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An Assessment of Arabic Handwriting Recognition Technology [chapter]

Sargur N. Srihari, Gregory Ball
2012 Guide to OCR for Arabic Scripts  
Automated methods for the recognition of Arabic script are at an early stage compared to their counterparts for the recognition of Latin and Chinese scripts.  ...  The paper is concluded by identifying technology gaps and a providing a bibliography of the recent literature on Arabic recognition.  ...  Includes letters for Arabic and other languages (Urdu, Farsi, Uighur, Kazakh, Kirghiz, Kurdish) with the numerals and symbols used in these languages.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-1-4471-4072-6_1 fatcat:6solvx7aene57bdpazqchhkvwq

Quantum-Based Creative Generation Method for a Dancing Robot

Peng Mei, GangYi Ding, QianKun Jin, FuQuan Zhang, YangFan Jiao
2020 Frontiers in Neurorobotics  
First, we used digital twin technology to establish data mapping between the robot and the computer simulation environment to realize intelligent controllability of the robot's trajectory and the dance  ...  The creative generation process of dancing robots combined with deep learning and quantum technology is a required field for future development, and could provide a considerable boost to the progress of  ...  We have promised to keep their information completely confidential, and the test data will only be used for the evaluation of the creative generation results.  ... 
doi:10.3389/fnbot.2020.559366 pmid:33335481 pmcid:PMC7736631 fatcat:maqrfry5tzdfvnh4u54zq2gste

The effects of gender and motivation on the use of language learning strategies in the Moroccan EFL context

Zahra EL , AOURI
2013 IOSR Journal of Humanities and Social Science  
To collect the data, the Strategy Inventory for Language Learning (SILL) developed by Rebecca Oxford (1989) was adapted to the Moroccan EFL context.  ...  This study was conducted to examine the use of language learning strategies (LLSs) by Moroccan university EFL Science students in relation to gender and motivation.  ...  Acknowledgement The study was supported by the Indian Council of Social Science Research in the form of General Fellowship Grant to the lead author. Number tree ...  ... 
doi:10.9790/0837-1540114 fatcat:ah3lv3j3sjaodgz2efbwpga2li

The State of AI Ethics Report (Volume 5) [article]

Abhishek Gupta
2021 arXiv   pre-print
This report from the Montreal AI Ethics Institute covers the most salient progress in research and reporting over the second quarter of 2021 in the field of AI ethics with a special emphasis on "Environment  ...  The report also features an exclusive piece titled "Critical Race Quantum Computer" that applies ideas from quantum physics to explain the complexities of human characteristics and how they can and should  ...  governing the development of future creative AI systems.  ... 
arXiv:2108.03929v1 fatcat:rhc6bdeesbaqjlnlu4x5iyesay

PaLM: Scaling Language Modeling with Pathways [article]

Aakanksha Chowdhery, Sharan Narang, Jacob Devlin, Maarten Bosma, Gaurav Mishra, Adam Roberts, Paul Barham, Hyung Won Chung, Charles Sutton, Sebastian Gehrmann, Parker Schuh, Kensen Shi (+55 others)
2022 arXiv   pre-print
We demonstrate continued benefits of scaling by achieving state-of-the-art few-shot learning results on hundreds of language understanding and generation benchmarks.  ...  Finally, we discuss the ethical considerations related to large language models and discuss potential mitigation strategies.  ...  We are grateful to Josh Newlan, Maysam Moussalem, and Ajay Nainani for their feedback in improving the presentation of this work. Our work builds on top of the work of many, many teams at Google.  ... 
arXiv:2204.02311v3 fatcat:ewsbnc6tqrfffounsqlr7utdzm

State of AI Ethics Report (Volume 6, February 2022) [article]

Abhishek Gupta
2022 arXiv   pre-print
It is a resource for researchers and practitioners alike in the field to set their research and development agendas to make contributions to the field of AI ethics.  ...  This report from the Montreal AI Ethics Institute (MAIEI) covers the most salient progress in research and reporting over the second half of 2021 in the field of AI ethics.  ...  David Clark, Senior Research Scientist at MIT's Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Lab (CSAIL). Clark has been involved with the development of the Internet since the 1970s.  ... 
arXiv:2202.07435v1 fatcat:wbalu3j3ynelfim7eqvxcpwu3q

SIENNA D2.4: Ethical Analysis of Human Genetics and Genomics

Alexandra Soulier, Emilia Niemiec, Heidi Carmen Howard
2019 Zenodo  
First, we report a presentation of the SIENNA approach to ethical analysis, situated in the landscape of other existing frameworks developed for studying ELSI of genomics.  ...  We discuss the merits and challenges of different types of investigations pursued in SIENNA: foresight analysis; overview of ELSI of genomics in 11 countries; public survey in 11 countries; and focus groups  ...  We also would like to thank, for their contributions to this report, experts of genomics and/or ELSI of genomics who accepted interviews and took part in our survey and workshops.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.4068015 fatcat:c2xwv5h6jje4piilvj6rv6uajm

