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Sick individuals and sick populations: 20 years later

Y G Doyle
2006 Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health  
disease had none of the four factors.  ...  N The relevance of Sick Individuals and Sick Populations to modern public health practice N The demonstration of how Rose's propositions have played out in the intervening 20 years.  ...  seems interesting in terms of equity. 4 Prepayment and voluntary insurance schemes are not able to protect the worst off and most of the exemption systems have failed to protect the poorest.  ... 
doi:10.1136/jech.2005.042770 pmid:16614328 pmcid:PMC2563964 fatcat:isrder535bfitn26ap6r55xbhm

Sickness and Health

U. MacLean
1992 Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health  
of the day as well as providing authoritative descriptions of trends in parts of the health sector.  ...  Indeed in 1989 a large mortality survey has been repeated together with a supplementary survey of the characteristics such as the one reported in the present volume.  ... 
doi:10.1136/jech.46.4.463 fatcat:s4dl2mbx55a4rfkbj5wyhutkwu

Don't be the "Fifth Guy": Risk, Responsibility, and the Rhetoric of Handwashing Campaigns

M. M. Brown
2017 Journal of Medical Humanities  
In recent years, outbreaks such as H1N1 have prompted heightened efforts to manage the risk of infection.  ...  ^In this essay, I describe how the focus on personal responsibility for infection risk shapes the promotion of hand hygiene and other forms of illness etiquette.  ...  Hand hygiene limits the spread of diarrheal and respiratory diseases, which are among the leading causes of child mortality in developing countries. 11 Children thus comprise a key audience for Global  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10912-017-9470-4 pmid:28853016 fatcat:sccs5rfnefggjjj5eiis3hu65e

Sick societies

Stefanie Vandevijvere, Gary Sacks, Hannah Brinsden, Tim Lobstein, Boyd Swinburn
2015 World Nutrition  
Measuring causes of obesity, disease, health, well-being  ...  The stepped approach to data collection in the private sector module of INFORMAS, starts with an assessment of the companies to be monitored in a particular country, and with the companies that pose the  ...  Four of the impact modules -food provision, retail, prices, and promotion -lend themselves to 'environmental equity' indicators to check progress towards reducing diet-related health inequalities in countries  ... 
doaj:b21cfd908f034fe4a834eebcadfe5127 fatcat:vrybc4mbzzdbtfvqriopvmfahe

Healthy Doctors – Sick Medicine

Olaf Gjerløw Aasland
2015 Professions and Professionalism  
Doctors are among the healthiest segments of the population in western countries. Nevertheless, they complain strongly of stress and burnout.  ...  This article looks at some of the central sociological literature on deprofessionalisation, particularly in a perspective of countervailing powers.  ...  Krause finds that the decline in professional autonomy occurs in most of the professions and countries under study.  ... 
doi:10.7577/pp.989 fatcat:wsfp6dutbfcjlb2tqhtcqufhkm

Helping the sick doctor

S E Brill
1985 BMJ (Clinical Research Edition)  
and trends in mortality from stroke in the community SIR,-The results of Dr Jaakko Tuomilehto and others (28 September, p 857) conflict with those reported from the Medical Research Council trial,' particularly  ...  be the major contributor to changes in stroke mortality in North Karelian women.  ... 
doi:10.1136/bmj.291.6508.1575-b fatcat:tdf72ewg3ngh3muslcf6jvxena

African horse sickness

Philip Scott Mellor, Christopher Hamblin
2004 Veterinary Research  
African horse sickness virus (AHSV) causes a non-contagious, infectious insect-borne disease of equids and is endemic in many areas of sub-Saharan Africa and possibly Yemen in the Arabian Peninsula.  ...  The distribution of AHSV seems to be governed by a number of factors including the efficiency of control measures, the presence or absence of a long term vertebrate reservoir and, most importantly, the  ...  The authors are grateful for the financial support.  ... 
doi:10.1051/vetres:2004021 pmid:15236676 fatcat:tu5qw6tqkbhylpabavzzkz5xna

