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The benefits of brain mapping

2013 Nature  
Two huge projects have the potential to revolutionize neuroscience, as long as they don't drain money from other work and are monitored to keep them on target.  ...  The first steps will be to develop technologies to map the brain in unprecedented detail, in terms of activity and anatomy -and to develop theoretical neuroscience to make sense of it.  ...  Reliable and detailed reference maps of the brain are likely to ground the research in reality, attracting industry back. There is also a high-stakes cultural issue.  ... 
doi:10.1038/499253a fatcat:p47ixhp4r5gqfcobn2vkrypnhq

Combining Brain Imaging, Neurophysiological Techniques and Noninvasive Brain Stimulation to Understand A Changing Brain

Pascual-Leone Alvaro
2012 The Proceedings of the Annual Convention of the Japanese Psychological Association  
Both of these techniques can be combined with brain mapping methods.  ...  講演の内容 The human brain is intrinsically plastic, changing across the lifespan. Such changes may proof adaptive and lead to functional benefits, or may be the very cause of disease and disability.  ...  Both of these techniques can be combined with brain mapping methods.  ... 
doi:10.4992/pacjpa.76.0_sl002 fatcat:mkja7klx3rewzjt3z22olnzh6u

Brain Mapping Assisted Motor Strip Lesions Excision: Series of 3 Cases

Sharad Samson Rajmani, Ahmed Al Azri, Neeraj Salhotra, Samit Biniwale, Bashar Al Tunbi, Faraz Qayyum Khan
2019 American Journal of Medical Case Reports  
We present our three patients who underwent brain mapping in the excision and gave good postoperative outcome.  ...  Use of navigation and motor strip mapping, connectome study preoperatively for better surgical outcome are useful tools to minimize the neurodeficit specially in patients who are not a candidate for the  ...  Our patients underwent brain mapping assisted excision of lesions and had no additional neurodeficit asserting the benefits of intraoperative brain mapping.  ... 
doi:10.12691/ajmcr-7-11-10 fatcat:uyrz7t3kmzbcpoua66ofejc3gi

Extending resection and preserving function: modern concepts of glioma surgery

P Schucht, J Beck, K Seidel, A Raabe
2015 Swiss Medical Weekly  
The allocation of various neurological functions within the brain varies in each patient and may undergo additional changes in the presence of a tumour (brain plasticity), making intra-operative localisation  ...  , and benefits patients by enabling a more radical resection, while simultaneously lowering the risk of neurological deficits.  ...  This remarkable finding demonstrates the plasticity of the brain and highlights the importance of brain mapping to achieve a maximal but safe resection.  ... 
doi:10.4414/smw.2015.14082 pmid:25651063 fatcat:cz22kiqhfzev7mgr7fsofxbxdm

Extracting representations of cognition across neuroimaging studies improves brain decoding

Arthur Mensch, Julien Mairal, Bertrand Thirion, Gaël Varoquaux
2021 PLoS Computational Biology  
We introduce a new methodology to analyze brain responses across tasks without a joint model of the psychological processes.  ...  Cognitive brain imaging is accumulating datasets about the neural substrate of many different mental processes. Yet, most studies are based on few subjects and have low statistical power.  ...  Beyond quantitative benefits -the gain in prediction accuracy-the models also brings qualitative benefits, facilitating the interpretation of decoding maps (Fig 6 ).  ... 
doi:10.1371/journal.pcbi.1008795 pmid:33939700 pmcid:PMC8118532 fatcat:tbq627jcx5hpzn7q55tuygiche

Your Resting Brain CAREs about Your Risky Behavior

Christine L. Cox, Kristin Gotimer, Amy K. Roy, F. Xavier Castellanos, Michael P. Milham, Clare Kelly, Angela Sirigu
2010 PLoS ONE  
The expected benefit scores were entered in statistical models assessing the RSFC of brain regions consistently implicated in both the evaluation of risk and reward, and cognitive control (i.e., orbitofrontal  ...  Task-based neuroimaging studies implicate a distributed network of brain regions in risky decision-making.  ...  of the NYU Child Study Center, and all participants for their time and cooperation.  ... 
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0012296 pmid:20808870 pmcid:PMC2924392 fatcat:ikdjit7l3rb4vkq5diddcvlpz4

Targeting optimal blood pressure monitoring: what's next?

André Y. Denault, Patrice Brassard, Matthias Jacquet-Lagrèze, Antoine E. Halwagi
2018 Journal of Thoracic Disease  
Acknowledgements The authors would like to thank Mr. Denis Babin and Antoinette Paolitto for their help with the manuscript.  ...  The concept of an "optimal-MAP" as defined by the authors is novel in this patient population yet benefits of aiming such a MAP is uncertain.  ...  Contrarily to brain injured patients, it is conceptually unclear how "optimal-MAP" titration in cardiac surgery patients would confer benefit rather than simply aiming a MAP superior to the LLA of bilateral  ... 
doi:10.21037/jtd.2018.08.115 pmid:30370138 pmcid:PMC6186585 fatcat:mfsjurq3ufaxviswhef27ptvva

Benefits of MR Diffusion Tensor Imaging and Fiber Tractography Over Conventional MRI in Preoperative Evaluation of Pediatric Brain Tumors