Spring 2020

Editorial Board
2020 Cornell international affairs review  
Chinese policies." 130 Even the massive developmental aid projects are stained by ulterior motives of expanding Chinese influence at the expense of supplanting the West.  ...  Wang and Chen write that "U.S. superiority over China in talent reserve, innovation systems, and related hardware development is first and foremost manifested in its leading position in developing computer  ...  to provide farmers with better irrigation sources, and eliminate the multi-layer middleman system required for farmers to distribute their produce. 30 The keywords "debt" and "income" echoed the BJP's  ... 
doi:10.37513/ciar.v13i2.549 fatcat:ddquhqmadrbsxp2s67qii34pxe

The Pashtunwali's Relevance as a Tool for Solving the "Afghan Crisis" [article]

Craig C. Naumann
2009 Zenodo  
In addition, it also has tremendous implications for the framing of sustainable interventions in the realms of political and economic governance, as well as socio-economic development programming, the  ...  In 2009, this socio-anthropological material was of the utmost importance in understanding the dynamics unleashed by yet another round of large-scale systemic interventions.  ...  Even so and all the same, one must concede that any type of intervention even in the most benign and well-intentioned shape, manner and fashion of international humanitarian and/or development aid often  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.6330958 fatcat:2w6awbh5sjf4dfc6usrjb7epoa

Research and Science Today Supplement No. 3/2015

Adriana BUTCOVAN, Alexandru GUȘETOIU, Andrei Razvan DELEANU
2015 Research and Science Today  
The journal is an informational platform that publishes assessment articles and the results of various scientific research carried out by academics.  ...  Regarding the national and international visibility of Research and Science Today, it is indexed in over 30 international databases (IDB) and is present in over 200 online libraries and catalogues; therefore  ...  THE PAPER INVESTIGATES THE LINKS IN TERMS OF PRINCIPLES AND OBJECTIVES OF EUROPEAN UNION AND ROMANIA`S CASE, AS WELL AS THE EXISTING SHORTCOMINGS AND GAPS OF THE SOCIAL ASSISTANCE SYSTEM AND EMPOWERING  ... 
doaj:1c4098c9b42d43dd8cb8ce9d3171a3dd fatcat:6pxg6srqfjdtnn36zex7zsp624

Modernizing Education in Afghanistan, Cycles of Expansion and Contraction in Historical Perspective [article]

Craig C. Naumann
2011 Zenodo  
Ever since the inception of Afghanistan's school system in the early 20th century, it has been both an expression as well as a leading force of the respective regime's concept of organizing and developing  ...  It is an essential tool to grasp the underlying structural patterns and make sense of the unfolding developments in Afghanistan, repeating the ultimate fate of modernization attempts as represented by  ...  The Senlis Council argues that there is a shortage of morphine in developed countries and an even greater one in developing countries, due to the growing rates of HIV/AIDS and cancer around the world.  ... 
doi:10.5281/zenodo.6330920 fatcat:owf7agxfczcpvfoxjy2zssiuqy

Young American Muslims: dynamics of identity

2013 ChoiceReviews  
A CIP record for this book is available from the British Library ISBN 978 0 7486 6993 6 (hardback) ISBN 978 0 7486 6994 3 (webready PDF) ISBN 978 0 7486 6996 7 (epub) ISBN 978 0 7486 6995 0 (Amazon ebook  ...  Acknowledgements I express my sincere gratitude to Professor Jocelyne Cesari, director of the Islam and the West Program at the Center for Middle Eastern Studies, Harvard University, USA for inviting me  ...  to conduct this research.  ... 
doi:10.5860/choice.50-6478 fatcat:i7g4thx2azhgxfhyr5nqnuhtbi


2008 ASEAS - Austrian Journal of South-East Asian Studies  
Outlook An assessment of the role and developmental potential of small towns should be an integral part of any comprehensive urban development strategy.  ...  On the one hand, there are various studies with a macroeconomic or developmental thrust, discussing the role of small towns within a wider cities` system.  ... 
doaj:351d0088f8fc4e99b2c8780b6d5ca354 fatcat:urbfdcnyezhupl77t3hv5tvu7q

Matching Morse with Maigret: towards a multilingual database of European language fiction [article]

Elizabeth A. Harvey
Matching Morse with Maigret: towards a multilingual database of European language fiction  ...  ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS I would like to thank the following people for their help: Geoff Warren of the West Midlands Regional Libracy system's SEALS project.  ...  are produc~d by different combinations on the keyboard and in the memory store of the computer.  ... 
doi:10.26174/thesis.lboro.14540229.v1 fatcat:dc2yovmok5f6vbekbxxpwmcx3i

2016 of the European Association for Chinese Studies Book of ABStrACtS 21st Biennial Conference EACS

St Petersburg, Russia
The EACS furthers the careers of young scholars by awarding a Young Scholar Award for outstanding research.  ...  The purpose of the Association is to promote and foster, by every possible means, scholarly activities related to Chinese Studies in Europe.  ...  The organizers are most grateful to the scholars, who conducted the evaluation of paper and panel proposals for the EACS-2016:  ... 
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