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Urban Crime and Pattern Conceptions: Departuring from Spatiality

Hesam Kamalipour, Gholamhossein Memarian, Mohsen Faizi
2014 Open Journal of Social Sciences  
, scales, and common features of spatial patterns in urban environments.  ...  Placing the investigations of urban crime in relation to sociality and spatiality, the paper advocates for departuring from spatiality that is the common ground between urban crime and pattern conceptions  ...  In this way, while the first-generation studies of urban crime have generally advocated for a deterministic conception of crime in relation to the built environment, the second-generation studies of urban  ... 
doi:10.4236/jss.2014.26051 fatcat:rrkdq3mpxfcyzkb6xcu57nkoru

Safe Place by Design: Urban Crime in Relation to Spatiality and Sociality

Hesam Kamalipour, Mohsen Faizi, Gholamhossein Memarian
2014 Current Urban Studies  
Different conceptions of crime in design practice, sociology, environmental psychology, and criminology indicate an extensive articulation of crime in relation to the built environment and urban form in  ...  Thus, giving primacy to spatiality in relation to sociality and criticizing the absence of morphological mapping of urban crime, the study denotes the multi-scalar and multi-dimensional attributes of urban  ...  the complex relations between urban crime and spatial structures.  ... 
doi:10.4236/cus.2014.22015 fatcat:nimuz5dff5hixjtwf6iaxnm4c4

The Effect of the Spatial Organization Characteristics in Reducing the Crime in Al-Hila City

Ameera J. Ahmed
2020 Muthanna Journal of Engineering and Technology  
On the other hand, the diversity of crime in urban areas is related to other parallel phenomena and not to the structural characteristics of urban space."  ...  The problem of the study lies in the lack of holistic scientific knowledge about the role of the synthetic properties of spatial organization for the city of Al- Hilla in crime growing.  ...  spatial organization lead to increase the crimes. 3-The diversity of crimes in urban space is unlinked to the structural characteristics (integration, control, and connectivity), but linked to other parallel  ... 
doi:10.52113/3/mjet/2020-8-1/01-09 fatcat:msriid5vbvhsngqojxltotewbe

How Neighborhood Characteristics Influence Neighborhood Crimes: A Bayesian Hierarchical Spatial Analysis

Danlin Yu, Chuanglin Fang
2022 International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health  
It is found that neighborhood socioeconomic status, physical environment, and ethnic composition all might play a role in the occurrence of urban crimes.  ...  Urban crimes are a severe threat to livable and sustainable urban environments. Many studies have investigated the patterns, causes, and strategies for curbing the occurrence of urban crimes.  ...  Acknowledgments: The authors thank the Paterson Police Department for their assistance with acquiring the crime data.  ... 
doi:10.3390/ijerph191811416 pmid:36141688 pmcid:PMC9517077 fatcat:hhxie2ratbhgnpyxjgag3ao6xm

URBAN MORPHOLOGY AND CRIME PATTERNS IN URBAN AREAS: A REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE

Idris Isah Iliyasu, Aldrin Abdullah, Massoomeh Hedayati Marzbali
2022 Malaysian Journal of Sustainable Environment  
Therefore, the paper recommends for further research to focus on exploring the various links between elements of urban morphology and spatial distribution of crime in areas, and the explanations that could  ...  The emerging research on urban morphology provide sufficient explorations that result in a better understanding of crime areas and fear of crime in cities.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGEMENT The authors would like to thank Universiti Sains Malaysia for funding this research under Research University Grant (RUI), grant number 1001/ PPBGN/8016111.  ... 
doi:10.24191/myse.v9i1.17301 fatcat:tsjkukoww5bvpdyoti7rnqf7ji

The Influence of Urban Design in Preventing and Reducing the Amount of Crime and Raucousness and the Delivery of Sense of Security (Lahijan As A Case)

Amir Azari, Morteza Pirbasi, Ferya Shirchi
2015 Current World Environment  
But the impression of the environment in out breaking different ways of behavior is undeniable. The environment can affect the outbreak of misbehaving. It can also have an opposite effect.  ...  The present article has introduced the causes of feeling insecure in urban atmosphere using librerial and documentral studies and the has delivered some solutions about this in Lahijan using field observations  ...  (eftekhari., 2002) Security in urban environment is related to the crime.  ... 
doi:10.12944/cwe.10.special-issue1.59 fatcat:q6cqdcdth5bohk2dhmcaut55ye

Discussion on Defense Safety Design for Rural-Urban Fringe Zones in Changchun in the View of Criminal Pattern Theory — A Case Study of A Typical Zone Dominated by Industrial Lands in Changchun

Keqi Wang, Zhaorui Sun, Baixue Liang
2019 IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environment  
The author summarizes four kinds of hot spots in view of defense safety, namely, spatial nodes, linear paths, transition edges and spatial areas.  ...  The rural-urban fringe zones are the by-products of rapid urbanization in China. They are specific regions where the urban and the countryside permeate mutually.  ...  Acknowledgement This paper was Supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China, 51778266  ... 
doi:10.1088/1755-1315/310/5/052018 fatcat:i7jchhkslzdlth4rmz76ggcvsi

Proposed Physical-environmental Factors Influencing Personal and Social Security in Residential Areas

