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The synchronization of periodic routing messages

Sally Floyd, Van Jacobson
1993 Conference proceedings on Communications architectures, protocols and applications - SIGCOMM '93  
In particular, we study the synchronization of periodic routing messages, and offer guidelines on how to avoid inadvertent synchronization.  ...  In addition, we argue that the inadvertent synchronization of periodic processes is likely to become an increasing problem in computer networks. 1  ...  We have enjoyed discussions with Win Treese, who has also investigated the synchronization of routing messages.  ... 
doi:10.1145/166237.166241 dblp:conf/sigcomm/FloydJ93 fatcat:g4ttpomxizfcjmmfa7hkjyefxa

The synchronization of periodic routing messages

S. Floyd, V. Jacobson
1994 IEEE/ACM Transactions on Networking  
In particular, we study the synchronization of periodic routing messages, and offer guidelines on how to avoid inadvertent synchronization.  ...  In addition, we argue that the inadvertent synchronization of periodic processes is likely to become an increasing problem in computer networks. 1  ...  We have enjoyed discussions with Win Treese, who has also investigated the synchronization of routing messages.  ... 
doi:10.1109/90.298431 fatcat:atwvzfzacngj3capbveb645oyu

The synchronization of periodic routing messages

Sally Floyd, Van Jacobson
1993 Computer communication review  
In particular, we study the synchronization of periodic routing messages, and offer guidelines on how to avoid inadvertent synchronization.  ...  In addition, we argue that the inadvertent synchronization of periodic processes is likely to become an increasing problem in computer networks. 1  ...  We have enjoyed discussions with Win Treese, who has also investigated the synchronization of routing messages.  ... 
doi:10.1145/167954.166241 fatcat:h6xdmnejn5aqlllxkn5n7bii2q

Research of Neighbor Discovery for IPv6 over Low-Power Wireless Personal Area Networks

Bingqing Luo, Suning Tang, Zhixin Sun
2015 Proceedings of the 11th EAI International Conference on Heterogeneous Networking for Quality, Reliability, Security and Robustness  
The Ipv6 neighbor discovery protocol is unable to meet the networking and address configuration requirements of the nodes in the wireless sensor network (WSN).  ...  To address this problem, the 6lowpan network architecture is presented in this paper, and based on the architecture, a method for configuring addresses of the 6lowpan nodes and a basic process for interaction  ...  Setting of the synchronization time is helpful for border routes in ensuring the consistency of the context information between border routes before periodically distributing the RA message.  ... 
doi:10.4108/eai.19-8-2015.2260186 dblp:journals/sas/LuoTS15 fatcat:is2ybwggube6nidh7w2migmxfm

Backbone MAC for energy-constrained wireless sensor networks

Markus Walchli, Reto Zurbuchen, Thomas Staub, Torsten Braun
2009 2009 IEEE 34th Conference on Local Computer Networks  
Due to the usage of synchronization messages no additional control traffic is required to setup the routing backbone.  ...  In this paper we propose a routing backbone construction mechanism that exploits and uses the synchronization messages exchanged by synchronized contention-based MAC protocols.  ...  In this paper we propose to use the periodically exchanged synchronization (SYNC) messages to construct a routing backbone on the MAC layer.  ... 
doi:10.1109/lcn.2009.5355177 dblp:conf/lcn/WalchliZSB09 fatcat:4mh6p7t45bc5nhz7u3gy2sptai

Study on Key Techniques of Aeronautical Ad Hoc Network MAC and Network Layer

Qiming Qiu, Zheng Fang, Cheng Gong
2015 Procedia Engineering  
Network layer core architecture is designed in view of the network layer functional requirements, and several key technique points such as network synchronization, network admittance and routing maintenance  ...  The simulation results show the effectiveness of the design in this paper, and the design has a positive significance for designing of new concept aviation wireless communication products based on network  ...  All the nodes in the network periodically broadcast network invitation message, and in order to avoid network congestion, the waiting period of time with stochastic window mode is adopted, namely the node  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.proeng.2014.12.536 fatcat:qsikjrkatbe7rfytnnvktef5qq

Energy Consumption of Clocks Synchronization on a Routing Algorithm for Sensor Networks

Enrique Giandomenico, Estela D'Agostino, Javier Belmonte, Rosa Corti, Roberto Martínez
2013 CLEI Electronic Journal  
Cluditem is a routing algorithm for wireless sensor networks developed for applications of environmental monitoring with periodic measurement of variables.  ...  The objective of the work was to assess the impact on the energy consumption of the incorporation of synchronization techniques described.  ...  As the number of nodes increases, it is possible that one does not reach the synchronization. For this reason, the synchronization message is sent periodically [14] .  ... 
doi:10.19153/cleiej.16.2.1 fatcat:z5g6coi4pbhobeogs4abwe3yxy

A Joining Procedure and Synchronization for TSCH-RPL Wireless Sensor Networks

Jose Vera-Pérez, David Todolí-Ferrandis, Salvador Santonja-Climent, Javier Silvestre-Blanes, Víctor Sempere-Payá
2018 Sensors  
Implementing these mechanisms requires a correct synchronization of all devices in the network, a stage in deployment that can lead to non-operational networks.  ...  specific Trickle Timer for the Medium Access Control (MAC) Time-Slotted Channel Hopping (TSCH) layer, decoupling from the timers in the network and routing layers.  ...  Conflicts of Interest: The authors declare no conflict of interest.  ... 
doi:10.3390/s18103556 fatcat:sudm6p5st5akliveh5p3mhn2le

