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An overview of the 1974 COBOL standard

Margaret M. Cook, George N. Baird, William M. Holmes, Patrick M. Hoyt, L. Arnold Johnson, Paul Oliver
1975 Proceedings of the May 19-22, 1975, national computer conference and exposition on - AFIPS '75  
In May 1974, the American National Standards Institute approved ANS Programming Language COBOL, X3.23-1974 2 as the national standard for the COBOL language replacing USA Standard COBOL, X3.23-1968. 3  ...  terminals for message processing An Overview of the 1974 COBOL Standard 305 applications.  ... 
doi:10.1145/1499949.1500008 dblp:conf/afips/CookBHHJO75 fatcat:o4x2ia3pyff6dewkk6uo23n3e4

Page 86 of Journal of Research and Practice in Information Technology Vol. 16, Issue 3 [page]

1984 Journal of Research and Practice in Information Technology  
‘Ls REFERENCES ANSI (1974): American National Standard Programming Language COBOL, X3.23-1974, Ameican National Standards Institute.  ...  cription of the amendments forced decisions to be made on a number of related points and the following outlines the most significant of these. (a) Nested Modules.  ... 

A program for software quality control

Paul Oliver
1974 Proceedings of the May 6-10, 1974, national computer conference and exposition on - AFIPS '74  
The audit routines collectively contain the features of Standard COBOL (except for the Report Writer module).  ...  Thus, our validation of COBOL compilers enables us to reap the benefits of standard-A Program for Software Quality Control 415 ization.  ... 
doi:10.1145/1500175.1500262 dblp:conf/afips/Oliver74a fatcat:zxurvlq4rranrohxrmh5ykj7s4

Page 27 of Journal of Systems Management Vol. 25, Issue 10 [page]

1974 Journal of Systems Management  
How switching from full size reproductions of en- gineering drawings to a microfilm based system pro- duced significant savings.  ...  Examples of standards for such services as mail, copier, and phone administration. “Don’t Spend Time—Invest It,” by William R.  ... 

Experiences in COBOL compiler validation

George N. Baird, Margaret M. Cook
1974 Proceedings of the May 6-10, 1974, national computer conference and exposition on - AFIPS '74  
This would be especially significant if most of the records in the file were much shorter than the remainder.  ...  Since July 1, 1972, all COBOL compilers brought into the Federal Government have to be identified as implementing one of the levels of the Federal COBOL Standard.  ... 
doi:10.1145/1500175.1500263 dblp:conf/afips/BairdC74 fatcat:v6kh5krvobe63aimujlequ7fum

COBOL/2: The next generation in applications programming

R. Sales
1988 IBM Systems Journal  
The ANS definition of COMMUNICATIONS, in both the 1974 and 1985 standards, speaks in terms of com- munication between a COBOL program on one side and a “communication device” on the other.  ...  Sales COBOL/2, the ANS85 standard, and the support of different dialects The first COBOL standard was published in 1968 by the American National Standards Institute (ANSI).  ... 
doi:10.1147/sj.272.0158 fatcat:jhuepc4s4zcsxl77r7bqtv6xua

Structured Programming in COBOL--the Current Options

J. M. Triance
1980 Computer journal  
The problems of writing structured programs in COBOL as defined by the Current Standard and by CODASYL are examined.  ...  Four versions of structured COBOL supported by preprocessors are presented and some criteria for judging preprocessor are proposed.  ...  Acknowledgements The author is grateful to the referee and members of the BSI COBOL Working Group for their valuable comments on the first draft of the paper.  ... 
doi:10.1093/comjnl/23.3.194 fatcat:putonfj4anbajizqky5gxwcy4e

System for efficient program portability

George N. Baird, L. Arnold Johnson
1974 Proceedings of the May 6-10, 1974, national computer conference and exposition on - AFIPS '74  
A significant portion of this time is involved in working with the benchmark. The system we are describing here is designed to reduce this time.  ...  The remaining changes (manual) were necessitated by extension features with no counterparts in the ANSI COBOL standard.  ... 
doi:10.1145/1500175.1500264 dblp:conf/afips/BairdJ74 fatcat:yql56gjcurdp7l7psksem7prgi

Page 22 of Journal of Systems Management Vol. 25, Issue 9 [page]

1974 Journal of Systems Management  
Small wonder that a graduate needs con- siderable training after receiving a degree before he can be of significant use to his employer as a systems analyst.  ...  The text mat- erial is a little too conceptual but the book contains several case studies and excellent exercises at the end of each chapter. JOURNAL OF SYSTEMS MANAGEMENT  ... 

The management of end user computing

John F. Rockart, Lauren S. Flannery
1983 Communications of the ACM  
Significant issues for IS management with regard to these "amateur" programming groups include the definition of the documentation, the standards, the educational materials, and the controls necessary  ...  One can think of several other controls, such as a mandating of the use of standards modules.  ... 
doi:10.1145/358413.358429 fatcat:w36lv6u5k5ei7ajefrdkc3ls7y

Experiences and Reflections [chapter]

Harold 'Bud' Lawson
2012 IFIP Advances in Information and Communication Technology  
While the years indicated are approximate and there is significant overlap, it provides a structure to conveying the essence of my career.  ...  I thank them all and identify many of them. Further, I take the opportunity to provide some reflections that may have occurred during the experience or in several cases later in my career.  ...  Phase 1 (1959 to 1974) -Computer Industry The period involved is from June 1959 to sometime in early 1974.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-642-33899-1_6 fatcat:ufazycb6wncb3jj4a3ire2e47e

Page 88 of Journal of Research and Practice in Information Technology Vol. 7, Issue 2 [page]

1975 Journal of Research and Practice in Information Technology  
The Code is a significant contribution by the Society towards the development of effective computing in Australia.  ...  Examinations Committee Following the establishment of a standard of knowledge for the grade of Associate Member last year, examinations were conducted in February, August, and November 1974.  ... 

Cracking the 500-language problem

R. Lammel, C. Verhoef
2001 IEEE Software  
Acknowledgments Thanks to Terry Bollinger, Prem Devanbu, Capers Jones, Tom McCabe, Harry Sneed, Ed Yourdon, and the reviewers for their substantial contributions.  ...  However, because of a change in the 1974 standard, the same code compiled with a Cobol/370 compiler displays the output "IEEE " with a trailing space, which is left justified.  ...  Capers Jones mailed us that "for a significant number of applications with Y2K problems, the compilers may no longer be available either because the companies that wrote them have gone out of business  ... 
doi:10.1109/52.965809 fatcat:qk3u4ui2t5c4hormsk2rz7fune

Page 4 of Science Trends Vol. 32, Issue 11 [page]

1974 Science Trends  
Attn: Director of Regulatory Standards. +++ Deliveries are expected to begin next year on an automatic flow control system which can permit the nozzleman in a fire company to control the amount of water  ...  needed at the front of a blaze.  ... 

Why Ada is not just another programming language

Jean E. Sammet
1986 Communications of the ACM  
I am grateful to the following people who made constructive suggestions on an early draft of this paper: Harley Cloud, Larry Druffel, Anthony Gargaro, Jan Lee, John Rymer, and Doug Waugh.  ...  In 1974 a report estimating the future costs of Department of Defense (DOD) software development was produced; the projected cost of over $3 billion annually was considered horrendous.  ...  in order of significance or chronology.  ... 
doi:10.1145/6424.6425 fatcat:3w7tg6vygvhqjpotdghbdz6lkq
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