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The echo chamber effect on social media

Matteo Cinelli, Gianmarco De Francisci Morales, Alessandro Galeazzi, Walter Quattrociocchi, Michele Starnini
2021 Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America  
Social media may limit the exposure to diverse perspectives and favor the formation of groups of like-minded users framing and reinforcing a shared narrative, that is, echo chambers.  ...  This paper explores the key differences between the main social media platforms and how they are likely to influence information spreading and echo chambers' formation.  ...  We are grateful to Geronimo Stilton and the Hypnotoad for inspiring the data analysis and result interpretation.  ... 
doi:10.1073/pnas.2023301118 pmid:33622786 fatcat:7d7cxdcxnffslfotema7ci5qye

The echo chamber effect resounds on financial markets: a social media alert system for meme stocks [article]

Ilaria Gianstefani, Luigi Longo, Massimo Riccaboni
2022 arXiv   pre-print
The short squeeze of Gamestop (GME) has revealed to the world how retail investors pooling through social media can severely impact financial markets.  ...  The alert system is structured in two stpng; the first one is based on extraordinary activity on the social network, while the second aims at identifying whether the movement seeks to coordinate the users  ...  This paper provides empirical evidence of the echo chamber effect on the financial market from the social network, a form of market manipulation (albeit indirect).  ... 
arXiv:2203.13790v1 fatcat:v3wcltgmjjhvjcd2fgoyzfhx6y

Independence of the Fundamental Equation of the Oscillation Model on Algebraic Representations: Social Media Echo Chamber Effect [article]

Kakeru Ohki, Ayako Hashizume, Masaki Aida
2020 arXiv   pre-print
In this paper, we confirm, using the echo-chamber effect as an example, that the fundamental equations of different matrix representations lead to the same result.  ...  In the oscillation model that describes the user dynamics of online social networks, it is known that the fundamental equation can explicitly describe the causal relationship between the network structure  ...  ACKNOWLEDGEMENT This research was supported by Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research 19H04096 and 20H04179 from the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS).  ... 
arXiv:2012.00302v1 fatcat:qevh4mog6zhbbne4ylh6re3z6a

Mechanisms and Attributes of Echo Chambers in Social Media [article]

Bohan Jiang, Mansooreh Karami, Lu Cheng, Tyler Black, Huan Liu
2021 arXiv   pre-print
To help better detect echo chambers and mitigate its negative effects, this paper explores the mechanisms and attributes of echo chambers in social media.  ...  Echo chambers may exclude social media users from being exposed to other opinions, therefore, can cause rampant negative effects.  ...  Echo chambers are among one of the many outcomes of confirmation bias. The rampant use of social media further amplifies the effect of confirmation bias on echo chambers.  ... 
arXiv:2106.05401v3 fatcat:eiujar52j5gwjcmadd6iz2sy3i

A Survey on Echo Chambers on Social Media: Description, Detection and Mitigation [article]

Faisal Alatawi, Lu Cheng, Anique Tahir, Mansooreh Karami, Bohan Jiang, Tyler Black, Huan Liu
2021 arXiv   pre-print
This survey aims to examine the echo chamber phenomenon on social media from a social computing perspective and provide a blueprint for possible solutions.  ...  Echo chambers on social media are a significant problem that can elicit a number of negative consequences, most recently affecting the response to COVID-19.  ...  their prevalence on social media and the echo chamber.  ... 
arXiv:2112.05084v1 fatcat:hr5l4tnsyjeuvnzlexfb67m4xu

Echo Chambers [chapter]

Maria Löblich, Niklas Venema
2021 Digital Roots  
Against this background, the chapter analyzes the concept of echo chambers in a historical perspective on media use.  ...  It provides a history of ideas and discourses on audiences as well as a social history of media use and its relations to the public sphere.  ...  Findings from social historical research on media audiences make awareness of social contexts of media usage neglected by the echo chambers' argumentation.  ... 
doi:10.1515/9783110740202-010 fatcat:rykroos4hbc2fafoewmy3bkbaa

The echo chamber is overstated: the moderating effect of political interest and diverse media

Elizabeth Dubois, Grant Blank
2018 Information, Communication & Society  
Funding Data collection was supported by Google as part of the Quello Search Project. Notes on contributors  ...  Next, we analyse the effect of political interest and media diversity on echo chambers using multiple regression analysis.  ...  In order to understand echo chamber effects in a high-choice media environment, we draw on a nationally representative survey of adults in the UK.  ... 
doi:10.1080/1369118x.2018.1428656 fatcat:crczxgromvgv5ccm7guapolmhi

Echo chambers and viral misinformation: Modeling fake news as complex contagion

Petter Törnberg, Chris T. Bauch
2018 PLoS ONE  
The echo chambers effect likely comes from that they form the initial bandwagon for diffusion. These findings have implication for the study of the media logic of new social media.  ...  It finds an "echo chamber effect": the presence of an opinion and network polarized cluster of nodes in a network contributes to the diffusion of complex contagions, and there is a synergetic effect between  ...  Acknowledgments This project has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme project ODYCCEUS (grant agreement n˚732942).  ... 
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0203958 pmid:30235239 pmcid:PMC6147442 fatcat:aif7rlpp4fg4zdiuxrxrec2yam