Seyed Abas Agha Yazdanfar, Nassim Nazari
2015 Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences  
Rise in the level of urban crimes in the 60s demanded physical and cultural solutions to the problem of security.  ...  This study seeks to define the components of security and study the influence of physical environmental design factors on crime prevention in Chizar Neighborhood, Tehran, Iran.  ...  creating potential crime environments; Relationship between urban physical structure and behavioral system.  ... 
doi:10.1016/j.sbspro.2015.08.171 fatcat:c7nynx345jcfjb7r2nqwlt4juq

A Model for Spatially Varying Crime Rates in English Districts: The Effects of Social Capital, Fragmentation, Deprivation and Urbanicity

Congdon
2013 International Journal of Criminology and Sociology  
Geographic variations in crime are often linked to aspects of urban social structure that are latent constructs, not directly observed but instead proxied by a range of observed indicators.  ...  The present paper seeks to establish, using appropriate multivariate and spatial regression techniques, the relative importance of social capital, fragmentation, deprivation, urbanicity and income inequality  ...  URBAN SOCIAL STRUCTURE AND CRIME Urbanicity and Urban Environment A number of aspects of urban social structure have been linked to crime rate variations.  ... 
doi:10.6000/1929-4409.2013.02.14 fatcat:lovzill6sjg3bijc36e6exh2k4

Crime in Urban Areas: A Data Mining Perspective [article]

Xiangyu Zhao, Jiliang Tang
2018 arXiv   pre-print
Urban safety and security play a crucial role in improving life quality of citizen and the sustainable development of urban.  ...  Meanwhile, environmental and social crime theories from criminology provide better understandings about the behaviors of offenders and complex patterns of crime in urban.  ...  Acknowledgements This research is supported by the National Science Foundation (NSF) under grant number IIS-1714741 and IIS-1715940.  ... 
arXiv:1804.08159v2 fatcat:udbg7u76wvdoragl2m6xb7sfxi

Integrating geographical information into urban safety research and planning

Vania Ceccato
2013 Proceedings of the Institute of Civil Engineers: Urban Design and Planning  
The objective of this paper is to discuss the use of geographical information and spatial analytical methodologies in urban safety research and planning.  ...  The paper reviews some of the current challenges for spatial urban safety research and concludes with prospects on the value of this form of analysis in the near future.  ...  The support of Formas (grant reference 250-2009-479) is gratefully acknowledged by the author.  ... 
doi:10.1680/udap.11.00038 fatcat:7utd26xrffdlzjhwlevsxo3t6q

Space Syntax-able Attributions for Safety Consideration of Heritage Area

Noor Kamilah Kezuwani, Shahrul Yani Said
2021 Environment-Behaviour Proceedings Journal (E-BPJ)  
Urban design researchers have employed the space syntax technique to analyse the geographic distribution of crime due to spatial and socio-demographic factors that could influence crime patterns.  ...  Keywords: Urban planning, Crime prevention theory, Space syntax, Spatial configuration eISSN: 2398-4287© 2021. The Authors.  ...  Acknowledgement This research is carried out as part of 'Developing A Space Syntax Embedded Environmental Design Model (EDM) For A Safe Heritage Area (SHEA)' 600-IRMI/FRGS 5/3 (026/2017) sponsored by the  ... 
doi:10.21834/ebpj.v6isi4.2903 fatcat:sbcst4nmpnbrjj62u7qny57une

Assessing Spatial Relationships Between Rates of Crime and Rates of Gonorrhea and Chlamydia in Chicago, 2012

Phillip Marotta
2016 Journal of urban health  
Despite accumulating research into the role of aggregate rates of crime in shaping rates of STIs, few studies account for spatial dependence in the structure of geographical data.  ...  Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) remain serious public health problems particularly in urban environments in the USA.  ...  The author gratefully acknowledges Jeremy Porter and the reviewers whose feedback greatly improved the quality of this manuscript.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s11524-016-0080-7 pmid:27670280 pmcid:PMC5391332 fatcat:jc4pbd26org7bhb4qp6nkearxe

Urban Crime Distribution in Isparta (Turkey): A Location Quotient Analysis

Kadir Temurçin, Michael Gameli Dziwornu
2016 Annales Universitatis Paedagogicae Cracoviensis Studia Geographica  
Crime is an inseparable part of society and for the fact that place, time and society are inextricably interwoven implies that the conceptualization of the spatial aspect of crime is imperative.  ...  By adopting crime pattern and social disorganization theories, while using neighborhoods as the unit of analysis, we examined how crime behavior varies in an urban context.  ...  According to the Turkish Ministry of Environment and Urbanization (2014), urban population increased from 25% in 1950 to 44% in 1980, 65% in 2000 and 77% in 2012 .  ... 
doi:10.24917/10.24917/20845456.10.1 fatcat:qghduhdr7vgu3jl47kv34no5rq

Urban Crime Distribution in Isparta (Turkey): A Location Quotient Analysis

Kadir Temurçin, Michael Gameli Dziwornu
2016 Annales Universitatis Paedagogicae Cracoviensis Studia Geographica  
Crime is an inseparable part of society and for the fact that place, time and society are inextricably interwoven implies that the conceptualization of the spatial aspect of crime is imperative.  ...  By adopting crime pattern and social disorganization theories, while using neighborhoods as the unit of analysis, we examined how crime behavior varies in an urban context.  ...  According to the Turkish Ministry of Environment and Urbanization (2014), urban population increased from 25% in 1950 to 44% in 1980, 65% in 2000 and 77% in 2012 .  ... 
doi:10.24917/20845456.10.1 fatcat:4qc3bn57kjavtjctf7udggf7fq
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