A Novel Solution For Sleep Scheduler In Wireless Sensor Networks

Harsh Kumar Singh
2012 International Journal of Advanced Smart Sensor Network Systems  
Keywords sensor network; battery power; energy efficient routing; network reliability; Technology and RKDF Institute of Science and Technology Bhopal, MP, India, joined the Department of Information Technology  ...  Then the protocol will be extended to the synchronous network, where nodes manage their own mode (sleep or awake mode) independently. .  ...  If routing message is received during the period then node is active for routing.  ... 
doi:10.5121/ijassn.2012.2102 fatcat:3kdnvgjwqfb4pnfuncom5c7vrm

An integrated approach for density control and routing in wireless sensor networks

I.G. Siqueira, C.M.S. Figueiredo, A.A.F. Loureiro, J.M. Nogueira, L.B. Ruiz
2006 Proceedings 20th IEEE International Parallel & Distributed Processing Symposium  
The usual way of designing network functions is to consider them isolatedly, a strategy which may not guarantee the correct and efficient operation of WSNs.  ...  The simulations experiments performed prove that the integrated design improves the network performance, especially when density control and routing are fully integrated.  ...  As a result, the configuration of the routing rebuilding period is a hard task. Another effect of density control over routing is related to the modification in the network traffic.  ... 
doi:10.1109/ipdps.2006.1639339 dblp:conf/ipps/SiqueiraFLNR06 fatcat:p3d3bw5oqvbspbeuacrhqqkfqa

CHARON: Routing in low-density opportunistic wireless sensor networks

Jorge M Soares, Rui M Rocha
2009 2009 2nd IFIP Wireless Days (WD)  
Combining wireless sensor networks (WSNs) with delay-tolerant networking (DTN) has the potential to extend their use in a multitude of previously impossible applications.  ...  However, and despite numerous proposed solutions, there is still wide debate as to how to best route messages in these networks and, more importantly, how to do it in an energy-efficient way.  ...  One example is ZebraNet [6] , a wildlife monitoring network that routes messages based on a very simple historic analysis: an integer counter is periodically increased if the node is in range of the sink  ... 
doi:10.1109/wd.2009.5449666 fatcat:nc5ixrzcxbhixfdoabfciwfbze

On the synchronization of IEEE 802.15.5 wireless mesh sensor networks: Shortcomings and improvements

Antonio-Javier Garcia-Sanchez, Felipe Garcia-Sanchez, David Rodenas-Herraiz, Joan Garcia-Haro
2012 EURASIP Journal on Wireless Communications and Networking  
However, the SES synchronization scheme introduces variable delays in the dissemination of information and reduces the lifetime of the nodes and the entire network significantly, thus limiting the full  ...  As part of the recent IEEE 802.15.5 wireless mesh sensor networks (WMSN) standard, Synchronous Energy Saving (SES) is planned to provide energy savings to scheduled communications with strict temporal  ...  It was also developed in the framework of "Programa de Ayudas a Grupos de Excelencia de la Región de Murcia, de la Fundación Séneca, Agencia de Ciencia y Tecnología de la RM".  ... 
doi:10.1186/1687-1499-2012-198 fatcat:zn3lfdixnbelnjp7wygxd7oqri

A Precise and Hardware-Efficient Time Synchronization Method for Wearable Wired Networks

Fardin Derogarian, Joao Canas Ferreira, Vitor M. Grade Tavares
2016 IEEE Sensors Journal  
The proposed protocol keeps the one-hop average synchronization error close to the signal propagation delay and the one-hop peak-to-peak jitter equal to the period of each node's system clock period.  ...  The protocol can achieve synchronization in the range of a few nanoseconds, enough to satisfy the requirements of many applications for wearable networks, with one-way messages.  ...  Under this protocol, the clock server periodically sends synchronization messages.  ... 
doi:10.1109/jsen.2015.2501645 fatcat:nsgtogpd5nbgbkoe5a7alhx76y

Reinforcement Learning for Self-organizing Wake-Up Scheduling in Wireless Sensor Networks [chapter]

Mihail Mihaylov, Yann-Aël Le Borgne, Karl Tuyls, Ann Nowé
2013 Communications in Computer and Information Science  
This synchronized active period enables neighboring nodes to communicate with one another. The use of routing then allows any pair of nodes to exchange messages.  ...  In S-MAC, the duty-cycle is fixed by the user, and all sensor nodes synchronize in such a way that their active periods take place at the same time.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS The authors of this paper would like to thank the anonymous reviewers for their useful comments and valuable suggestions.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-29966-7_25 fatcat:ta5jmzvpirel5bboykntlgcjdq

Identifying Stable Network in Mobile Ad-Hoc Networks

S. VikramPhaneendra, Sreenivasulu. T, B. Jalaja Kumari
2012 International Journal of Computer Applications  
The complexity in QoS routing in MANETs is to maintain the path constantly till the end of the transmission.  ...  Quality of Service is proposed in this paper in terms of reliable packet transmission, multiple connections and stable routes.  ...  The ratings of nodes along a well-behaved route are incremented periodically while reception of a misbehaviour alert dramatically decreases the node rating.  ... 
doi:10.5120/6204-8761 fatcat:dug2ccgafbexjpcalxyzxspwj4
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