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The role of critiquing in cooperative problem solving

Gerhard Fischer, Andreas C. Lemke, Thomas Mastaglio, Andres I. Morch
1991 ACM Transactions on Information Systems  
Critiquing-presenting a reasoned opinion about a user's product or action-is a major activity of a cooperative problem-solving system. Critics make the constructed artifact "talk back" to the user.  ...  The generality of the critiquing approach is demonstrated by discussing critiquing systems developed in our group and elsewhere.  ...  ACKNOWLEDGMENTS Many people have contributed over the years to the development of our notion of the critiquing paradigm.  ... 
doi:10.1145/123078.128727 fatcat:bjycgfmkwngufgc6wcsysedaxy

Using critics to empower users

Gerhard Fischer, Andreas C. Lemke, Thomas Mastaglio, Anders I. Morch
1990 Proceedings of the SIGCHI conference on Human factors in computing systems Empowering people - CHI '90  
Critiquing supports computer users in their problem solving and learning activities.  ...  We describe the critiquing approach to building knowledge-based interactive systems. Critiquing supports computer users in their problem solving and learning activities.  ...  The major difference between classical expert systems, such as MyCIN and R1, and cooperative problem solving systems is in the respective roles of human and computer.  ... 
doi:10.1145/97243.97305 dblp:conf/chi/FischerLMM90 fatcat:rzh2mjzpznewph5yzpnmdads5y

A conceptual framework for knowledge-based critic systems

Gerhard Fischer, Thomas Mastaglio
1991 Decision Support Systems  
Critiquing is an alternative to expert systems that can support cooperative problem solving and aid user learning in the application domain.  ...  As a result of these implementations we have developed a general architecture for knowledge-based critics that fully support cooperative problem solving.  ...  cooperative problem solving systems.  ... 
doi:10.1016/0167-9236(91)90064-i fatcat:vm3odgpcuze25kzjcehf5on3ae

A Systematic Review of the Outcomes of Using Action Research in Education

Djihed Messikh
2020 Arab World English Journal  
The paper suggests that taking the role of teacher-research may help in achieving sustainable development at the level of the classroom and contributes in promoting the professional careers of teachers  ...  contexts in the classrooms, but also for the need, nowadays, to be a curious explorer, a systematic investigator, and a creative innovation to solve his/her problems while teaching, using a flexible,  ...  towards solving the research problem (Clark, 1976) .  ... 
doi:10.24093/awej/vol11no1.32 fatcat:yajefzgj2bh3nfgiuhbmkvwvf4

Group Problem-Solving Processes: Social Interactions andIndividual Actions

Ming Ming Chiu
2000 Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour  
An earlier version of this paper was presented at the annual meeting of the American Educational Research Association.  ...  I also appreciate the comments on earlier drafts provided by Sung Wook Joh and Kwan Choi Tse.  ...  The LKP gradually reduced his problem-solving role as the LUP's contributions increased over time.  ... 
doi:10.1111/1468-5914.00118 fatcat:zuv2s4bhmbe45fvvgsri76em3a

Conflict resolution in cooperative design

Mark Klein, Stephen C.-Y. Lu
1989 Artificial Intelligence in Engineering  
The study yielded four main conclusions: (1) conflict resolution plays a central role in cooperative design, (2) a rich collection of domain-independent conflict resolution expertise can be identified,  ...  human experts in the domain of architectural design.  ...  Being able to represent separately and explicitly the different kinds of knowledge involved in problem solving has resulted in increases in the flexibility and generality of the problem solving process  ... 
doi:10.1016/0954-1810(89)90013-7 fatcat:n6daskp3dbgc7nj4wgj33pb2ua

Page 280 of Journal of Science Education and Technology Vol. 1, Issue 4 [page]

1992 Journal of Science Education and Technology  
Each group worked co- operatively to solve the problems of selecting con- tent, assigning roles to group members, and assessing their work and their products.  ...  Units were critiqued by the entire group (for multicultural prin- ciples, alternatives to “telling” by teachers, problem solving focus, multiple level goals, and multi- and interdisciplinary content).  ... 

