sound characteristics that make a voice unique and recognizable -is determined by the physical characteristics of the vocal folds that affect speaking fundamental frequency  ...  Therefore, the effect of phonological familiarity on voice recognition observed in this study is presumably via a top-down influence on basic acoustic analysis of incoming speech.  ... 
doi:10.1038/srep11475 pmid:26088739 pmcid:PMC4473599 fatcat:liffou44hnacbgpxaajxdyz72i

Tone Evaluation of Chinese Continuous Speech Based on Prosodic Words

Yi-Qian Pan, Si Wei, Ren-Hua Wang
2008 2008 6th International Symposium on Chinese Spoken Language Processing  
Tonal Evaluation of Chinese continuous speech plays an important role in Mandarin Chinese Pronunciation Test.  ...  In this paper, we introduce the Multi-Space Distribution Hidden Markov Model based on prosodic word. The results show that the performance of tonal syllable error rate can be reduced.  ...  The influence of context may cause variations of fundamental frequency (F0) contours in the continuous speech, that is, the difference of F0 contours between the continuous speech and the isolated units  ... 
doi:10.1109/chinsl.2008.ecp.77 dblp:conf/iscslp/PanWW08 fatcat:ffxuqkve5vaahmzllyck6fumai

Relative Weights of Temporal Envelope Cues in Different Frequency Regions for Mandarin Vowel, Consonant, and Lexical Tone Recognition

Zhong Zheng, Keyi Li, Gang Feng, Yang Guo, Yinan Li, Lili Xiao, Chengqi Liu, Shouhuan He, Zhen Zhang, Di Qian, Yanmei Feng
2021 Frontiers in Neuroscience  
Objectives: Mandarin-speaking users of cochlear implants (CI) perform poorer than their English counterpart. This may be because present CI speech coding schemes are largely based on English.  ...  This study aims to evaluate the relative contributions of temporal envelope (E) cues to Mandarin phoneme (including vowel, and consonant) and lexical tone recognition to provide information for speech  ...  The one-way ANOVA showed a significant main effect of region on weight for vowel recognition [F (4,50) = 41.117, p < 0.05].  ... 
doi:10.3389/fnins.2021.744959 pmid:34924928 pmcid:PMC8678109 fatcat:nph74u7fbnejloo24sttgpsepy

The Relative Weight of Temporal Envelope Cues in Different Frequency Regions for Mandarin Sentence Recognition

Yang Guo, Yuanyuan Sun, Yanmei Feng, Yujun Zhang, Shankai Yin
2017 Neural Plasticity  
recognition than other regions, particularly the region of 80–502 Hz, which contained fundamental frequency (F0) information.  ...  To investigate the relative weight of E cues in different frequency regions for Mandarin sentence recognition, E information was extracted from 30 contiguous bands across the range of 80–7,562 Hz using  ...  The one-way ANOVA showed a significant main effect of region on weight for sentence recognition ( (4, 76) = 60.129, < 0.001).  ... 
doi:10.1155/2017/7416727 pmid:28203463 pmcid:PMC5288535 fatcat:qutwuyk2gvcjje5zhnzxdqqw34

Electro-tactile stimulation (ETS) enhances cochlear-implant Mandarin tone recognition

Juan Huang, Janice Chang, Fan-Gang Zeng
2017 World Journal of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery  
The size of the present ETS enhancement effect was similar to that of the previously reported EAS effect on Mandarin tone recognition.  ...  Methods: Following up the first ETS study showing enhanced English sentence recognition in noise, 1 the present study evaluated the effect of ETS on Mandarin tone recognition in noise in two groups of  ...  Although Mandarin voice pitch has many redundant acoustic cues, the most salient ones are fundamental frequency and its harmonics. 6 The range of speaking fundamental frequency in Mandarin is between  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.wjorl.2017.12.002 pmid:29780966 pmcid:PMC5956137 fatcat:4w7ivvhqjvckfa4n3pemrdfmda

Mandarin tone recognition in cochlear-implant subjects

Chao-Gang Wei, Keli Cao, Fan-Gang Zeng
2004 Hearing Research  
The rate range was from 100 to 200 Hz, which corresponded to the range of variation in fundamental frequency for the tonal tokens used in this study.  ...  Speech recognition experiments were also conducted to measure tone recognition as function of the number of electrodes from a 1-electrode map to a 20-electrode map.  ...  Acknowledgement The authors thank Zhizhong Wang for his support, Ting Zhang for preparing Fig. 1 , and Lin Chen, Ying-Yee Kong and two anonymous reviewers for comments on the manuscript.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.heares.2004.06.002 pmid:15504607 fatcat:v7tfsjomvzd2fjbkv42ptqe64q

