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Cyclone /spl trade/: a low-cost, high-performance FPGA

P. Leventis, Mark Chan, Michael Chan, D. Lewis, B. Nouban, G. Powell, B. Vest, M. Wong, R. Xia, J. Costello
<span title="">2003</span> <i title="IEEE"> Proceedings of the IEEE 2003 Custom Integrated Circuits Conference, 2003. </i> &nbsp;
An optimized routing architecture, simplified I/O structure, and carefully selected features combine to yield a 57% die size reduction relative to a Stratix™ device of similar logic density, with a 7%  ...  This paper describes the Altera Cyclone™ FPGA, an architecture specifically designed for low-cost, high-volume applications.  ...  Acknowledgements Thanks to David Cashman and Elias Ahmed for their experimental work, and to the engineers and marketing staff involved in the successful design and roll-out of Cyclone.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/cicc.2003.1249357">doi:10.1109/cicc.2003.1249357</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/awgsu2sw2zakhcr4btd27cdyiu">fatcat:awgsu2sw2zakhcr4btd27cdyiu</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20170809133735/http://application-notes.digchip.com/038/38-21413.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/52/64/5264c0e422809ac1cba2281c8d0218740edc5cb0.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/cicc.2003.1249357"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> ieee.com </button> </a>

The Stratix II logic and routing architecture

David Lewis, Andy Lee, Paul Leventis, Sandy Marquardt, Cameron McClintock, Ketan Padalia, Bruce Pedersen, Giles Powell, Boris Ratchev, Srinivas Reddy, Jay Schleicher, Elias Ahmed (+11 others)
<span title="">2005</span> <i title="ACM Press"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/onq43wd7gna3zbic6lchssp6ke" style="color: black;">Proceedings of the 2005 ACM/SIGDA 13th international symposium on Field-programmable gate arrays - FPGA &#39;05</a> </i> &nbsp;
This paper describes the Altera Stratix II™ logic and routing architecture.  ...  The architecture changes reduce area by 10% in the same process, and by 50% after including process migration.  ...  INTRODUCTION This paper describes the Stratix II FPGA logic and routing architecture.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1145/1046192.1046195">doi:10.1145/1046192.1046195</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://dblp.org/rec/conf/fpga/LewisABBBCGHLLLMMPPPRRSSYCR05.html">dblp:conf/fpga/LewisABBBCGHLLLMMPPPRRSSYCR05</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/fahkzvh3ofhxfc7e237jvinqfe">fatcat:fahkzvh3ofhxfc7e237jvinqfe</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20170811094551/http://www.eecg.toronto.edu/%7Ejayar/pubs/lewis/lewisfpga05.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/3b/ce/3bcef83487521b9194bd5245e8948ac09361f52a.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1145/1046192.1046195"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> acm.org </button> </a>

Architecture and synthesis for multi-cycle communication

Jason Cong, Yiping Fan, Xun Yang, Zhiru Zhang
<span title="">2003</span> <i title="ACM Press"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/pboyhm4o35h5zf2v7usd2ygk5a" style="color: black;">Proceedings of the 2003 international symposium on Physical design - ISPD &#39;03</a> </i> &nbsp;
An RDR architecture structurally consists of a two-dimensional array of islands, each of which contains a cluster of computational logic and local register files.  ...  The target architecture they  ...  & routing.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1145/640000.640040">doi:10.1145/640000.640040</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://dblp.org/rec/conf/ispd/CongFYZ03.html">dblp:conf/ispd/CongFYZ03</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/67jz2i2j5fc6tcg7gy3i6pwhgi">fatcat:67jz2i2j5fc6tcg7gy3i6pwhgi</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20170810001428/http://cadlab.cs.ucla.edu/%7Econg/papers/inv3-cong.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/82/ee/82ee675bc768c9f53ad62454ceb69d8e96f56bef.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1145/640000.640040"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> acm.org </button> </a>

Architecture and synthesis for multi-cycle communication

Jason Cong, Yiping Fan, Xun Yang, Zhiru Zhang
<span title="">2003</span> <i title="ACM Press"> Proceedings of the 2003 international symposium on Physical design - ISPD &#39;03 </i> &nbsp;
An RDR architecture structurally consists of a two-dimensional array of islands, each of which contains a cluster of computational logic and local register files.  ...  The target architecture they  ...  & routing.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1145/640038.640040">doi:10.1145/640038.640040</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/j27rwnrupfa75jhslq2iri3rr4">fatcat:j27rwnrupfa75jhslq2iri3rr4</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20170810001428/http://cadlab.cs.ucla.edu/%7Econg/papers/inv3-cong.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/82/ee/82ee675bc768c9f53ad62454ceb69d8e96f56bef.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1145/640038.640040"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> acm.org </button> </a>

