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The VolumePro real-time ray-casting system

Hanspeter Pfister, Jan Hardenbergh, Jim Knittel, Hugh Lauer, Larry Seiler
1999 Proceedings of the 26th annual conference on Computer graphics and interactive techniques - SIGGRAPH '99  
Abstract This paper describes VolumePro, the world's first single-chip realtime volume rendering system for consumer PCs. VolumePro implements ray-casting with parallel slice-by-slice processing.  ...  Figure 1 : Several volumes rendered on the VolumePro hardware at 30 frames per second.  ...  Ingmar Bitter, Frank Dachille, Urs Kanus, Chris Kappler, and Dick Waters contributed to the ideas that are implemented in the system. Thanks also to Forrester Cole, voxel wrangler and image master.  ... 
doi:10.1145/311535.311563 dblp:conf/siggraph/PfisterHKLS99 fatcat:zw7sty6rnnaw3pgwu5senmysyi

Architectures for real-time volume rendering

Hanspeter Pfister
1999 Future generations computer systems  
Rays are cast Preprint submitted to Elsevier Preprint  ...  The discussion of each architecture will focus on the algorithm, system architecture, memory system, and volume rendering performance.  ...  Fig. 5 . 5 Texture mapping system architecture. Fig. 7 . 7 Projection plane ray-casting. Fig. 8 . 8 VIRIM Architecture. Fig. 9 . 9 Template-based ray-casting.  ... 
doi:10.1016/s0167-739x(98)00051-x fatcat:3gmfsyjv7nggnlfvkoltst6lcy

Shear-image order ray casting volume rendering

Yin Wu, Vishal Bhatia, Hugh Lauer, Larry Seiler
2003 Proceedings of the 2003 symposium on Interactive 3D graphics - SI3D '03  
Unlike texture methods, which realize shear and warp by transformations in a commodity graphics system, the shear-image ray casting methods use a new factorization that preserves memory and interpolation  ...  Unlike shear-warp, but like the texture-based methods, rays are cast through the centers of pixels of the image plane and sample points are at the intersections of rays with each slice.  ...  Zhao for their insight into the issues of real-time volume rendering.  ... 
doi:10.1145/641508.641510 fatcat:ajspbumgsbdt3ex7wgzjd5nj4m

Shear-image order ray casting volume rendering

Yin Wu, Vishal Bhatia, Hugh Lauer, Larry Seiler
2003 Proceedings of the 2003 symposium on Interactive 3D graphics - SI3D '03  
Unlike texture methods, which realize shear and warp by transformations in a commodity graphics system, the shear-image ray casting methods use a new factorization that preserves memory and interpolation  ...  Unlike shear-warp, but like the texture-based methods, rays are cast through the centers of pixels of the image plane and sample points are at the intersections of rays with each slice.  ...  Zhao for their insight into the issues of real-time volume rendering.  ... 
doi:10.1145/641480.641510 dblp:conf/si3d/WuBLS03 fatcat:ythvp5mbmfbwxdjysyu2yctkt4

Page 5 of None Vol. 51, Issue 1 [page]

2002 None  
The VolumePro real-time ray-casting system. Proceedings of SIG- GRAPH 99, 1999, p. 251-260. . Phillips CL, Arend LJ, Filson AJ, Kojetin DJ, Clendenon JL, Fang S, and Dunn KW.  ...  In the past, most voxel-based pro- grams had to run on very expensive SGI workstations to achieve near real-time rendering speeds.  ... 

Real-time volume rendering

A. Kaufman, F. Dachille, B. Chen, I. Bitter, K. Kreeger, N. Zhang, Q. Tang
2000 International journal of imaging systems and technology (Print)  
We examine Cube-4/VolumePro as the latest advance in real-time volume visualization hardware.  ...  With the advent of high-powered, commodity volume visualization hardware comes a new challenge: effectively harnessing the visualization power to enable greater understanding of data through dynamic interaction  ...  Others [8, 20, 27] also used slice-parallel ray-casting on massively-parallel machines, but did not achieve real-time frame rates.  ... 
doi:10.1002/(sici)1098-1098(2000)11:1<44::aid-ima5>3.0.co;2-8 fatcat:utg4mwb76nfzdp4ffhlncvbcwm

Real-Time Volume Rendering for Virtual Colonoscopy [chapter]

Wei Li, Arie Kaufman, Kevin Kreeger
2001 Eurographics  
We present a volume rendering system that is capable of generating high-quality images of large volumetric data (e.g., 512 3 ) in real time (30 frames or more per second).  ...  The system is particularly suitable for applications that generate densely occluded scenes of large data sets, such as virtual colonoscopy.  ...  The patients' data sets were provided by the University Hospital of the State University of New York at Stony Brook.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-7091-6756-4_25 fatcat:mmp46dj6v5ct3ena3w5xi5y4ou

Volume Visualization and Volume Rendering Techniques [article]

M. Meißner, H. Pfister, R. Westermann, C.M. Wittenbrink
2000 Eurographics State of the Art Reports  
This course will give an introduction to the volume rendering transport theory and the involved issues such as interpolation, illumination, classification and others.  ...  Furthermore, acceleration techniques will be presented including pure software optimizations as well as utilizing special purpose hardware as VolumePro but also dedicated hardware such as polygon graphics  ...  Acknowledgments Data sets are thankfully acknowledged: for the skull Siemens, Germany; for the blood vessels Philips Research, Hamburg; for the NASA Langley Fighter, Neely and Batina; for the Super Phoenix  ... 
doi:10.2312/egt.20001035 fatcat:u2khla4j4fghfarpj4zv6xhf7m