SAMIA Y. HEIKAL, M.Sc. IMAN M. ZAKY, M.D., MOHAMED A. EL-BELTAGY, M.D. AYMAN ABD EL-HAMID EL-BASMY, M.D.
2019 The Medical journal of Cairo University  
The surgeon benefits from DTI as it depicts the relationship of the intra-axial tumor to local WM tracts in multiple planes.  ...  Aim of Study : The purpose of this study is to evaluate the role of MR diffusion tensor imaging and fiber tractography and its benefits over conventional MRI in accurate preoperative localization of important  ...  Aim of work: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the role of MR diffusion tensor imaging and fiber tractography and its benefits over conventional MRI in accurate preoperative localization of important  ... 
doi:10.21608/mjcu.2019.53925 fatcat:nblssgtrezexbcprcsoor5x3yq

Big brain projects urged to aid public health

Sara Reardon
2016 Nature  
But one big question looms over the WHO's push to ensure that brain-mapping projects yield clinical benefits: the agency does not fund research.  ...  Tetsuo Yamamori, a neuroscientist at RIKEN Brain Institute in Saitama and vice project leader of the Brain/MINDS project, says that its primary goal will remain the same: linking behaviour to mapping brain  ... 
doi:10.1038/539151a pmid:27830824 fatcat:6we2pcg5tjdc3bknrszu4exgci

Assessment of the Influence of Navigated Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation on Surgical Planning for Tumors in or Near the Motor Cortex

Thomas Picht, Juliane Schulz, Michael Hanna, Sein Schmidt, Olaf Suess, Peter Vajkoczy
2012 Neurosurgery  
Brain tumor surgery near the motor cortex requires careful planning to achieve the optimal balance between completeness of tumor resection and preservation of motor function.  ...  Navigated transcranial magnetic stimulation (nTMS) can be used to map functionally essential motor areas preoperatively.  ...  This study reviewed the records of 73 patients with brain tumors in or near the motor cortex, mapped preoperatively with nTMS.  ... 
doi:10.1227/neu.0b013e318243881e pmid:22127045 fatcat:we4u2zphxbfqpdjezpxbht3dm4

Differential functional benefits of ultra highfield MR systems within the language network

A. Geißler, E. Matt, F. Fischmeister, M. Wurnig, B. Dymerska, E. Knosp, M. Feucht, S. Trattnig, E. Auff, W.T. Fitch, S. Robinson, R. Beisteiner
2014 NeuroImage  
We conclude that functional UHF benefits are evident, however these depend crucially on the brain region investigated and the ability to control local artifacts.  ...  Several investigations have shown limitations of fMRI reliability with the current standard field strengths.  ...  Acknowledgment This study was supported by the Vienna Spots of Excellence Program of the Centre of Innovation and Technology, City of Vienna (ZIT), University grant number FA102A001, a research cluster  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2014.09.036 pmid:25255049 pmcid:PMC4263528 fatcat:gsextwpm25btzpbqovohthsry4

Cerebral Oxygenation Non Invasive Monitoring in Traumatic Brain Injury - A Pilot Study

Vesna Durnev, Venko Filipce, Aleksandra Gavrilovska Brzanov, Maja Mojsova Mijovska, Marina Temelkovska Stevanovska
2017 Macedonian Medical Review  
Continued study of the benefits of cerebral oxygen monitoring is warranted.  ...  Optimizing cerebral oxygenation is advocated to improve outcome in traumatic brain injured (TBI) hence the goal of this study was to determine the benefit of non invasive monitoring of cerebral oxygenation  ...  Continued study of the benefits of cerebral oxygen monitoring is warranted.  ... 
doi:10.1515/mmr-2017-0019 fatcat:a5ckrotcanentjua54ky5gmbiq

Predicting outcome in a cohort of isolated and combined dystonia within probabilistic brain mapping

Carolina Soares, Martin M. Reich, Francisca Costa, Florian Lange, Jonas Roothans, Carina Reis, Rui Vaz, Maria José Rosas, Jens Volkmann
2021 Movement Disorders Clinical Practice  
Probabilistic brain mapping is a promising tool to estimate the expected benefit of pallidal deep brain stimulation (GPi-DBS) in patients with isolated dystonia (IsoD).  ...  To investigate the role of probabilistic mapping in combined dystonia (ComD).  ...  Probabilistic outcome brain mapping is a promising tool to estimate the expected benefit of patients with IsoD on a single subject level.  ... 
doi:10.1002/mdc3.13345 pmid:34761057 pmcid:PMC8564825 fatcat:74lwxvujrnebvepezqjh3yyyim

Lessons from Brain Mapping in Surgery for Low-Grade Gliomas: Study of Cerebral Connectivity and Plasticity [chapter]

Hugues Duffau
2006 Lecture Notes in Computer Science  
the benefit / risk ratio of surgery.  ...  , the effective connectivity and the brain plastic potential for each patient, in order to taylor the resection according to both oncological and cortico-subcortical functional boundaries, then to optimize  ...  optimize the benefit to risk ratio of surgery [3] .  ... 
doi:10.1007/11812715_4 fatcat:3bqi2ndmx5ggbkdawdbdu2rnea

Mind Maps as a Lifelong Learning Tool

Aliye Erdem
2017 Universal Journal of Educational Research  
Mind map, which was developed by Tony Buzan as a note-taking technique, is an application which has the power of uncovering the thoughts which the brain has about a subject from different viewpoints and  ...  which activate the right and left lobes of the brain together as an alternative to linear thought.  ...  Students stated in the theme of "cognitive", the benefits provided by mind map usage as ensuring of permanent learning, ensuring the right and left lobes of brain being active, facilitating remembrance  ... 
doi:10.13189/ujer.2017.051301 fatcat:yjufvsfhnjdczl3mrxpzdvv2fa
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