REACT

Fatima A Boujarwah, Mark O Riedl, Gregory D Abowd, Rosa I Arriaga
2011 ACM SIGACCESS Accessibility and Computing  
For these reasons, we are interested in exploring the way technologies may play a role in assisting individuals with the acquisition of social skills.  ...  In this article we present an approach to developing an authoring tool designed to help parents and other caregivers to create social problem solving skills instructional modules.  ...  Critiquing and Cooperative Problem Solving Systems The design of the interaction between the author and the system in REACT is modeled after that used in critiquing and cooperative problem solving systems  ... 
doi:10.1145/1948954.1948957 fatcat:5p2oub725nbstd3ss5boek2koy

Communication requirements for cooperative problem solving systems

Gerhard Fischer
1990 Information Systems  
been focused enough on the nature and the requirements of cooperative problem solving systems.  ...  Examination of these systems provides evidence that learning and effective problem solving can be improved through the use of cooperative problem solving systems.  ...  A taxonomy of cooperative problem solving systems Humans and computers play different roles in cooperative problem solving processes.  ... 
doi:10.1016/0306-4379(90)90014-g fatcat:nikhnvcdyrcmde7tw3qo2h6cqu

Challenges for research in higher education: the case of internationalization between the explanandum and the explanans

Amélia Veiga, António Magalhães
2020 Sociologias  
By focusing on the Brexit momentum that brought to the front stage the centrality of the nation-states and their competition/cooperation relationship, this paper contributes to call attention to the epistemological  ...  The research problematiques are construed mostly out of the theoretical framework of the disciplines, which, in turn, are diluted within an applied research mode.  ...  The conceptual narratives of internationalisation are caught in the tension, referred to above, between a problem-solving analytical perspective (that higher education research tends to assume) and the  ... 
doi:10.1590/15174522-97866 fatcat:fr363qcrbzek7bsgxdco5uzhv4

Beyond Intelligent Interfaces: Exploring, Analyzing, and Creating Success Models of Cooperative Problem Solving [chapter]

GERHARD FISCHER, BRENT REEVES
1995 Readings in Human–Computer Interaction  
We thank the members of the Human-Computer Co mmunication research group at the University of Colorado, Boulder, who helped us to develop the ideas and the systems described in this paper.  ...  This dialogue is part of a longe r one , Dialogu e, . 2. T he beginning of thi s dialogue was a lso s ho wn in Dialogue ,.  ...  Examples playa major role in shaping the problem.  ... 
doi:10.1016/b978-0-08-051574-8.50085-6 fatcat:ojwv3mlyynauvgwqcur2fnirsa

Beyond intelligent interfaces: Exploring, analyzing, and creating success models of cooperative problem solving

Gerhard Fischer, Brent Reeves
1992 Applied intelligence (Boston)  
We thank the members of the Human-Computer Co mmunication research group at the University of Colorado, Boulder, who helped us to develop the ideas and the systems described in this paper.  ...  This dialogue is part of a longe r one , Dialogu e, . 2. T he beginning of thi s dialogue was a lso s ho wn in Dialogue ,.  ...  Examples playa major role in shaping the problem.  ... 
doi:10.1007/bf00122020 fatcat:hzvafix3e5euhocollhmpedqwe

Critics: an emerging approach to knowledge-based human-computer interaction

Gerhard Fischer, Andreas C. Lemke, Thomas Mastaglio, Anders I. Morch
1991 International Journal of Man-Machine Studies  
We describe the critiquing approach to building knowledge-based interactive systems. Critiquing supports computer users in their problem solving and learning activities.  ...  Abstract We describe the critiquing approach to building knowledge-based interactive systems. Critiquing supports computer users in their problem solving and learning activities.  ...  Many people have contributed to the development of our notion of the critiquing paradigm.  ... 
doi:10.1016/s0020-7373(05)80184-1 fatcat:z3cuuuhtwvcankgfeijfjbnqcu

Page 387 of Psychological Abstracts Vol. 85, Issue 1 [page]

1998 Psychological Abstracts  
Johnson Teaching problem solving through cooperative grouping (Part 2): Designing problems and structuring groups - Patri- cia Heller and Mark Hollabaugh Treating status problems in the cooperative classroom  ...  Cohen Teaching problem solving through cooperative grouping (Part |): Group versus individual problem solving - Patri- cia Heller, Ronald Keith and Scott Anderson Learning the concept of inverse function  ... 

Embedding critics in design environments

Gerhard Fischer, Kumiyo Nakakoji, Jonathan Ostwald, Gerry Stahl, Tamara Sumner
1993 Knowledge engineering review (Print)  
process, (2) they support the integration of problem framing and problem solving by providing a linkage between the design specification and the design construction, and (3) they help designers access  ...  Embedded critics play a number of important roles in such design environments: (1) they increase the designer's understanding of design situations by pointing out problematic situations early in the design  ...  Acknowledgments The authors thank the members of the Human-Computer Communication group at the University of Colorado, who contributed to the conceptual framework and the systems discussed in this paper  ... 
doi:10.1017/s026988890000031x fatcat:ym44zrah25dmba2quujpjdgnpa
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