Vesselize: A system for analysis and visualization of magnetic resonance angiography

Peter J. Yim, Rakesh Mullick, Peter L. Choyke
2000 Journal of digital imaging  
The system includes both standard tools and recent innovations, which improve speed and visualization quality. The system operates on a mid-range PC with sufficient memory to process MRA.  ...  We presenta system that enables high-quality three-dimensional visualization of MRA necessary for surgical planning.  ...  Rendering is performed with the VolumePro 500 card (Realtime Visualization, Mitsubishi Electric, Concord, MA; www.rtviz.com), which is based on object order ray casting (similar to the shear-warp algorithm  ... 
doi:10.1007/bf03167671 pmid:10847409 pmcid:PMC3453268 fatcat:3lkzhiayt5e55ipi4xew7tj3uq

VIZARD II: A Reconfigurable Interactive Volume Rendering System [article]

M. Meißner, U. Kanus, G. Wetekam, J. Hirche, A. Ehlert, W. Straßer, M. Doggett, P. Forthmann, R. Proksa
2002 Proceedings of the ACM SIGGRAPH/EUROGRAPHICS conference on Graphics hardware - HWWS '04  
This paper presents a reconfigurable, hardware accelerated, volume rendering system for high quality perspective ray casting.  ...  The volume rendering accelerator performs ray casting by calculating the path of the ray through the volume using a programmable Xilinx Virtex FPGA which provides fast design changes and low cost development  ...  VolumePro 16 delivers insight and control over the rendering process of a volume dataset unlike any previously available solution to real-time volume rendering.  ... 
doi:10.2312/eggh/eggh02/137-146 fatcat:dnt2o5auanbhtpapusjkjivkye

Image-Based Rendering of Surfaces from Volume Data [chapter]

Baoquan Chen, Arie Kaufman, Qingyu Tang
2001 Eurographics  
We cache the fully volume rendered image (called keyview) and use it to generate novel view without ray-casting every pixel.  ...  Therefore, we only need to cast rays for pixels in the newly visible regions, which usually occupy only a small portion of the whole image, resulting in a substantial speedup.  ...  Huamin Qu for his valuable help on the implementation of the virtual colonoscopy system.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-7091-6756-4_19 fatcat:jtc4sm3am5bslfoqa6acrzbbn4

Interactive electronic biopsy for 3D virtual colonscopy

Ming Wan, Frank Dachille, Kevin Kreeger, Sarang Lakare, Mie Sato, Arie E. Kaufman, Mark R. Wax, Zhengrong Liang, Chin-Tu Chen, Anne V. Clough
2001 Medical Imaging 2001: Physiology and Function from Multidimensional Images  
the interior structures inside the abnormalities.  ...  In addition, we provide an important tool to display the original 2D CT image at the current 3D camera position, so that the physician is able to double check the interior structure of a polyp with the  ...  The patients' data sets were provided by the University Hospital of the State University of New York at Stony Brook.  ... 
doi:10.1117/12.428176 fatcat:25g2skhlbjcn7mbg3brcrku4ti

When will ray-tracing replace rasterization?

Kurt Akeley, David Kirk, Larry Seiler, Philipp Slusallek, Brad Grantham
2002 ACM SIGGRAPH 2002 conference abstracts and applications on - SIGGRAPH '02  
Speakers will address the future of rasterization versus ray-tracing/ray-casting techniques based on their broad and diverse industry experience and individual viewpoints as leaders in the graphics community  ...  Kurt Akeley works part time at NVIDIA Corporation, where he is a member of the graphics architecture team.  ...  Larry described this work at the 1999 MicroProcessor Forum and is a co-author of "The VolumePro Real-Time Ray-casting System" (SIGGRAPH 1999).  ... 
doi:10.1145/1242073.1242120 dblp:conf/siggraph/AkeleyKSSG02 fatcat:m5ubihfzqnfldhg77kdwkmbwna

A Rendering Method for Visualization of Medical Data

Fei He, Xia Li
2010 Modern Applied Science  
Ultimately, the authors propose their own best method and use test data to prove the validity of the method.  ...  This article describes the common visualization of medical images and effective optimization method proposed from different perspectives.  ...  The most widely cited technology was VolumePro, which used high memory bandwidth and brute force to render using the ray casting algorithm.  ... 
doi:10.5539/mas.v4n12p126 fatcat:3s77nvjcxnfzjm4mwads4upoe4

Efficient Visualization of Large Medical Image Datasets on Standard PC Hardware [article]

V. Pekar, D. Hempel, G. Kiefer, M. Busch, J. Weese
2003 EUROVIS 2005: Eurographics / IEEE VGTC Symposium on Visualization  
The innermost ray casting loop is transformed such that the arithmetic operations and memory accesses can be processed in parallel on current general-purpose processors.  ...  At the same time, standard computer hardware is becoming sufficiently powerful to be used in applications which previously required expensive and inflexible special-purpose hardware.  ...  Luke's Episcopal Hospital, Houston, for providing the MRA dataset and Dr. Rogalla of Charité Hospital, Berlin, for providing the thorax CT data.  ... 
doi:10.2312/vissym/vissym03/135-140 fatcat:w6snnavkr5am5kpossjqxgbw2m
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