Cochlear-Implanted Children's Perception of Mandarin Tones in Normal Speech and Whispered Speech

Xin Ding, Wentao Gu
2019 Proceedings of the ICA congress  
For normal speech, NH showed significantly higher identification than CI, regardless of tone which showed no significant effect.  ...  Using a picture selection task, we compared the identification of Mandarin four tones in isolated syllables between two groups of 4-to-5-year-old children, i.e., CI and normal-hearing (NH) groups, in both  ...  This research was supported by the Major Program of the National Social Science Fund of China (13&ZD189) and the project for Jiangsu Higher Institutions' Excellent Innovative Team for Philosophy and Social  ... 
doi:10.18154/rwth-conv-239816 fatcat:fows4tq2zrb6fj4kygsmaqzwzi

The effect of language experience on perceptual normalization of Mandarin tones and non-speech pitch contours

Xin Luo, Krista B. Ashmore
2014 Journal of the Acoustical Society of America  
Contrastive context effects (more rising responses in the high-f0 context than in the low-f0 context) were found with both speech and non-speech stimuli for Mandarin listeners, but not for English listeners  ...  Context-dependent pitch perception helps listeners recognize tones produced by speakers with different fundamental frequencies (f0s).  ...  "Some perceptual dependencies in speeded classification of vowel color and pitch," Percept. Psychophys. 29, 1-10.  ... 
doi:10.1121/1.4874619 pmid:24907821 pmcid:PMC4048445 fatcat:w2lcho2ezfgi7j3taob4iaeulm

Effect of F0 contour on perception of Mandarin Chinese speech against masking

Meihong Wu, Ifat Yasin
2019 PLoS ONE  
This study aims to investigate whether intonation cues affect the unmasking of Mandarin Chinese speech in the presence of interfering sounds.  ...  The results showed that recognition of the final keywords in multi-tone Mandarin Chinese sentences was much better under the original F0 contour condition than the decreased F0 contour or exaggerated F0  ...  Acknowledgments Thanks to the anonymous reviewers for their insightful and important comments and ideas. Author Contributions Conceptualization: Meihong Wu. Data curation: Meihong Wu.  ... 
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0209976 pmid:30605452 pmcid:PMC6317796 fatcat:dg3ndyxf4jehdcgsaa3ocjvuy4

Effects of excitation spread on the intelligibility of Mandarin speech in cochlear implant simulations

Fei Chen, Tian Guan, Lena L. N. Wong
2012 2012 8th International Symposium on Chinese Spoken Language Processing  
The present study simulated the effects of decay rates of excitation spread in cochlear implants on the intelligibility of Mandarin speech in noise.  ...  Experimental results showed that significant benefit for Mandarin sentence recognition in noise was observed with narrower type of excitation.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGEMENT This research was supported by Faculty Research Fund, Faculty of Education, The University of Hong Kong, and by General Research Fund (GRF), administered by the Hong Kong Research Grants  ... 
doi:10.1109/iscslp.2012.6423502 dblp:conf/iscslp/ChenGW12 fatcat:ostbrgfi6bcuvppqg3zemafvji

The effects of binaural spectral resolution mismatch on Mandarin speech perception in simulated electric hearing

Fei Chen, Lena L. N. Wong, Qudsia Tahmina, Behnam Azimi, Yi Hu
2012 Journal of the Acoustical Society of America  
This study assessed the effects of binaural spectral resolution mismatch on the intelligibility of Mandarin speech in noise using bilateral cochlear implant simulations.  ...  Significant binaural benefits for Mandarin speech recognition were observed only with matched spectral resolution between ears.  ...  Acknowledgments This research was supported by Faculty Research Fund, Faculty of Education, The University of Hong Kong.  ... 
doi:10.1121/1.4737595 pmid:22894313 fatcat:f5hpxuge6jcwjas2hgt7itbyyi

Mandarin Chinese Tone Recognition with an Artificial Neural Network

Xu Li, Zhang Wenle, Zhou Ning, Lee Chaoyang, Li Yongxin, Chen Xiuwu, Zhao Xiaoyan
2006 Journal of Otology  
All subjects were native Mandarin Chinese speakers. The fundamental frequencies (F0) of each monosyllabic word of the speech data were extracted with an autocorrelation method.  ...  Mandarin Chinese tone patterns vary in one of the four ways, i.e, (1) high level; (2) rising; (3) low falling and rising; and (4) high falling.  ...  The study was supported in part by NIH NIDCD Grant R03-DC006161.  ... 
doi:10.1016/s1672-2930(06)50005-4 fatcat:6nohl77cbbavdllquxhudvj6qi
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