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The current state of digital reference: validation of a general digital reference model through a survey of digital reference services

Jeffrey Pomerantz, Scott Nicholson, Yvonne Belanger, R David Lankes
2004 Information Processing & Management  
This study presents a snapshot of the state of the art in digital reference as of late 2001 -early 2002, and validates the general process model of asynchronous digital reference.  ...  This paper describes a study conducted to determine the paths digital reference services take through a general process model of asynchronous digital reference.  ...  The Current State of Digital Reference:  ... 
doi:10.1016/s0306-4573(02)00085-7 fatcat:vitbgvqt6jalflnev5wdp762yu

The Current State of Digital Reference: Validation of a General Digital Reference Model through a Survey of Digital Reference Services [article]

Jeffrey Pomerantz, Scott Nicholson, Yvonne Belanger, R. David Lankes, Austin, The University Of Texas At
2021
This study presents a snapshot of the state of the art in digital reference as of late 2001 – early 2002, and validates the general process model of asynchronous digital reference.  ...  This paper describes a study conducted to determine the paths digital reference services take through a general process model of asynchronous digital reference.  ...  The Current State of Digital Reference:  ... 
doi:10.26153/tsw/14020 fatcat:pixulqal4recxp3garoxeksfqe

Digital forensic research: current state of the art

Sriram Raghavan
2012 CSI Transactions on ICT  
Digital forensics is the process of employing scientific principles and processes to analyze electronically stored information and determine the sequence of events which led to a particular incident.  ...  The past decade has witnessed significant technological advancements to aid during a digital investigation.  ...  However, like in the finite state model case, the application is not practical to current case complexities.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s40012-012-0008-7 fatcat:e5ssjebgrnfn7ozlbppf7rxmai

Access Digital Divide in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA): Current State and Measures for Improvement

Altahir Saad, Prince Sattam Bin Abdulaziz University /Department of Computer Science, Riyadh, 11912, KSA, Ahmed Fahim
2021 International Journal of Information Engineering and Electronic Business  
from the perspective of who does have computer and networks communication and who doesn't, and this refers to the digital divide.  ...  In this age the emergence of information and communication technologies (ICTs) has been identified as a major step toward solve the problems challenged the nation development.  ...  Acknowledgment The authors would like to thank Dr.  ... 
doi:10.5815/ijieeb.2021.03.02 fatcat:isnwjsqdcraxvd25pcoaurrduq

STATE DEPARTMENTS OF TRANSPORTATION'S VISION TOWARD DIGITAL TWINS: INVESTIGATION OF ROADSIDE ASSET DATA MANAGEMENT CURRENT PRACTICES AND FUTURE REQUIREMENTS

A. Ammar, H. Nassereddine, G. Dadi
2022 ISPRS Annals of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences  
Thus, realizing the potentials of Digital Twins in supporting state DOTs to manage their transportation assets and the anticipated benefits, this paper investigated the current practices of state DOTs  ...  in digitizing the Data Collection for Roadside Asset Systems by developing and distributing a web-based survey.  ...  New constructions require the generation of new sets of data to be included in the current database.  ... 
doi:10.5194/isprs-annals-v-4-2022-319-2022 fatcat:zq5vdywv5zb53a6snbsjkockry

Assessing Digital Reference

Ruth A. Hodges
2002 Libri  
Findings suggest that questions received by the digital reference service simulate questions received by traditional reference services; that digital reference service reaches only a small segment of the  ...  If the library is to succeed in delivering digital reference service and in defining the roles of reference librarians, it must enhance the quality of service to users in order to have a sustainable, competitive  ...  As stated above, studies on the evaluation of digital reference are limited and those evaluations that have been conducted generally use survey and question analysis as data collection methods.  ... 
doi:10.1515/libr.2002.157 fatcat:ygib2nsn45e4jgyo25japoprsa

A Model of the Reference and Information Service Process

Denise E. Agosto, Lily Rozaklis, Craig MacDonald, Eileen G. Abels
2011 Reference and user services quarterly  
What is the basic model of the current reference process?  ...  references and notes Figure 1 . 1 A Model of the Reference Process One of the key components [of today' s reference work] is our ability to evaluate what is a valid site, what is valid content, and how  ... 
doi:10.5860/rusq.50n3.235 fatcat:folddbctcvfcleqz5bbttcwwma

Reference Models for Digital Manufacturing Platforms

Fraile, Sanchis, Poler, Ortiz
2019 Applied Sciences  
This paper presents an integrated reference model for digital manufacturing platforms, based on cutting edge reference models for the Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT) systems.  ...  Based on this analysis, the Industrial Internet Integrated Reference Model (I3RM) for digital manufacturing platforms is presented, together with general recommendations that can be applied to the architectural  ...  Conflicts of Interest: The authors declare no conflict of interest.  ... 
doi:10.3390/app9204433 fatcat:gnsx2o3gqrd5ffbgef3td367we