Good times make you sick

Christopher J Ruhm
2003 Journal of Health Economics  
First, mortality could be procyclical while other aspects of poor health are not.  ...  The negative health effects of economic expansions persist or accumulate over time, are larger for acute than chronic ailments, and occur despite a protective effect of income and a possible increase in  ...  Instead, the results are sensitive to the choice of countries, time periods, and outcomes, with falling unemployment frequently being correlated with worse rather than better health.  ... 
doi:10.1016/s0167-6296(03)00041-9 pmid:12842319 fatcat:7aklq2nsyzdr7n2p5yvwipl3wa

Organisational downsizing, sickness absence, and mortality: 10-town prospective cohort study

Jussi Vahtera, Mika Kivimäki, Jaana Pentti, Anne Linna, Marianna Virtanen, Pekka Virtanen, Jane E Ferrie
2004 BMJ (Clinical Research Edition)  
Conclusion Organisational downsizing may increase sickness absence and the risk of death from cardiovascular disease in employees who keep their jobs.  ...  Objective To examine whether downsizing, the reduction of personnel in organisations, is a predictor of increased sickness absence and mortality among employees.  ...  What is already known on this topic In the global economy, downsizing seems to be an increasingly important trend in industrialised countries The association between downsizing and sickness absence has  ... 
doi:10.1136/bmj.37972.496262.0d pmid:14980982 pmcid:PMC381046 fatcat:yfhxmmlzrjg3ziw5bowfqlh4pu

Sickness absence due to low back pain

D A Fishbain
2003 Occupational and Environmental Medicine  
, at least in Western countries.  ...  Finally, Parodi et al commented that mortality might not be a good indicator of cancer risk. This general comment, of course, applies to all studies based on mortality.  ... 
doi:10.1136/oem.60.4.306 pmid:12660381 pmcid:PMC1740505 fatcat:adfyxyl2ejdm5e472jgobohoay

The Extent of Hospital Sickness

A. Barr
1958 Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health  
Such factors vary between areas; hence what may be true of one area may not be true of another or of the country in general. The Hospital In-Patient Enquiry (H.I.P.E.)  ...  Not much was done, however, in the way of relating the admissions to the population at risk.  ...  areas in each of the four specialties of medicine, surgery, traumatic and orthopaedic surgery, and E.N.T. surgery.  ... 
doi:10.1136/jech.12.2.61 fatcat:2pw6kboyjzesbiqf3sorlfggza

Recent trends in certificated sickness absence

F E Whitehead
1972 Proceedings of the Royal Society of Medicine  
During the late 1950s, the increase in sickness absence can be explained almost entirely in terms of changes in size and age structure of the population at risk, but since the early 1960s very little of  ...  effective service and, if this condition is likely eventually to be met, a further six months on half pay, subject to a maximum of twelve months sick leave in a period of four years or less.  ... 
pmid:5035917 pmcid:PMC1643947 fatcat:n2ts7bewg5awjfey6rajg3gkay

Standards of Sickness Insurance: III

I. M. Rubinow
1915 Journal of Political Economy  
The average mortality rate in this country is about i6 per i,ooo.  ...  An insurance company operates on a basis of a certain mortality table. Risks are either accepted or not accepted.  ... 
fatcat:uvjpmvnft5cqxc5jvuzctax5um

Standards of Sickness Insurance: III

I. M. Rubinow
1915 Journal of Political Economy  
The average mortality rate in this country is about 16 per 1,000.  ...  An insurance company operates on a basis of a certain mortality table. Risks are either accepted or not accepted.  ... 
doi:10.1086/252662 fatcat:33asmpfv5nau7bu53vlncwzydm

Explaining socioeconomic differences in sickness absence: the Whitehall II Study

F North, S L Syme, A Feeney, J Head, M J Shipley, M G Marmot
1993 BMJ (Clinical Research Edition)  
More accurate measurement of the risk factors may explain some of the remaining differences in sickness absence but other factors, as yet unrecognised, are likely to be important.  ...  These risk factors accounted for about one third of the grade differences in sickness absence.  ...  Civil Service Central Monitoring Service and Dr Frank O'Hara; the Council of Civil Service Unions; and all participating civil servants.  ... 
doi:10.1136/bmj.306.6874.361 pmid:8461681 pmcid:PMC1676477 fatcat:pzazbl5ukndrlkpdvedhmm2hra
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