Loopholes in the Echo Chambers: How the Echo Chamber Metaphor Oversimplifies the Effects of Information Gateways on Opinion Expression

Stefan Geiß, Melanie Magin, Pascal Jürgens, Birgit Stark
2021 Digital Journalism  
views are susceptible to echo chamber effects. (4) Attitude position on the issue-at-hand moderates the effect of SM reliance, which suggests that echo chambers do not completely shield their users from  ...  However, recent theorizing and evidence has cast doubts on the universal applicability of the echo chamber metaphor, pointing out that communication effects on opinion expression are much more complex  ...  Taken together, this change of the algorithm could increase the likelihood and closedness of echo chambers, and further research into the effects thereof is urgently needed.  ... 
doi:10.1080/21670811.2021.1873811 fatcat:tqr6aqlkv5hjpjv2ukoqbzst3i

What's in a tweet? Creating Social Media Echo Chambers to inflate 'the donut'

Charlotte Wien, Daniella B. Deutz
2019 Liber Quarterly: The Journal of European Research Libraries  
She furthermore argued that her private Social Media echo chamber appeared to have leaks: Because whenever she started up her echo chamber, the Social Media platforms somehow seemed to detect the intense  ...  To do that she had simply created a series of fake profiles on all relevant Social Media platforms and whenever publishing anything she would start tweeting and retweeting, posting and sharing with herself  ...  She furthermore argued that her private Social Media echo chamber appeared to have leaks: Because whenever she started up her echo chamber, the Social Media platforms somehow seemed to detect the intense  ... 
doi:10.18352/lq.10289 fatcat:pi6wp775urae5ist3ap5hwvew4

Who to Trust on Social Media: How Opinion Leaders and Seekers Avoid Disinformation and Echo Chambers

Elizabeth Dubois, Sara Minaeian, Ariane Paquet-Labelle, Simon Beaudry
2020 Social Media + Society  
As trust in news media and social media dwindles and fears of disinformation and echo chambers spread, individuals need to find ways to access and assess reliable and trustworthy information.  ...  In this study, we examine the information verification practices of opinion leaders (who consume political information above average and share their opinions on social media above average) and of opinion  ...  Acknowledgements The authors thank the editors and reviewers who provided helpful feedback on this paper. In particular, reviewer three provided detailed feedback, which the authors appreciate.  ... 
doi:10.1177/2056305120913993 fatcat:nzl5iya26ncjhlhj4c6sb2wu5e

Social Influence and Unfollowing Accelerate the Emergence of Echo Chambers [article]

Kazutoshi Sasahara, Wen Chen, Hao Peng, Giovanni Luca Ciampaglia, Alessandro Flammini, Filippo Menczer
2020 arXiv   pre-print
Although our findings suggest that echo chambers are somewhat inevitable given the mechanisms at play in online social media, they also provide insights into possible mitigation strategies.  ...  as "echo chambers."  ...  Our results suggest possible mitigation strategies against the emergence of echo chambers on social media.  ... 
arXiv:1905.03919v3 fatcat:iundyaefk5ey3mn7tmurntkok4

The triple-filter bubble: Using agent-based modelling to test a meta-theoretical framework for the emergence of filter bubbles and echo chambers

Daniel Geschke, Jan Lorenz, Peter Holtz
2018 British Journal of Social Psychology  
The ubiquitous availability of information in the age of social media and the personalization of information flows have had substantial effects on our daily lives and on our sociopolitical culture  ...  When social and technological filtering mechanisms are added to the model, polarization of society into even more distinct and less interconnected echo chambers is observed.  ...  in social media facilitate or attenuate the emergence of filter bubbles and echo chambers.  ... 
doi:10.1111/bjso.12286 pmid:30311947 fatcat:ici53sbgsjgqzmjujnaqhn4iy4

Depolarization of echo chambers by random dynamical nudge [article]

Christopher Brian Currin, Sebastián Vallejo Vera, Ali Khaledi-Nasab
2022 arXiv   pre-print
Furthermore, the RDN is effective both for preventing the formation of echo chambers and also for depolarizing existing echo chambers.  ...  on complex social issues.  ...  Sokolov (Humboldt University) for carefully reading the early versions of the manuscript and providing constructive feedback.  ... 
arXiv:2101.04079v3 fatcat:xskfywyppzamtkmqhhl3c4v6ba

Visual Analysis of Geolocated Echo Chambers in Social Media [article]

Michael Hundt, Bruno Schneider, Mennatallah El-Assady, Daniel A. Keim, Alexandra Diehl
2017 Eurographics Conference on Visualization  
We analyze the echo chambers for Boston Marathon Bombing that took place on April 15, 2013.  ...  In news media, echo chambers refer to situations in which information is amplified or reinforced by communication and repetition.  ...  Previous work states that social media, such as Twitter, can increase the effects of echo chambers [DG17] .  ... 
doi:10.2312/eurp.20171185 dblp:conf/vissym/HundtSEKD17 fatcat:vbbufu73fnbljp463yexfzeape
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