Virtual Reference, Real Money: Modeling Costs in Virtual Reference Services

Lori Eakin, Jeffrey Pomerantz
2008 portal: Libraries and the Academy  
This cost model is a systematic description of all expenses incurred by a library in providing virtual reference service as part of a collaborative.  ...  This paper describes a project to develop a cost model for collaborative virtual reference services.  ...  digital reference service, the cost of digital reference service as a percent of the total reference budget, and the cost of reference as a percent of the total library or organizational budget. 23  ... 
doi:10.1353/pla.0.0035 fatcat:wxh3wiznr5ff5geboplezwuzhu

The Open Archival Information System Reference Model: Introductory Guide

Brian F. Lavoie
2004 Microform and Imaging Review  
The impact of digital information environments has been remarkably universal, extending to industry, government, and the academy; to business persons, scientists, engineers, and scholars of the humanities  ...  Vast quantities of information in digital form – text, images, audio, video, Web pages, computer programs, databases – are produced, exchanged, and used in a variety of settings, for myriad purposes.  ...  In surveying current activities directed toward the long-term preservation of digital materials, it is not uncommon to encounter the term "OAIS-compliant" used in reference to a digital archiving system  ... 
doi:10.1515/mfir.2004.68 fatcat:szxjap6h4faztaeq3x5qdgskfm

Reference 2.0 in action: an evaluation of the digital reference services in selected Philippine academic libraries

Marian S. Ramos, Christine M. Abrigo
2012 Library Hi Tech News  
What is original/value of paper: This is the first systematic evaluation of the nature and practice of reference 2.0 in Philippine setting that sees a valuable contribution that could boost academic libraries  ...  in the country, as they endeavor to provide world class service to many.  ...  David and her reference librarian, Mr. Fernan Dizon, and the reference team and information assistant of the De La Salle University Library, headed by Director Ms. Ana Maria B.  ... 
doi:10.1108/07419051211223426 fatcat:u7bdwul6qzfzlkeftaplf5cnza

Reflections on Archival User Studies

Hea Lim Rhee
2015 Reference and user services quarterly  
This study examines and analyzes the US and Canadian literature on archival user studies to trace their past, characterize their present, and uncover the issues and challenges facing the archival community  ...  This study is the first to focus on how developments in research trends, technology, and other factors have changed archival user studies. How have they changed in the past thirty years?  ...  Networking capabilities, and especially archives' websites, could provide the next great advance in archival user services, including digital collections and reference correspondence through email.  ... 
doi:10.5860/rusq.54n4.29 fatcat:k4a6y42efvcuvjch677vbfd2pu

Factors Influencing Digital Reference Triage: A Think‐Aloud Study

Jeffrey Pomerantz
2004 Library quarterly  
This article describes a think-aloud study conducted to identify factors that influence the decisions made by digital reference "triagers" when performing triage on questions received by digital reference  ...  Eight of these factors are intrinsic to the question itself; the remaining thirty factors are extrinsic to the question, situating it in a context for the user and the service.  ...  Literature Review This study begins from the general process model of asynchronous digital reference presented in figure 1.  ... 
doi:10.1086/422765 fatcat:znrskhmngrecxfjvjxebbwjxzi

Open Archival Information System (OAIS) Reference Model [chapter]

Christopher A. Lee
2009 Encyclopedia of Library and Information Sciences, Third Edition  
The author explains the nature of reference models as a particular type of standard, and then describes the major components and concepts of the OAIS Reference Model.  ...  The primary mechanisms that the Reference Model uses to convey the aspects of an OAIS are its functional model and information model.  ...  OAIS AS A REFERENCE MODEL The OAIS is a reference model, which is a very particular type of standard.  ... 
doi:10.1081/e-elis3-120044377 fatcat:52mjnixwd5apnde7csfb2zk3fq

Open Archival Information System (OAIS) Reference Model [chapter]

Christopher Lee
2011 Understanding Information Retrieval Systems  
The author explains the nature of reference models as a particular type of standard, and then describes the major components and concepts of the OAIS Reference Model.  ...  The primary mechanisms that the Reference Model uses to convey the aspects of an OAIS are its functional model and information model.  ...  OAIS AS A REFERENCE MODEL The OAIS is a reference model, which is a very particular type of standard.  ... 
doi:10.1201/b11499-56 fatcat:nni3jkdyazdm3i4pqcgn3vsaea
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