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Reapproaching Ramsey: Conditionals and Iterated Belief Change in the Spirit of AGM

Hans Rott
2011 Journal of Philosophical Logic  
According to the Ramsey Test, conditionals reflect changes of beliefs: α > β is accepted in a belief state iff β is accepted in the minimal revision of it that is necessary to accommodate α.  ...  Since Gärdenfors's seminal paper of 1986, a series of impossibility theorems ("triviality theorems") has seemed to show that the Ramsey test is not a viable analysis of conditionals if it is combined with  ...  Once one adopts a resolutely semantic point of view, there is a very natural resolution of the riddle surrounding the applicability of the Ramsey test in the context of AGM style belief change.  ... 
doi:10.1007/s10992-011-9177-3 fatcat:rzrgdwyks5eapmkf2zrxn2gice

Conditional Questions

J. Isaacs, K. Rawlins
2008 Journal of Semantics  
Instead, denials of the antecedent deny the presuppositions of the conditional, and do not directly address the question at all.  ...  We propose that conditional questions are interpreted in two steps. First, a temporary context is created in which the propositional content of the antecedent obtains.  ...  at UCSC, the Language Under Uncertainty workshop at Kyoto University, ZAS, the University of Frankfurt, and S-Trend 2006 for discussion and comments on various stages of this work.  ... 
doi:10.1093/jos/ffn003 fatcat:e6udxpk6lvhith5tenx7huqydy

Ambiguity and the Bayesian Paradigm [chapter]

Itzhak Gilboa, Massimo Marinacci
2016 Readings in Formal Epistemology  
We discuss historical, philosophical, and axiomatic foundations of the Bayesian model, as well as of several alternative models recently proposed.  ...  In the process of negotiation, the insurance agent quotes the Medical College of Wisconsin's site and estimates the probability of John and Lisa developing a heart disease within ten years at 53% and 27%  ...  way of measuring a person's beliefs is to propose a bet, and see what are the lowest odds which he will accept.  ... 
doi:10.1007/978-3-319-20451-2_21 fatcat:yfiq4kqc5nhb5omj2s2cczyk5m

Popper's Severity of Test as an intuitive probabilistic model of hypothesis testing

Fenna H. Poletiek
2009 Behavioral and Brain Sciences  
from a probabilistic point of view.  ...  The probabilistic approach makes a variety of novel predictions which have been experimentally confirmed.  ...  Indeed, O'Brien's account of conditionals is, instead, a strictly deductive version of the Ramsey test (like, e.g., Gärdenfors 1986) -conditionals are only asserted if the consequent, q, follows with certainty  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0140525x09000454 fatcat:qe5blgi54jct3jaap7p3wgc5cy

Précis of Bayesian Rationality: The Probabilistic Approach to Human Reasoning

Mike Oaksford, Nick Chater
2009 Behavioral and Brain Sciences  
from a probabilistic point of view.  ...  The probabilistic approach makes a variety of novel predictions which have been experimentally confirmed.  ...  Indeed, O'Brien's account of conditionals is, instead, a strictly deductive version of the Ramsey test (like, e.g., Gärdenfors 1986) -conditionals are only asserted if the consequent, q, follows with certainty  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0140525x09000284 pmid:19210833 fatcat:oi3zstx57jgcrf3ma5bcnhrj64

Conditionals, meaning and mood

William B. Starr
2010
This work explores the hypothesis that natural language is a tool for changing a language user's state of mind and, more specifically, the hypothesis that a sentence's meaning is constituted by its characteristic  ...  Adapted to natural language by Davidson, Lewis, Montague, et. al. this dominant approach has crystalized as truth-conditional semantics: to know the meaning of a sentence is to know the conditions under  ...  Ramsey is the addition of p?, then the proposal is on track to accommodate the conditionalinterrogative link.  ... 
doi:10.7282/t3ff3s3m fatcat:hppujmdwwrf53jqsvwav246gxy

Abstracts of Working Papers in Economics

1992 Abstracts of Working Papers in Economics  
In this paper we model the determinants of firm level wages and employment explicitly allowing for firm and worker heterogeneity.  ...  of the firm.  ...  Price-taking behavior and its associated efficiency thus quickly emerge in the double auction despite the asymmetric information and the noncooperative behavior of traders. Ruud, Paul A.  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0951007900002898 fatcat:g2puq3vlwnbdbblxfnancxbwbm

Abstracts of Working Papers in Economics

1991 Abstracts of Working Papers in Economics  
We consider the case of a symmetric duopoly game where firms have imperfect information about market demand and learn through observing the volume of their sales.  ...  Given a family of mixed 0-1 polyhedra, we suppose that the convex hull of solutions is known. Now we add a cardinality constraint such that the sum of the 0-1 variables is exactly k.  ...  The existence of long-run (co-integrating) relationships between these variables are tested and the data suggests the existence of two long-run relationships: the first resembles an output equation, the  ... 
doi:10.1017/s0951007900002254 fatcat:pl44n3j2qrhibp7mnhwme56xtu

Ambiguity and the Bayesian Paradigm [chapter]

Itzhak Gilboa, Massimo Marinacci, Daron Acemoglu, Manuel Arellano, Eddie Dekel
Advances in Economics and Econometrics  
We discuss historical, philosophical, and axiomatic foundations of the Bayesian model, as well as of several alternative models recently proposed.  ...  In the process of negotiation, the insurance agent quotes the Medical College of Wisconsin's site and estimates the probability of John and Lisa developing a heart disease within ten years at 53% and 27%  ...  way of measuring a person's beliefs is to propose a bet, and see what are the lowest odds which he will accept.  ... 
doi:10.1017/cbo9781139060011.008 fatcat:snjytvqthjhsnne52nlzjmvqfu

Semantic Formalisms in Natural Language Processing (Dagstuhl Seminar 9308)

Manfred Pinkal, Remko Scha, Lenhart Schubert
1993
For this, we ha.ve to make it the semantical component of a (liscourse grammar that implements the resolution (cf. [Priist 91a,b], which gives an example of the sort of gra.1nma.r we have in mind.  ...  Furthmore, logics only formalize the use of discourse referents, not their resolution.  ...  Acknowledgment The authors thank CSLI for giving us opportunities to carry out part of the research presented here.  ... 
doi:10.4230/dagsemrep.57 fatcat:7ezvuh32dbguhe53t6jug46oza