A Visual Inspection System for Rail Detection and Tracking in Real Time Railway Maintenance

P. De Ruvo, G. De Ruvo, A. Distante, M. Nitti, E. Stella, F. Marino
<span title="2008-03-17">2008</span> <i title="Bentham Science Publishers Ltd."> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/z5qwzbb46fc65nj55akgsqbyu4" style="color: black;">Open Cybernetics and Systemics Journal</a> </i> &nbsp;
RD&TB detects and tracks, into the acquired video sequence the rail head, by this way, notably reducing the area to be analyzed and inspected by other modules of VISyR.  ...  Inspection is manually operated by trained human operator walking along the track searching for visual anomalies. This monitoring is unacceptable for slowness and lack of objectivity.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS This work has been partially supported by the Italian Ministry of University and Research, research project "RAIL-SAFE" MIUR-PON n° 12853.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.2174/1874110x00802010057">doi:10.2174/1874110x00802010057</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/jqyeutgeonbxdj7ntf7ciwq4eq">fatcat:jqyeutgeonbxdj7ntf7ciwq4eq</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20180722110116/https://benthamopen.com/contents/pdf/TOCSJ/TOCSJ-2-57.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/57/90/5790e6c5876353f9d90f8adc09556c8eb2facf2f.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.2174/1874110x00802010057"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a>

Architecture-level synthesis for automatic interconnect pipelining

Jason Cong, Yiping Fan, Zhiru Zhang
<span title="">2004</span> <i title="ACM Press"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/5vn6yyeefbbxtoo3uhwxwjwtme" style="color: black;">Proceedings of the 41st annual conference on Design automation - DAC &#39;04</a> </i> &nbsp;
Specifically, we extend the recently proposed Regular Distributed Register (RDR) micro-architecture to support interconnect pipelining.  ...  We formulate a novel global interconnect sharing problem for global wiring minimization and show that it is polynomial time solvable by transformation to a special case of the real-time scheduling problem  ...  The authors thank the anonymous reviewers of [6] and [7] for pointing out the wiring overhead problem associated with the RDR architecture, and Dr.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1145/996566.996731">doi:10.1145/996566.996731</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://dblp.org/rec/conf/dac/CongFZ04.html">dblp:conf/dac/CongFZ04</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/u4gmoclngfcn5fynv3yhrtvera">fatcat:u4gmoclngfcn5fynv3yhrtvera</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20060912034353/http://cadlab.cs.ucla.edu/~cong/papers/p602-cong.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/af/ea/afeada6308665d9c3c7fb302e936b96ccf8a01eb.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1145/996566.996731"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> acm.org </button> </a>

Reduction of Power Consumption in FPGAs - An Overview

Naresh Grover, M. K.Soni
<span title="2012-10-23">2012</span> <i title="MECS Publisher"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/tcr5m4rnxrhl5fvllvhulmhbt4" style="color: black;">International Journal of Information Engineering and Electronic Business</a> </i> &nbsp;
It gives an overview of various techniques at system, device, and circuit and architecture level used for reduction of power consumption of FPGAs and their outcomes.  ...  In more than 20 years since the introduction of FPGA, research and development has produced dramatic improvements in FPGA speed and area efficiency, narrowing the gap between FPGAs and ASICs and making  ...  The basic architecture and hardware structure of FPGA has been discussed in 2 followed by its logic resources architecture and routing resources architecture in 2.1 and 2.2.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.5815/ijieeb.2012.05.07">doi:10.5815/ijieeb.2012.05.07</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/7leaijfferarfoenxtdk2mlahq">fatcat:7leaijfferarfoenxtdk2mlahq</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20170812231551/http://www.mecs-press.org/ijieeb/ijieeb-v4-n5/IJIEEB-V4-N5-7.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/1c/eb/1ceb8fedc4269403e682ea89205369bdbf74919d.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.5815/ijieeb.2012.05.07"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a>

ViSyR: a Vision System for Real-Time Infrastructure Inspection [chapter]

Francescomaria Marino, Ettore Stell
<span title="2007-06-01">2007</span> <i title="I-Tech Education and Publishing"> Vision Systems: Applications </i> &nbsp;
The logical AND of their output is sent to the OUTPUT_INTERFACE via DCOutXHCOut.  ...  In a prototypal version of our system, we had adopted -for implementing and separately testing both the blocks-an Altera's PCI High-Speed Development Kit, Stratix™ Professional Edition embedding a Stratix  ...  between the closest vectors to the hyperplane and the hyper-plane itself.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.5772/4985">doi:10.5772/4985</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/n27xbwevgfd5pnijqzhj46rsjm">fatcat:n27xbwevgfd5pnijqzhj46rsjm</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20190502140119/https://api.intechopen.com/chapter/pdf-download/349" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/bd/f2/bdf2de9119701983432a01de54a28809d63a3abf.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.5772/4985"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a>

Architectural synthesis Integrated with global placement for multi-cycle communication

Jason Cong, Yiping Fan, Guoling Han, Xun Yang, Zhiru Zhang
<i title="IEEE"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/ffbycmiwjfgqbewnyare6s37ru" style="color: black;">ICCAD-2003. International Conference on Computer Aided Design (IEEE Cat. No.03CH37486)</a> </i> &nbsp;
Experimental results show that our methodology can achieve a clock period improvement of 31% and a total latency improvement of 24% on average compared to the conventional architectural synthesis flow.  ...  This paper focuses on the synchronous design, which is still by far the most popular design methodology. It is well understood and supported by the mature CAD toolset.  ...  The final outputs of MCAS include the RT-level VHDL files for logic synthesis, floorplan and multi-cycle path constraints for placeand-rout.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/iccad.2003.1257863">doi:10.1109/iccad.2003.1257863</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://dblp.org/rec/conf/iccad/CongFHYZ03.html">dblp:conf/iccad/CongFHYZ03</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/4thpycktzjes7puzqjzxc3pg4q">fatcat:4thpycktzjes7puzqjzxc3pg4q</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20170808225303/http://www.cecs.uci.edu/~papers/compendium94-03/papers/2003/iccad03/pdffiles/07c_2.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/b7/47/b747e198a00c5f1a94711c35d92da23f272e0fe6.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1109/iccad.2003.1257863"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> ieee.com </button> </a>

FPGA-Based Real-Time EMTP

Venkata Dinavahi Yuan Chen
<span title="">2009</span>
Taking advantage of the inherent parallel architecture, high density, and high clock speed, the real-time Electromagnetic Transients Program (EMTP) is implemented on a single FPGA chip.  ...  This can be quite cumbersome due to the high cost, large space, and long setup and changeover times, thereby limiting the TNA's application to small and medium sized networks.  ...  (a) Generic architecture of FPGA and (b) a logic element. Fig. 2 . 2 Fig. 2. Details of a DSP Block inside the FPGA. Fig. 3 . 3 Fig. 3. Example of the convolution operation in the FPGA. 3.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.7939/r3-wqw5-1t89">doi:10.7939/r3-wqw5-1t89</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/emxwepre5nhtvhz6rtfp2hru4m">fatcat:emxwepre5nhtvhz6rtfp2hru4m</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20220519211143/https://era.library.ualberta.ca/items/310e2892-33d2-4d2f-8bd6-9eb0a3f40490/view/564e5a2b-dff7-4f60-bab9-2625e3d4f274/FPGA-Based_Real-Time_EMTP.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/4e/11/4e11bd32378eee36400dea30f500957c63dea209.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.7939/r3-wqw5-1t89"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a>

LHC Injectors Upgrade, Technical Design Report [article]

H Damerau, A Funken, R Garoby, S Gilardoni, B Goddard, K Hanke, A Lombardi, D Manglunki, M Meddahi, B Mikulec, G Rumolo, E Shaposhnikova (+2 others)
<span title="">2014</span>
The beam interlock controller The beam interlock controller routes up to 14 redundant user permit signals provided by the user interface units to two redundant complex programmable logic devices (CPLD)  ...  Architectural building work and finishes The amount of internal architectural building and finishing works is minimal, consistent with industrial type structures, and will include: -unloading quay for  ...  number of particles in the beam and Λ � ( ) the beam spectrum.  ... 
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.17181/cern.7nhr.6hgc">doi:10.17181/cern.7nhr.6hgc</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/25y7wghbbzhgrjfaditk4w47q4">fatcat:25y7wghbbzhgrjfaditk4w47q4</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20200624053633/http://cds.cern.ch/record/1976692/files/CERN-ACC-2014-0337.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.17181/cern.7nhr.6hgc"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a>